Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Psittaciformes > Psittacidae > Psittacula > Psittacula krameri
 

Psittacula krameri (Rose-ringed Parakeet)

Wikipedia Abstract

The rose-ringed parakeet (Psittacula krameri), also known as the ring-necked parakeet, is a gregarious tropical Afro-Asian parakeet species that has an extremely large range.The rose-ringed parakeet is sexually dimorphic. The adult male sports a red or black neck ring and the hen and immature birds of both sexes either show no neck rings, or display shadow-like pale to dark grey neck rings. Both sexes have a distinctive green colour.
View Wikipedia Record: Psittacula krameri

Infraspecies

Psittacula krameri borealis (Indian rose-ringed parakeet)
Psittacula krameri krameri (Rose-ringed parakeet)
Psittacula krameri manillensis (Sri Lanka rose-ringed parakeet)
Psittacula krameri parvirostris (Sudan rose-ringed parakeet)

Invasive Species

The rose-ringed parakeet, Psittacula krameri, is native to central Africa and Asia and is a colourful, distinctive-looking bird. It is known as one of the most successful avian invaders in the world, with established populations in over 35 countries outside its native range. P. krameri has been shown to have adverse impacts on native bird species and carry diseases. It is thought that its reproductive success, establishment and range expansion in non-native areas is related to climate similarities of non-native areas to that of its native range.
View ISSG Record: Psittacula krameri

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
19
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.22413
EDGE Score: 1.65329

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  128 grams
Clutch Size [3]  4
Incubation [2]  23 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  34 years
Wing Span [2]  18 inches (.45 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Appenine deciduous montane forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cameroonian Highlands forests Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Afghan Mountains xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Deccan dry-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
East Saharan montane xeric woodlands Chad, Sudan Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Guinean forests Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Benin, Togo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Guinean montane forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Himalayan subtropical pine forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Indus Valley desert Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Inner Niger Delta flooded savanna Mali Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy freshwater swamp forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lake Chad flooded savanna Nigeria, Chad, Niger Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Malabar Coast moist forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mandara Plateau mosaic Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Mascarene forests France, Mauritius Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Meghalaya subtropical forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Myanmar coastal rain forests Myanmar, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Orissa semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rann of Kutch seasonal salt marsh India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Saharan flooded grasslands Sudan Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka lowland rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka montane rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans mangroves Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows India, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Abuko Nature Reserve IV 264 Gambia
Al Wathba Wetland Reserve 1236 Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates      
Atanasovsko ezero 17814 Bulgaria  
Bamingui-Bangoran Conservation Area National Park II 2783298 Central African Republic  
Banco National Park 6492 Côte d'Ivoire  
Bandhavgarh National Park II 89210 Madhya Pradesh, India  
Bukit Timah Nature Reserve II 411 Singapore
Buxa Tiger Reserve Sanctuary IV 23685 West Bengal, India  
Christmas Island National Park II 21698 Christmas Island, Australia
Chumbi-Surla Wildlife Sanctuary IV 137833 Pakistan  
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
Foret Classee de la Mare Aux Hippopotames Bird Reserve IV 37906 Burkina Faso  
Foret Classee de Samba Dia Classified Forest VI   Senegal  
Gajner Game Reserve   Rajasthan, India  
Indravati Tiger Reserve   Chhattishgarh, India      
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park   Hawaii, United States
Kanha Tiger Reserve National Park II 223971 Madhya Pradesh, India
Keoladeo (Bharatpur) National Park II 7668 Rajasthan, India  
Lal Suhanra National Park V 17972 Pakistan  
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Palamau Tiger Reserve National Park II 329056 Bihar, India
Parc National du Niokolo-Koba National Park II 2046878 Senegal  
Pong Lake Sanctuary IV 61391 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Rajaji National Park II 196637 Uttaranchal, India  
Renuka Sanctuary IV 10296 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Richmond Park 2092 England, United Kingdom  
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
Sanjay Gandhi National Park II 439343 Maharashtra, India
Simlipal Tiger Reserve National Park II 103465 Orissa, India  
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  
Sungei Buloh Wetlands Reserve Nature Reserve IV 325 Singapore  
Thanet Coast 6928 England, United Kingdom
The W Region National Park II 549843 Niger  
Umgeni River Provincial Nature Reserve 2372 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Wilpattu National Park II 320298 Sri Lanka  
Windsor Forest and Great Park 4169 England, United Kingdom

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Adina cordifolia[4]
Aglaia elaeagnoidea[4]
Drypetes sepiaria[4]
Fagus sylvatica (European beech)[5]
Ficus benghalensis (Indian banyan)[6]
Ficus drupacea (brown-woolly fig)[6]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[6]
Holoptelea integrifolia[4]
Ixora coccinea var. coccinea[4]
Juglans regia (English walnut)[5]
Manilkara hexandra[4]
Mimosa pudica (shameplant)[4]
Phoenix dactylifera (date palm)[5]
Sapindus emarginatus[4]
Schleichera oleosa (lac tree)[4]
Sterculia pexa (hazel sterculia)[4]
Styphnolobium japonicum (Japanese Pagoda Tree)[5]
Vanda tessellata[4]
Vitex pinnata[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acridotheres fuscus (Jungle Myna)2
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)3
Acritillas indica (Yellow-browed Bulbul)2
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)2
Anthracoceros coronatus (Malabar Pied Hornbill)2
Axis axis (chital)2
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)2
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)2
Chloropsis aurifrons (Golden-fronted Leafbird)2
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)2
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)2
Coracina novaehollandiae (Black-faced Cuckooshrike)2
Corvus macrorhynchos (Large-billed Crow)3
Corvus splendens (House Crow)2
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)2
Dendrocitta leucogastra (White-bellied Treepie)2
Dendrocitta vagabunda (Rufous Treepie)2
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)2
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)2
Dinopium benghalense (Lesser Goldenback)2
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)3
Geokichla citrina (Orange-headed Thrush)2
Iole propinqua (Grey-eyed Bulbul)2
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)2
Loriculus vernalis (Vernal Hanging Parrot)2
Macaca radiata (bonnet macaque)2
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)2
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)2
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)3
Megalaima rubricapillus (Crimson-fronted Barbet)2
Megalaima viridis (White-cheeked Barbet)2
Megalaima zeylanica (Brown-headed Barbet)2
Ocyceros griseus (Malabar Grey Hornbill)3
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)3
Oriolus xanthornus (Black-hooded Oriole)2
Prionochilus percussus (Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker)2
Psittacula columboides (Blue-winged Parakeet)2
Psittacula cyanocephala (Plum-headed Parakeet)2
Psittacula longicauda (Long-tailed Parakeet)2
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)3
Pycnonotus aurigaster (Sooty-headed Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus cafer (Red-vented Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus luteolus (White-browed Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)2
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)2
Sturnia malabarica (Chestnut-tailed Starling)2
Sus scrofa (wild boar)2
Trachypithecus pileatus (capped leaf monkey)2
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)2
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)2
Treron pompadora (Pompadour Green Pigeon)2
Turdoides striata (Bengal jungle babbler)2
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)2

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Davainea kramerii <Unverified Name>[7]
Killigrewia srivastavai <Unverified Name>[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Al Ain Zoo
Alabama Gulf Coast Zoo
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Ardastra Gardens & Conserv. Centre
Aspro Parks Canarias (Palmitos Park)
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Badoca Safari Park
Banham Zoo Ltd.
Bannerghatta Biological Park
Bird Park Marlow
Blaavand Zoo
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Brooklands Zoomanillensis
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Charles Paddock Zoo
Dept. of National Zoological Gardensborealis
 manillensis
Dickerson Park Zoo
Dierenpark Amersfoort
Dr. Shivarama Karanth Pilikula Biol.Pk
Drayton Manor Park Zoo
 manillensis
Dunedin Botanic Gardens Aviary
Emerald Safari Resort
Espace Zoolog de St-Martin-la-Plaine
Flamingo Park Wildlife Encounter
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte
Giza Zoological Gardenmanillensis
Guadalajara Zoo
 krameri
Guldborgsund Zoo & Botanical Garden
Hai Park Kiriat Motzkin
Harewood Bird Garden at Leeds
HeverJardin d'Oiseaux Tropicaux
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zookrameri
Johannesburg Zoological Gardensborealis
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Jyllands Park Zoo
Kaliningrad Zoo
Kansas City Zoo
Kazan Zoological & Botanical Garden
Kharkiv Zoo
Kishinev Zoopark
Leeds Castle Enterprises Ltd.borealis
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zooborealis
Lucknow Zoological Park
Menagerie du Jardin des Plantes
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Mitchell Park Zoo
 borealis
 krameri
Mokopane Biodiversity Conservation Centremanillensis
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Moscow Zoological Park
Nagyerdei Kultúrpark KHT.
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Ogrod Zoologiczny im. Stefana Milera
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Olmense Zoo
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftung
Pana'ewa Rainforest Zoo & Gardens
Parc des Oiseauxkrameri
Parc Merveilleux
Parc Zoologique de la Barbenmanillensis
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèn
Parque Ornitologico de Lourosa
Parque Zoologico Huachipa
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
 krameri
San Diego Zoomanillensis
Songkhla Zoo
Taipei Zoomanillensis
Tallinn Zoo
Tbilisi Zoo
The Parrot Zoo
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Tierwelt Herberstein
Umgeni River Bird Park
Usti nad Labem Zoo
Utah's Hogle Zoo
 borealis
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wildlife World Zoo
Wilhelma Zoo
Wingham Wildlife Parkmanillensis
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Xantus János Állatkert Kht.
Zivalski vrt Ljubljana
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Negara Malaysia
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoobotanico de Jerez
Zoological Garden of Polish Fauna
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzenkrameri
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburg
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding
ZOOMARINE - Mundo Aquatico S.A.
ZooWorld Zoological Botanical Conserv.

Distribution

North America; Oceania;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2British Trust for Ornithology 3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 4Feeding Ecology of Rose-Ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri in Polonnaruwa, Sarath.W.Kotagama, G.M.Dunnet, Siyoth Vol. 2(2): 50-55 (2007) 5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 6"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572 7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Ramsar Sites Information Service Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access