Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Psittaciformes > Psittacidae > Anodorhynchus > Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus

Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus (Hyacinth Macaw)

Wikipedia Abstract

The hyacinth macaw (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus), or hyacinthine macaw, is a parrot native to central and eastern South America. With a length (from the top of its head to the tip of its long pointed tail) of about 100 cm (3.3 ft) it is longer than any other species of parrot. It is the largest macaw and the largest flying parrot species, though the flightless kakapo of New Zealand can outweigh it at up to 3.5 kg. While generally easily recognized, it can be confused with the far rarer and smaller Lear's macaw. Habitat loss and trapping wild birds for the pet trade has taken a heavy toll on their population in the wild, so the species is classified as Vulnerable on the International Union for Conservation of Nature's Red List, and it is protected by its listing on Appendix I of the Conventi
View Wikipedia Record: Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.9113
EDGE Score: 4.0126


Adult Weight [1]  2.93 lbs (1.33 kg)
Diet [2]  Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  100 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  20 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  60 %
Forages - Understory [2]  20 %
Clutch Size [4]  2
Incubation [3]  28 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  39 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cerrado Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Dry Chaco Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Humid Chaco Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mato Grosso seasonal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pantanal Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Tapajós-Xingu moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Xingu-Tocantins-Araguaia moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bosque Mbaracayú Biosphere Reserve V 691895 Paraguay  
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Parque Nacional Serranía San Luis National Park II 29816 Paraguay  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Arroyo Tagatiya Paraguay A1, A3
Área Natural de Manejo Integrado San Matías Bolivia A1, A3
Baixo Rio Xingu Brazil A1
Caceres Brazil A1, A3
Cerrados de Concepción Paraguay A1, A3
Cerrados do Nordeste de Tocantins Brazil A1
Cristalino / Serra do Cachimbo Brazil A1, A3
Estação Ecológica de Uruçuí-Una Brazil A1
Estação Ecológica Serra das Araras Brazil A1, A3
Estancia Estrella Paraguay A1
Interflúvio dos Rios Tocantins e Paranã Brazil A1
Jalapão Brazil A1, A3
Jamanxim / Altamira Brazil A1
Lizarda Brazil A1
Maciço do Urucum e Adjacências Brazil A1, A3
Nascentes do Rio Parnaíba Brazil A1
Nhumirim Brazil A1, A3
Noel Kempff Mercado Bolivia A1, A2, A3
Novo Progresso Brazil A1, A2, A3
Pantanal de Nabileque Brazil A1, A3
Parque Nacional da Serra da Bodoquena e Entorno Brazil A1, A3
Parque Nacional das Emas Brazil A1, A3
Reserva Particular do Patrimônio Natural SESC Pantanal e Entorno Brazil A1
Rios Negro e Aquidauana Brazil A1, A3
Serra dos Carajás Brazil A1, A3
Terra Ronca Brazil A1, A2, A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Cerrado Brazil No

Prey / Diet

Acrocomia aculeata (coyol palm)[5]
Attalea funifera (Bahia piassaba palm)[6]
Attalea maripa[6]
Attalea phalerata[6]
Attalea speciosa (Babassu palm)[6]
Copernicia alba (copernicia)[6]
Syagrus coronata (Licuri Palm)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Amazona aestiva (Turquoise-fronted Amazon)1
Anodorhynchus leari (Lear's Macaw)1
Artibeus jamaicensis (Jamaican fruit-eating bat)1
Ateles chamek (Chamek spider monkey)1
Brotogeris chiriri (Yellow-chevroned Parakeet)2
Myiopsitta monachus (Monk Parakeet)2
Nandayus nenday (Nanday Parakeet)2
Tapirus terrestris (South American tapir)1
Tayassu pecari (white-lipped peccary)1


Parasitized by 
Ascaridia hermaphrodita <Unverified Name>[7]
Pelecitus circularis <Unverified Name>[7]
Pelecitus helecinus <Unverified Name>[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adelaide Zoo
Akron Zoological Park
Al-Wabra Wildlife Preservation
Albuquerque Biological Park
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Aquarium & Rainforest at Moody Gardens
Aquarium du Quebec
Audubon Aquarium of the Americas
Audubon Zoo
Biodome de Montreal
Birmingham Zoo
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Brevard Zoo
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Burger's Zoo
Caldwell Zoo
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Park
Cape May County Park Zoo
Central Florida Zoological Park
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Cougar Mountain Zoological Park
Dallas Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
Disney's Animal Kingdom
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Fresno Chaffee Zoo
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte
Guadalajara Zoo
Helsinki Zoo
HeverJardin d'Oiseaux Tropicaux
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Jackson Zoological Park
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Kansas City Zoo
Leeds Castle Enterprises Ltd.
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
Louisville Zoological Garden
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Menagerie du Jardin des Plantes
Mesker Park Zoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Montecasino Bird Gardens
Montgomery Zoo
Moscow Zoological Park
Mountain View Conservation & Breeding
Museum de Besancon
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
National Aquarium in Baltimore Inc
National Aviary in Pittsburgh
Natural Encounters, Inc.
North of England Zoological Society
Ocean Park Corporation
Odense Zoologiske Have
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Ouwehand Zoo
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Paradise Park Wildlife Sanctuary
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyre
Parco Zoo Punta Verde
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèn
Phoenix Zoo
Reid Park Zoo
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Rotterdam Zoo
Saint Louis Zoological Park
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Diego Wild Animal Park
San Diego Zoo
Sedgwick County Zoo
Silver Springs Park
Six Flags Discovery Kingdom
St. Augustine Alligator Farm
Taipei Zoo
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
Tennessee Aquarium
The Philadelphia Zoo
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
Utica Zoo
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
Wildlife World Zoo
Wilhelma Zoo
Zoo Boise
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo de la Bourbansais
Zoo de La Fleche
Zoo Dortmund
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.
Zoo Krefeld GmbH
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoo
Zoo New England, Stone Zoo
Zoo of Antwerp
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoological Society of London
Zoologicka zahrada Ostrava
Zoologicka Zahrada Jihlava
Zoologicka zahrada Liberec
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburg
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertal

Range Map

South America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Feeding ecology of Ara ararauna (Aves, Psittacidae) at firebreaks in western Cerrado, Brazil, Dárius Pukenis Tubelis, Biotemas, 22 (2): 105-115, junho de 2009
6Hyacinth Macaw, BirdLife International (1992) Threatened Birds of the Americas. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International.
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access