Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Psittaciformes > Psittacidae > Ara > Ara ararauna
 

Ara ararauna (Blue-and-yellow Macaw)

Wikipedia Abstract

The blue-and-yellow macaw (Ara ararauna), also known as the blue-and-gold macaw, is a large South American parrot with blue top parts and yellow under parts. It is a member of the large group of neotropical parrots known as macaws.
View Wikipedia Record: Ara ararauna

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
5
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
20
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.82779
EDGE Score: 1.76264

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  2.27 lbs (1.03 kg)
Breeding Habitat [2]  Tropical evergreen forests
Wintering Geography [2]  Non-migrartory
Wintering Habitat [2]  Tropical evergreen forests
Diet [3]  Frugivore, Nectarivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  30 %
Diet - Nectar [3]  10 %
Diet - Plants [3]  30 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  30 %
Forages - Canopy [3]  40 %
Forages - Mid-High [3]  60 %
Clutch Size [5]  2
Incubation [4]  25 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  43 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Beni savanna Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Caqueta moist forests Brazil, Columbia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Andean puna Argentina, Bolivia, Peru Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Cerrado Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Chiquitano dry forests Bolivia, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chocó-Darién moist forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera La Costa montane forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Dry Chaco Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Guayaquil flooded grasslands Ecuador Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Guianan Freshwater swamp forests Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Highlands moist forests Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan moist forests Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan savanna Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gurupa varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Iquitos varzea Brazil, Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Japurá-Solimoes-Negro moist forests Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Juruá-Purus moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lesser Antillean dry forests Grenada, St. Lucia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Llanos Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Madeira-Tapajós moist forests Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena-Urabá moist forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mato Grosso seasonal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Monte Alegre varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Napo moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Negro-Branco moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco Delta swamp forests Venezuela, Guyana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco wetlands Venezuela Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Pantepuis Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus-Madeira moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Rio Negro campinarana Brazil, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Santa Marta montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sinú Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Solimões-Japurá moist forest Brazil, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Andean Yungas Bolivia, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Amazon moist forests Peru, Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tapajós-Xingu moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Trinidad and Tobago moist forests Trinidad and Tobago Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Uatuma-Trombetas moist forests Brazil, Guyana, Suriname Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ucayali moist forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Ecuador moist forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Xingu-Tocantins-Araguaia moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bahuaja-Sonene National Park II 2716956 Madre de Dios (Puerto Maldonado), Peru  
Bosque Mbaracayú Biosphere Reserve V 691895 Paraguay  
Cayambe-Coca Ecological Reserve VI 921676 Ecuador  
Cordillera Azul National Park 3367365 Huanuco, Peru  
Estación Biológica El Frío 57221 Venezuela  
Estacion Biologica Beni Biosphere Reserve VI 335178 Bolivia  
Jaú National Park II 5890355 Amazonas, Brazil  
Madidi National Park II 3194501 Bolivia  
Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve State Sustainable Development Reserve VI 3260792 Amazonas, Brazil  
Manú National Park II 4213523 Cusco, Peru  
Maracá Ecological Reserve Ia 257554 Roraima, Brazil  
Megantoni National Sanctuary 536005 Cusco, Peru  
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Otishi National Park 760925 Peru  
Ralleigh Falls - Voltzberg Nature Reserve 191114 Suriname  
Reserva Cuzco Amazonico   Peru      
Reserva de la Biosfera de Yasuni Biosphere Reserve 4156313 Ecuador  
Reserve de Biosphere Cerrado Biosphere Reserve II 1812 Parana, Brazil  
Sierra del Divisor Reserve Zone 3652986 Peru      
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (incl. Tayrona NP) National Park II 1031303 Colombia  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Cerrado Brazil No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Prey / Diet

Allagoptera leucocalyx[6]
Anacardium nanum[6]
Bertholletia excelsa (brazilnut)[7]
Dimorphandra mollis (Acacia)[6]
Mauritia flexuosa[7]
Pouteria ramiflora[6]
Symphonia globulifera[7]
Vatairea macrocarpa (Sucupira Preta)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Amazona aestiva (Turquoise-fronted Amazon)1
Amazona arausiaca (Red-necked Parrot)1
Amazona farinosa (Mealy Parrot)1
Amazona imperialis (Imperial Parrot)1
Ara chloropterus (Red-and-green Macaw)2
Ara macao (Scarlet Macaw)3
Aratinga weddellii (Dusky-headed Parakeet)1
Brotogeris cyanoptera (Cobalt-winged Parakeet)1
Callimico goeldii (Goeldi's monkey)1
Callithrix kuhlii (Weid's black-tufted-ear marmoset)1
Callithrix penicillata (black-pencilled marmoset)1
Caracara plancus (Southern Crested Caracara)1
Chrysocyon brachyurus (Maned Wolf)1
Cyanocorax cristatellus (Curl-crested Jay)2
Gnorimopsar chopi (Chopi Blackbird)1
Lycalopex vetulus (Hoary Fox)1
Orthopsittaca manilata (Red-bellied Macaw)1
Pecari tajacu (collared peccary)1
Pionites leucogaster (White-bellied Parrot)2
Pithecia albicans (buffy saki)2
Rhinophylla pumilio (dwarf little fruit bat)1
Schistochlamys melanopis (Black-faced Tanager)1
Tapirus terrestris (South American tapir)1
Tayassu pecari (white-lipped peccary)1
Thraupis palmarum (Palm Tanager)1

Predators

Chrysocyon brachyurus (Maned Wolf)[6]

Providers

Shelter 
Mauritia flexuosa (muriti)[7]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Pelecitus circularis <Unverified Name>[8]
Pelecitus helecinus <Unverified Name>[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aalborg Zoo
AB Furuviksparken
Adelaide Zoo
Adventure Aquarium
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
African Safari
Al Ain Zoo
Al Bustan Zoological Center
Al-Wabra Wildlife Preservation
Alabama Gulf Coast Zoo
Albuquerque Biological Park
Alexandria Zoological Park
Amazon World
America's Teaching Zoo
Aqua Zoo Friesland
Aquarium & Rainforest at Moody Gardens
Ardastra Gardens & Conserv. Centre
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Auckland Zoological Park
Audubon Aquarium of the Americas
Audubon Zoo
Australia Zoo
Badoca Safari Park
Banham Zoo Ltd.
Barranquilla Zoo
Beale Park
Bermuda Aquarium Museum and Zoo
Biological Park Itanagar
Bioparc Valencia
Bird Park Marlow
Birdland Park & Gardens
Birmingham Zoo
Blackpool Zoo
Blank Park Zoo of Des Moines
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Bowmanville Zoological Park
Bramble Park Zoo
Brandywine Zoo
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Brevard Zoo
Bristol Zoo Gardens
Bronx Children's Zoo
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Caldwell Zoo
Cameron Park Zoo
Cape May County Park Zoo
Central Florida Zoological Park
Central Park Zoo
CERZA Centre d'Etude Rech Zool Augeron
Chahinkapa Zoo
Charles Paddock Zoo
Chattanooga Zoo at Warner Park
Chehaw Wild Animal Park
Chessington World of Adventures, Ltd.
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Children's Zoo at Celebration Square
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Colchester Zoo
Columbian Park Zoo
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Combe Martin Wildlife & Dinosaur Park
Connecticut's Beardsley Zoo
Copenhagen Zoo
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
Cougar Mountain Zoological Park
Curraghs Wildlife Park
Currumbin Wildlife Sanctuary
Dakota Zoo
Dallas Zoo
Dartmoor Zoological Park
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
Dickerson Park Zoo
Dierenpark 'De Vleut' (Zoo Best)
Dierenpark de Oliemeulen (Zoo Tilburg)
Disney's Animal Kingdom
Domaine Zoologique de Pescheray
Drayton Manor Park Zoo
Drusillas Zoo Park
DSI Givskud Zoo
Dudley Zoological Gardens
Dunedin Botanic Gardens Aviary
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zoo
El Paso Zoo
Ellen Trout Zoo
Emerald Safari Resort
Erie Zoological Gardens
Espace Zoolog de St-Martin-la-Plaine
Espace Zoologique la Boissiere du Dore
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Flamingo Land LTD
Flamingo Park Wildlife Encounter
Florida Aquarium
Folly Farm Leisure Ltd
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Fossil Rim Wildlife Center
Fota Wildlife Park
Fresno Chaffee Zoo
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte
Fundacion Zoológica del Ecuador
Fundacion Zoologica de Cali
Fundacion Zoologico Santacruz
Giza Zoological Garden
Gladys Porter Zoo
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granby
Greater Vancouver Zoo
Guadalajara Zoo
Hai Park Kiriat Motzkin
Haifa Zoo & Biological Institute
Hamilton Zoo
Happy Hollow Zoo
Harewood Bird Garden at Leeds
Hattiesburg Zoo
Henry Vilas Zoo
HeverJardin d'Oiseaux Tropicaux
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Hope Zoo (Nature Preservation Found.)
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Hutchinson Zoo
International Animal Exchange, Inc.
Jackson Zoological Park
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
Jesperhus Blomsterpark
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
John Ball Zoological Garden
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Jyllands Park Zoo
Kadoorie Farm & Botanic Garden
Kaliningrad Zoo
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Knuthenborg Safaripark
Kristiansand Dyrepark ASA
Kyiv Zoological Park
Lake Superior Zoological Gardens
Le Pal, Parc Animalier
Leeds Castle Enterprises Ltd.
Leningrad Zoo - St. Petersburg
Lion Country Safari Inc - Florida
Little Rock Zoological Gardens
Longleat Safari Park
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
Lucknow Zoological Park
Magnetic Hill Zoo
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Melbourne Zoo
Menagerie du Jardin des Plantes
Mesker Park Zoo
Miami Metrozoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Mitchell Park Zoo
Mokopane Biodiversity Conservation Centre
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Montecasino Bird Gardens
Montgomery Zoo
Moscow Zoological Park
Mundomar
Museum de Besancon
Nagyerdei Kultúrpark KHT.
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
National Aquarium in Baltimore Inc
Natural Encounters, Inc.
Niabi Zoo
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFT
Oakland Zoo
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Ocean Park Corporation
Odsherreds Zoo Dyrepark A/S
Oglebay's Good Children's Zoo
Ogrod Zoobotaniczny Torun
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Olmense Zoo
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Oregon Zoo
Out of Africa Wildlife Park
Ouwehand Zoo
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Pana'ewa Rainforest Zoo & Gardens
Paradise Park Wildlife Sanctuary
Paradise Wildlife Park
Parc de Lunaret
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Merveilleux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Paysager Et Animalier Du Reynou
Parc Safari / F.A.P.S.
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique d'Amiens
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique de Champrépus
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)
Parc Zoologique de la Barben
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyre
Parc Zoologique de Paris (MNHN)
Parc Zoologique Fort Mardyck
Parco Natura Viva
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Parken Zoo i Eskilstuna AB
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèn
Parque Ornitologico de Lourosa
Parque Zoologico Huachipa
Parque Zoologico Jaime Duque - Bogota
Parque Zoologico Santa Fe
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
Peoria Zoo in Glen Oak Park
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
Perth Zoological Gardens
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Planete Sauvage
PRIAM Psittaculture Centre
Pueblo Zoo
Queens Zoo
Ragunan Zoological Park
Randers Regnskov
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safari
Reid Park Zoo
Riga Zoo
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
Rotterdam Zoo
Sacramento Zoo
Safari de Peaugres
Safari West
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Saitama Children's Zoo
Salisbury Zoological Park
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Diego Wild Animal Park
San Diego Zoo
Santa Ana Zoo
Santa Barbara Zoological Gardens
Scovill Zoo
Sedgwick County Zoo
Shepreth Wildlife Park
Silesian Zoological Garden
Silver Springs Park
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Societa Zoologica Di Pistoia S.R.L
South Carolina Aquarium
South Lakes Wild Animal Park
St. Augustine Alligator Farm
Steinhart Aquarium (CA Acad of Science
Szeged Zoo
Taipei Zoo
Tallinn Zoo
Tama Zoological Park
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
Taronga Zoo
Terra Natura S.A.
The Naples Zoo
The Parrot Zoo
The Philadelphia Zoo
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Thuringer Zoopark Erfurt
Tiergarten der Stadt Wels
Toronto Zoo
Touroparc
Tracy Aviary
Tropical Butterfly House
Tropical World
Tropiquaria Wildlife Park
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
Turtle Back Zoo
Twycross Zoo
Umgeni River Bird Park
Usti nad Labem Zoo
Utah's Hogle Zoo
Valley Zoo & John Janzen Nature Center
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Wadi Al Safa Wildlife Centre
Washington Park Zoological Gardens
Welsh Mountain Zoo
West Midland Safari & Leisure Park Ltd
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
Wildlife Safari Inc
Wildlife World Zoo
Wilhelma Zoo
Willow Park Zoo
Wingham Wildlife Park
Woburn Safari Park
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Xantus János Állatkert Kht.
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zivalski vrt Ljubljana
Zoo and Aqua-Terrarium Ltd. Pécs
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo Atlanta
Zoo d'Asson
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo de la Bourbansais
Zoo de La Fleche
Zoo de Pont-Scorff
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo Landau in der Pfalz
Zoo Negara Malaysia
Zoo New England, Stone Zoo
Zoo of Acadiana
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Parc Overloon
Zoo Safari Swierkocin
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoo Taiping & Night Safari
Zool.Nacional Parque Metro De Santiago
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoological Society of London
Zoological Society of Trinidad &Tobago
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologicka zahrada Bojnice
Zoologicka zahrada Liberec
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brna
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburg
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertal
ZOOMARINE - Mundo Aquatico S.A.
Zoomarine Italia S.p.A.
ZooWorld Zoological Botanical Conserv.

Range Map

Middle America; South America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Intrinsic aging-related mortality in birds, Robert E. Ricklefs, JOURNAL OF AVIAN BIOLOGY 31: 103–111. Copenhagen 2000
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6Feeding ecology of Ara ararauna (Aves, Psittacidae) at firebreaks in western Cerrado, Brazil, Dárius Pukenis Tubelis, Biotemas, 22 (2): 105-115, junho de 2009
7PARROT CLAYLICKS: DISTRIBUTION, PATTERNS OF USE AND ECOLOGICAL CORRELATES FROM A PARROT ASSEMBLAGE IN SOUTHEASTERN PERU, ALAN TRISTRAM KENNETH LEE, dissertation for DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY, Manchester Metropolitan University, November 2010
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access