Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Psittaciformes > Psittacidae > Ara > Ara macao
 

Ara macao (Scarlet Macaw)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The scarlet macaw (Ara macao) is a large, red, yellow and blue South American parrot, a member of a large group of Neotropical parrots called macaws. It is native to humid evergreen forests of tropical South America. Range extends from extreme south-eastern Mexico to Amazonian Peru, Bolivia, Venezuela and Brazil in lowlands up to 500 m (1,640 ft) (at least formerly) up to 1,000 m (3,281 ft).
View Wikipedia Record: Ara macao

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
17
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.72717
EDGE Score: 1.55333

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  2.29 lbs (1.04 kg)
Clutch Size [4]  2
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Incubation [3]  26 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  33 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Apure-Villavicencio dry forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Beni savanna Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Caqueta moist forests Brazil, Columbia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American Atlantic moist forests Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American dry forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central Andean puna Argentina, Bolivia, Peru Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Chocó-Darién moist forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Costa Rican seasonal moist forests Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Dry Chaco Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Highlands moist forests Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan moist forests Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan savanna Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gurupa varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Iquitos varzea Brazil, Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Isthmian-Pacific moist forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Japurá-Solimoes-Negro moist forests Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Juruá-Purus moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Llanos Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Madeira-Tapajós moist forests Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena-Urabá moist forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mato Grosso seasonal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Monte Alegre varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Napo moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Negro-Branco moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Panamanian dry forests Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Pantanos de Centla Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pantepuis Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Petén-Veracruz moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus-Madeira moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Rio Negro campinarana Brazil, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sierra de los Tuxtlas Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sinú Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Solimões-Japurá moist forest Brazil, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Andean Yungas Bolivia, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Amazon moist forests Peru, Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tapajós-Xingu moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tocantins/Pindare moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Uatuma-Trombetas moist forests Brazil, Guyana, Suriname Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ucayali moist forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz moist forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Xingu-Tocantins-Araguaia moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bahuaja-Sonene National Park II 2716956 Madre de Dios (Puerto Maldonado), Peru  
Chiquibul Forest Reserve VI 148670 Belize  
Cinaruco-Capanaparo National Park II 1664173 Venezuela  
Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary IV 122962 Belize
Corcovado National Park 115845 Costa Rica  
Cordillera Azul National Park 3367365 Huanuco, Peru  
El Caura Forest Reserve VI 12722815 Venezuela  
Estación Biológica El Frío 57221 Venezuela  
Jaú National Park II 5890355 Amazonas, Brazil  
Laguna del Tigre National Park II 718533 Guatemala  
Madidi National Park II 3194501 Bolivia  
Manú National Park II 4213523 Cusco, Peru  
Maracá Ecological Reserve Ia 257554 Roraima, Brazil  
Maya Multiple Use Area 1156412 Guatemala  
Megantoni National Sanctuary 536005 Cusco, Peru  
Montes Azules Biosphere Reserve VI 814711 Chiapas, Mexico  
Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve   Costa Rica  
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Otishi National Park 760925 Peru  
Palo Verde National Park II 46190 Costa Rica  
Parque Nacional Sierra de San Luis National Park II 50473 Venezuela  
Patuca National Park II 935848 Honduras  
Ralleigh Falls - Voltzberg Nature Reserve 191114 Suriname  
Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve   Honduras      
Reserva Cuzco Amazonico   Peru      
Reserva de la Biosfera de Yasuni Biosphere Reserve 4156313 Ecuador  
Rus Rus Biological Reserve   Honduras      
Sarstoon Temash National Park II 42082 Belize  
Sierra del Divisor Reserve Zone 3652986 Peru      
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (incl. Tayrona NP) National Park II 1031303 Colombia  
Tawahka Anthropological Reserve 626425 Honduras  
Tikal National Park II 142943 Guatemala
Warunta   Honduras      

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Emblem of

Honduras

Prey / Diet

Anacardium occidentalis[5]
Attalea butyracea[5]
Bertholletia excelsa (brazilnut)[6]
Brosimum alicastrum (breadnut)[5]
Brosimum guianense (Guiana brosimum)[5]
Brosimum utile (cow tree)[5]
Byrsonima crispa[5]
Calophyllum brasiliense (Alexandrian laurel)[5]
Casearia decandra (wild honeytree)[6]
Citrus japonica (sour orange)[5]
Cojoba arborea (wild tamarind)[5]
Cordia collococca (clammy cherry)[5]
Croton schiedeanus[5]
Dilodendron costaricense[5]
Eschweilera tessmannii[6]
Euterpe precatoria[6]
Gmelina arborea (gumhar)[5]
Hura crepitans (sandbox tree)[5]
Inga alba (Guavo)[6]
Inga punctata (Guama)[6]
Jacaranda copaia[6]
Mangifera indica (mango)[5]
Maranthes panamensis[5]
Mauritia flexuosa (muriti)[6]
Ochroma pyramidale (balsa)[5]
Oenocarpus bataua var. bataua[7]
Peltogyne purpurea[5]
Pterygota excelsa[5]
Sapium marmieri[6]
Senegalia loretensis[6]
Spondias mombin (hogplum)[5]
Symphonia globulifera[6]
Tectona grandis (teak)[5]
Terminalia amazonica[5]
Terminalia catappa (india almond)[5]
Toona calantas (Barbados cedar)[5]
Vantanea barbourii[5]
Anacardium excelsum (Wild Cashew)[5]
Ceiba pentandra (kapoktree)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aburria cumanensis (Blue-throated Piping-guan)1
Alouatta palliata (mantled howler monkey)1
Alouatta pigra (Mexican black howler monkey)1
Amazona aestiva (Turquoise-fronted Amazon)1
Amazona albifrons (White-fronted Parrot)7
Amazona auropalliata (Yellow-naped Parrot)5
Amazona farinosa (Mealy Parrot)6
Amazona finschi (Lilac-crowned Parrot)1
Ara ararauna (Blue-and-yellow Macaw)3
Ara chloropterus (Red-and-green Macaw)5
Ara severus (Chestnut-fronted Macaw)3
Aratinga canicularis (Orange-fronted Parakeet)4
Aratinga weddellii (Dusky-headed Parakeet)2
Artibeus jamaicensis (Jamaican fruit-eating bat)9
Ateles belzebuth (white-bellied spider monkey)1
Ateles chamek (Chamek spider monkey)2
Ateles geoffroyi (Central American spider monkey)4
Ateles paniscus (black spider monkey)1
Atelocynus microtis (Short-eared Dog)1
Bassaricyon gabbii (Olingo)1
Bombus brevivillus1
Bombus transversalis1
Brotogeris cyanoptera (Cobalt-winged Parakeet)3
Brotogeris jugularis (Orange-chinned Parakeet)6
Callimico goeldii (Goeldi's monkey)2
Callithrix kuhlii (Weid's black-tufted-ear marmoset)1
Callithrix penicillata (black-pencilled marmoset)1
Caracara plancus (Southern Crested Caracara)1
Carollia subrufa (gray short-tailed bat)1
Cebuella pygmaea pygmaea (pygmy marmoset)1
Centris flavifrons1
Centris similis1
Chiropotes satanas (brown-bearded saki)2
Choloepus hoffmanni (Hoffmann's Two-toed Sloth)2
Chrysocyon brachyurus (Maned Wolf)1
Crax daubentoni (Yellow-knobbed Curassow)1
Cuniculus paca (Paca)1
Cyanocorax cristatellus (Curl-crested Jay)1
Eira barbara (Tayra)1
Epicharis rustica1
Eulaema meriana1
Eulaema nigrita1
Eupetomena macroura (Swallow-tailed Hummingbird)1
Gnorimopsar chopi (Chopi Blackbird)1
Guaruba guarouba (Golden Parakeet)1
Leontopithecus rosalia (golden lion tamarin)1
Leptonycteris curasoae (southern long-nosed bat)1
Melipona compressipes1
Mionectes oleagineus (Ochre-bellied Flycatcher)1
Musonycteris harrisoni (banana bat)1
Nasua narica (White-nosed Coati)1
Orthopsittaca manilata (Red-bellied Macaw)1
Pecari tajacu (collared peccary)1
Phyllostomus discolor (pale spear-nosed bat)1
Phyllostomus hastatus (greater spear-nosed bat)3
Pionites leucogaster (White-bellied Parrot)3
Pionus menstruus (Blue-headed Parrot)2
Pithecia albicans (buffy saki)3
Pithecia pithecia (Guianan saki)1
Pyrrhura rupicola (Black-capped Parakeet)2
Ramphastos tucanus (White-throated Toucan)1
Rhinophylla pumilio (dwarf little fruit bat)1
Rhodothraupis celaeno (Crimson-collared Grosbeak)1
Saguinus geoffroyi (Geoffroy's tamarin)2
Saguinus oedipus (cotton-top tamarin)8
Sapajus apella (brown capuchin)2
Schistochlamys melanopis (Black-faced Tanager)1
Sciurus variegatoides (variegated squirrel)3
Steatornis caripensis (Oilbird)2
Tamandua mexicana (Northern Tamandua)1
Tapirus terrestris (South American tapir)2
Tayassu pecari (white-lipped peccary)1
Thraupis palmarum (Palm Tanager)1
Xylocopa frontalis1

Providers

Shelter 
Caryocar costarricense[5]
Hyeronima alchorneoides[5]
Schizolobium parahyba (Zorra)[5]
Anacardium excelsum (Wild Cashew)[5]
Ceiba pentandra (kapoktree)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Pelecitus circularis <Unverified Name>[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adventure Aquarium
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
African Safari
Akron Zoological Park
Al Bustan Zoological Center
Alabama Gulf Coast Zoo
Albuquerque Biological Park
Alexandria Zoological Park
Amazon World
America's Teaching Zoo
Aquarium & Rainforest at Moody Gardens
Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum
Audubon Aquarium of the Americas
Audubon Zoo
Australia Zoo
Barranquilla Zoo
Bergen County Zoological Park
Bermuda Aquarium Museum and Zoo
Biodome de Montreal
Bioparc Valencia
Bird Park Marlow
Birdland Park & Gardens
Blank Park Zoo of Des Moines
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Bowmanville Zoological Park
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Brevard Zoo
Bristol Zoo Gardens
Buffalo Zoological Gardens
Caldwell Zoo
Cape May County Park Zoo
Charles Paddock Zoo
Chattanooga Zoo at Warner Park
Chessington World of Adventures, Ltd.
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
 cyanoptera
Colchester Zoo
Cologne Zoo
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Combe Martin Wildlife & Dinosaur Park
Cougar Mountain Zoological Park
Curraghs Wildlife Park
Dakota Zoo
Dallas World Aquarium
Dallas Zoo
Dartmoor Zoological Park
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
Detroit Zoological Society
 cyanoptera
Dickerson Park Zoo
Dierenpark Wissel
Disney's Animal Kingdom
Drayton Manor Park Zoo
DSI Givskud Zoo
Dudley Zoological Gardens
Dusit (Bangkok) Zoological Park
Ellen Trout Zoo
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Flamingo Land LTD
Flamingo Park Wildlife Encounter
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Fota Wildlife Park
Fresno Chaffee Zoo
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte
Fundacion Zoológica del Ecuador
Fundacion Zoologica de Cali
Fundacion Zoologico Santacruz
Gladys Porter Zoo
Great Plains Zoo
Guadalajara Zoo
Hai Park Kiriat Motzkin
Happy Hollow Zoo
Hattiesburg Zoo
HeverJardin d'Oiseaux Tropicaux
Honolulu Zoo
Hope Zoo (Nature Preservation Found.)
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
Jesperhus Blomsterpark
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Kadoorie Farm & Botanic Garden
Kaliningrad Zoo
Kansas City Zoo
Knoxville Zoological Gardens
Le Pal, Parc Animalier
Leeds Castle Enterprises Ltd.
Lincoln Childrens Zoo (former Folsom)
Linton Zoological Gardens
Lion Country Safari Inc - Florida
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
Magnetic Hill Zoo
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Menagerie du Jardin des Plantes
Mesker Park Zoo
Miami Metrozoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Montecasino Bird Gardens
 cyanoptera
Montgomery Zoo
Moscow Zoological Park
Mundomar
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
National Aviary in Pittsburghcyanoptera
Natural Encounters, Inc.cyanoptera
Natural Science Center of Greensboro
NEW Zoo
Newquay Zoo (Cornwall Animal World)
Niabi Zoo
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFT
Ocean Park Corporation
Odense Zoologiske Have
Ogrod Zoologiczny im. Stefana Milera
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Out of Africa Wildlife Park
Ouwehand Zoo
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Paradise Park Wildlife Sanctuary
Parc de Lunaret
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Paysager Et Animalier Du Reynou
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique de Champrépus
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyre
Parc Zoologique de Lille
Parco Zoo Punta Verde
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèn
Parque Ornitologico de Lourosa
Parque Recreativo y Zool. Piscilago
Parque Zoologico Benito Juarez
Parque Zoologico Huachipa
Parque Zoologico Jaime Duque - Bogota
Parque Zoologico Santa Fe
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
Phoenix Zoo
Planete Sauvage
PRIAM Psittaculture Centre
 macao
Queens Zoo
Reid Park Zoo
Riga Zoo
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
Rotterdam Zoo
Safari West
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Saitama Children's Zoo
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Diego Wild Animal Parkcyanoptera
San Diego Zoocyanoptera
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Santa Barbara Zoological Gardens
Sedgwick County Zoo
Shaldon Wildlife Trust
Silver Springs Park
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Six Flags Discovery Kingdom
Societa Zoologica Di Pistoia S.R.L
South Carolina Aquarium
South Lakes Wild Animal Park
St. Augustine Alligator Farm
Stichting Nederlands Opvang Papegaaien
Szeged Zoo
Taipei Zoo
Tama Zoological Park
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
Tautphaus Park Zoo
The Naples Zoo
The Parrot Zoo
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Topeka Zoological Park
Toronto Zoo
Touroparc
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
Turtle Back Zoo
Umgeni River Bird Park
Usti nad Labem Zoo
Valley Zoo & John Janzen Nature Center
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Wadi Al Safa Wildlife Centre
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munster
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wildlife Safari Inc
Wildlife World Zoo
Wilhelma Zoo
Yorkshire Wildlife Park
Zoo d'Asson
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo de la Bourbansais
Zoo de La Fleche
Zoo de Pont-Scorff
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo Negara Malaysia
Zoo of Acadiana
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoobotanico de Jerez
Zool.Nacional Parque Metro De Santiago
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoological Society of Ireland-Dublin
Zoological Society of Trinidad &Tobago
Zoologicka zahrada Ostrava
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora
Zoologico Nacional Simon Bolivar
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertal
ZOOMARINE - Mundo Aquatico S.A.
ZooWorld Zoological Botanical Conserv.

Range Map

Middle America; South America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Intrinsic aging-related mortality in birds, Robert E. Ricklefs, JOURNAL OF AVIAN BIOLOGY 31: 103–111. Copenhagen 2000 4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 5Current Status and Conservation of the Scarlet Macaw (Ara macao) in the Osa Conservation Area (ACOSA), Costa Rica, Fiona Dear, Christopher Vaughan and Adrián Morales Polanco, Research Journal of the Costa Rican Distance Education University Vol. 2(1): 7-21, June, 2010 6PARROT CLAYLICKS: DISTRIBUTION, PATTERNS OF USE AND ECOLOGICAL CORRELATES FROM A PARROT ASSEMBLAGE IN SOUTHEASTERN PERU, ALAN TRISTRAM KENNETH LEE, dissertation for DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY, Manchester Metropolitan University, November 2010 7Foods and Feeding Behavior of Wild Black-capped Capuchin (Cebus apella), KOSEI IZAWA, PRIMATES, 20(1): 57-76, January 1979 8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access