Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Psittaciformes > Psittacidae > Cyanoliseus > Cyanoliseus patagonus

Cyanoliseus patagonus (Burrowing Parrot)

Wikipedia Abstract

The burrowing parrot (Cyanoliseus patagonus) is a bird species in the parrot family. It belongs to the smaller long-tailed Arinae (macaws and conures). It is also known as the Patagonian conure and some authorities call it the burrowing parakeet.The burrowing parrot belongs to the monotypic genus Cyanoliseus, but the species is not monotypic, having several subspecies. Its natural habitat is the arid bush steppe community known as the Monte Desert.
View Wikipedia Record: Cyanoliseus patagonus


Cyanoliseus patagonus andinus (Northern Patagonian burrowing parrot)
Cyanoliseus patagonus bloxami
Cyanoliseus patagonus conlara (Burrowing parrot)
Cyanoliseus patagonus patagonus (Patagonian burrowing parrot)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.37695
EDGE Score: 2.33959


Adult Weight [1]  278 grams
Birth Weight [2]  13 grams
Diet [3]  Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  30 %
Diet - Plants [3]  30 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  40 %
Forages - Understory [3]  50 %
Forages - Ground [3]  50 %
Clutch Size [4]  3
Maximum Longevity [5]  20 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Atacama desert Chile Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Andean puna Argentina, Bolivia, Peru Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Chilean matorral Chile Neotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Dry Chaco Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Espinal Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
High Monte Argentina Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Humid Pampas Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Low Monte Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Paraná flooded savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Patagonian steppe Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Andean steppe Argentina, Chile Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Andean Yungas Bolivia, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Valdivian temperate forests Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Laguna Blanca National Park II 19735 Neuquen, Argentina  
Lanín National Park II 536819 Neuquen, Argentina
Reserva Ecologica de Ñacuñan Ecological Reserve Ia   Argentina  
Reserva Natural Otamendi Strict Nature Reserve Ia   Buenos Aires, Argentina  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Area Natural Protegida El Mangrullo Argentina A1, A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Chilean Winter Rainfall-Valdivian Forests Chile No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No

Prey / Diet

Cordia decandra[6]
Empetrum rubrum (red crowberry)[6]
Geoffroea decorticans (chañar)[6]
Lycium americanum[6]
Nothofagus obliqua (roble beech)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Chloephaga poliocephala (Ashy-headed Goose)1
Eulidia yarrellii (Chilean Woodstar)1
Melanodera melanodera (White-bridled Finch)1
Microcavia australis (southern mountain cavy)1


Parasitized by 
Hectopsylla psittaci[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Alabama Gulf Coast Zoopatagonus
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Badoca Safari Parkpatagonus
Bermuda Aquarium Museum and Zoopatagonus
Blackpool Zoo
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanatpatagonus
Brent Lodge Park Animal Centre
Burger's Zoo
Cameron Park Zoopatagonus
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Children's Zoo at Celebration Squarepatagonus
Colchester Zoopatagonus
Dierenpark Amersfoort
Drayton Manor Park Zoo
Espace Zoolog de St-Martin-la-Plainepatagonus
Exmoor Zoological Parkpatagonus
Flamingo Land LTDpatagonus
Flamingo Park Wildlife Encounterpatagonus
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte
Guldborgsund Zoo & Botanical Gardenpatagonus
Hai Park Kiriat Motzkin
Helsinki Zoo
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoopatagonus
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Airesandinus
Jesperhus Blomsterpark
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Kaliningrad Zoo
Leeds Castle Enterprises Ltd.
Lotherton Bird Gardenpatagonus
Mesker Park Zoopatagonus
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Miskolc Zoo/Állatkert és Kultúrpark
Mitchell Park Zoopatagonus
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Moscow Zoological Park
Museum de Besancon
Nagyerdei Kultúrpark KHT.
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africapatagonus
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Paradise Park Wildlife Sanctuarypatagonus
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique d'Amiens
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)
Parc Zoologique de Lille
Parc Zoologique de Paris (MNHN)
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Parque Zoologico Benito Juarez
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
PRIAM Psittaculture Centre
Rodbaston College
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Silesian Zoological Garden
Societa Zoologica Di Pistoia S.R.L
Tautphaus Park Zoopatagonus
Terra Natura S.A.
The Parrot Zoo
Thoiry Zoological Park
Tracy Aviarypatagonus
Umgeni River Bird Park
Utah's Hogle Zoopatagonus
Woburn Safari Park
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontainebyroni
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Dortmund
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo Parc de Beauvalpatagonus
Zoo Safari Swierkocin
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoo Taiping & Night Safari
Zoo Zürichpatagonus
Zoobotanico de Jerez
Zool.Nacional Parque Metro De Santiagobyroni
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoological Garden of Polish Fauna
Zoologicka zahrada Bojnice
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbHandinus
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburgpatagonus
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding
ZOOMARINE - Mundo Aquatico S.A.

Range Map



Attributes / relations provided by
1Masello JF, Quillfeldt P (2003) Body size, body condition and ornamental feathers of burrowing parrots: variation between years and sexes, assortative mating and influences on breeding success. Emu 103:149–161
2Masello JF, Quillfeldt P (2002) Chick growth and breeding success of the burrowing parrot Condor 104:574–586
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
6del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
7International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access