Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Psittaciformes > Psittacidae > Forpus > Forpus xanthopterygius
 

Forpus xanthopterygius (Blue-winged Parrotlet)

Wikipedia Abstract

The blue-winged parrotlet (Forpus xanthopterygius) is a small parrot found in much of South America. It includes the turquoise-rumped parrotlet (Forpus xanthopterygius spengeli), which sometimes is treated as a separate species. The blue-winged parrotlet is mainly found in lowlands, but locally up to 1200m in south-eastern Brazil. It occurs in woodland, scrub, savanna, and pastures. Flocks are usually around 20 birds but can grow to over 50 around fruiting trees or seeding grasses.
View Wikipedia Record: Forpus xanthopterygius

Infraspecies

Forpus xanthopterygius crassirostris (Amazon blue-winged parrotlet)
Forpus xanthopterygius flavescens (Bolivian blue-winged parrotlet)
Forpus xanthopterygius flavissimus (Eastern blue-winged parrotlet)
Forpus xanthopterygius spengeli (Colombian blue-winged parrotlet)
Forpus xanthopterygius xanthopterygius (Blue-winged parrotlet)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
6
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
22
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.21613
EDGE Score: 1.82715

Attributes

Diet [1]  Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Fruit [1]  50 %
Diet - Seeds [1]  50 %
Forages - Ground [1]  100 %
Clutch Size [2]  5

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Araucaria moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic Coast restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic dry forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Bahia coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Beni savanna Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Caatinga Brazil Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Campos Rupestres montane savanna Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cerrado Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Dry Chaco Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Humid Chaco Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Iquitos varzea Brazil, Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Juruá-Purus moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Monte Alegre varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Napo moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pantanal Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Paraná flooded savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Pernambuco coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus-Madeira moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sinú Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Solimões-Japurá moist forest Brazil, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Cone Mesopotamian savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Southwest Amazon moist forests Peru, Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ucayali moist forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bosque Mbaracayú Biosphere Reserve V 691895 Paraguay  
Caaguazú National Park II 33073 Paraguay  
Carapá Biological Refuge IV 9071 Paraguay  
Cerro Corá National Park II 31326 Paraguay  
Currawinya Lakes National Park II 372252 Queensland, Australia
Estacion Biologica Beni Biosphere Reserve VI 335178 Bolivia  
Itabó Biological Reserve IV 34092 Paraguay  
Itatiaia National Park II 69730 Minas Gerais, Brazil  
Limoy Biological Reserve IV 33774 Paraguay  
Macizo Acahay Natural Monument III 6320 Paraguay  
Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve State Sustainable Development Reserve VI 3260792 Amazonas, Brazil  
Mata Atlântica Biosphere Reserve 72830565 Brazil  
Mbaracayú Biological Refuge IV 4039 Paraguay  
Moisés Bertoni Natural Monument 488 Paraguay
Parque Nacional Iguazú National Park II 115949 Argentina  
Pikyry Biological Refuge IV 2898 Paraguay  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Yasuni Biosphere Reserve 4156313 Ecuador  
San Rafael, Reserva de Recursos Manejados Managed Resource Reserve VI 165840 Paraguay  
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (incl. Tayrona NP) National Park II 1031303 Colombia  
Tatí Yupí Biological Refuge IV 5052 Paraguay  
Tinfunqué National Park 607935 Paraguay  
Ybycu'í National Park II 13915 Paraguay  
Ypacaraí National Park II 38504 Paraguay  
Yvytyruzu Managed Resources Reserve Managed Resource Reserve VI 63491 Paraguay  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Cerrado Brazil No

Prey / Diet

Ficus enormis[3]
Ficus eximia[3]
Ficus luschnathiana[3]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[3]
Marcgravia polyantha[4]
Senecio polygaloides[4]
Trema micrantha (Jamaican nettletree)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aburria jacutinga (Black-fronted piping guan)1
Alouatta caraya (black howler monkey)1
Alouatta guariba guariba (brown howler monkey)2
Amazona aestiva (Turquoise-fronted Amazon)1
Artibeus lituratus (great fruit-eating bat)3
Aulacorhynchus prasinus (Emerald Toucanet)1
Axis axis (chital)1
Baillonius bailloni (saffron toucanet)2
Brotogeris chiriri (Yellow-chevroned Parakeet)1
Brotogeris tirica (Plain Parakeet)2
Brotogeris versicolurus (White-winged Parakeet)1
Caluromys lanatus (Brown-eared Woolly Opossum)1
Catharus ustulatus (Swainson's Thrush)1
Chlorophanes spiza (Green Honeycreeper)1
Coereba flaveola (Bananaquit)2
Colaptes melanochloros (green-barred woodpecker)1
Columba livia (Rock Pigeon)1
Columbina talpacoti (Ruddy Ground-Dove)1
Coracina novaehollandiae (Black-faced Cuckooshrike)1
Crotophaga ani (Smooth-billed Ani)1
Cyanerpes caeruleus (Purple Honeycreeper)1
Cyanerpes cyaneus (Red-legged Honeycreeper)1
Cyanocorax cristatellus (Curl-crested Jay)1
Dacnis cayana (Blue Dacnis)3
Dryocopus lineatus (Lineated Woodpecker)1
Elaenia flavogaster (Yellow-bellied Elaenia)1
Elaenia frantzii (Mountain Elaenia)1
Empidonomus varius (Variegated Flycatcher)1
Euphonia chlorotica (Purple-throated Euphonia)2
Euphonia violacea (Violaceous Euphonia)1
Forpus xanthopterygius crassirostris (Amazon blue-winged parrotlet)2
Iguana iguana (Common Green Iguana)1
Lipaugus lanioides (Cinnamon-vented Piha)1
Machetornis rixosa (Cattle Tyrant)1
Megarynchus pitangua (Boat-billed Flycatcher)3
Melanerpes candidus (white woodpecker)1
Mimus saturninus (Chalk-browed Mockingbird)1
Myiodynastes maculatus (Streaked Flycatcher)1
Myiopsitta monachus (Monk Parakeet)1
Myiozetetes similis (Social Flycatcher)1
Nemosia pileata (Hooded Tanager)1
Oxyruncus cristatus (Sharpbill)1
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)1
Patagioenas fasciata (Band-tailed Pigeon)1
Patagioenas picazuro (Picazuro Pigeon)1
Pionus maximiliani (Scaly-headed Parrot)1
Pipraeidea melanonota (Fawn-breasted Tanager)1
Piranga flava (Red Tanager)1
Pitangus sulphuratus (Great Kiskadee)2
Platyrrhinus lineatus (white-lined broad-nosed bat)2
Pyrrhura frontalis (Reddish-bellied Parakeet)3
Pyrrhura molinae (Green-cheeked Parakeet)1
Ramphastos toco (Toco Toucan)1
Ramphocelus carbo (Silver-beaked Tanager)1
Saguinus oedipus (cotton-top tamarin)1
Sapajus apella (brown capuchin)3
Selenidera maculirostris (Spot-billed Toucanet)2
Sturnira lilium (little yellow-shouldered bat)1
Tachyphonus rufus (White-lined Tanager)1
Tangara cayana (Burnished-buff Tanager)2
Tangara gyrola (Bay-headed Tanager)1
Tangara mexicana (Turquoise Tanager)1
Tersina viridis (Swallow Tanager)2
Thraupis episcopus (Blue-grey Tanager)1
Thraupis sayaca (Sayaca Tanager)2
Turdus amaurochalinus (Creamy-bellied Thrush)1
Turdus leucomelas (Pale-breasted Thrush)1
Turdus nigriceps (Andean Slaty Thrush)1
Tyrannus dominicensis (Grey Kingbird)1
Tyrannus melancholicus (Tropical Kingbird)1
Tyrannus savana (Fork-tailed Flycatcher)1
Tyrannus tyrannus (Eastern Kingbird)1
Vireo olivaceus (Red-eyed Vireo)2
Zonotrichia capensis (Rufous-collared Sparrow)1

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Barranquilla Zoo
 spengeli
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Miller Park Zoo

Range Map

South America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
3"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
4DIET AND FLOCK SIZE OF SYMPATRIC PARROTS IN THE ATLANTIC FOREST OF BRAZIL, Marco Aurélio Pizo, Isaac Simāo & Mauro Galetti, ORNITOLOGIA NEOTROPICAL 6: 87-95, 1995
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access