Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Psittaciformes > Psittacidae > Pionopsitta > Pionopsitta pileata

Pionopsitta pileata (Pileated Parrot; Red-capped Parrot)

Wikipedia Abstract

The pileated parrot (Pionopsitta pileata), also known as the red-capped parrot (leading to easy confusion with the Australian Purpureicephalus spurius), is a medium-small species of parrot with a total length of about 22 cm (8.7 in). It is found in or near Atlantic Forest in south-eastern Brazil, far north-eastern Argentina, and eastern Paraguay. A local name in Paraguayan Guaraní is cúiu cúiu.
View Wikipedia Record: Pionopsitta pileata

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 15.5865
EDGE Score: 2.80859


Adult Weight [1]  119 grams
Diet [2]  Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  40 %
Diet - Plants [2]  30 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  30 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  40 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  60 %
Clutch Size [3]  2
Maximum Longevity [1]  17 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Araucaria moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Humid Chaco Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Southern Cone Mesopotamian savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ñacunday National Park II 5435 Paraguay  
Bosque Mbaracayú Biosphere Reserve V 691895 Paraguay  
Caaguazú National Park II 33073 Paraguay  
Carapá Biological Refuge IV 9071 Paraguay  
Cerro Corá National Park II 31326 Paraguay  
Itabó Biological Reserve IV 34092 Paraguay  
Itatiaia National Park II 69730 Minas Gerais, Brazil  
Kuri'y National Reserve Natural Monument III 4972 Paraguay  
Limoy Biological Reserve IV 33774 Paraguay  
Mata Atlântica Biosphere Reserve 72830565 Brazil  
Mbaracayú Biological Refuge IV 4039 Paraguay  
Moisés Bertoni Natural Monument 488 Paraguay
Parque Nacional Iguazú National Park II 115949 Argentina  
Pikyry Biological Refuge IV 2898 Paraguay  
San Rafael, Reserva de Recursos Manejados Managed Resource Reserve VI 165840 Paraguay  
Tatí Yupí Biological Refuge IV 5052 Paraguay  
Ybycu'í National Park II 13915 Paraguay  
Yvytyruzu Managed Resources Reserve Managed Resource Reserve VI 63491 Paraguay  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Alta cuenca del arroyo Alegría Argentina A1, A2, A3
Arroyo Blanco Paraguay A1, A3
Área de Proteção Ambiental de Guaratuba Brazil A1, A2, A3
Boa Nova / Serra da Ouricana Brazil A1, A2, A3
Bosque Mbaracayú Paraguay A1, A2, A3
Campos Gerais do Paraná Brazil A1, A2, A3
Cerro Guazú Paraguay A1, A3
Complexo Pedra Azul / Forno Grande Brazil A1, A2, A3
Corredor Urugua-í Foerster Argentina A1
Estação Ecológica de Juréia-Itatins Brazil A1, A2, A3
Estancia Don Oscar Paraguay A1, A3
Estancia Itabó Paraguay A1, A2, A3
Fazenda Pindobas IV e Arredores Brazil A1, A2, A3
Guaraqueçaba / Jacupiranga / Cananéia Brazil A1, A2, A3
Ka'aguy Rory Paraguay A1, A3
Limoy Paraguay A1, A3
Maciço Florestal de Paranapiacaba Brazil A1, A2, A3
Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar (entre Caraguatatuba e Picinguaba) Brazil A1, A2, A3
Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar (entre Santos e São Sebastião) Brazil A1, A2, A3
Parque Estadual da Serra do Tabuleiro Brazil A1, A3
Parque Estadual de Ilhabela Brazil A1
Parque Estadual do Turvo Brazil A1
Parque Nacional Caazapá Paraguay A1, A2, A3
Parque Nacional de Itatiaia Brazil A1, A2, A3
Parque Nacional do Iguaçu Brazil A1, A3
Parque Nacional Iguazú y alrededores Argentina A1, A2, A3
Parque Nacional San Rafael Paraguay A1, A2, A3, A4ii
Parque Provincial Cruce Caballero Argentina A1, A2
Parque Provincial Guardaparque Horacio Foerster Argentina A1
Parque Provincial Urugua-í Argentina A1, A2, A3
Parque Provincial Uruzú y Reserva Forestal San Jorge Argentina A1, A2, A3
Refugio Carapá Paraguay A1, A3
Região de Blumenau Brazil A1, A3
Região dos Aparados da Serra Brazil A1, A2, A3
Reserva de la Biósfera Yabotí Argentina A1, A2, A3
Reserva Itabó: Itaipú Paraguay A1, A3
Reserva Privada Yaguaroundí Argentina A1, A2
San Antonio Argentina A1, A2, A3
San Pedro Argentina A1, A2, A3
Santa Teresa Brazil A1, A2, A3
Serra da Bocaina / Paraty / Angra dos Reis Brazil A1, A2, A3
Serra da Mantiqueira Brazil A1, A2, A3
Serra do Marumbi Brazil A1, A2, A3
Serra dos Órgãos Brazil A1, A2, A3
Serras das Lontras e do Javi Brazil A1, A2, A3
Tapyta Paraguay A1, A2, A3, A4ii
Ybyturuzú Paraguay A1, A2, A3
Ypeti Paraguay A1, A2, A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No

Prey / Diet

Livistona chinensis (fountain palm)[4]
Philodendron bipinnatifidum (philodendron)[4]
Phytolacca dioica[5]
Solanum mauritianum (earleaf nightshade)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aburria jacutinga (Black-fronted piping guan)1
Baillonius bailloni (saffron toucanet)1
Callicebus nigrifrons (southern masked titi monkey)1
Phyllostomus hastatus (greater spear-nosed bat)1
Pyrrhura frontalis (Reddish-bellied Parakeet)2
Ramphastos dicolorus (Green-billed Toucan)1
Ramphastos vitellinus (Channel-billed Toucan)1

Range Map



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
5Seasonal abundance and feeding ecology of parrots and parakeets in a lowland Atlantic forest of Brazil, Mauro Galetti, Ararajuba 5(2):115-126 (1997)
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access