Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Psittaciformes > Psittacidae > Amazona > Amazona aestiva
 

Amazona aestiva (Turquoise-fronted Amazon)

Wikipedia Abstract

The blue-fronted amazon (Amazona aestiva), also called the turquoise-fronted amazon and blue-fronted parrot, is a South American species of amazon parrot and one of the most common amazon parrots kept in captivity as a pet or companion parrot. Its common name is derived from the distinctive blue marking on its head just above its beak.
View Wikipedia Record: Amazona aestiva

Infraspecies

Amazona aestiva aestiva (Blue-fronted amazon)
Amazona aestiva xanthopteryx (Southern blue-fronted amazon)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
12
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 2.49065
EDGE Score: 1.25009

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  451 grams
Diet [2]  Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  50 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  50 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  30 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  40 %
Forages - Understory [2]  30 %
Clutch Size [4]  3
Incubation [3]  24 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  49 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Araucaria moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic dry forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Bahia interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Caatinga Brazil Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Andean puna Argentina, Bolivia, Peru Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Chiquitano dry forests Bolivia, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Dry Chaco Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Espinal Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Humid Chaco Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Madeira-Tapajós moist forests Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pantanal Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Paraná flooded savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Southern Andean Yungas Bolivia, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Cone Mesopotamian savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Southwest Amazon moist forests Peru, Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bosque Mbaracayú Biosphere Reserve V 691895 Paraguay  
Carapá Biological Refuge IV 9071 Paraguay  
Cerro Corá National Park II 31326 Paraguay  
Defensores del Chaco National Park II 1792493 Paraguay  
El Rey National Park II 110298 Salta, Argentina
Estacion Biologica Beni Biosphere Reserve VI 335178 Bolivia  
Estancia el Trebol   Paraguay      
Estancia Fortín Patria   Paraguay      
Itabó Biological Reserve IV 34092 Paraguay  
Limoy Biological Reserve IV 33774 Paraguay  
Mbaracayú Biological Refuge IV 4039 Paraguay  
Mburucuyá National Park II   Corrientes, Argentina  
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Parque Nacional Iguazú National Park II 115949 Argentina  
Parque Nacional Serranía San Luis National Park II 29816 Paraguay  
Paso Bravo National Park 256207 Paraguay  
Pikyry Biological Refuge IV 2898 Paraguay  
Río Negro National Park II 73775 Paraguay  
Río Pilcomayo National Park II 123699 Formosa, Argentina
Reserva Natural Otamendi Strict Nature Reserve Ia   Buenos Aires, Argentina  
Reserve de Biosphere Cerrado Biosphere Reserve II 1812 Parana, Brazil  
Tatí Yupí Biological Refuge IV 5052 Paraguay  
Tinfunqué National Park 607935 Paraguay  
Ypacaraí National Park II 38504 Paraguay  
Ypoa National Park 303997 Paraguay  
Yvytyruzu Managed Resources Reserve Managed Resource Reserve VI 63491 Paraguay  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Cerrado Brazil No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No

Prey / Diet

Attalea phalerata[5]
Ficus luschnathiana[5]
Inga vera (river koko)[5]
Kielmeyera coriacea (Pau Santo)[6]
Mauritia flexuosa (muriti)[7]
Sapium obovatum[5]
Tabebuia angustata[5]
Vitex cymosa[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alouatta caraya (black howler monkey)1
Amazona xanthops (Yellow-faced Amazon)1
Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus (Hyacinth Macaw)1
Ara ararauna (Blue-and-yellow Macaw)1
Ara chloropterus (Red-and-green Macaw)1
Ara macao (Scarlet Macaw)1
Aratinga acuticaudata (Blue-crowned Parakeet)2
Aratinga aurea (Peach-fronted Parakeet)1
Artibeus lituratus (great fruit-eating bat)1
Brotogeris chiriri (Yellow-chevroned Parakeet)5
Brotogeris jugularis (Orange-chinned Parakeet)1
Callithrix penicillata (black-pencilled marmoset)1
Caluromys lanatus (Brown-eared Woolly Opossum)1
Caracara plancus (Southern Crested Caracara)1
Chrysocyon brachyurus (Maned Wolf)1
Colossoma macropomum (Tambaqui)1
Cyanocorax cristatellus (Curl-crested Jay)1
Dacnis cayana (Blue Dacnis)1
Daptrius ater (Black Caracara)1
Euphonia chlorotica (Purple-throated Euphonia)1
Forpus xanthopterygius (Blue-winged Parrotlet)1
Gnorimopsar chopi (Chopi Blackbird)1
Megarynchus pitangua (Boat-billed Flycatcher)1
Myiopsitta monachus (Monk Parakeet)5
Nandayus nenday (Nanday Parakeet)3
Orthopsittaca manilata (Red-bellied Macaw)1
Pecari tajacu (collared peccary)1
Pitangus sulphuratus (Great Kiskadee)1
Platyrrhinus lineatus (white-lined broad-nosed bat)1
Primolius auricollis (Yellow-collared Macaw)2
Ramphocelus carbo (Silver-beaked Tanager)1
Sapajus apella (brown capuchin)1
Schistochlamys melanopis (Black-faced Tanager)1
Sturnira lilium (little yellow-shouldered bat)1
Tangara cayana (Burnished-buff Tanager)1
Tapirus terrestris (South American tapir)1
Tayassu pecari (white-lipped peccary)1
Thraupis palmarum (Palm Tanager)1
Thraupis sayaca (Sayaca Tanager)1
Touit purpuratus (Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet)1
Turdus leucomelas (Pale-breasted Thrush)1
Tyrannus dominicensis (Grey Kingbird)1
Vireo altiloquus (Black-whiskered Vireo)1
Vireo olivaceus (Red-eyed Vireo)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Pelecitus circularis <Unverified Name>[8]
Pelecitus helecinus <Unverified Name>[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)aestiva
Al Bustan Zoological Center
Alexandria Zoological Park
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
America's Teaching Zoo
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Binder Park Zoo
Bioparc Valencia
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
BREC's Baton Rouge Zooaestiva
Bronx Children's Zooaestiva
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
 aestiva
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Chattanooga Zoo at Warner Parkaestiva
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Copenhagen Zoo
Curraghs Wildlife Parkaestiva
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
Dierenpark de Oliemeulen (Zoo Tilburg)
Drusillas Zoo Park
Ecodrome CVaestiva
Ellen Trout Zoo
Emerald Safari Resort
Espace Zoolog de St-Martin-la-Plainexanthopteryx
Exmoor Zoological Park
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Flamingo Land LTD
Flamingo Park Wildlife Encounter
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
 xanthopteryx
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte
Harewood Bird Garden at Leeds
Hattiesburg Zoo
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zooaestiva
 xanthopteryx
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Airesxanthopteryx
Jesperhus Blomsterparkaestiva
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
 aestiva
 xanthopteryx
Jyllands Park Zooaestiva
Kadoorie Farm & Botanic Garden
Kaliningrad Zoo
Kansas City Zoo
Leeds Castle Enterprises Ltd.aestiva
Linton Zoological Gardens
Lion Country Safari Inc - Florida
Lubee Bat Conservancyaestiva
Magnetic Hill Zoo
Marineland Mallorca
Melbourne Zoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRLaestiva
Montecasino Bird Gardens
Moscow Zoological Park
Moulton College
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
National Aviary in Pittsburgh
Natural Encounters, Inc.
Neunkircher Zoologischer Garten GmbH
Niabi Zoo
Ocean Park Corporation
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Olmense Zoo
 aestiva
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftung
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Paradise Park Wildlife Sanctuaryxanthopteryx
Paradise Wildlife Park
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Paysager Et Animalier Du Reynou
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
 xanthopteryx
Parc Zoologique d'Amnevilleaestiva
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)aestiva
 xanthopteryx
Parc Zoologique de la Barben
Parc Zoologique de Lille
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Parque Ornitologico de Lourosa
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
PRIAM Psittaculture Centre
Pueblo Zoo
Queens Zoo
Rodbaston Collegeaestiva
Safari de Peaugres
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Saitama Children's Zooaestiva
Salisbury Zoological Park
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Shepreth Wildlife Park
Silver Springs Park
Societa Zoologica Di Pistoia S.R.L
Szeged Zoo
Taipei Zoo
Terra Natura S.A.
The Living Desert Zoo and Gardens
The Parrot Zoo
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Tiergarten der Stadt Wels
Tropical Butterfly House
Umgeni River Bird Park
Usti nad Labem Zooaestiva
Washington Park Zoological Gardens
Wildlife World Zoo
Wingham Wildlife Parkaestiva
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
 xanthopteryx
Zoo de Pont-Scorff
Zoo des Sables d'Olonne
Zoo Negara Malaysia
Zoo Parc de Beauval
 aestiva
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
 aestiva
Zoobotanico de Jerez
Zool.Nacional Parque Metro De Santiago
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brna
Zoologischer Garten Saarbrueckenxanthopteryx
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding
ZOOMARINE - Mundo Aquatico S.A.xanthopteryx

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5PLANT FOOD RESOURCES AND THE DIET OF A PARROT COMMUNITY IN A GALLERY FOREST OF THE SOUTHERN PANTANAL (BRAZIL), RAGUSA-NETTO, J. and FECCHIO, A., Braz. J. Biol., 66(4): 1021-1032, 2006
6SEED AND FRUIT PREDATION OF KIELMEYERA (GUTTIFERAE) AND QUALEA (VOCHYSIACEAE) SPECIES BY SIX PSITTACID SPECIES IN THE BRAZILIAN CERRADO., Iubatã Paula de Faria, Tarcísio Lyra dos Santos Abreu & Carlos Abs Bianchi, ECOTROPICA 13: 75–79, 2007
7Avian frugivores feeding on Mauritia flexuosa (Arecaceae) fruits in Central Brazil, Manrique Prada Villalobos and Marcelo Araújo Bagno, Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 20(1), 26‐29 (2012)
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access