Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Psittaciformes > Psittacidae > Amazona > Amazona autumnalis

Amazona autumnalis (Red-lored Parrot; Red-lored Amazon)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The red-lored amazon or red-lored parrot (Amazona autumnalis) is a species of amazon parrot, native to tropical regions of the Americas, from eastern Mexico south to Ecuador where it occurs in humid evergreen to semi-deciduous forests up to 1,100 m altitude. It is absent from the Pacific side of Central America north of Costa Rica. Not originally known from El Salvador, a pair - perhaps escaped from captivity - nested successfully in 1995 and 1996 in the outskirts of San Salvador and the species might expand its range permanently into that country in the future. This species has also established feral populations in several California cities.
View Wikipedia Record: Amazona autumnalis


Amazona autumnalis autumnalis (Red-lored amazon)
Amazona autumnalis diadema (Diademed amazon) (Endangered)
Amazona autumnalis lilacina (Ecuadorian red-lored amazon)
Amazona autumnalis salvini (Salvin's red-lored amazon)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.34184
EDGE Score: 1.4683


Adult Weight [1]  416 grams
Breeding Habitat [2]  Tropical evergreen forests
Wintering Geography [2]  Non-migrartory
Wintering Habitat [2]  Tropical evergreen forests
Diet [3]  Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  100 %
Forages - Canopy [3]  40 %
Forages - Mid-High [3]  40 %
Forages - Understory [3]  20 %
Clutch Size [4]  4
Maximum Longevity [1]  27 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Central American Atlantic moist forests Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chocó-Darién moist forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Costa Rican seasonal moist forests Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ecuadorian dry forests Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Isthmian-Pacific moist forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena-Urabá moist forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Monte Alegre varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pantanos de Centla Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Petén-Veracruz moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sierra de los Tuxtlas Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Tumbes-Piura dry forests Ecuador, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz moist forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Ecuador moist forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Barro Colorado Island Natural Monument III   Panama  
Chiquibul Forest Reserve VI 148670 Belize  
Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary IV 122962 Belize
Corcovado National Park 115845 Costa Rica  
Cordillera Volcanica Central Forest Reserve VI 150571 Costa Rica  
Jaú National Park II 5890355 Amazonas, Brazil  
La Amistad International Park National Park II 541617 Panama, Costa Rica  
La Selva Biological Station Protective Zone VI 6052 Costa Rica
Lago de Yojoa Multiple Use Reserve   Honduras  
Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve State Sustainable Development Reserve VI 3260792 Amazonas, Brazil  
Maya Multiple Use Area 1156412 Guatemala  
Montes Azules Biosphere Reserve VI 814711 Chiapas, Mexico  
Rara Avis Rainforest Reserve 3163 Costa Rica
Refugio de Vida Silvestre Reserva Karen Mogensen F. Nature Reserve 1866 Costa Rica  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Cielo Biosphere Reserve 353161 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve VI 955579 Queretaro, Mexico  
Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve   Honduras      
Sarstoon Temash National Park II 42082 Belize  
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (incl. Tayrona NP) National Park II 1031303 Colombia  
Tikal National Park II 142943 Guatemala

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Prey / Diet

Bursera simaruba (gumbo-limbo)[5]
Cordia lutea[5]
Cymbopetalum baillonii[6]
Cymbopetalum mayanum[5]
Erythrina herbacea (eastern coralbean)[7]
Erythrina poeppigiana (mountain immortelle)[5]
Melia azedarach (chinaberry)[7]
Spondias purpurea (purple mombin)[5]
Tabernaemontana donnell-smithii[5]
Tetragastris panamensis[8]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alouatta palliata (mantled howler monkey)1
Amazona albifrons (White-fronted Parrot)1
Amazona auropalliata (Yellow-naped Parrot)1
Amazona farinosa (Mealy Parrot)1
Ara severus (Chestnut-fronted Macaw)1
Aratinga canicularis (Orange-fronted Parakeet)1
Aratinga weddellii (Dusky-headed Parakeet)1
Artibeus jamaicensis (Jamaican fruit-eating bat)2
Attila spadiceus (Bright-rumped Attila)1
Catharus ustulatus (Swainson's Thrush)1
Cebus capucinus (white-faced capuchin)1
Celeus castaneus (Chestnut-colored Woodpecker)1
Choloepus hoffmanni (Hoffmann's Two-toed Sloth)1
Dasyprocta punctata (Central American agouti)1
Geospiza conirostris (Large Cactus Finch)1
Geospiza fuliginosa (Small Ground Finch)1
Geospiza magnirostris (Large Ground Finch)1
Geospiza scandens (Common Cactus Finch)1
Habia fuscicauda (Red-throated Ant-Tanager)1
Habia rubica (Red-crowned Ant-Tanager)1
Hylocichla mustelina (Wood Thrush)1
Icterus icterus (Venezuelan Troupial)1
Lanio aurantius (Black-throated Shrike-Tanager)1
Melanerpes aurifrons (Golden-fronted Woodpecker)1
Myiarchus tyrannulus (Brown-crested Flycatcher)1
Myrmia micrura (Short-tailed Woodstar)1
Nasua narica (White-nosed Coati)1
Ortalis leucogastra (White-bellied Chachalaca)1
Ortalis poliocephala (West Mexican Chachalaca)1
Pachyramphus major (Grey-collared Becard)1
Penelope purpurascens (Crested Guan)1
Phyllostomus discolor (pale spear-nosed bat)1
Psarocolius montezuma (Montezuma Oropendola)1
Psilorhinus morio (Brown Jay)1
Pteroglossus torquatus (Collared Aracari)1
Querula purpurata (Purple-throated Fruitcrow)1
Ramphastos sulfuratus (Keel-billed Toucan)2
Ramphastos swainsonii (Chestnut-mandibled Toucan)1
Sciurus colliaei (Collie's squirrel)1
Sciurus deppei (Deppe's squirrel)1
Sciurus granatensis (red-tailed squirrel)1
Tityra inquisitor (Black-crowned Tityra)1
Tityra semifasciata (Masked Tityra)1
Trogon massena (Slaty-tailed Trogon)2
Turdus grayi (Clay-colored Thrush)1
Tyrannus couchii (Couch's Kingbird)1
Tyrannus dominicensis (Grey Kingbird)1
Vireo griseus (White-eyed Vireo)1

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adventure Aquarium
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
Alabama Gulf Coast Zooautumnalis
Audubon Aquarium of the Americasautumnalis
Barranquilla Zoo
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanatlilacina
Bramble Park Zoo
Bristol Zoo Gardenslilacina
Central Florida Zoological Parkautumnalis
Curraghs Wildlife Parklilacina
Espace Zoolog de St-Martin-la-Plainelilacina
Fundacion Zoologica de Cali
Fundacion Zoológica del Ecuador
Fundacion Zoologico Santacruz
Guadalajara Zoo
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zooautumnalis
Jesperhus Blomsterpark
Jurong Birdpark, Singaporeautumnalis
Linton Zoological Gardenslilacina
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardensautumnalis
Mesker Park Zooautumnalis
Miller Park Zooautumnalis
Moscow Zoological Park
Moulton Collegeautumnalis
Natural Science Center of Greensborosalvini
Newquay Zoo (Cornwall Animal World)lilacina
North of England Zoological Societylilacina
Olmense Zoo
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftung
Out of Africa Wildlife Park
Parc des Oiseauxlilacina
Parc Zoologic de Barcelonalilacina
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)
Parque Recreativo y Zool. Piscilago
Parque Zoologico Santa Fesalvini
PRIAM Psittaculture Centreautumnalis
Rodbaston Collegeautumnalis
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
Sedgwick County Zooautumnalis
Seneca Park Zooautumnalis
Taipei Zooautumnalis
Taronga Zoolilacina
The Parrot Zooautumnalis
Usti nad Labem Zoo
Wingham Wildlife Parkautumnalis
Zoo and Aqua-Terrarium Ltd. Pécs
Zoo de Pont-Scorff
Zoo Dortmundlilacina
Zoo Dresden GmbHlilacina
Zoo Landau in der Pfalzlilacina
Zoo of Antwerplilacina
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaialilacina
Zoobotanico de Jerezautumnalis
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gansalvini
Zoologico de Tamatán
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora
Zoologischer Garten Leipzigautumnalis
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburglilacina
Zoologischer Garten Schmidingsalvini
ZOOMARINE - Mundo Aquatico S.A.
ZooWorld Zoological Botanical Conserv.autumnalis

Range Map



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
6Frugivory and Seed Dispersal in Cymbopetalum baillonii (Annonaceae) at Los Tuxtlas, Mexico, Rosamond Coates-Estrada and Alejandro Estrada, Journal of Tropical Ecology Vol. 4, No. 2 (May, 1988), pp. 157-172
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8MONKEY DISPERSAL AND WASTE OF A NEOTROPICAL FRUIT, Henry F. Howe, Ecology, 61(4), 1980, pp. 944-959
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access