Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Psittaciformes > Psittacidae > Amazona > Amazona farinosa
 

Amazona farinosa (Mealy Parrot; Mealy Amazon)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The Mealy Amazon or Mealy Parrot (Amazona farinosa) is among the largest parrots in the Amazona genus, the Amazon parrots. It is a mainly green parrot with a total length of 38–41 cm (15–16 in). It is endemic to tropical Central and South America.
View Wikipedia Record: Amazona farinosa

Infraspecies

Amazona farinosa farinosa (Mealy amazon)
Amazona farinosa guatemalae (Guatemalan mealy amazon)
Amazona farinosa virenticeps (Costa Rican mealy amazon)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
6
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
23
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.68983
EDGE Score: 1.90059

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  1.38 lbs (626 g)
Clutch Size [3]  3
Diet [2]  Herbivore

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Apure-Villavicencio dry forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Araucaria moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Beni savanna Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Caqueta moist forests Brazil, Columbia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Catatumbo moist forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American Atlantic moist forests Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chocó-Darién moist forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera Oriental montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Dry Chaco Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Panamanian montane forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Guianan Freshwater swamp forests Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Highlands moist forests Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan moist forests Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Gurupa varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Iquitos varzea Brazil, Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Isthmian-Pacific moist forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Japurá-Solimoes-Negro moist forests Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Juruá-Purus moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Madeira-Tapajós moist forests Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena-Urabá moist forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maracaibo dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Monte Alegre varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Napo moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Negro-Branco moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pantanos de Centla Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pantepuis Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Petén-Veracruz moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus-Madeira moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Santa Marta montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sierra de los Tuxtlas Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sinú Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Solimões-Japurá moist forest Brazil, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Amazon moist forests Peru, Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Talamancan montane forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tapajós-Xingu moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tocantins/Pindare moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Uatuma-Trombetas moist forests Brazil, Guyana, Suriname Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ucayali moist forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Venezuelan Andes montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Ecuador moist forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Xingu-Tocantins-Araguaia moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bahuaja-Sonene National Park II 2716956 Madre de Dios (Puerto Maldonado), Peru  
Barro Colorado Island Natural Monument III   Panama  
Cayambe-Coca Ecological Reserve VI 921676 Ecuador  
Chiquibul Forest Reserve VI 148670 Belize  
Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary IV 122962 Belize
Columbia River Forest Reserve VI 149053 Belize  
Corcovado National Park 115845 Costa Rica  
Cordillera Azul National Park 3367365 Huanuco, Peru  
Cordillera Volcanica Central Forest Reserve VI 150571 Costa Rica  
El Caura Forest Reserve VI 12722815 Venezuela  
Estacion Biologica Beni Biosphere Reserve VI 335178 Bolivia  
Imataca Forest Reserve VI 13252422 Venezuela  
Jaú National Park II 5890355 Amazonas, Brazil  
La Amistad International Park National Park II 541617 Panama, Costa Rica  
La Selva Biological Station Protective Zone VI 6052 Costa Rica
Lago de Yojoa Multiple Use Reserve   Honduras  
Linhares State Forest Reserve   Brazil      
Madidi National Park II 3194501 Bolivia  
Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve State Sustainable Development Reserve VI 3260792 Amazonas, Brazil  
Manú National Park II 4213523 Cusco, Peru  
Maracá Ecological Reserve Ia 257554 Roraima, Brazil  
Mata Atlântica Biosphere Reserve 72830565 Brazil  
Maya Multiple Use Area 1156412 Guatemala  
Megantoni National Sanctuary 536005 Cusco, Peru  
Montes Azules Biosphere Reserve VI 814711 Chiapas, Mexico  
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Ralleigh Falls - Voltzberg Nature Reserve 191114 Suriname  
Rara Avis Rainforest Reserve 3163 Costa Rica
Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve   Honduras      
Reserva Cuzco Amazonico   Peru      
Reserva de la Biosfera de Yasuni Biosphere Reserve 4156313 Ecuador  
Sarstoon Temash National Park II 42082 Belize  
Sierra del Divisor Reserve Zone 3652986 Peru      
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (incl. Tayrona NP) National Park II 1031303 Colombia  
Tikal National Park II 142943 Guatemala

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Prey / Diet

Astronium graveolens[1]
Brosimum alicastrum (breadnut)[1]
Casearia decandra (wild honeytree)[1]
Dipteryx micrantha (Charapilla)[1]
Euterpe precatoria[1]
Hymenaea oblongifolia (Jatoba)[1]
Inga alba (Guavo)[1]
Lindackeria laurina[4]
Pourouma minor[1]
Pseudolmedia laevis[1]
Sapium marmieri[1]
Sloanea guianensis[1]
Symphonia globulifera[1]
Tachigali polyphylla[1]
Tetragastris panamensis[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aburria aburri (Wattled Guan)1
Alouatta palliata (mantled howler monkey)2
Alouatta pigra (Mexican black howler monkey)1
Alouatta seniculus (red howler monkey)1
Amazona albifrons (White-fronted Parrot)1
Amazona autumnalis (Red-lored Parrot)1
Amazona finschi (Lilac-crowned Parrot)2
Ara ararauna (Blue-and-yellow Macaw)1
Ara chloropterus (Red-and-green Macaw)4
Ara macao (Scarlet Macaw)6
Ara severus (Chestnut-fronted Macaw)1
Aratinga weddellii (Dusky-headed Parakeet)1
Ateles chamek (Chamek spider monkey)2
Ateles geoffroyi (Central American spider monkey)1
Atelocynus microtis (Short-eared Dog)1
Baillonius bailloni (saffron toucanet)1
Bassaricyon gabbii (Olingo)1
Brotogeris cyanoptera (Cobalt-winged Parakeet)2
Brotogeris jugularis (Orange-chinned Parakeet)1
Callimico goeldii (Goeldi's monkey)1
Callithrix kuhlii (Weid's black-tufted-ear marmoset)1
Cebus apella (brown capuchin)1
Cebus capucinus (white-faced capuchin)1
Chiropotes satanas (brown-bearded saki)1
Dasyprocta punctata (Central American agouti)1
Dendroica castanea (Bay-breasted Warbler)1
Dendroica pensylvanica (Chestnut-sided Warbler)1
Leontopithecus rosalia (golden lion tamarin)1
Nasua narica (White-nosed Coati)1
Nasua nasua (South American Coati)1
Penelope purpurascens (Crested Guan)1
Pionites leucogaster (White-bellied Parrot)3
Pionopsitta barrabandi (Orange-cheeked Parrot)1
Pionus maximiliani (Scaly-headed Parrot)1
Pionus menstruus (Blue-headed Parrot)3
Piranga rubra (Summer Tanager)1
Pithecia albicans (buffy saki)3
Pteroglossus torquatus (Collared Aracari)1
Pyrrhura rupicola (Black-capped Parakeet)1
Querula purpurata (Purple-throated Fruitcrow)1
Ramphastos sulfuratus (Keel-billed Toucan)1
Ramphastos swainsonii (Chestnut-mandibled Toucan)1
Rhinophylla pumilio (dwarf little fruit bat)1
Saguinus oedipus (cotton-top tamarin)2
Sciurus granatensis (red-tailed squirrel)1
Steatornis caripensis (Oilbird)1
Tachyphonus luctuosus (White-shouldered Tanager)1
Tapirus terrestris (South American tapir)1
Tityra semifasciata (Masked Tityra)1
Trogon massena (Slaty-tailed Trogon)1
Vermivora peregrina (Tennessee Warbler)1

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Amazon World
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Barranquilla Zoo
Bermuda Aquarium Museum and Zoo
Brevard Zoo
Copenhagen Zoo
Flamingo Park Wildlife Encounter
Fundacion Zoológica del Ecuador
Fundacion Zoologica de Cali
Fundacion Zoologico Santacruz
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoofarinosa
Jesperhus Blomsterparkinornata
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
 chapmani
 inornata
Linton Zoological Gardens
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique de Lille
Parque Ornitologico de Lourosa
Parque Zoologico Huachipa
Sacramento Zoo
 inornata
Songkhla Zoo
South Lakes Wild Animal Park
Tallinn Zooguatemalae
The Parrot Zoo
Touroparcfarinosa
Umgeni River Bird Parkvirenticeps
Usti nad Labem Zoo
Zoo de La Fleche
Zoo of Antwerp
Zoo Parc de Beauvalguatemalae
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaiafarinosa
Zoological Society of Trinidad &Tobago
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesnafarinosa
Zoologicka zahrada Bojnice
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding
ZOOMARINE - Mundo Aquatico S.A.

Range Map

Audio

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Provided by Xeno-canto under a Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 2.5 License Author: Robson Silva e Silva

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Peterson A.P., 2007-01-23, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1PARROT CLAYLICKS: DISTRIBUTION, PATTERNS OF USE AND ECOLOGICAL CORRELATES FROM A PARROT ASSEMBLAGE IN SOUTHEASTERN PERU, ALAN TRISTRAM KENNETH LEE, dissertation for DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY, Manchester Metropolitan University, November 2010 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 4Frugivory in Some Migrant Tropical Forest Wood Warblers, Russell Greenberg, BIOTROPICA 13(3): 215-223 1981 5MONKEY DISPERSAL AND WASTE OF A NEOTROPICAL FRUIT, Henry F. Howe, Ecology, 61(4), 1980, pp. 944-959
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Ridgely, R. S., T. F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D. K. McNicol, D. W. Mehlman, B. E. Young, and J. R. Zook. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2