Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Psittaciformes > Psittacidae > Amazona > Amazona ochrocephala
 

Amazona ochrocephala (Yellow-crowned Parrot; Yellow-crowned Amazon)

Wikipedia Abstract

The yellow-crowned amazon or yellow-crowned parrot (Amazona ochrocephala), is a species of parrot, native to the tropical South America and Panama. The taxonomy is highly complex, and the yellow-headed (A. oratrix) and yellow-naped amazon (A. auropalliata) are sometimes considered subspecies of the yellow-crowned amazon. Except in the taxonomic section, the following deals only with the nominate group (including subspecies xantholaema, nattereri and panamensis).
View Wikipedia Record: Amazona ochrocephala

Infraspecies

Amazona ochrocephala nattereri (Southern yellow-crowned amazon)
Amazona ochrocephala ochrocephala (Yellow-crowned amazon)
Amazona ochrocephala panamensis (Panama yellow-crowned amazon) (Attributes)
Amazona ochrocephala xantholaema (Marajo yellow-crowned amazon)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
1
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
8
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 1.86582
EDGE Score: 1.05286

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  430 grams
Breeding Habitat [2]  Tropical evergreen forests
Wintering Geography [2]  Non-migrartory
Wintering Habitat [2]  Tropical evergreen forests
Diet [3]  Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  40 %
Diet - Plants [3]  30 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  30 %
Forages - Mid-High [3]  33 %
Forages - Understory [3]  33 %
Forages - Ground [3]  33 %
Clutch Size [5]  2
Incubation [4]  25 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  56 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Amazon-Orinoco-Southern Caribbean mangroves Brazil, Columbia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela Neotropic Mangroves  
Apure-Villavicencio dry forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Araya and Paria xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Caqueta moist forests Brazil, Columbia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Catatumbo moist forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chocó-Darién moist forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera La Costa montane forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera Oriental montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Guianan Freshwater swamp forests Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Highlands moist forests Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan moist forests Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan savanna Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gurupa varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Iquitos varzea Brazil, Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Japurá-Solimoes-Negro moist forests Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Juruá-Purus moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
La Costa xeric shrublands Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Lara-Falcón dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Lesser Antillean dry forests Grenada, St. Lucia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Llanos Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Madeira-Tapajós moist forests Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena-Urabá moist forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maracaibo dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mato Grosso seasonal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Monte Alegre varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Napo moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Negro-Branco moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco Delta swamp forests Venezuela, Guyana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pantepuis Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Paraguana xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Purus varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus-Madeira moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Santa Marta montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sinú Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Solimões-Japurá moist forest Brazil, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Amazon moist forests Peru, Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tapajós-Xingu moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tocantins/Pindare moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Trinidad and Tobago moist forests Trinidad and Tobago Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Uatuma-Trombetas moist forests Brazil, Guyana, Suriname Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ucayali moist forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Venezuelan Andes montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Xingu-Tocantins-Araguaia moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bahuaja-Sonene National Park II 2716956 Madre de Dios (Puerto Maldonado), Peru  
Barro Colorado Island Natural Monument III   Panama  
Cinaruco-Capanaparo National Park II 1664173 Venezuela  
Cordillera Azul National Park 3367365 Huanuco, Peru  
Estación Biológica El Frío 57221 Venezuela  
Lago de Yojoa Multiple Use Reserve   Honduras  
Madidi National Park II 3194501 Bolivia  
Manú National Park II 4213523 Cusco, Peru  
Maracá Ecological Reserve Ia 257554 Roraima, Brazil  
Megantoni National Sanctuary 536005 Cusco, Peru  
Morrocoy National Park 63672 Venezuela  
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Parque Nacional Henri Pittier National Park 218030 Venezuela  
Ralleigh Falls - Voltzberg Nature Reserve 191114 Suriname  
Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve   Honduras      
Reserva Cuzco Amazonico   Peru      
Reserva de la Biosfera de Yasuni Biosphere Reserve 4156313 Ecuador  
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (incl. Tayrona NP) National Park II 1031303 Colombia  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Prey / Diet

Curatella americana[4]
Ficus cotinifolia[6]
Pereskia guamacho[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alouatta palliata (mantled howler monkey)1
Amazona albifrons (White-fronted Parrot)1
Amazona amazonica (Orange-winged Amazon)1
Amazona finschi (Lilac-crowned Parrot)1
Aratinga canicularis (Orange-fronted Parakeet)1
Aratinga nana (Olive-throated Parakeet)1
Artibeus hirsutus (hairy fruit-eating bat)1
Bassariscus sumichrasti (Cacomistle)1
Brotogeris jugularis (Orange-chinned Parakeet)1
Calocitta formosa (White-throated Magpie-Jay)2
Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)1
Caryothraustes poliogaster (Black-faced Grosbeak)1
Catharus ustulatus (Swainson's Thrush)1
Cebus capucinus (white-faced capuchin)1
Ctenosaura similis (Black Iguana)1
Cyanerpes cyaneus (Red-legged Honeycreeper)1
Cyanocompsa parellina (Blue Bunting)1
Cyanocorax yncas (Inca Jay)1
Cyanocorax yucatanicus (Yucatan Jay)1
Didelphis marsupialis (Common Opossum)1
Dives dives (Melodious Blackbird)1
Dumetella carolinensis (Grey Catbird)1
Eumomota superciliosa (Turquoise-browed Motmot)1
Euphonia affinis (Scrub Euphonia)1
Euphonia hirundinacea (Yellow-throated Euphonia)1
Euphonia luteicapilla (Yellow-crowned Euphonia)1
Geotrygon montana (Ruddy Quail-Dove)1
Hylocichla mustelina (Wood Thrush)1
Icterus auratus (Orange Oriole)1
Icterus cucullatus (Hooded Oriole)1
Icterus galbula (Northern Oriole)1
Icterus gularis (Altamira Oriole)1
Icterus spurius (Orchard Oriole)1
Megarynchus pitangua (Boat-billed Flycatcher)1
Melanerpes aurifrons (Golden-fronted Woodpecker)1
Melanoptila glabrirostris (Black Catbird)1
Mimus gilvus (Tropical Mockingbird)1
Mimus graysoni (Socorro Mockingbird)1
Molothrus aeneus (Bronzed Cowbird)1
Momotus momota (Blue-crowned Motmot)1
Myiarchus nuttingi (Nutting's Flycatcher)1
Myiarchus tyrannulus (Brown-crested Flycatcher)1
Myiozetetes similis (Social Flycatcher)1
Nasua nasua (South American Coati)1
Ortalis poliocephala (West Mexican Chachalaca)1
Ortalis vetula (Plain Chachalaca)1
Pachyramphus aglaiae (Rose-throated Becard)1
Passerina cyanea (Indigo Bunting)1
Patagioenas flavirostris (Red-billed Pigeon)1
Patagioenas nigrirostris (Short-billed Pigeon)1
Penelope purpurascens (Crested Guan)1
Piranga bidentata (Flame-colored Tanager)1
Piranga ludoviciana (Western Tanager)1
Piranga olivacea (Scarlet Tanager)1
Piranga rubra (Summer Tanager)1
Pitangus sulphuratus (Great Kiskadee)1
Psarocolius montezuma (Montezuma Oropendola)1
Psilorhinus morio (Brown Jay)1
Pteroglossus torquatus (Collared Aracari)1
Quiscalus mexicanus (Great-tailed Grackle)1
Ramphastos sulfuratus (Keel-billed Toucan)1
Saguinus oedipus (cotton-top tamarin)1
Saltator atriceps (Black-headed Saltator)1
Saltator coerulescens (Greyish Saltator)1
Sciurus deppei (Deppe's squirrel)1
Setophaga coronata (Yellow-rumped Warbler)1
Setophaga tigrina (Cape May Warbler)1
Suiriri suiriri (Suiriri Flycatcher)1
Thraupis abbas (Yellow-winged Tanager)1
Thraupis episcopus (Blue-grey Tanager)1
Tiaris olivaceus (Yellow-faced Grassquit)1
Tityra semifasciata (Masked Tityra)1
Trogon citreolus (Citreoline Trogon)1
Trogon melanocephalus (Black-headed Trogon)1
Turdus grayi (Clay-colored Thrush)1
Tyrannus couchii (Couch's Kingbird)1
Tyrannus dominicensis (Grey Kingbird)1
Tyrannus forficatus (Scissor-tailed Flycatcher)1
Tyrannus tyrannus (Eastern Kingbird)1
Tyrannus verticalis (Western Kingbird)1
Vireo bellii (Bell's Vireo)1
Vireo olivaceus (Red-eyed Vireo)1

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adelaide Zooochrocephala
African Safari
Alabama Gulf Coast Zoo
Albuquerque Biological Parkochrocephala
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
America's Teaching Zoo
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Audubon Aquarium of the Americas
Barranquilla Zoo
 ochrocephala
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanatochrocephala
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Central Florida Zoological Parkpanamensis
Chahinkapa Zoo
Copenhagen Zooochrocephala
Disney's Animal Kingdompanamensis
DSI Givskud Zooochrocephala
Ellen Trout Zoo
Flamingo Park Wildlife Encounterochrocephala
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Fundacion Zoologica de Cali
Fundacion Zoologico Santacruz
Gladys Porter Zoo
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Johannesburg Zoological Gardensochrocephala
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
 ochrocephala
 panamensis
Khao Kheow Open Zooochrocephala
Kristiansand Dyrepark ASA
Leeds Castle Enterprises Ltd.
Linton Zoological Gardens
Menagerie du Jardin des Plantes
Mesker Park Zoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzezaochrocephala
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny, Plock
Montecasino Bird Gardensochrocephala
Moscow Zoological Park
 ochrocephala
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
Natural Encounters, Inc.
Natural Science Center of Greensboroochrocephala
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Ocean Park Corporation
Olmense Zoo
 panamensis
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
 ochrocephala
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftungpanamensis
Paradise Park Wildlife Sanctuary
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)ochrocephala
Parc Zoologique de Lilleochrocephala
Parque Ornitologico de Lourosa
Parque Recreativo y Zool. Piscilago
Parque Zoologico Huachipa
Parque Zoologico Jaime Duque - Bogota
Parque Zoologico Santa Fe
Perth Zoological Gardensochrocephala
PRIAM Psittaculture Centre
 ochrocephala
 panamensis
Racine Zoological Gardensochrocephala
Ragunan Zoological Park
Riga Zooochrocephala
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Santa Fe CollegeTeaching Zooochrocephala
Silver Springs Park
 ochrocephala
Societa Zoologica Di Pistoia S.R.Lochrocephala
Szeged Zoo
The Parrot Zoo
 ochrocephala
 panamensis
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Utah's Hogle Zooochrocephala
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifaunaochrocephala
Wadi Al Safa Wildlife Centreochrocephala
Wingham Wildlife Park
 ochrocephala
Xantus János Állatkert Kht.
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zoo de La Fleche
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternarioochrocephala
Zoo Duisburg AGochrocephala
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoobotanico de Jerez
 ochrocephala
Zoological Society of Trinidad &Tobago
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora
Zoomarine Italia S.p.A.
ZooWorld Zoological Botanical Conserv.ochrocephala

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access