Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Psittaciformes > Psittacidae > Amazona > Amazona viridigenalis

Amazona viridigenalis (Red-crowned Parrot; Red-crowned Amazon)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The red-crowned amazon, (Amazona viridigenalis) also known as red-crowned parrot, green-cheeked amazon, or Mexican red-headed parrot, is an endangered amazon parrot native to northeastern Mexico. The current native wild population of between 1,000 and 2,000 is decreasing. The main threats to its survival are the illegal export of trapped birds from Mexico to the United States and the destruction of habitat.
View Wikipedia Record: Amazona viridigenalis

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Amazona viridigenalis

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.37314
EDGE Score: 3.55492


Adult Weight [1]  316 grams
Birth Weight [1]  14.9 grams
Breeding Habitat [2]  Tropical dry forests
Wintering Geography [2]  Non-migrartory
Wintering Habitat [2]  Tropical dry forests
Diet [3]  Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  30 %
Diet - Plants [3]  40 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  30 %
Forages - Canopy [3]  20 %
Forages - Mid-High [3]  40 %
Forages - Understory [3]  20 %
Forages - Ground [3]  20 %
Clutch Size [5]  4
Incubation [4]  28 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Veracruz moist forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands  

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Reserva de la Biosfera El Cielo Biosphere Reserve 353161 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve VI 955579 Queretaro, Mexico  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama Yes

Prey / Diet

Amazona viridigenalis (Red-crowned Parrot)[6]
Arachis hypogaea (Earthnut)[6]
Bauhinia purpurea (Purple Butterfly Tree)[6]
Carica papaya (papaya)[6]
Celtis laevigata (sugar berry)[6]
Ebenopsis ebano (Texas ebony)[6]
Ehretia anaqua[4]
Quercus agrifolia (Encina)[6]
Quercus fusiformis (Texas Live Oak)[6]


Amazona viridigenalis (Red-crowned Parrot)[6]
Spizaetus ornatus (Ornate Hawk-Eagle)[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
AB Furuviksparken
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
Alabama Gulf Coast Zoo
Albuquerque Biological Park
Alexandria Zoological Park
Banham Zoo Ltd.
Blackpool Zoo
Bowmanville Zoological Park
Dierenpark Amersfoort
Guadalajara Zoo
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Jesperhus Blomsterpark
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Kansas City Zoo
Miller Park Zoo
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Montecasino Bird Gardens
Natural Science Center of Greensboro
Niabi Zoo
North of England Zoological Society
Olmense Zoo
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)
Potter Park Zoological Gardens
PRIAM Psittaculture Centre
Sedgwick County Zoo
Silver Springs Park
Stichting Nederlands Opvang Papegaaien
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Tropiquaria Wildlife Park
Utah's Hogle Zoo
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoologicka zahrada Liberec

Range Map

Caribbean; North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Green-cheeked (Red-crowned) Amazon, BirdLife International (1992) Threatened Birds of the Americas. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International.
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access