Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Strigiformes > Tytonidae > Tyto > Tyto alba
 

Tyto alba (Barn Owl; Common Barn-Owl)

Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The Barn Owl (Tyto alba) is the most widely distributed species of owl, and one of the most widespread of all birds. It is also referred to as Common Barn Owl, to distinguish it from other species in the barn owl family Tytonidae. These form one of two main lineages of living owls, the other being the typical owls (Strigidae). T. alba is found almost anywhere in the world except polar and desert regions, Asia north of the Alpide belt, most of Indonesia, and the Pacific islands.
View Wikipedia Record: Tyto alba

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
18
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
37
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 14.2419
EDGE Score: 2.72405

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  1.28 lbs (580 g)
Birth Weight [1]  15 grams
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Clutch Size [3]  5
Clutches / Year [1]  2
Diet [2]  Carnivore
Incubation [1]  33 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  34 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Wing Span [4]  3.7 feet (1.13 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Al Hajar montane woodlands Oman Afrotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Albany thickets South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Albertine Rift montane forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Allegheny Highlands forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Amazon-Orinoco-Southern Caribbean mangroves Brazil, Columbia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela Neotropic Mangroves  
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Angolan montane forest-grassland mosaic Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Angolan Scarp savanna and woodlands Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appenine deciduous montane forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Apure-Villavicencio dry forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Araucaria moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Araya and Paria xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arizona Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Arnhem Land tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Atacama desert Chile Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic Coast restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic coastal pine barrens United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Atlantic dry forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Australian Alps montane grasslands Australia Australasia Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Bahamian pine mosaic Bahamas Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Bahamoan-Antillean mangroves Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Mangroves      
Bahia coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Baja California desert Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Bajío dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Balsas dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Banda Sea Islands moist deciduous forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Belizean pine forests Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Beni savanna Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Bermuda subtropical conifer forests United Kingdom Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Blue Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Bolivian montane dry forests Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Bolivian Yungas Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo peat swamp forests Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Brigalow tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caatinga Brazil Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Caledon conifer forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
California Central Valley grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
California coastal sage and chaparral Mexico, United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California montane chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Cameroonian Highlands forests Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Campos Rupestres montane savanna Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cape Verde Islands dry forests Cape Verde Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests    
Cape York Peninsula tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Caqueta moist forests Brazil, Columbia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cardamom Mountains rain forests Cambodia, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Caribbean shrublands France, United Kingdom, Dominica, St. Lucia, Netherlands Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands      
Carnarvon xeric shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Carpentaria tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Catatumbo moist forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cauca Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Cauca Valley montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Central African mangroves Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial, Guinea, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Mangroves    
Central American Atlantic moist forests Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American dry forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central American montane forests Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American pine-oak forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Andean dry puna Argentina, Bolivia, Chile Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Central Andean puna Argentina, Bolivia, Peru Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Central Andean wet puna Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central Mexican matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Central Range montane rain forests Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Ranges xeric scrub Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Cerrado Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Chao Phraya freshwater swamp forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chiapas Depression dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chiapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Chilean matorral Chile Neotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Chimalapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chiquitano dry forests Bolivia, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chocó-Darién moist forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Comoros forests Comoros Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Coolgardie woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Cordillera Central páramo Ecuador, Peru Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Cordillera de Merida páramo Venezuela Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Cordillera La Costa montane forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera Oriental montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Corsican montane broadleaf and mixed forests France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Costa Rican seasonal moist forests Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Crete Mediterranean forests Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Cross-Niger transition forests Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cuban cactus scrub Cuba Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Cuban dry forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Cuban pine forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Cuban wetlands Cuba Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Cyprus Mediterranean forests Cyprus Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Drakensberg alti-montane grasslands and woodlands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Dry Chaco Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
East African halophytics Tanzania Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
East African mangroves Mozambique, Tanzania, Kenya, Somalia Afrotropic Mangroves
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East Central Texas forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Deccan dry-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Saharan montane xeric woodlands Chad, Sudan Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Eastern Arc forests Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Australia mulga shrublands Australia Australasia Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Australian temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern Cordillera real montane forests Ecuador, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Guinean forests Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Benin, Togo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Java-Bali rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Eastern Panamanian montane forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic Zimbabwe, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ecuadorian dry forests Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Edwards Plateau savanna United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Einasleigh upland savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Enriquillo wetlands Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Esperance mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Espinal Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane moorlands Ethiopia Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Etosha Pan halophytics Namibia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Everglades United States Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Eyre and York mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Fiji tropical dry forests Fiji Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests  
Fiji tropical moist forests Fiji Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Flint Hills tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Florida sand pine scrub United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Galápagos Islands scrubland mosaic Ecuador Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gibson desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Granitic Seychelles forests Seychelles Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Great Basin montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Sandy-Tanami desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Victoria desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Guayaquil flooded grasslands Ecuador Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Guianan Freshwater swamp forests Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Highlands moist forests Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan moist forests Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan savanna Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Guinean mangroves Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire Afrotropic Mangroves
Guinean montane forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Gulf of California xeric scrub Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gurupa varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
High Monte Argentina Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hispaniolan dry forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Hispaniolan moist forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hispaniolan pine forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Humid Chaco Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Humid Pampas Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Huon Peninsula montane rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Iberian conifer forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Inner Niger Delta flooded savanna Mali Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Iquitos varzea Brazil, Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy freshwater swamp forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Islas Revillagigedo dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests    
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Isthmian-Pacific moist forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Jalisco dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Jamaican dry forests Jamaica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Jamaican moist forests Jamaica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Japurá-Solimoes-Negro moist forests Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Jarrah-Karri forest and shrublands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Juruá-Purus moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Kalahari xeric savanna Botswana, Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kaokoveld desert Namibia, Angola Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests Myanmar, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Kimberly tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Klamath-Siskiyou forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Knysna-Amatole montane forests South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
La Costa xeric shrublands Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Lake Chad flooded savanna Nigeria, Chad, Niger Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Lara-Falcón dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Lesser Antillean dry forests Grenada, St. Lucia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Lesser Sundas deciduous forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests  
Llanos Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Low Monte Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lowland fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Luang Prabang montane rain forests Laos, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Madagascar dry deciduous forests Madagascar Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Madagascar lowland forests Madagascar Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Madagascar spiny thickets Madagascar Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Madagascar subhumid forests Madagascar Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Madagascar succulent woodlands Madagascar Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Madeira evergreen forests Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Madeira-Tapajós moist forests Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena Valley montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena-Urabá moist forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magellanic subpolar forests Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mandara Plateau mosaic Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Marañón dry forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Maracaibo dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maranhao Babatu forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mato Grosso seasonal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Meghalaya subtropical forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Meseta Central matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mesoamerican Gulf-Caribbean mangroves Bahamas, United Kingdom Neotropic Mangroves
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Miskito pine forests Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mitchell grass downs Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Myanmar, India, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mojave desert United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Montane fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Monte Alegre varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Motagua Valley thornscrub Guatemala Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mount Cameroon and Bioko montane forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mount Lofty woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Murray-Darling woodlands and mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Myanmar coastal rain forests Myanmar, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nama Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namib desert Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namibian savanna woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Napo moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Naracoorte woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Nebraska Sand Hills mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Negro-Branco moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
New Britain-New Ireland lowland rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
New Caledonia dry forests France Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
New Caledonia rain forests France Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Niger Delta swamp forests Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nigerian lowland forests Nigeria, Benin Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nile Delta flooded savanna Egypt Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Saharan steppe and woodlands Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Brazil restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Northern Andean páramo Ecuador, Colombia Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northern Annamites rain forests Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern California coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Khorat Plateau moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves Mexico Neotropic Mangroves    
Northern New Guinea lowland rain and freshwater swamp forests Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Thailand-Laos moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwestern Andean montane forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nullarbor Plains xeric shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Oaxacan montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Orinoco Delta swamp forests Venezuela, Guyana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco wetlands Venezuela Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Ozark Mountain forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Panamanian dry forests Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pantanal Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Pantanos de Centla Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pantepuis Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Paraguana xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Paraná flooded savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Patagonian steppe Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Patía Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Peruvian Yungas Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Petén-Veracruz moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pilbara shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Piney Woods forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Puget lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Purus varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus-Madeira moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Queensland tropical rain forests Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rio Negro campinarana Brazil, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Rwenzori-Virunga montane moorlands Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sahara desert Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Algeria, Mauritania, Mali, Chad, Niger Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Saharan flooded grasslands Sudan Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Saharan halophytics Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Samoan tropical moist forests Samoa, United States Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
San Lucan xeric scrub Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Santa Marta montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Santa Marta páramo Colombia Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sao Tome, Principe and Annobon moist lowland forests São Tomé and Príncipe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sechura desert Peru Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sierra de la Laguna dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sierra de la Laguna pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra de los Tuxtlas Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sierra Juarez and San Pedro Martir pine-oak forests Mexico Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre de Chiapas moist forest Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sierra Madre de Oaxaca pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre del Sur pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Occidental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Nevada forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Simpson desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sinaloan dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sinú Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Solimões-Japurá moist forest Brazil, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Solomon Islands rain forests Solomon Islands Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Sonoran desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran-Sinaloan transition subtropical dry forest Mexico Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South American Pacific mangroves Colombia, Panama, Ecuador Neotropic Mangroves    
South Appenine mixed montane forests Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Florida rocklands United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Malawi montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
South Saharan steppe and woodlands Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeast Australia temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southeast Australia temperate savanna Australia Australasia Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern Iberian shrubs and woodlands Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southeastern Papuan rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Africa mangroves South Africa, Mozambique Afrotropic Mangroves
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Andean steppe Argentina, Chile Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Andean Yungas Bolivia, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Atlantic mangroves Brazil Neotropic Mangroves  
Southern Cone Mesopotamian savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Mangroves    
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Pacific dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Amazon moist forests Peru, Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Australia savanna Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Australia woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwestern Arabian foothills savanna Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southwestern Arabian montane woodlands Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sulawesi lowland rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumba deciduous forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sunda Shelf mangroves Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Swan Coastal Plain Scrub and Woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Talamancan montane forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tamaulipan matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tamaulipan mezquital Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tapajós-Xingu moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tehuacán Valley matorral Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Texas blackland prairies United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Timor and Wetar deciduous forests East Timor, Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Tirari-Sturt stony desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tocantins/Pindare moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tongan tropical moist forests New Zealand, Tonga Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Trinidad and Tobago moist forests Trinidad and Tobago Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tumbes-Piura dry forests Ecuador, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Uatuma-Trombetas moist forests Brazil, Guyana, Suriname Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ucayali moist forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Uruguayan savanna Uruguay, Brazil, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Valdivian temperate forests Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Vanuatu rain forests Vanuatu Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Venezuelan Andes montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz moist forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Victoria Plains tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Western Australian Mulga shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Western Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Gabon, Congo, Democratic Rep of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Western Ecuador moist forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Guinean lowland forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands  
Western Java rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Zambezian grasslands Angola, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Willamette Valley forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wyoming Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Xingu-Tocantins-Araguaia moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Zambezian coastal flooded savanna Mozambique Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian Cryptosepalum dry forests Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Zambezian flooded grasslands Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian halophytics Mozambique, Botswana Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Addo Elephant National Park II 348463 Eastern Cape, South Africa
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Bamingui-Bangoran Conservation Area National Park II 2783298 Central African Republic  
Bañados del Este Wetland Reserve 986054 Uruguay  
Beaver Creek Biosphere Reserve 275028 Arizona, United States  
Big Bend Biosphere Reserve National Park II 815561 Texas, United States
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
Bosque Mbaracayú Biosphere Reserve V 691895 Paraguay  
Buenavista Wetland Reserve 778949 Cuba    
Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands 354692 Scotland, United Kingdom
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Cinaruco-Capanaparo National Park II 1664173 Venezuela  
Ciénaga de Zapata National Park 1606900 Cuba  
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Death Valley National Park II 762125 California, Nevada, United States
Defensores del Chaco National Park II 1792493 Paraguay  
Estacion Biologica Beni Biosphere Reserve VI 335178 Bolivia  
Etosha National Park II 5699141 Namibia  
Fitzgerald River National Park II 732417 Western Australia, Australia
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Grampians National Park II 416373 Victoria, Australia
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Hawaiian Islands Biosphere Reserve 245981 Hawaii, United States  
Hwange National Park II 3651385 Zimbabwe  
Jiddat al Harasis (Arabian Oryx Sanctuary) II 6991712 Oman  
Joshua Tree National Park II 305076 California, United States
Kalahari Gemsbok National Park II 2382284 Northern Cape, South Africa
Kanha Tiger Reserve National Park II 223971 Madhya Pradesh, India
Kerinci Seblat National Park II 3463483 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve II 256073 Western Cape, South Africa  
Korup National Park II 322100 Cameroon
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
LOS ALCORNOCALES 414561 Spain  
La Amistad International Park National Park II 541617 Panama, Costa Rica  
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Lanín National Park II 536819 Neuquen, Argentina
Les Cévennes 227446 France  
Los Alerces National Park II 463045 Chubut, Argentina  
Los Glaciares National Park II 1329020 Santa Cruz, Argentina
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
MONFRAGÜE Y LAS DEHESAS DEL ENTORNO 287016 Spain  
Madidi National Park II 3194501 Bolivia  
Mae Wong National Park II 221459 Thailand
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve 1729738 Kenya  
Mount Rainier National Park II 235186 Washington, United States
Murgia Alta 311059 Italy  
Nahuel Huapi National Park II 759703 Argentina  
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Organ Pipe Cactus Biosphere Reserve 327376 Arizona, United States  
Parc National de la Comoe National Park II 2902593 Côte d'Ivoire  
Parc National de la Lopé National Park 1227419 Gabon  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Parque Atlantico Mar Chiquita Nature Reserve VI 706059 Cordoba, Argentina  
Parque Nacional Henri Pittier National Park 218030 Venezuela  
Parque Nacional Torres del Paine National Park II 542393 Magallanes, Chile  
Perito Moreno National Park II 234320 Santa Cruz, Argentina  
Pflaelzerwald Nature Park V 438818 Germany
Purnululu National Park II 604999 Western Australia, Australia
Puszcza Notecka 440480 Poland  
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Reserva Nacional Lauca National Park II 349990 Chile  
Reserva de Mapimi Biosphere Reserve VI 849819 Chihuahua, Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Cielo Biosphere Reserve 353161 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve VI 955579 Queretaro, Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Pozuelos Biosphere Reserve 988422 Argentina  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Yasuni Biosphere Reserve 4156313 Ecuador  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Richtersveld National Park II 399195 Northern Cape, South Africa
Riverland Biosphere Reserve Ia 1490891 South Australia, Australia
SIERRA NEVADA 424554 Spain  
SIERRA NORTE 438558 Spain  
SIERRAS DE CAZORLA, SEGURA Y LAS VILLAS 519222 Spain  
Sanjay Gandhi National Park II 439343 Maharashtra, India
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV 228335 New Mexico, United States
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (incl. Tayrona NP) National Park II 1031303 Colombia  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  
The W Region National Park II 549843 Niger  
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Tinfunqué National Park 607935 Paraguay  
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya
Uluru - Kata Tjuta National Park II 332429 Northern Territory, Australia
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Waterberg Biosphere Reserve 1024427 Limpopo, South Africa  
West Caprivi Game Reserve Game Park VI 1448182 Namibia  
Xishuangbanna Nature Reserve V 567531 Yunnan, China  
Yathong Nature Reserve Ia 270264 New South Wales, Australia
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Ypoa National Park 303997 Paraguay  
Zempléni-hegység a Szerencsi-dombsággal és a Hernád-völggyel 284651 Hungary  

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Lowlands of Zurich and lower valley of the river Thur Switzerland B2, B3
Mountains of Barcelona Spain B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Tejo estuary Portugal A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Thessaly plain Greece A1, A4ii, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Cerrado Brazil No
Chilean Winter Rainfall-Valdivian Forests Chile No
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
East Melanesian Islands Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
New Caledonia New Caledonia No
Polynesia-Micronesia Fiji, Micronesia, Polynesia, Samoa, Tonga, United States No
Southwest Australia Australia No
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No
Wallacea East Timor, Indonesia No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Abrocoma bennettii (Chinchilla-rat)[5]
Akodon kempi (Kemp's grass mouse)[6]
Akodon longipilis (long-haired grass mouse)[5]
Akodon olivaceus (olive grass mouse)[5]
Akodon xanthorhinus (yellow-nosed grass mouse)[7]
Artibeus jamaicensis (Jamaican fruit-eating bat)[8]
Arvicola terrestris (European water vole)[9]
Baiomys taylori (northern pygmy mouse)[10]
Balantiopteryx plicata (gray sac-winged bat)[11]
Barbastella barbastellus (western barbastelle)[12]
Blarina carolinensis (Southern Short-tailed Shrew)[13]
Cercartetus nanus (Eastern Pygmy Possum)[14]
Chaetodipus nelsoni (Nelson's pocket mouse)[15]
Clethrionomys glareolus (Bank vole)[16]
Crocidura suaveolens (Lesser White-toothed Shrew)[9]
Cryptotis meridensis (Merida Small-eared Shrew)[17]
Ctenomys talarum (Tuco-tuco)[18]
Desmodus rotundus (vampire bat)[19]
Dipodomys heermanni (Heermann's kangaroo rat)[20]
Dipodomys ingens (giant kangaroo rat)[21]
Dipodomys ordii (Ord's kangaroo rat)[22]
Dipodomys spectabilis (banner-tailed kangaroo rat)[23]
Dipodomys stephensi (Stephens's kangaroo rat)[24]
Elephantulus rufescens (Rufous Elephant Shrew)[25]
Eremitalpa granti (Grant's Golden Mole)[26]
Eupemphix nattereri[27]
Holochilus sciureus (marsh rat)[28]
Irenomys tarsalis (Chilean climbing mouse)[29]
Lithobates sphenocephalus (Southern Leopard Frog)[27]
Marmosa elegans (mouse opossum)[5]
Marmosa mexicana (Mexican Mouse Opossum)[30]
Microcebus berthae (Madame Berthe's Mouse Lemur)[31]
Microcebus murinus (gray mouse lemur)[31]
Microtus arvalis (common vole)[16]
Microtus montanus (montane vole)[22]
Microtus oregoni (creeping vole)[32]
Microtus pinetorum (woodland vole)[33]
Microtus rossiaemeridionalis (southern vole)[9]
Microtus townsendii (Townsend's vole)[34]
Mus musculus (house mouse)[22]
Myotis vivesi (fish-eating bat)[35]
Neofiber alleni (round-tailed muskrat)[36]
Neotoma cinerea (bushy-tailed woodrat)[22]
Neotoma fuscipes (dusky-footed woodrat)[37]
Neotoma mexicana (Mexican woodrat)[38]
Neotoma micropus (southern plains woodrat)[39]
Neurotrichus gibbsii (Shrew-mole)[40]
Notiosorex crawfordi (desert shrew)[41]
Nyctinomops laticaudatus (broad-eared bat)[42]
Octodon degus (Degus)[5]
Oryzomys palustris (marsh rice rat)[43]
Otomys angoniensis (Angoni vlei rat)[44]
Otomys irroratus (vlei rat)[45]
Otonycteris hemprichii (desert long-eared bat)[46]
Perognathus flavescens (plains pocket mouse)[47]
Perognathus inornatus (San Joaquin pocket mouse)[48]
Perognathus parvus (Great Basin pocket mouse)[22]
Peromyscus californicus (California mouse)[49]
Peromyscus eva (Eva's desert mouse)[50]
Peromyscus maniculatus (deer mouse)[22]
Phyllops falcatus (Cuban fig-eating bat)[51]
Phyllotis darwini (Darwin's leaf-eared mouse)[5]
Pteropus tonganus (Pacific flying fox)[52]
Rattus rattus (black rat)[9]
Reithrodon auritus (bunny rat)[53]
Reithrodontomys megalotis (western harvest mouse)[22]
Rhinolophus hildebrandti (Hildebrandt's horseshoe bat)[54]
Scapanus latimanus (Broad-footed Mole)[55]
Scapanus orarius (Coast Mole)[56]
Scapanus townsendii (Townsend's Mole)[57]
Sorex araneus (Eurasian shrew)[16]
Sorex cinereus (masked shrew)[58]
Sorex longirostris (Southeastern Shrew)[59]
Sorex vagrans (Vagrant Shrew)[22]
Sylvilagus audubonii (Desert Cottontail)[60]
Sylvilagus bachmani (Brush Rabbit)[61]
Sylvilagus cunicularius (Mexican Cottontail)[62]
Sylvilagus nuttallii (Nuttall's cottontail)[22]
Sylvilagus palustris (Marsh Rabbit)[63]
Tadarida brasiliensis (Brazilian free-tailed bat)[64]
Thomomys bottae (Botta's pocket gopher)[65]
Thomomys townsendii (Townsend's pocket gopher)[22]
Tlacuatzin canescens (Gray Mouse Opossum)[66]
Tympanoctomys barrerae (plains viscacha rat)[67]
Urocitellus canus (Merriam's ground squirrel)[22]
Vespertilio murinus (particolored bat)[68]
Zapus trinotatus (Pacific jumping mouse)[69]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Accipiter cooperii (Cooper's Hawk)3
Accipiter henstii (Henst's Goshawk)2
Aegolius acadicus (Northern Saw-whet Owl)6
Aegolius funereus (Boreal Owl)4
Agkistrodon contortrix (Southern Copperhead)4
Agkistrodon piscivorus (conanti)3
Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)2
Ardea cinerea (Grey Heron)5
Arizona elegans (arenicola)2
Asio capensis (Marsh Owl)2
Asio flammeus (Short-eared Owl)7
Asio madagascariensis (Madagascar Owl)3
Asio otus (Long-eared Owl)17
Athene cunicularia (Burrowing Owl)11
Athene noctua (Little Owl)4
Bitis arietans (Puff Adder)2
Bubo africanus (Spotted Eagle-Owl)3
Bubo bubo (Eurasian Eagle-Owl)3
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)30
Buteo buteo (Common Buzzard)4
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)8
Buteo polyosoma (Variable Hawk)8
Buteo swainsoni (Swainson's Hawk)2
Canis latrans (Coyote)18
Canis mesomelas (Black-backed Jackal)2
Caracara plancus (Southern Crested Caracara)2
Ciconia ciconia (White Stork)4
Circus cyaneus (Northern Harrier)6
Coluber flagellum (Coachwhip)3
Corvus corax (Northern Raven)3
Crotalus atrox (Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake)5
Crotalus cerberus (viridis)3
Crotalus horridus (Timber rattlesnake (atricaudatus))4
Cryptoprocta ferox (Fossa)2
Didelphis marsupialis (Common Opossum)2
Eira barbara (Tayra)2
Elanus caeruleus (Black-winged Kite)2
Elanus leucurus (White-tailed Kite)5
Falco sparverius (American Kestrel)3
Falco tinnunculus (Eurasian Kestrel)3
Felis silvestris (Wildcat)2
Felis silvestris lybica (African wild cat)2
Galictis cuja (Lesser Grison)5
Geococcyx californianus (Greater Roadrunner)2
Geranoaetus melanoleucus (Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle)4
Glaucidium gnoma (Northern Pygmy-Owl)3
Ithycyphus miniatus (Tiny Night Snake)2
Lanius excubitor (Northern Shrike)2
Lanius ludovicianus (Loggerhead Shrike)2
Leptailurus serval (Serval)2
Lycalopex fulvipes (Darwin's Fox)2
Lynx rufus (Bobcat)11
Martes americana (American Marten)2
Martes foina (Beech Marten)3
Megascops asio (Eastern Screech-Owl)2
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)5
Milvus milvus (Red Kite)3
Mungotictis decemlineata (Narrow-striped Mongoose)2
Mustela erminea (Ermine)4
Mustela frenata (Long-tailed Weasel)4
Mustela nivalis (Least Weasel)2
Neovison vison (American Mink)3
Ninox novaeseelandiae (Morepork)2
Parabuteo unicinctus (Harris's Hawk)6
Philodryas chamissonis (Chilean Green Racer)2
Pituophis catenifer (Gopher Snake)12
Pituophis melanoleucus (Eastern Pine Snake)2
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)5
Pseudoscops grammicus (Jamaican Owl)2
Puma concolor (Cougar)2
Sanzinia madagascariensis (Madagascar ground boa, Madagascar Tree Boa)2
Strix aluco (Tawny Owl)5
Strix nebulosa (Great Grey Owl)2
Strix rufipes (Rufous-legged Owl)3
Strix uralensis (Ural Owl)2
Strix varia (Barred Owl)5
Taxidea taxus (American Badger)4
Tyto capensis (Grass Owl)2
Urocyon cinereoargenteus (Gray Fox)7
Vulpes macrotis (Kit Fox)5
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)8
Zamenis longissimus (Aesculapean Snake)3

Predators

Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)[70]

Providers

Shelter 
Columba oenas (Stock Dove)[16]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Baylisascaris procyonis[71]
Capillaria tenuissima <Unverified Name>[71]
Centrorhynchus conspectus[71]
Centrorhynchus globocaudatus[71]
Ceratophyllus rossittensis rossittensis[72]
Dispharynx affinis <Unverified Name>[71]
Hamatospiculum pauloi <Unverified Name>[71]
Hectopsylla psittaci[72]
Neodiplostomum americanum <Unverified Name>[71]
Porrocaecum angusticolle <Unverified Name>[71]
Porrocaecum depressum <Unverified Name>[71]
Spirocerca lupi[71]
Strigea strigis <Unverified Name>[71]
Subulura galloperdicis <Unverified Name>[71]
Synhimantus affinis <Unverified Name>[71]
Synhimantus laticeps <Unverified Name>[71]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Africa Alive!affinis
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
Akron Zoological Park
 guttata
Al Ain Zooalba
Alexandria Zoological Park
Alice Springs Desert Park
Amazon World
America's Teaching Zoo
Aquarium of the Pacific, Long Beach
Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Audubon Zoo
Badoca Safari Parkalba
Banham Zoo Ltd.
 affinis
Bannerghatta Biological Park
Beale Park
Bergen County Zoological Park
Birmingham Nature Centre
Birmingham Zoo
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Blackpool Zoo
Blair Drummond Safari Parkguttata
Bramble Park Zoo
Bronx Children's Zoo
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Brookgreen Gardens
Burger's Zoo
Caldwell Zoo
Cameron Park Zoo
Cape May County Park Zoo
Chattanooga Zoo at Warner Park
Chessington World of Adventures, Ltd.
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Park
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
City of Belfast Zoo
Cleland Wildlife Park
Colchester Zoo
Cologne Zoo
Columbian Park Zoo
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
 alba
Combe Martin Wildlife & Dinosaur Park
Connecticut's Beardsley Zoo
Copenhagen Zoo
Cosley Zoo
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
Curraghs Wildlife Park
Dallas Zoo
David Traylor Zoo of Emporia
Denver Zoological Gardens
Detroit Zoological Society
Dierenpark 'De Vleut' (Zoo Best)
Dierenpark de Oliemeulen (Zoo Tilburg)
Dierenpark Emmen
Domaine Zoologique de Pescheray
Dr. Shivarama Karanth Pilikula Biol.Pk
Drayton Manor Park Zoo
Dudley Zoological Gardens
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zoo
El Paso Zoo
Emerald Safari Resort
Erie Zoological Gardens
Exmoor Zoological Park
Flamingo Land LTD
Flamingo Park Wildlife Encounter
Folly Farm Leisure Ltd
Fort Wayne Children's Zoo
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Fresno Chaffee Zoo
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte
Fundacion Zoológica del Ecuador
Fundacion Zoologica de Cali
GaiaPark, Kerkrade Zooalba
Giza Zoological Garden
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granby
Grand Parc Du Puy Du Fou
Great Plains Zoo
Guadalajara Zoo
Haifa Zoo & Biological Institute
Henson Robinson Zoo
Homosassa Springs Wildlife State Park
Hope Zoo (Nature Preservation Found.)
Hutchinson Zoo
Indianapolis Zoo
Inokashira Park Zoo
International Centre for Birds of Prey
 guttata
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
John Ball Zoological Garden
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Kadoorie Farm & Botanic Garden
Kharkiv Zoo
Kishinev Zoopark
Knoxville Zoological Gardens
Kyiv Zoological Park
Le Pal, Parc Animalier
Lehigh Valley Zoo
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens
Linton Zoological Gardens
Little Rock Zoological Gardens
Longleat Safari Park
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Lotherton Bird Garden
Louisville Zoological Garden
Lucknow Zoological Park
Maktoum Wildlife Centre
Maryland Zoo in Baltimore
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny, Plock
Mill Mountain Zoo
Miller Park Zoo
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Minnesota Zoological Gardenalba
Mokopane Biodiversity Conservation Centre
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Montecasino Bird Gardens
Moonridge Animal Park
Moscow Zoological Park
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
National SEA LIFE Centre
 guttata
Natural Encounters, Inc.
Niabi Zoo
Niedersächsische Landesforsten
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Noah's Ark Zoo Farmguttata
Nordens Ark
Northwest Trek Wildlife Park
NY State Zoo at Thompson Park
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Oatland Island Wildlife Center
Ocean Park Corporation
Oglebay's Good Children's Zoo
Ogrod Zoologiczny im. Stefana Milera
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Olmense Zoo
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Orange County Zoo
Ouwehand Zoo
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
 pratincola
Paradise Park Wildlife Sanctuary
Paradise Wildlife Park
Parc Animalier de Sainte Croix
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique Fort Mardyck
Parque Zoologico Benito Juarez
Parque Zoologico Huachipa
Parque Zoologico Santa Fe
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquariumpratincola
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium
Potawatomi Zoo
Project Wildlifepratincola
Pueblo Zoo
Reserve Zoologique de Calviac
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Roger Williams Park Zoo
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Rotterdam Zoo
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Diego Zoo
 pratincola
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park
Santa Ana Zoo
Scovill Zoo
Sequoia Park Zoo
Sharjah Breeding Centre For Endangered
Shepreth Wildlife Park
Silver Springs Park
 pratincola
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Societa Zoologica Di Pistoia S.R.L
St. Paul's Como Zoo
Steinhart Aquarium (CA Acad of Science
Tallinn Zooguttata
Tama Zoological Park
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
The Hawk Conservancy
The Living Desert Zoo and Gardens
The Naples Zoo
The Raptor Foundation
 pratincola
Thoiry Zoological Park
Tiergarten Heidelbergalba
Tilgate Nature Centre
Toronto Zoo
Tracy Aviary
Tropical Butterfly House
 affinis
Tropiquaria Wildlife Park
Trotter's World of Animals
Turtle Back Zoo
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Umgeni River Bird Park
Usti nad Labem Zoo
Utah's Hogle Zoo
Utica Zoo
Valley Zoo & John Janzen Nature Center
Virginia Living Museum
Virginia Zoological Parkpratincola
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Wadi Al Safa Wildlife Centre
Welsh Mountain Zoo
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munster
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wingham Wildlife Park
Woburn Safari Park
Woodland Park Zoological Gardens
World Owl Trustalba
 guttata
 pratincola
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zivalski vrt Ljubljana
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo Atlantapratincola
Zoo Boise
Zoo de Fuengirola (Rain Forest SL)
Zoo de La Fleche
Zoo de Pont-Scorff
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Decin - Pastyrska Stena
Zoo Dortmund
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.
Zoo Melaka
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoo
Zoo New England, Stone Zoo
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaiaalba
ZooAmerica (No. American Wildlife Pk.)
Zool.Nacional Parque Metro De Santiago
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoological Garden of Polish Fauna
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoological Society of London
Zoological Society of Trinidad &Tobago
Zoologicka zahrada Ostrava
 guttata
Zoologicka zahrada Bojnice
Zoologicka zahrada Liberec
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brna
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
 guttata
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora
Zoologico Nacional Simon Bolivar
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbH

Range Map

Cape Peninsula National Park; North America; Patfa Valley dry forests; Takamanda Forest Reserve; Tsavo National Park;

Audio

Play / PauseVolume
Provided by Center for Biological Diversity via Myxer Author: The Barn Owl Centre of Gloucestershire

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Peterson A.P., 2005-09-28, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 4Wing Loading in 15 Species of North American Owls, Duncan, James R.; Johnson, David H.; Nicholls, Thomas H., eds. Biology and conservation of owls of the Northern Hemisphere: 2nd International symposium. Gen. Tech. Rep. NC-190. St. Paul, MN: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station. 553-561 (1997) 5Predation upon small mammals in shrublands and grasslands of southern South America: ecological correlates and presumable consequences, Fabian M. Jaksic, Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 59: 209-221 (1986) 6Deltamys kempi, Enrique M. González and Ulyses F. J. Pardiñas, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 711, pp. 1–4 (2002) 7Abrothrix xanthorhinus, Mariana Lozada, J. Adrian Monjeau, Karin M. Heinemann, Nadia Guthmann, and Elmer C. Birney, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 540, pp. 1-6 (1996) 8Artibeus jamaicensis, Jorge Ortega and Iván Castro-Arellano, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 662, pp. 1–9 (2001) 9Contribution to the study of the diet of four owl species (Aves, Strigiformes) from mainland and island areas of Greece, Haralambos Alivizatos, Vassilis Goutner and Stamatis Zogaris, Belg. J. Zool., 135 (2) : 109-118 10Baiomys taylori, Bruce D. Eshelman and Guy N. Cameron, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 285, pp. 1-7 (1987) 11Balantiopteryx plicata, Joaquín Arroyo-Cabrales and J. Knox Jones, Jr., MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 301, pp. 1-4 (1988) 12Barbastella barbastellus, Jens Rydell and Wiesław Bogdanowicz, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 557, pp. 1-8 (1997) 13Blarina carolinensis, Timothy S. McCay, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 673, pp. 1–7 (2001) 14Cercartetus nanus, JAMIE M. HARRIS, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 815:1–10 (2008) 15Chaetodipus nelsoni, Troy L. Best, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 484, pp. 1-6 (1994) 16Ecology of Commanster 17Cryptotis meridensis, Neal Woodman and Amelia Díaz de Pascual, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 761, pp. 1–5 (2004) 18Ctenomys talarum, Enrique R. Justo, Luciano J. M. De Santis, and Marta S. Kin, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 730, pp. 1–5 (2003) 19Desmodus rotundus, Arthur M. Greenhall, Gerhard Joermann, and Uwe Schmidt, Mammalian Species No. 202, pp. 1-6 (1983) 20Dipodomys heermanni, Douglas A. Kelt, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 323, pp. 1-7 (1988) 21Dipodomys ingens, Daniel F. Williams and Kerry S. Kilburn, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 377, pp. 1-7 (1991) 22Thomomys townsendii, B. J. Verts and Leslie N. Carraway, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 719, pp. 1–6 (2003) 23Dipodomys spectabilis, Troy L. Best, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 311, pp. 1-10 (1988) 24Dipodomys stephensi, Vernon C. Bleich, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 73, pp. 1-3 (1977) 25Elephantulus rufescens, Fred W. Koontz and Nancy J. Roeper, Mammalian Species No. 204, pp. 1-5 (1983) 26Eremitalpa granti, Michael R. Perrin and Laura J. Fielden, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 629, pp. 1-4 (1999) 27Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170–177 28Holochilus sciureus, Guillermo R. Barreto and Shaenandhoa GarcÍa-Rangel, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 780, pp. 1-5 (2005) 29Irenomys tarsalis, Douglas A. Kelt, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 447, pp. 1-3 (1993) 30Marmosa mexicana, Alfonso Alonso-Mejía and Rodrigo A. Medellín, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 421, pp. 1-4 (1992) 31Small-scale coexistence of two mouse lemur species (Microcebus berthae and M. murinus) within a homogeneous competitive environment, Melanie Dammhahn, Peter M. Kappeler, Oecologia (2008) 157:473–483 32Microtus oregoni, Leslie N. Carraway and B. J. Verts, Mammalian Species No. 233, pp. 1-6 (1985) 33Microtus pinetorum, Michael J. Smolen, Mammalian Species No. 147, pp. 1-7 (1981) 34Microtus townsendii, John E. Cornely and B. J. Verts, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 325, pp. 1-9 (1988) 35Myotis vivesi, Brad R. Blood and Mary K. Clark, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 588, pp. 1-5 (1998) 36Neofiber alleni, Dale E. Birkenholz, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 15, pp. 1-4 (1972) 37Neotoma fuscipes, L. N. Carraway and B. J. Verts, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 386, pp. 1-10 (1991) 38Neotoma mexicana, John E. Cornely and Robert J. Baker, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 262, pp. 1-7 (1986) 39Neotoma micropus, J. K. Braun and M. A. Mares, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 330, pp. 1-9 (1989) 40Neurotrichus gibbsii, L. N. Carraway and B. J. Verts, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 387, pp. 1-7 (1991) 41Notiosorex crawfordi, David M. Armstrong and J. Knox Jones, Jr., MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 17, pp. 1-5 (1972) 42Nyctinomops laticaudatus, Rafael Avila-Flores, José Juan Flores-MartÍnez, and Jorge Ortega, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 697, pp. 1–6 (2002) 43Oryzomys palustris, James L. Wolfe, Mammalian Species No. 176, pp. 1-5 (1982) 44Otomys angoniensis, G. N. Bronner and J. A. J. Meester, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 306, pp. 1-6 (1988) 45Otomys irroratus, G. Bronner, S. Gordon, and J. Meester, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 308, pp. 1-6 (1988) 46Otonycteris hemprichii, Burhan M. Gharaibeh and Mazin B. Qumsiyeh, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 514, pp. 1-4 (1995) 47Perognathus flavescens, R. Richard Monk and J. Knox Jone, Jr., MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 525, pp. 1-4 (1996) 48Perognathus inornatus, Troy L. Best, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 450, pp. 1-5 (1993) 49Peromyscus californicus, Joseph F. Merritt, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 85, pp. 1-6 (1978) 50Peromyscus eva, Sergio Ticul Álvarez-Castañeda and Patricia Cortés-Calva, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 738, pp. 1–3 (2003) 51Phyllops falcatus, Valéria da Cunha Tavares, Carlos A. Mancina, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 811:1-7 (2008) 52Pteropus tonganus, Carrie A. Miller and Don E. Wilson, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 552, pp. 1-6 (1997) 53Reithrodon auritus, Ulyses F. J. Pardin ̃as and Carlos A. Galliari, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 664, pp. 1–8 (2001) 54Rhinolophus hildebrandti, David L. Pearl, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 486, pp. 1-3 (1994) 55Scapanus latimanus, B. J. Verts and Leslie N. Carraway, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 666, pp. 1–7 (2001) 56Scapanus orarius, Gregory D. Hartman and Terry L. Yates, Mammalian Species No. 253, pp. 1-5 (1985) 57Scapanus townsendii, Leslie N. Carraway, Lois F. Alexander, and B. J. Verts, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 434, pp. 1-7 (1993) 58Sorex cinereus, John O. Whitaker, Jr., MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 743, pp. 1–9 (2004) 59Sorex longirostris, Thomas W. French, Mammalian Species No. 143, pp. 1-3 (1980) 60Sylvilagus audubonii, Joseph A. Chapman and Gale R. Willner, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 106, pp. 1-4 (1978) 61Sylvilagus bachmani, Joseph A. Chapman, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 34, pp. 1-4 (1974) 62Sylvilagus cunicularius, Fernando A. Cervantes, Consuelo Lorenzo, Julieta Vargas, and Thorvald Holmes, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 412, pp. 1-4 (1992) 63Sylvilagus palustris, Joseph A. Chapman and Gale R. Willner, Mammalian Species No. 153, pp. 1-3 (1981) 64Tadarida brasiliensis, Kenneth T. Wilkins, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 331, pp. 1-10 (1989) 65Thomomys bottae, Cheri A. Jones and Colleen N. Baxter, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 742, pp. 1–14 (2004) 66Marmosa canescens, Heliot Zarza, Gerardo Ceballos, and Michael A. Steele, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 725, pp. 1–4 (2003) 67Tympanoctomys barrerae, Gabriela B. 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Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
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