Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Strigiformes > Strigidae > Aegolius > Aegolius funereus
 

Aegolius funereus (Boreal Owl)

Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

Boreal Owl, Aegolius funereus, is a small owl. It is also known as the Tengmalm's Owl after Swedish naturalist Peter Gustaf Tengmalm. Other names for the owl include Richardson's Owl, Funeral Owl, Sparrow Owl and Pearl Owl. This species is a part of the larger grouping of owls known as typical owls, Strigidae, which contains most species of owl. The other grouping is the barn owls, Tytonidae.
View Wikipedia Record: Aegolius funereus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
23
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
40
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 17.9176
EDGE Score: 2.94009

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  134 grams
Birth Weight [2]  9 grams
Female Weight [1]  167 grams
Male Weight [1]  101 grams
Weight Dimorphism [1]  65.3 %
Female Maturity [2]  1 year
Male Maturity [2]  1 year
Clutch Size [4]  4
Clutches / Year [2]  1
Diet [3]  Carnivore
Incubation [2]  27 days
Maximum Longevity [2]  16 years
Nocturnal [3]  Yes

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Alaska-St. Elias Range tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Alberta Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai steppe and semi-desert Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Amur meadow steppe China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cascade Mountains leeward forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central British Columbia Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cook Inlet taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Copper Plateau taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Fraser Plateau and Basin complex Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Gulf of St. Lawrence lowland forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Hokkaido deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Hokkaido montane conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Honshu alpine conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Canada, United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Interior Yukon-Alaska alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Junggar Basin semi-desert China, Kazakstan, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kola Peninsula tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mid-Continental Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Midwestern Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Muskwa-Slave Lake forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Nenjiang River grassland China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
New England-Acadian forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Nihonkai evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Nihonkai montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Cordillera forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Pacific coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Northern transitional alpine forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwest Russian-Novaya Zemlya tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Northwest Territories taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows China, Pakistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ogilvie-MacKenzie alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Puget lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qilian Mountains conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Queen Charlotte Islands Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests Norway Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Hudson Bay taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Suiphun-Khanka meadows and forest meadows China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Taiheiyo evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiheiyo montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tibetan Plateau alpine shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Yukon Interior dry forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Alt Pallars 190550 Spain  
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Arrière côte de Dijon et de Beaune 149897 France  
Baikalskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 458883 Russia  
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Barguzinskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 924970 Buryatia, Russia
Bassigny 194044 France  
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Beskid Niski 375518 Poland  
Bieszczady 275571 Poland  
Bory Dolnoslaskie 425252 Poland  
Camargue 546256 France  
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Dolomiti del Cadore e del Comelico 173952 Italy  
Frostvikenfjällen 231768 Sweden  
Gates of the Arctic National Park Ib 184461 Alaska, United States
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Julijske Alpe 208928 Slovenia  
Katunsky Biosphere Reserve 393162 Altai, Russia
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Kevo 176448 Finland  
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
Lahemaa 183898 Estonia  
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Lake Torne Area Biosphere Reserve 238457 Sweden  
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Lasy Puszczy nad Drawa 470190 Poland  
Les Cévennes 227446 France  
Les Ecrins 227201 France  
Malá Fatra 176505 Slovakia  
Marsfjället 212792 Sweden  
Merenkurkun saaristo 316695 Finland    
Mont Ventoux Biosphere Reserve 198594 France  
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Noatak Biosphere Reserve 7500143 Alaska, United States  
Northern Karelian Biosphere Reserve 864869 Finland  
Nízke Tatry 239467 Slovakia  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Ostoja Augustowska 264573 Poland  
Ostoja Knyszynska 336272 Poland  
PAYS DE SAULT 176678 France  
PLATEAU DE MILLEVACHES 163025 France  
POMOKAIRA 228222 Finland  
Parco Nazionale del Gran Paradiso 175751 Italy  
Parco Nazionale dello Stelvio National Park V 333737 Italy
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Pessinki fjällurskog 240249 Sweden  
Pflaelzerwald Nature Park V 438818 Germany
Plateau ardennais 186972 France  
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Puszcza Augustowska 332055 Poland  
Puszcza Bialowieska 156041 Poland  
Puszcza Kampinoska Biosphere Reserve 188373 Poland  
Puszcza Knyszynska 344935 Poland  
Puszcza Napiwodzko-Ramucka 288136 Poland  
Puszcza Notecka 440480 Poland  
Puszcza Piska 427004 Poland  
Puszcza Solska 196076 Poland  
Puszcza nad Gwda 191949 Poland  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Rila 200269 Bulgaria  
Rocky Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 239938 Colorado, United States
Saaristomeri 147873 Finland    
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Sjaunja 695284 Sweden  
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
Strážovské vrchy 147080 Slovakia  
Sumava 240910 Czech Republic  
Sumava Biosphere Reserve 412955 Czech Republic  
Teberdinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 210198 Karachay-Cherkessia, Russia
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Tsentral'no-Sibirskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 2521510 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Tzentralen Balkan 177099 Bulgaria  
UK-PUISTO-SOMPIO-KEMIHAARA 765461 Finland  
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Uckermärkische Seenlandschaft 152532 Germany  
Ve¾ká Fatra 149348 Slovakia  
Vindelfjällen 1370631 Sweden  
Volovské vrchy 316267 Slovakia  
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States
Vålådalen 299933 Sweden  
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Western Balkan 362801 Bulgaria  
Winisk River Provincial Park II 434735 Ontario, Canada
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada
Zapadni Rodopi 178482 Bulgaria  

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Adamello-Brenta Italy A3, B2, C6
Almindingen Denmark C6  
Arrière Côte de Dijon et de Beaune France B2, C6
Barois et Forêt de Clairvaux France B2, C6
Belagua-Ansó-Hecho Spain B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Bieszczady Mountains Poland C1, C6
Cadí mountains Spain B1iv, B2, C5, C6
Carniche Alps Italy B2, C6
Călimani Mountains Romania C6
Ceahlă Mountains Romania C6
Central Balkan Bulgaria A1, A3, B2, B3, C1, C6
Darzlubska Forest Poland C6  
Defileul Superior al Mureşului Romania C6
East slope of Northern Ural Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3
Färnebofjärden Sweden A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C6
Florarna Sweden B3, C6
Forêt d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Risoux France B3, C6
Forêt de Châtillon et environs France B2, C6
Forêt de Jugny France C6
Forêts d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Massacre France B3, C6
Forêts d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Risol et Mont d'Or France B3, C6
Fresser-Setcases Spain C6
Frumoasa Romania C6
Giurgeu Depression Romania C1, C6
Gran Paradiso Italy A3, B2, C6
Hanveden-Hemfosa Sweden B2, C6
Haut Giffre France B2, C6
Hauts Plateaux du Vercors et Forêt des Coulmes France B2, C6
Karkonosze Mountains Poland C6
Korgonskaya Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3
Krkonose mountains (Giant mountains) Czech Republic A1, B2, B3, C1, C6
Lahemaa Estonia A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C6
Lebork Forest Poland C6  
Les Bauges France B2, C6
Lower Silesia Forests Poland C1, C6
Malchamps Belgium C6
Maritime Alps Italy A3, B1iv, B2, C5, C6
Massif des Vosges : crêtes de Schneeberg au Donon France C6
Massif des Vosges: Hautes Vosges France B2, B3, C6
Massif du Canigou-Carança France A4iv, B1iv, B2, B3, C5, C6
Mirachowo Forest Poland C6
Montagne des Frêtes et plateau des Glières France B2, C6
Monteixo-L'Orri-Tornafort Spain B2, C6
Padiş: Vlădeasa mountain Romania C1, C6
Paradise Valley mountain plateau Kazakhstan A1, A3
Parc National de la Vanoise France A3, B2, C2, C6
Parc National des Ecrins France B2, C2, C6
Parc National du Mercantour France B2, B3, C2, C6
Persenk Bulgaria B2, C6
Pirin Bulgaria A3, B2, B3, C6
Pisz forest Poland C1, C6
Plateau Ardennais France B3, C6
Posets-Maladeta Spain A3, B2, C6
Poyasovy Kamen' ridge Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3
Puhatu mire Estonia C6  
Puig Carlit et environs France B2, B3, C2, C6
Retezat Mountains Romania C6
Rila Bulgaria A3, B2, B3, C6
Rodnei Mountains Romania C6
Saint-Hubert Belgium C6
San Mauricio-Bohí-Beret Spain A3, B2, C2, C6
Sjaunja Sweden A1, A3, B2, C1, C6
Slavyanka Mountain Bulgaria C6
Soomaa Estonia A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2, C6
Southern Waldviertel Austria C6
Sumava mountains (Bohemian forest) Czech Republic A1, B2, B3, C1, C6
Susa and Chisone valleys Italy A3, B2, C6
Tailles Belgium C6
Tatra mountains Poland C6
Trebonsko (Trebon region) Czech Republic A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Tudu Estonia C6  
Vallée de la Lienne Belgium C6
Valley of the Trëtterbaach Luxembourg C6
Visimsky zapovednik and vicinity Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3
Vitosha Mountain Bulgaria A1, B2, B3, C1, C6
Vrancea Mountains Romania C6
Wanne-Logbiermé Belgium C6
Western Balkan Bulgaria A1, A3, B2, B3, C1, C6
Western Rhodopes Bulgaria B3, C6
Wiltzer and Trattenerbach Luxembourg C6
Zaikovo forest Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3
Zapovednik "Denezhkin Kamen'" Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Japan Japan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No

Prey / Diet

Apodemus flavicollis (Yellow-necked mouse)[5]
Apodemus sylvaticus (Old World wood and field mouse)[5]
Barbastella barbastellus (western barbastelle)[6]
Clethrionomys glareolus (Bank vole)[5]
Clethrionomys rutilus (northern red-backed vole)[7]
Cyanistes caeruleus (Blue Tit)[5]
Lophophanes cristatus (European Crested Tit)[5]
Microtus agrestis (field vole)[8]
Microtus epiroticus[8]
Parus major (Great Tit)[5]
Periparus ater (Coal Tit)[5]
Poecile montanus (Willow Tit)[5]
Poecile palustris (Marsh Tit)[5]
Regulus regulus (Goldcrest)[5]
Sorex araneus (Eurasian shrew)[5]
Sorex cinereus (masked shrew)[7]
Sorex minutus (Eurasian Pygmy Shrew)[8]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)1
Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawk)1
Aegolius acadicus (Northern Saw-whet Owl)1
Ardea cinerea (Grey Heron)2
Asio flammeus (Short-eared Owl)3
Asio otus (Long-eared Owl)9
Athene noctua (Little Owl)1
Blarina brevicauda (Northern Short-tailed Shrew)1
Bubo bubo (Eurasian Eagle-Owl)2
Buteo buteo (Common Buzzard)5
Buteo lagopus (Rough-legged Hawk)1
Canis latrans (Coyote)1
Canis lupus (Wolf)1
Ciconia ciconia (White Stork)3
Circus aeruginosus (Western Marsh Harrier)1
Circus cyaneus (Northern Harrier)1
Coronella austriaca (Smooth Snake)1
Corvus corax (Northern Raven)4
Dendrocopos major (Great Spotted Woodpecker)6
Falco tinnunculus (Eurasian Kestrel)4
Felis silvestris (Wildcat)4
Genetta genetta (Common Genet)1
Glaucidium passerinum (Eurasian Pygmy Owl)2
Gulo gulo (Wolverine)1
Gypaetus barbatus (Bearded Vulture)1
Hemorrhois hippocrepis (Horseshoe Snake)1
Lanius collurio (Red-backed Shrike)3
Lanius excubitor (Northern Shrike)4
Lithobates pipiens (Northern Leopard Frog)1
Martes americana (American Marten)1
Martes foina (Beech Marten)1
Martes martes (European Pine Marten)1
Martes zibellina (Sable)1
Milvus migrans (Black Kite)1
Milvus milvus (Red Kite)2
Mustela erminea (Ermine)5
Mustela frenata (Long-tailed Weasel)1
Mustela nivalis (Least Weasel)5
Mustela putorius (European Polecat)1
Natrix natrix (European Grass Snake)1
Nyctalus lasiopterus (giant noctule)1
Rhinechis scalaris (Ladder Snakes)1
Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)1
Strix aluco (Tawny Owl)12
Strix nebulosa (Great Grey Owl)2
Strix uralensis (Ural Owl)4
Surnia ulula (Northern Hawk-Owl)2
Sus scrofa (wild boar)1
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)4
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)1
Vipera latastei (Lataste’s Viper)1
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)5
Zamenis longissimus (Aesculapean Snake)4

Predators

Martes martes (European Pine Marten)[5]

Providers

Shelter 
Fagus sylvatica (European beech)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Baruscapillaria falconis <Unverified Name>[9]
Capillaria tenuissima <Unverified Name>[9]
Centrorhynchus elongatus[9]
Ceratophyllus gallinae (European chicken flea)[10]
Eucoleus dispar <Unverified Name>[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Alpenzoo Innsbruck - Tirol
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
Helsinki Zoo
Kyiv Zoological Park
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Riga Zoo
Tallinn Zoo
Tierpark Dählhölzli
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig

Range Map

Link to Map
North America;

Audio

Play / PauseVolume

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Banks R.C., 2005-09-28, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Glutz von Blotzheim un Bauer KM 1980. Handbuch der Vögel Mitteleuropas. Volume 9. Columbiformes - Piciformes. Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft, Wiesbaden 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 5Ecology of Commanster 6Barbastella barbastellus, Jens Rydell and Wiesław Bogdanowicz, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 557, pp. 1-8 (1997) 7Exploring the Denali Food Web, ParkWise, National Park Service 8Avian and mammalian predators of shrews in Europe: regional differences, between-year and seasonal variation, and mortality due to predation, Erkki Korpimäki & Kai Norrdahl, Ann. Zool. Fennici 26:389-400. 1989 9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 10International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Important Bird Areas provided by BirdLife International (2010) Important Bird Areas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2010
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Ridgely, R. S., T. F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D. K. McNicol, D. W. Mehlman, B. E. Young, and J. R. Zook. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2