Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Apodiformes > Trochilidae > Cynanthus > Cynanthus latirostris

Cynanthus latirostris (Broad-billed Hummingbird)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The broad-billed hummingbird (Cynanthus latirostris) is a medium-sized hummingbird of North America. It is 9–10 cm long, and weighs approximately three to four grams.
View Wikipedia Record: Cynanthus latirostris


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.93286
EDGE Score: 2.07101


Adult Weight [1]  3 grams
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Breeding Habitat [2]  Tropical dry forests, Mexican highland forests, Desert scrub
Wintering Geography [2]  Non-migrartory
Wintering Habitat [2]  Tropical dry forests, Mexican highland forests, Desert scrub
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Nectarivore
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  10 %
Diet - Nectar [3]  90 %
Forages - Mid-High [3]  50 %
Forages - Understory [3]  50 %
Clutch Size [4]  2
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  2,000,000
Incubation [1]  17 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  8 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Bajío dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Balsas dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central Mexican matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Jalisco dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Meseta Central matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sinaloan dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bandelier National Monument V 8107 New Mexico, United States
Big Bend Biosphere Reserve National Park II 815561 Texas, United States
Carlsbad Caverns National Park II 15448 New Mexico, United States
Coronado National Monument National Memorial III 4360 Arizona, United States
Organ Pipe Cactus Biosphere Reserve 327376 Arizona, United States  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Cielo Biosphere Reserve 353161 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve VI 955579 Queretaro, Mexico  
Reserva de Mapimi Biosphere Reserve VI 849819 Chihuahua, Mexico  
Saguaro National Park II 11686 Arizona, United States
Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area V 38440 California, United States

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No

Prey / Diet

Agave marmorata[5]
Cnidoscolus multilobus[5]
Escontria chiotilla[5]
Ipomoea arborescens[5]
Opuntia huajuapensis[5]
Opuntia hyptiacantha[5]
Opuntia pilifera[5]
Pachycereus weberi[5]
Parkinsonia praecox[5]
Pilosocereus chrysacanthus[5]
Prosopis juliflora (mesquite)[5]
Stenocereus pruinosus[5]
Tecoma stans (trumpetbush)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Amazilia tzacatl (Rufous-tailed Hummingbird)1
Amazilia violiceps (Violet-crowned Hummingbird)7
Amazilia viridifrons (Green-fronted Hummingbird)1
Archilochus colubris (Ruby-throated Hummingbird)1
Baiomys taylori (northern pygmy mouse)1
Boselaphus tragocamelus (nilgai)1
Calothorax lucifer (Lucifer Sheartail)1
Calothorax pulcher (Beautiful Sheartail)3
Chaetodipus hispidus (hispid pocket mouse)1
Chaetodipus penicillatus (desert pocket mouse)1
Ctenosaura palearis (Honduran dwarf spiny-tailed iguana)1
Cynanthus sordidus (Dusky Hummingbird)6
Dipodomys ordii (Ord's kangaroo rat)1
Eugenes fulgens (Magnificent Hummingbird)4
Hylocharis leucotis (White-eared Hummingbird)2
Lampornis clemenciae (Blue-throated Mountaingem)4
Lepus alleni (Antelope Jackrabbit)1
Neotoma micropus (southern plains woodrat)1
Selasphorus platycercus (Broad-tailed Hummingbird)1
Xerospermophilus tereticaudus (round-tailed ground squirrel)1


Pollinated by 
Cynanthus latirostris (Broad-billed Hummingbird)[6]


Pollinator of 
Agastache mexicana (Mexican giant hyssop)[6]
Cynanthus latirostris (Broad-billed Hummingbird)[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum
Dallas World Aquarium
Miami Metrozoo
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
San Diego Zoo
The Living Desert Zoo and Gardens

Range Map

North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Hummingbirds and the plants they visit in the Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Biosphere Reserve, Mexico, Raúl Ortiz-Pulido, S. Anaid Díaz, Oscar I. Valle-Díaz and Ana D. Fisher, Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 83: 152-163, 2012
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access