Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Piciformes > Picidae > Dryocopus > Dryocopus pileatus
 

Dryocopus pileatus (Pileated Woodpecker)

Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus) is a very large North American woodpecker, roughly crow-sized, inhabiting deciduous forests in eastern North America, the Great Lakes, the boreal forests of Canada, and parts of the Pacific coast. It is also the largest woodpecker in the United States, except the possibly extinct Ivory-billed Woodpecker.
View Wikipedia Record: Dryocopus pileatus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
18
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.91216
EDGE Score: 1.59171

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  287 grams
Birth Weight [2]  11 grams
Female Weight [1]  270 grams
Male Weight [1]  305 grams
Weight Dimorphism [1]  13 %
Female Maturity [3]  11 months 24 days
Male Maturity [3]  1 year
Clutch Size [4]  3
Clutches / Year [3]  1
Incubation [3]  18 days
Maximum Longevity [3]  13 years
Speed [5]  22.15 MPH (9.9 m/s)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alberta Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Allegheny Highlands forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Atlantic coastal pine barrens United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cascade Mountains leeward forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central British Columbia Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Central tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Central Texas forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Edwards Plateau savanna United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Everglades United States Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Florida sand pine scrub United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Fraser Plateau and Basin complex Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Gulf of St. Lawrence lowland forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Klamath-Siskiyou forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mid-Continental Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Midwestern Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Muskwa-Slave Lake forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
New England-Acadian forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern California coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Cordillera forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern tall grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern transitional alpine forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Ozark Mountain forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Piney Woods forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Puget lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Queen Charlotte Islands Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sierra Nevada forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
South Florida rocklands United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Hudson Bay taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Texas blackland prairies United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands  

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Apostle Islands National Lakeshore II 36006 Wisconsin, United States
Bandelier National Monument V 8107 New Mexico, United States
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
Big Thicket Biosphere Reserve National Park II 616880 Texas, United States
Biscayne National Park II 11085 Florida, United States
Blackbeard Island National Wildlife Refuge IV 4842 Georgia, United States
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge VI 19192 Maryland, United States
Buffalo National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 59947 Arkansas, United States
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Cape Hatteras National Seashore II 21476 North Carolina, United States
Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge IV 8964 South Carolina, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Cascade Head Biosphere Reserve 17423 Oregon, United States
Catoctin Mountain Park National Park II 5994 Maryland, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area V 7622 Georgia, United States
Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 19586 Maryland, District of Columbia, United States
Chickasaw National Recreation Area V 7025 Oklahoma, United States
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Congaree Swamp National Park II 6095 South Carolina, United States
Coram Biosphere Reserve 7460 Montana, United States
Crater Lake National Park II 180091 Oregon, United States
Cumberland Island National Seashore II 20629 Georgia, United States
Cuyahoga Valley National Park II 24907 Ohio, United States
Elk Island National Park II 47171 Alberta, Canada
Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge VI 66133 Arkansas, United States
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Fort Pulaski National Monument V 4213 Georgia, United States
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Great Basin National Park II 77367 Nevada, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Greenwater Provincial Park II 11019 Ontario, Canada
H.J. Andrews Biosphere Reserve 15815 Oregon, United States
Heath and Marjorie Angelo Coast Range Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 7008 California, United States
Hot Springs National Park II 5740 Arkansas, United States
Hubbard Brook Biosphere Reserve 7809 New Hampshire, United States
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Jean Lafitte National Hist. Park & Preserve National Historical Park II 17686 Louisiana, United States
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge VI 28351 Louisiana, United States
Lake Chelan National Recreation Area II 606367 Washington, United States
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Lassen Volcanic National Park II 29388 California, United States
Long Point Biosphere Reserve 100325 Ontario, Canada  
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Manassas National Battlefield Park III 5132 Virginia, United States
Mount Rainier National Park II 235186 Washington, United States
Mount Tamalpais State Park 6365 California, United States
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park 20001 Tennessee, United States
Obed Wild and Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 5268 Tennessee, United States
Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge IV 38256 Florida, United States
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Ozark National Scenic Riverways National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 54621 Missouri, United States
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore II 67888 Michigan, United States
Point Reyes National Seashore II 27068 California, United States
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Prince William Forest Park 19378 District of Columbia, United States
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rondeau Provincial Park II 5035 Ontario, Canada
Salt Plains National Wildlife Refuge VI 23844 Oklahoma, United States
Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area V 38440 California, United States
Santee Coastal Reserve and Washo Reserve State Habitat Area IV 20850 South Carolina, United States  
Sequoia and Kings Canyon Biosphere Reserve II 172261 California, United States
Shenandoah National Park II 108221 Virginia, United States
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore II 62563 Michigan, United States
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Southwest Nova Biosphere Reserve 3821173 Canada  
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Virginia Coast Biosphere Reserve 33386 Virginia, United States  
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States
Waterton Biosphere Reserve II 121459 Alberta, Canada
Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge IV 26618 Alabama, United States
Whiskey-Shasta-Trinity National Recreation Area V 197791 California, United States
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Woodland Caribou Provincial Wilderness Park Provincial Park II 1072124 Ontario, Canada
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada
Yosemite National Park II 95209 California, United States

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No

Prey / Diet

Ampelocissus latifolia (American ivy)[6]
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood)[6]
Dynastes tityus (Eastern hercules beetle)[6]
Ilex opaca (American holly)[6]
Odontopus calceatus (Sassafras weevil)[6]
Prunus serotina (Black Cherry)[6]
Sambucus nigra (European black elderberry)[6]
Smilax rotundifolia (Horse Brier)[6]
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)[6]
Triatoma sanguisuga (Eastern blood-sucking cone)[6]
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)[6]
Quercus alba (White Oak)[6]
Quercus velutina (Black Oak)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acrosternum hilare (Green stinkbug)4
Aix sponsa (Wood Duck)4
Ambystoma maculatum (Spotted Salamander)1
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)2
Anaxyrus americanus americanus (Eastern American Toad)1
Anobium punctatum (furniture beetle)1
Apis mellifera (honey bee)2
Baeolophus bicolor (Tufted Titmouse)8
Bombus fervidus (Golden northern bumble bee)1
Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)6
Carduelis tristis (American Goldfinch)1
Castor canadensis (american beaver)4
Cepaea nemoralis (grovesnail)1
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)4
Corvus brachyrhynchos (American Crow)7
Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay)5
Diapheromera femorata (Common American Walkingstick)2
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)4
Dumetella carolinensis (Grey Catbird)1
Erynnis juvenalis (Juvenal's duskywing skipper)2
Incisalia henrici (Henry's Elfin)2
Lithobates sphenocephalus sphenocephalus (Florida Leopard Frog)1
Lithobates sylvaticus (Wood Frog)1
Lygocoris pabulinus (Common Green Capsid)1
Marmota monax (woodchuck)3
Melanerpes carolinus (Red-bellied Woodpecker)1
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)8
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)3
Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)4
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)7
Molothrus ater (Brown-headed Cowbird)1
Myiarchus crinitus (Great Crested Flycatcher)3
Neotoma floridana (eastern woodrat)1
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)10
Ondatra zibethicus (muskrat)2
Papilio glaucus (Eastern tiger swallowtail)2
Papilio troilus (spicebush swallowtail)1
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)8
Picoides pubescens (Downy Woodpecker)8
Piranga rubra (Summer Tanager)1
Plestiodon fasciatus (Five-lined Skink)1
Plethodon cinereus (Eastern Red-backed Salamander)1
Poecile carolinensis (Carolina Chickadee)4
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)9
Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper)1
Ptilinus pectinicornis1
Quiscalus quiscula (Common Grackle)2
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)1
Reticulitermes flavipes (eastern subterranean termite)2
Satyrium calanus (Banded hairstreak)1
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)7
Sciurus niger (eastern fox squirrel)1
Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)5
Sitta carolinensis (White-breasted Nuthatch)5
Streptopelia decaocto (Eurasian Collared-Dove)1
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)5
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)7
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)7
Terrapene carolina (Florida Box Turtle)1
Thrips atratus1
Thryothorus ludovicianus (Carolina Wren)1
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)1
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)8
Tyrannus tyrannus (Eastern Kingbird)1
Vireo olivaceus (Red-eyed Vireo)1
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)7
Zonotrichia albicollis (White-throated Sparrow)3

Predators

Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)[6]
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)[6]

Providers

Shelter 
Acer rubrum (red maple)[6]
Acer saccharinum (silver maple)[6]
Carya alba (mockernut hickory)[6]
Liquidambar styraciflua (sweetgum)[6]
Pinus strobus (Eastern white pine)[6]
Pinus taeda (Loblolly pine)[6]
Pinus virginiana (Virginia pine)[6]
Platanus mexicana (American sycamore)[6]
Robinia pseudoacacia (Post locust)[6]
Salix nigra (black willow)[6]
Ulmus americana (American elm)[6]
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)[6]
Quercus alba (White Oak)[6]
Quercus velutina (Black Oak)[6]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Capillaria longistriata <Unverified Name>[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Buttonwood Park Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardens
Florida Aquarium
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
Virginia Aquarium&Marine Science Ctr

Range Map

North America;

Audio

Play / PauseVolume
Provided by eNature via Myxer Author: Lang Elliot

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Banks R.C., 2005-12-27, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Bull, EL, and JE Jackson. 1995. Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus). In A. Poole and F. Gill, editors. The birds of North America, No. 148. The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, and The American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, DC, USA 2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 5SCALING OF MUSCLE COMPOSITION, WING MORPHOLOGY, AND INTERMITTENT FLIGHT BEHAVIOR IN WOODPECKERS, BRET W. TOBALSKE, The Auk 113(1):151-177, 1996 6Study of Northern Virginia Ecology 7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Ridgely, R. S., T. F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D. K. McNicol, D. W. Mehlman, B. E. Young, and J. R. Zook. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2