Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Piciformes > Picidae > Melanerpes > Melanerpes formicivorus
 

Melanerpes formicivorus (Acorn Woodpecker)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The acorn woodpecker (Melanerpes formicivorus) is a medium-sized woodpecker, 21 cm (8.3 in) long, with an average weight of 85 g (3.0 oz).
View Wikipedia Record: Melanerpes formicivorus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
6
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
23
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.67199
EDGE Score: 1.89792

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  80 grams
Birth Weight [3]  5 grams
Female Maturity [3]  1 year 10 months
Male Maturity [3]  2 years 1 month
Breeding Habitat [2]  Mexican pine-oak forests, Temperate western forests, Pine-oak forests
Wintering Geography [2]  Non-migrartory
Wintering Habitat [2]  Mexican pine-oak forests, Temperate western forests
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Nectarivore, Granivore
Diet - Fruit [4]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  20 %
Diet - Nectar [4]  10 %
Diet - Seeds [4]  60 %
Forages - Canopy [4]  60 %
Forages - Mid-High [4]  40 %
Clutch Size [5]  5
Clutches / Year [3]  2
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  6,500,000
Incubation [3]  14 days
Maximum Longevity [3]  16 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Arizona Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Belizean pine forests Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
California coastal sage and chaparral Mexico, United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California montane chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Cauca Valley montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American montane forests Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American pine-oak forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Chiapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Chimalapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cordillera Oriental montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Klamath-Siskiyou forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Magdalena Valley montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mojave desert United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Northern Andean páramo Ecuador, Colombia Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northern California coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwestern Andean montane forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Oaxacan montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pantanos de Centla Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Petén-Veracruz moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sierra de la Laguna pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra de los Tuxtlas Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sierra Juarez and San Pedro Martir pine-oak forests Mexico Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre de Chiapas moist forest Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sierra Madre de Oaxaca pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre del Sur pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Occidental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Nevada forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Talamancan montane forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Veracruz moist forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Willamette Valley forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, CA III 184543 California, United States
Bandelier National Monument V 8107 New Mexico, United States
Beaver Creek Biosphere Reserve 275028 Arizona, United States  
Big Bend Biosphere Reserve National Park II 815561 Texas, United States
Big Morongo Canyon Preserve Area of Critical Environmental Concern V 3906 California, United States
Boggs Lake Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 192 California, United States
Boggs Mountain Demonstration State Forest   California, United States
Cabrillo National Monument V 149 California, United States
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Carlsbad Caverns National Park II 15448 New Mexico, United States
Cerro Cacahuatique Wildlife Refuge Area de Protecciòn y Recuperaciòn Natural 594 El Salvador  
Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary   California, United States
Channel Islands National Park II 139010 California, United States
Chiricahua National Monument V 1421 Arizona, United States
Coronado National Monument National Memorial III 4360 Arizona, United States
Cosumnes River Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 2138 California, United States
Crater Lake National Park II 180091 Oregon, United States
Creighton Ranch Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 3275 California, United States  
Death Valley National Park II 762125 California, Nevada, United States
Dye Creek Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 38152 California, United States  
El Malpais National Monument III 109980 New Mexico, United States
El Morro National Monument V 960 New Mexico, United States
Elkhorn Slough Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 964 California, United States  
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge IV 352 California, United States
Fort Bowie National Historic Site III 1004 Arizona, United States
Fort Davis National Historic Site   Texas, United States
Glen Canyon National Recreation Area V 1087901 Arizona, Utah, United States
Golden Gate National Recreation Area V 26135 California, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Guadalupe Mountains National Park II 46114 Texas, United States
Heath and Marjorie Angelo Coast Range Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 7008 California, United States
Hibberd Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 1485 California, United States  
Jackson Demonstration State Forest   California, United States
Joshua Tree National Park II 305076 California, United States
Kaweah Oaks Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 319 California, United States  
Kern River Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 834 California, United States
La Amistad International Park National Park II 541617 Panama, Costa Rica  
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Landels-Hill Big Creek Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 45 California, United States
Lassen Volcanic National Park II 29388 California, United States
McGinty Mountain Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 753 California, United States  
Mojave and Colorado Deserts Biosphere Reserve 5901 California, United States  
Montecristo National Park IV 9237 El Salvador  
Montes Azules Biosphere Reserve VI 814711 Chiapas, Mexico  
Mount Tamalpais State Park 6365 California, United States
Mountain Home Demonstration State Forest   California, United States
Muir Woods National Monument V 492 California, United States
Organ Pipe Cactus Biosphere Reserve 327376 Arizona, United States  
Paine Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve 2965 California, United States    
Petrified Forest National Park II 44522 Arizona, United States
Philip L. Boyd Deep Canyon Desert Research Center 6101 California, United States
Pinnacles National Monument V 2869 California, United States
Point Reyes National Seashore II 27068 California, United States
Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve   Honduras      
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera El Cielo Biosphere Reserve 353161 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve VI 955579 Queretaro, Mexico  
Reserva de la Michilia Biosphere Reserve VI 23405 Durango, Mexico  
Reserva Natural Tambito   Colombia      
Rockville Hills Regional Park   California, United States  
Saguaro National Park II 11686 Arizona, United States
Samuel P. Taylor State Park 2694 California, United States
San Dimas Biosphere Reserve 17161 California, United States  
San Joaquin Biosphere Reserve 4527 California, United States  
Santa Cruz Island Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve 46021 California, United States
Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area V 38440 California, United States
Sequoia and Kings Canyon Biosphere Reserve II 172261 California, United States
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV 228335 New Mexico, United States
Table Mountain   California, United States      
Tomales Bay State Park 1659 California, United States
Tonto National Monument V 1123 Arizona, United States
Walnut Canyon National Monument V 3386 Arizona, United States
Whiskey-Shasta-Trinity National Recreation Area V 197791 California, United States
Williams Wildlife Preserve Wildlife Reserve   California, United States      
Yosemite National Park II 95209 California, United States

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No

Prey / Diet

Quercus castanea[6]
Quercus laeta[6]
Quercus magnoliifolia[6]
Quercus resinosa[6]
Quercus viminea (Sonoran oak)[6]
Saissetia miranda (mexican black scale)[7]
Zea mays (corn)[7]

Predators

Accipiter cooperii (Cooper's Hawk)[7]
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)[7]
Buteo albonotatus (Zone-tailed Hawk)[7]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Hymenolepis chiapaensis <Unverified Name>[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Moonridge Animal Park
The Living Desert Zoo and Gardens

Range Map

North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Koenig, WD, EL Walters, JR Walters, JS Kellam, KG Michalek, and MS Schrader. 2005. Seasonal body weight variation in five species of woodpeckers. Condor 107:810–822
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6DIET OF ACORN WOODPECKERS AT LA PRIMAVERA FOREST, JALISCO, MEXICO, VERONICA CAROLINA ROSAS-ESPINOZA, ELISA MAYA-ELIZARRARAS, OSCAR FRANCISCO REYNA BUSTOS AND FRANCISCO MARTIN HUERTA-MARTINEZ, The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 120(3):494–498, 2008
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access