Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Piciformes > Picidae > Melanerpes > Melanerpes lewis
 

Melanerpes lewis (Lewis's Woodpecker; Lewis' Woodpecker)

Synonyms: Asyndesmus lewis
Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The Lewis's woodpecker (Melanerpes lewis) is a large North American species of woodpecker which was named by ornithologist Alexander Wilson for Meriwether Lewis, one of the explorers who surveyed the areas bought by the United States of America during the Louisiana Purchase.
View Wikipedia Record: Melanerpes lewis

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
8
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
26
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.95024
EDGE Score: 2.0732

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  102 grams
Birth Weight [1]  5.6 grams
Male Weight [4]  113 grams
Clutch Size [3]  7
Incubation [2]  14 days
Migration [2]  Migratory
Speed [5]  16.33 MPH (7.3 m/s)
Wing Span [5]  20 inches (.504 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alberta Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Arizona Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Blue Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
California Central Valley grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
California coastal sage and chaparral Mexico, United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California montane chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cascade Mountains leeward forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Fraser Plateau and Basin complex Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Klamath-Siskiyou forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mojave desert United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern California coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Puget lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sierra Juarez and San Pedro Martir pine-oak forests Mexico Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre de Oaxaca pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Nevada forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tamaulipan mezquital Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Willamette Valley forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wyoming Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Arches National Park II 76539 Utah, United States
Aztec Ruins National Monument V 321 New Mexico, United States
Bandelier National Monument V 8107 New Mexico, United States
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Big Bend Biosphere Reserve National Park II 815561 Texas, United States
Big Morongo Canyon Preserve Area of Critical Environmental Concern V 3906 California, United States
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area V 36286 Montana, Wyoming, United States
Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park II 12551 Colorado, United States
Boggs Mountain Demonstration State Forest   California, United States
Bryce Canyon National Park II 36348 Utah, United States
Cabrillo National Monument V 149 California, United States
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Capital Reef National Park II 243722 Utah, United States
Capulin Volcano National Monument V 796 New Mexico, United States
Central Plains Biosphere Reserve 15345 United States  
Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary   California, United States
Channel Islands National Park II 139010 California, United States
Crater Lake National Park II 180091 Oregon, United States
Craters of the Moon National Monument V 690996 Idaho, United States
Curecanti National Recreation Area V 31032 Colorado, United States
Death Valley National Park II 762125 California, Nevada, United States
Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge Ia   Idaho, United States
Devils Tower National Monument V 1361 Wyoming, United States
Dinosaur National Monument III 203307 Colorado, Utah, United States
Dos Palmas Preserve   California, United States    
El Malpais National Monument III 109980 New Mexico, United States
El Morro National Monument V 960 New Mexico, United States
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge IV 352 California, United States
Fort Bowie National Historic Site III 1004 Arizona, United States
Fort Davis National Historic Site   Texas, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Grand Teton National Park II 231724 Wyoming, United States
Gray Lodge State Wildlife Area State Wildlife Management Area IV 8471 California, United States
Great Basin National Park II 77367 Nevada, United States
Guadalupe Mountains National Park II 46114 Texas, United States
Gulf Islands National Park National Park Reserve II 8785 British Columbia, Canada
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Heath and Marjorie Angelo Coast Range Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 7008 California, United States
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Joshua Tree National Park II 305076 California, United States
Kaweah Oaks Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 319 California, United States  
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Landels-Hill Big Creek Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 45 California, United States
Lassen Volcanic National Park II 29388 California, United States
Lava Beds National Monument III 20002 California, United States
Mesa Verde National Park II 40098 Colorado, United States
Mojave and Colorado Deserts Biosphere Reserve 5901 California, United States  
Mount Rainier National Park II 235186 Washington, United States
Mount Revelstoke National Park Ia 18 British Columbia, Canada
Natural Bridges National Monument III 7412 Utah, United States
Navajo National Monument V 604 Arizona, United States
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Oregon Caves National Monument V 456 Oregon, United States
Organ Pipe Cactus Biosphere Reserve 327376 Arizona, United States  
Petrified Forest National Park II 44522 Arizona, United States
Philip L. Boyd Deep Canyon Desert Research Center 6101 California, United States
Pinnacles National Monument V 2869 California, United States
Pipe Spring National Monument V 41 Arizona, United States
Point Reyes National Seashore II 27068 California, United States
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
Rocky Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 239938 Colorado, United States
Saguaro National Park II 11686 Arizona, United States
San Dimas Biosphere Reserve 17161 California, United States  
San Joaquin Biosphere Reserve 4527 California, United States  
Santa Cruz Island Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve 46021 California, United States
Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area V 38440 California, United States
Sequoia and Kings Canyon Biosphere Reserve II 172261 California, United States
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV 228335 New Mexico, United States
Shortgrass Steppe LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Colorado, United States
Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument V 3049 Arizona, United States
Walnut Canyon National Monument V 3386 Arizona, United States
Whiskey-Shasta-Trinity National Recreation Area V 197791 California, United States
Wind Cave National Park II 29471 South Dakota, United States
Wupatki National Monument III 36098 Arizona, United States
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yosemite National Park II 95209 California, United States
Zion National Park II 135667 Utah, United States

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No

Prey / Diet

Zea mays (corn)[6]

Predators

Accipiter cooperii (Cooper's Hawk)[6]
Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)[6]
Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)[6]

Range Map

North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 4Tieleman BI, JB Williams, ME Buschur, and CR Brown. 2003. Phenotypic variation in larks along an aridity gradient: are desert birds more flexible? Ecology 84:1800–1815 5SCALING OF MUSCLE COMPOSITION, WING MORPHOLOGY, AND INTERMITTENT FLIGHT BEHAVIOR IN WOODPECKERS, BRET W. TOBALSKE, The Auk 113(1):151-177, 1996 6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access