Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Piciformes > Picidae > Melanerpes > Melanerpes portoricensis

Melanerpes portoricensis (Puerto Rican Woodpecker)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Puerto Rican woodpecker (Melanerpes portoricensis) is the only woodpecker endemic to the archipelago of Puerto Rico and is one of the five species of the Melanerpes genus that occur in the Antilles. Furthermore, it is the only resident species of the Picidae family in Puerto Rico. The species is common in the main island of Puerto Rico and rare in the island of Vieques.
View Wikipedia Record: Melanerpes portoricensis

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.77154
EDGE Score: 1.75294


Adult Weight [1]  60 grams
Female Weight [1]  55 grams
Male Weight [1]  65 grams
Weight Dimorphism [1]  18.2 %
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  70 %
Diet - Plants [2]  10 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  10 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  30 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  40 %
Forages - Understory [2]  30 %


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Puerto Rican dry forests United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Puerto Rican moist forests United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Guanica Biosphere Reserve 9884 Puerto Rico  
Luquillo Biosphere Reserve 8617 Puerto Rico, United States  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Acantilados del Noroeste Puerto Rico (to USA) A2, B4ii  
Caño Tiburones Puerto Rico (to USA) A1, A2, A4i, B4i  
Carite Puerto Rico (to USA) A1, A2  
Ceiba and Naguabo Puerto Rico (to USA) A2  
Cienaga Las Cucharillas Puerto Rico (to USA) A1, A2  
Cordillera Central Puerto Rico (to USA) A2  
El Yunque Puerto Rico (to USA) A1, A2  
Este Central Puerto Rico (to USA) A1, A2  
Guaniquilla and Boquerón Puerto Rico (to USA) A1, A2  
Humacao Puerto Rico (to USA) A1, A2  
Jobos Bay Puerto Rico (to USA) A1, A2, A4iii, B4i
Karso del Norte Puerto Rico (to USA) A1, A2  
Karso del Sur Puerto Rico (to USA) A1, A2, A4i
Maricao and Susúa Puerto Rico (to USA) A1, A2  
Salinas de Punta Cucharas Puerto Rico (to USA) A2, B4i
Sierra Bermeja and Laguna Cartagena Puerto Rico (to USA) A1, A2
Suroeste Puerto Rico (to USA) A1, A2, A4i, A4iii, B4i
Vieques Puerto Rico (to USA) A2, B4i  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. Yes

Prey / Diet

Anolis evermanni (Emerald anole, Evermann's Anole, Small Green Anole)[3]
Anolis gundlachi (Yellow-bearded Anole)[3]
Anolis stratulus (Spotted anole, St. Thomas Anole, Banded Anole)[3]
Eleutherodactylus coqui (Coquí)[3]
Ficus citrifolia (shortleaf fig)[4]
Scolopendra alternans[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Amazona ventralis (Hispaniolan Parrot)1
Artibeus jamaicensis (Jamaican fruit-eating bat)1
Coereba flaveola (Bananaquit)1
Geotrygon montana (Ruddy Quail-Dove)1
Icterus dominicensis (Hispaniolan Oriole)1
Loxigilla portoricensis (Puerto Rican Bullfinch)1
Margarops fuscatus (Pearly-eyed Thrasher)1
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)1
Myiarchus stolidus (Stolid Flycatcher)1
Nesospingus speculiferus (Puerto Rican Tanager)1
Patagioenas leucocephala (White-crowned Pigeon)1
Patagioenas squamosa (Scaly-naped Pigeon)1
Quiscalus niger (Greater Antillean Grackle)1
Setophaga americana (Northern Parula)1
Setophaga caerulescens (Black-throated Blue Warbler)1
Setophaga discolor (Prairie Warbler)1
Setophaga ruticilla (American Redstart)1
Setophaga tigrina (Cape May Warbler)1
Tangara gyrola (Bay-headed Tanager)1
Tangara mexicana (Turquoise Tanager)1
Tiaris olivaceus (Yellow-faced Grassquit)1
Turdus plumbeus (Red-legged Thrush)1
Tyrannus caudifasciatus (Loggerhead Kingbird)1
Tyrannus dominicensis (Grey Kingbird)1
Vireo altiloquus (Black-whiskered Vireo)1
Vireo latimeri (Puerto Rican Vireo)1
Zenaida aurita (Zenaida Dove)1


Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)[3]
Buteo platypterus (Broad-winged Hawk)[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Dallas World Aquarium

Range Map




Attributes / relations provided by
1Arendt, W.J.; Faaborg, J.; Wallace, G.E.; Garrido, O.H. 2004. Biometrics of birds throughout the Greater Caribbean basin. Proceedings of the Western Foundation of Vertebrate Zoology. 8(1): 1-33.
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access