Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Piciformes > Picidae > Sphyrapicus > Sphyrapicus varius

Sphyrapicus varius (Yellow-bellied Sapsucker)

Synonyms: Sphyrapicus varius appalachiensis; Sphyrapicus varius varius
Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The yellow-bellied sapsucker (Sphyrapicus varius) is a medium-sized woodpecker found in North America, Central America and the Caribbean.
View Wikipedia Record: Sphyrapicus varius

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.6051
EDGE Score: 1.72368


Adult Weight [1]  50 grams
Birth Weight [1]  3.4 grams
Female Maturity [4]  1 year
Male Maturity [4]  1 year
Breeding Habitat [2]  Temperate eastern forests, Boreal forests
Wintering Geography [2]  Widespread
Wintering Habitat [2]  Forests
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Nectarivore, Granivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  50 %
Diet - Nectar [3]  30 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  10 %
Forages - Canopy [3]  30 %
Forages - Mid-High [3]  40 %
Forages - Understory [3]  30 %
Clutch Size [5]  5
Clutches / Year [5]  1
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  12,000,000
Incubation [5]  13 days
Maximum Longevity [4]  7 years 9 months

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve 90 Michigan, United States
Chippewa Nature Center   Michigan, United States    
Crosswinds Marsh Nature Preserve 1050 Michigan, United States
Edwin S. George Reserve 1297 Michigan, United States
Tawas Point State Park 183 Michigan, United States
Western Michigan University's Asylum Lake Preserve 274 Michigan, United States

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No

Prey / Diet

Picea abies (Norway spruce)[6]
Tilia americana (American basswood)[6]
Tsuga canadensis (Canada hemlock)[6]


Accipiter cooperii (Cooper's Hawk)[6]
Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)[6]
Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawk)[6]
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)[6]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[6]


Parasitized by 
Dasypsyllus gallinulae perpinnatus[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Houston Zoo, Inc.

Range Map

Alaska-St. Elias Range tundra; Alberta Mountain forests; Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests; Allegheny Highlands forests; Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests; Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests; Atlantic coastal pine barrens; Bahamian pine mosaic; Bahamoan-Antillean mangroves; Bajío dry forests; Balsas dry forests; Belizean pine forests; Bermuda subtropical conifer forests; Canadian Aspen forests and parklands; Caribbean; Caribbean shrublands; Central American Atlantic moist forests; Central American dry forests; Central American montane forests; Central American pine-oak forests; Central Canadian Shield forests; Central Mexican matorral; Central U.S. hardwood forests; Central and Southern mixed grasslands; Central forest-grasslands transition; Central tall grasslands; Chiapas Depression dry forests; Chiapas montane forests; Chihuahuan desert; Chimalapas montane forests; Costa Rican seasonal moist forests; Cuban cactus scrub; Cuban dry forests; Cuban moist forests; Cuban pine forests; Cuban wetlands; East Central Texas forests; Eastern Canadian forests; Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests; Eastern forest-boreal transition; Edwards Plateau savanna; Enriquillo wetlands; Everglades; Flint Hills tall grasslands; Florida sand pine scrub; Fraser Plateau and Basin complex; Gulf of St. Lawrence lowland forests; Hispaniolan dry forests; Hispaniolan moist forests; Hispaniolan pine forests; Isthmian-Pacific moist forests; Jalisco dry forests; Jamaican dry forests; Jamaican moist forests; Meseta Central matorral; Mid-Continental Canadian forests; Middle Atlantic coastal forests; Midwestern Canadian Shield forests; Miskito pine forests; Mississippi lowland forests; Motagua Valley thornscrub; New England-Acadian forests; North America; Northeastern coastal forests; Northern Pacific coastal forests; Northern mixed grasslands; Northern short grasslands; Northern tall grasslands; Oaxacan montane forests; Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga; Ozark Mountain forests; Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra; Pantanos de Centla; Petén-Veracruz moist forests; Piney Woods forests; Puerto Rican dry forests; Puerto Rican moist forests; Sierra Madre Occidental pine-oak forests; Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests; Sierra Madre de Chiapas moist forest; Sierra Madre de Oaxaca pine-oak forests; Sierra Madre del Sur pine-oak forests; Sierra de los Tuxtlas; South Florida rocklands; Southeastern conifer forests; Southeastern mixed forests; Southern Great Lakes forests; Southern Hudson Bay taiga; Southern Pacific dry forests; Talamancan montane forests; Tamaulipan matorral; Tamaulipan mezquital; Tehuacán Valley matorral; Texas blackland prairies; Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine-oak forests; Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition; Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests; Veracruz dry forests; Veracruz moist forests; Veracruz montane forests; Western Great Lakes forests; Western Gulf Coastal grasslands; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake; Western short grasslands; Yucatán dry forests; Yucatán moist forests;


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Attributes / relations provided by
1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
5LIFE HISTORY TRAITS OF OPEN- VS. CAVITY-NESTING BIRDS, Thomas E. Martin and Pingjun Li, Ecology, 73(2), 1992, pp. 579-592
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7International Flea Database
Protected Areas provided by Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve
Chippewa Nature Center
Crosswinds Marsh, Wayne County, Michigan
Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Tawas Point State Park
Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2