Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Piciformes > Picidae > Campephilus > Campephilus principalis
 

Campephilus principalis (Ivory-billed Woodpecker)

Wikipedia Abstract

The ivory-billed woodpecker (Campephilus principalis) is one of the largest woodpeckers in the world, at roughly 20 inches (51 cm) in length and 30 inches (76 cm) in wingspan. It is native to the virgin forests of the southeastern United States (along with a separate subspecies native to Cuba). Because of habitat destruction and, to a lesser extent, hunting, its numbers have dwindled to the point where it is uncertain whether any remain, though there have been reports that it has been seen again. Almost no forests today can maintain an ivory-billed woodpecker population.
View Wikipedia Record: Campephilus principalis

Infraspecies

Campephilus principalis bairdii (Cuban ivory-billed woodpecker (extinct))
Campephilus principalis principalis (Ivory-billed woodpecker)

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Campephilus principalis

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
62
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.23392
EDGE Score: 4.21572

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  1.00 lbs (454 g)
Birth Weight [1]  13 grams
Breeding Habitat [2]  Temperate eastern forests
Wintering Geography [2]  Non-migrartory
Wintering Habitat [2]  Temperate eastern forests
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  80 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  10 %
Forages - Canopy [3]  10 %
Forages - Mid-High [3]  70 %
Forages - Understory [3]  20 %
Clutch Size [1]  3
Incubation [4]  20 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Cuban moist forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Alejandro de Humboldt Cuba A1, A2, A3

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) Sites

Name  Location   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Alejandro de Humboldt Cuba

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. Yes

Prey / Diet

Magnolia grandiflora (southern magnolia)[5]
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)[5]

Range Map

North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
AZE sites provided by Alliance for Zero Extinction (2010). 2010 AZE Update.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access