Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Pycnonotidae > Pycnonotus > Pycnonotus jocosus
 

Pycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered Bulbul)

Wikipedia Abstract

The red-whiskered bulbul (Pycnonotus jocosus) is a passerine bird found in Asia. It is a member of the bulbul family. It is a resident frugivore found mainly in tropical Asia. It has been introduced in many tropical areas of the world where populations have established themselves. It feeds on fruits and small insects and they conspicuously perch on trees and their calls are a loud three or four note call. They are very common in hill forests and urban gardens within its range.
View Wikipedia Record: Pycnonotus jocosus

Infraspecies

Invasive Species

Pycnonotus jocosus (red-whiskered bulbul) is a bird native to Asia which has become invasive to several parts of the world. It has been found to damage crops, compete with native species and spread invasive plants.
View ISSG Record: Pycnonotus jocosus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
8
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
25
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.6163
EDGE Score: 2.03029

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  28 grams
Birth Weight [1]  2 grams
Clutch Size [2]  3
Clutches / Year [1]  2
Incubation [1]  12 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  11 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Andaman Islands rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cardamom Mountains rain forests Cambodia, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya freshwater swamp forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya lowland moist deciduous forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chin Hills-Arakan Yoma montane forests Myanmar, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Deccan dry-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hainan Island monsoon rain forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy freshwater swamp forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests Myanmar, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luang Prabang montane rain forests Laos, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Malabar Coast moist forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Meghalaya subtropical forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Myanmar, India, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Myanmar coastal rain forests Myanmar, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeast India-Myanmar pine forests India, Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Northeastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests China, India, Bhutan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Annamites rain forests Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Khorat Plateau moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Thailand-Laos moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle subtropical forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Vietnam lowland rain forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Orissa semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Red River freshwater swamp forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Annamites montane rain forests Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Vietnam lowland dry forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans mangroves Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ailaoshan Nature Reserve V 332544 Yunnan, China  
Ang Kep Nam Bang Phra Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand  
Bach Ma National Park II 54733 Viet Nam
Bukit Timah Nature Reserve II 411 Singapore
Bung Kroeng Kavia Non-hunting Area   Thailand      
Buxa Tiger Reserve Sanctuary IV 23685 West Bengal, India  
Cat Tien National Park II 188942 Viet Nam
Chae Son National Park II 194441 Thailand
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
Daweishan Nature Reserve V 122415 Yunnan, China  
Didingshuiyuanlin Nature Reserve V   China  
Dinghushan Nature Reserve V 2320 Guangdong, China  
Doi Ang Khang Nature Reserve   Thailand      
Doi Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary   Thailand      
Doi Inthanon National Park II 115326 Thailand  
Doi Luang National Park II 325736 Thailand  
Doi Pha Chang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 144177 Thailand  
Doi Pha Hom Pok Watershed Area National Park II 133848 Thailand  
Doi Pha Muang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 146468 Thailand  
Doi Phu Kha National Park II 472119 Thailand  
Doi Suthep-pui National Park II 70007 Thailand  
Eravikulam National Park II 39436 Kerala, India
Erawan National Park II 131204 Thailand
Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 699629 Thailand  
Kaeng Krachan National Park II 753452 Thailand
Kanha Tiger Reserve National Park II 223971 Madhya Pradesh, India
Keoladeo (Bharatpur) National Park II 7668 Rajasthan, India  
Khao Ang Ru Nai Wildlife Sanctuary IV 248699 Thailand  
Khao Banthat Wildlife Sanctuary IV 309428 Thailand  
Khao Chi On Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Khao Laem Ya - Mu Ko Samet National Park Marine National Park II 31421 Thailand
Khao Luang National Park II 143331 Thailand
Khao Phanom Bencha National Park II 12840 Thailand
Khao Pra Bang Kram Wildlife Sanctuary IV 30009 Thailand  
Khao Pu - Khao Ya National Park II 176398 Thailand
Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park II 39512 Thailand
Khao Sok National Park II 159284 Thailand
Khao Yai National Park II 542694 Thailand
Khlong Nakha Wildlife Sanctuary IV 117887 Thailand  
Khlong Phraya Wildlife Sanctuary IV 36624 Thailand  
Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 243425 Thailand  
Kudremukh National Park II 202772 Karnataka, India  
Lan Sang National Park II 26007 Thailand
Lum Nam Pai Wildlife Sanctuary IV 298416 Thailand  
Macchabee-Bel Ombre Nature Reserve Biosphere Reserve 8881 Mauritius    
Mae Ping National Park II 259897 Thailand
Mae Sa-Kog Ma Reserve   Thailand      
Mae Tuen Wildlife Sanctuary IV 307947 Thailand  
Mae Wong National Park II 221459 Thailand
Mae Yom National Park II 123569 Thailand
Mae Yuam Wildlife Sanctuary   Thailand      
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Maolan Biosphere Reserve V 79467 Guizhou, China  
Nam Ha National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 539941 Laos  
Nam Nao National Park II 240993 Thailand
Namtok Mae Surin National Park II 104414 Thailand
Nong Nam Khao Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Nong Thung Thong Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Om Koi Wildlife Sanctuary IV 299357 Thailand  
Palamau Tiger Reserve National Park II 329056 Bihar, India
Pang Sida National Park II 211956 Thailand
Phu Hin Rong Kla National Park II 75377 Thailand
Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary IV 391278 Thailand  
Phu Kradung National Park II 63197 Thailand
Phu Luang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 227671 Thailand  
Phu Rua National Park II 29733 Thailand
Prince Chumphon Park (North) Wildlife Sanctuary IV 152683 Thailand  
Pu Mat National Park IV 239739 Viet Nam  
Renuka Sanctuary IV 10296 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
Sai Thong National Park II 82313 Thailand
Salak Phra Wildlife Sanctuary IV 241622 Thailand  
Sanjay Gandhi National Park II 439343 Maharashtra, India
Shankou Mangrove Wetland Reserve 19768 Guangxi, China  
Shiwandashanshuiyuanlian National Nature Preserve National Nature Reserve V 481588 Guangxi, China  
Simlipal Tiger Reserve National Park II 103465 Orissa, India  
Sri Satchanalai National Park II 54041 Thailand
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  
Sungei Buloh Wetlands Reserve Nature Reserve IV 325 Singapore  
Thale Sap Nong Bong Khai Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Thaleban National Park Marine National Park II 49715 Thailand
Thap Lan National Park II 550979 Thailand
Thung Salaeng Luang National Park II 315222 Thailand
Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary IV 918234 Thailand  
Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 619152 Thailand  
Xishuangbanna Nature Reserve V 567531 Yunnan, China  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Ficus benghalensis (Indian banyan)[3]
Ficus drupacea (brown-woolly fig)[3]
Ficus montana (climbingfig)[3]
Ficus religiosa (peepul tree)[3]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[3]
Ficus tinctoria (fig)[3]
Ficus tsjahela[3]
Ficus virens[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)4
Acritillas indica (Yellow-browed Bulbul)3
Axis axis (chital)4
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)4
Caloramphus fuliginosus (Brown Barbet)3
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)3
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)4
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)4
Corvus macrorhynchos (Large-billed Crow)4
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)4
Dendrocitta vagabunda (Rufous Treepie)3
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)3
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)3
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)5
Gracupica nigricollis (Black-collared Starling)3
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)3
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)4
Macaca radiata (bonnet macaque)3
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)3
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)3
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)6
Megalaima rubricapillus (Crimson-fronted Barbet)3
Megalaima viridis (White-cheeked Barbet)4
Megalaima zeylanica (Brown-headed Barbet)4
Melursus ursinus (Sloth Bear)3
Ocyceros griseus (Malabar Grey Hornbill)3
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)4
Oriolus xanthornus (Black-hooded Oriole)3
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)3
Psittacula columboides (Blue-winged Parakeet)3
Psittacula cyanocephala (Plum-headed Parakeet)3
Psittacula krameri (Rose-ringed Parakeet)3
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)4
Pycnonotus aurigaster (Sooty-headed Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus cafer (Red-vented Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus luteolus (White-browed Bulbul)4
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus sinensis (Light-vented Bulbul)3
Semnopithecus entellus (Hanuman langur)3
Spodiopsar sericeus (Red-billed Starling)3
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)3
Trichoglossus haematodus (Coconut Lorikeet)3
Turdoides striata (Bengal jungle babbler)3
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)3
Zosterops japonicus (Japanese White-eye)3

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Geopetitia aspiculata <Unverified Name>[4]
Paronia pycnonoti <Unverified Name>[4]
Toxoplasma gondii <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Amazon World
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Burger's Zoo
Cologne Zoo
Copenhagen Zoo
Helsinki Zoo
Honolulu Zoo
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Kittenberger Zoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Nagyerdei Kultúrpark KHT.
Ocean Park Corporation
Ouwehand Zoo
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Rotterdam Zoo
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Stichting Nederlands Opvang Papegaaien
Taronga Zoo
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Zoo de Fuengirola (Rain Forest SL)
Zoo Decin - Pastyrska Stena
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo Krefeld GmbH
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoological Society of London
Zoologicka zahrada Ostrava
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurt
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig

Distribution

North America; Oceania;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 3"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572 4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 5Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access