Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Troglodytidae > Campylorhynchus > Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus
 

Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus (Cactus Wren)

Wikipedia Abstract

The cactus wren (Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus) is a species of wren that is native to the southwestern United States southwards to central Mexico.
View Wikipedia Record: Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
10
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
29
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.5563
EDGE Score: 2.2572

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  39 grams
Birth Weight [1]  3 grams
Female Maturity [1]  8 months 3 days
Clutch Size [2]  4
Clutches / Year [1]  3
Incubation [1]  16 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  6 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Baja California desert Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
California coastal sage and chaparral Mexico, United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California montane chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Mexican matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Edwards Plateau savanna United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of California xeric scrub Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Meseta Central matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mojave desert United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
San Lucan xeric scrub Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sierra de la Laguna pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Juarez and San Pedro Martir pine-oak forests Mexico Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Nevada forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sinaloan dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sonoran desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran-Sinaloan transition subtropical dry forest Mexico Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Tamaulipan matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tamaulipan mezquital Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands  
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Alto Golfo de California y Delta del Rio Colorado Biosphere Reserve VI 2320468 Sonora, Mexico  
Amistad National Recreation Area   Texas, United States
Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, CA III 184543 California, United States
Beaver Creek Biosphere Reserve 275028 Arizona, United States  
Big Bend Biosphere Reserve National Park II 815561 Texas, United States
Big Morongo Canyon Preserve Area of Critical Environmental Concern V 3906 California, United States
Cabrillo National Monument V 149 California, United States
Carlsbad Caverns National Park II 15448 New Mexico, United States
Casa Grande National Monument V 468 Arizona, United States
Chiricahua National Monument V 1421 Arizona, United States
Coachella Valley Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 8106 California, United States
Coronado National Monument National Memorial III 4360 Arizona, United States
Death Valley National Park II 762125 California, Nevada, United States
Dos Palmas Preserve   California, United States    
Fort Bowie National Historic Site III 1004 Arizona, United States
Fort Davis National Historic Site   Texas, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Guadalupe Mountains National Park II 46114 Texas, United States
Jornada Biosphere Reserve Ib 30913 New Mexico, United States
Joshua Tree National Park II 305076 California, United States
Kern River Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 834 California, United States
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Lake Meredith National Recreation Area V   Texas, United States
Mojave and Colorado Deserts Biosphere Reserve 5901 California, United States  
Organ Pipe Cactus Biosphere Reserve 327376 Arizona, United States  
Padre Island National Seashore II 42068 Texas, United States
Philip L. Boyd Deep Canyon Desert Research Center 6101 California, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve VI 955579 Queretaro, Mexico  
Reserva de Mapimi Biosphere Reserve VI 849819 Chihuahua, Mexico  
Saguaro National Park II 11686 Arizona, United States
San Dimas Biosphere Reserve 17161 California, United States  
Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area V 38440 California, United States
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV 228335 New Mexico, United States
Tonto National Monument V 1123 Arizona, United States
White Sands National Monument III 139922 New Mexico, United States

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No

Emblem of

Arizona

Prey / Diet

Frangula purshiana subsp. purshiana (Cascara buckthorn)[3]
Neobuxbaumia tetetzo[4]
Saissetia miranda (mexican black scale)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Amazilia violiceps (Violet-crowned Hummingbird)1
Artibeus jamaicensis (Jamaican fruit-eating bat)1
Canis latrans (Coyote)1
Choeronycteris mexicana (Mexican long-tongued bat)1
Cynanthus sordidus (Dusky Hummingbird)1
Haemorhous mexicanus (House Finch)1
Leptonycteris curasoae (southern long-nosed bat)1
Leptonycteris nivalis (Mexican long-nosed bat)1
Melanerpes hypopolius (Grey-breasted Woodpecker)1
Passerina versicolor (Varied Bunting)1
Picoides scalaris (Ladder-backed Woodpecker)1
Pogonomyrmex barbatus (red harvester ant)1
Spinus psaltria (Lesser Goldfinch)1
Toxostoma curvirostre (Curve-billed Thrasher)1
Urocyon cinereoargenteus (Gray Fox)1

Predators

Glaucidium brasilianum cactorum (cactus ferruginous pygmy-owl)[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum

Range Map

North America;

Audio

Play / PauseVolume
Provided by eNature via Myxer Author: Lang Elliot

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2rangeMapper - A package for easy generation of biodiversity (species richness) or life-history traits maps using species geographical ranges, Mihai Valcu and James Dale, 2011 3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 4THE ROLE OF SEED DISPERSERS IN THE POPULATION DYNAMICS OF THE COLUMNAR CACTUS NEOBUXBAUMIA TETETZO, HÉCTOR GODÍNEZ-ALVAREZ, ALFONSO VALIENTE-BANUET, AND ALBERTO ROJAS-MARTÍNEZ, Ecology, 83(9), 2002, pp. 2617-2629 5The Cactus Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl: Taxonomy, Distribution, and Natural History, Jean-Luc E. Cartron, W. Scott Richardson, Glenn A. Proudfoot, USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-43. 2000
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2