Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Vireonidae > Vireo > Vireo altiloquus
 

Vireo altiloquus (Black-whiskered Vireo)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The black-whiskered vireo (Vireo altiloquus) is a small passerine bird, which breeds in southern Florida, USA, and the West Indies as far south as the offshore islands of Venezuela. It is a partial migrant, with northern birds wintering from the Greater Antilles to northern South America. This species has occurred as a rare vagrant to Costa Rica.The breeding habitat is open deciduous wooded areas and cultivation, and in Florida also mangroves.
View Wikipedia Record: Vireo altiloquus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
18
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.95801
EDGE Score: 1.601

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  17.9 grams
Clutch Size [2]  2
Migration [3]  Intercontinental

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Amazon-Orinoco-Southern Caribbean mangroves Brazil, Columbia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela Neotropic Mangroves  
Apure-Villavicencio dry forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Araya and Paria xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Bahamian pine mosaic Bahamas Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Bahamoan-Antillean mangroves Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Mangroves      
Caqueta moist forests Brazil, Columbia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Caribbean shrublands France, United Kingdom, Dominica, St. Lucia, Netherlands Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands      
Catatumbo moist forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cauca Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chocó-Darién moist forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera La Costa montane forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera Oriental montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cuban cactus scrub Cuba Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Cuban dry forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Cuban moist forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cuban pine forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Cuban wetlands Cuba Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Eastern Panamanian montane forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Enriquillo wetlands Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Everglades United States Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Guianan Freshwater swamp forests Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Highlands moist forests Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan moist forests Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan savanna Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gurupa varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hispaniolan dry forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Hispaniolan moist forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hispaniolan pine forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Jamaican dry forests Jamaica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Jamaican moist forests Jamaica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Japurá-Solimoes-Negro moist forests Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Juruá-Purus moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
La Costa xeric shrublands Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Lara-Falcón dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Leeward Islands moist forests St. Kitts and Nevis, Antigua & Barbuda Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lesser Antillean dry forests Grenada, St. Lucia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Llanos Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Madeira-Tapajós moist forests Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena-Urabá moist forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maracaibo dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Mato Grosso seasonal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mesoamerican Gulf-Caribbean mangroves Bahamas, United Kingdom Neotropic Mangroves
Monte Alegre varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Negro-Branco moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco Delta swamp forests Venezuela, Guyana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco wetlands Venezuela Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Pantepuis Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Paraguana xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Puerto Rican dry forests United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Puerto Rican moist forests United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus-Madeira moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Rio Negro campinarana Brazil, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Santa Marta montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sinú Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Solimões-Japurá moist forest Brazil, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Florida rocklands United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southwest Amazon moist forests Peru, Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tapajós-Xingu moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Trinidad and Tobago moist forests Trinidad and Tobago Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Uatuma-Trombetas moist forests Brazil, Guyana, Suriname Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Venezuelan Andes montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Windward Islands moist forests Martinique, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Banco Chinchorro Biosphere Reserve VI 358906 Mexico    
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
Biscayne National Park II 11085 Florida, United States
Buenavista Wetland Reserve 778949 Cuba    
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Ciénaga de Zapata National Park 1606900 Cuba  
Desecheo National Wildlife Refuge   Puerto Rico, United States
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Guadeloupe Archipelago Biosphere Reserve 172250 Guadeloupe  
Luquillo Biosphere Reserve 8617 Puerto Rico, United States  
Parque Nacional Henri Pittier National Park 218030 Venezuela  
Pico Mogote Ecological Reserve II 3698 Cuba  
Saba Marine Park National Marine Park II 5573 Netherlands Antilles  
Sandy Point National Wildlife Refuge IV 507 Virgin Islands, United States  
Seaflower Marine Protected Area 15125514 Colombia      
Tuabaquey - Limones Ecological Reserve II 4859 Cuba  
Virgin Islands Biosphere Reserve 15148 Virgin Islands, United States  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Prey / Diet

Alchornea latifolia (achiotillo)[4]
Bursera arborea (gumbo limbo)[4]
Casearia guidonia (American muskwood)[4]
Cecropia polystachya (Trumpet tree)[4]
Cupania americana (wild ackee)[4]
Eleutherodactylus coqui (Coquí)[5]
Eleutherodactylus eneidae (Mottled Coqui)[5]
Eleutherodactylus hedricki (Tree-hole Coqui)[5]
Eleutherodactylus portoricensis (Puerto Rican Coqui)[5]
Eleutherodactylus richmondi (Ground Coqui)[5]
Eleutherodactylus wightmanae (Wrinkled Coqui)[5]
Ficus citrifolia (shortleaf fig)[6]
Gonatista grisea (Grizzled bark mantid)[5]
Inga vera (river koko)[4]
Miconia prasina (granadillo bobo)[4]
Myrsine coriacea (leathery colicwood)[4]
Schefflera morototoni[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alouatta palliata (mantled howler monkey)2
Alouatta pigra (Mexican black howler monkey)1
Amazona aestiva (Turquoise-fronted Amazon)1
Amazona albifrons (White-fronted Parrot)1
Amazona auropalliata (Yellow-naped Parrot)1
Amazona ventralis (Hispaniolan Parrot)1
Aratinga acuticaudata (Blue-crowned Parakeet)1
Aratinga aurea (Peach-fronted Parakeet)1
Artibeus jamaicensis (Jamaican fruit-eating bat)2
Ateles chamek (Chamek spider monkey)1
Ateles geoffroyi (Central American spider monkey)2
Ateles paniscus (black spider monkey)1
Bradypus tridactylus (Pale-throated Three-toed Sloth)1
Brotogeris chiriri (Yellow-chevroned Parakeet)1
Brotogeris jugularis (Orange-chinned Parakeet)1
Carollia perspicillata (Seba's short-tailed bat)1
Carpodectes antoniae (Yellow-billed Cotinga)1
Cebus capucinus (white-faced capuchin)2
Chiroderma villosum (hairy big-eyed bat)1
Chiropotes satanas (brown-bearded saki)1
Chlorophanes spiza (Green Honeycreeper)2
Coereba flaveola (Bananaquit)2
Cyanocorax chrysops (Plush-crested Jay)1
Dacnis cayana (Blue Dacnis)2
Dermanura phaeotis (pygmy fruit-eating bat)1
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)1
Euphonia affinis (Scrub Euphonia)1
Euphonia musica (Antillean Euphonia)2
Euphonia violacea (Violaceous Euphonia)1
Geotrygon montana (Ruddy Quail-Dove)1
Glossophaga soricina (Pallas's long-tongued bat)1
Hemithraupis guira (Guira Tanager)1
Icterus dominicensis (Greater Antillean Oriole)1
Iguana iguana (Common Green Iguana)1
Loxigilla portoricensis (Puerto Rican Bullfinch)10
Margarops fuscatus (Pearly-eyed Thrasher)5
Melanerpes portoricensis (Puerto Rican Woodpecker)1
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)1
Mitu salvini (Salvin's Curassow)1
Myiarchus stolidus (Stolid Flycatcher)1
Myiopsitta monachus (Monk Parakeet)1
Nasua nasua (South American Coati)1
Nesospingus speculiferus (Puerto Rican Tanager)6
Oxyruncus cristatus (Sharpbill)1
Patagioenas leucocephala (White-crowned Pigeon)1
Patagioenas squamosa (Scaly-naped Pigeon)1
Penelope purpurascens (Crested Guan)1
Phibalura flavirostris (Swallow-tailed Cotinga)1
Phyllops falcatus (Cuban fig-eating bat)1
Phyllostomus discolor (pale spear-nosed bat)1
Pipra erythrocephala (Golden-headed Manakin)1
Potos flavus (Kinkajou)1
Primolius auricollis (Yellow-collared Macaw)1
Pyrrhura molinae (Green-cheeked Parakeet)2
Quiscalus niger (Greater Antillean Grackle)1
Ramphastos vitellinus (Channel-billed Toucan)1
Ramphocelus carbo (Silver-beaked Tanager)2
Rhodothraupis celaeno (Crimson-collared Grosbeak)1
Rupicola rupicola (Guianan Cock-of-the-rock)1
Saguinus leucopus (silvery-brown bare-face tamarin)2
Saimiri sciureus (South American squirrel monkey)1
Sapajus apella (brown capuchin)1
Setophaga americana (Northern Parula)1
Setophaga caerulescens (Black-throated Blue Warbler)1
Setophaga discolor (Prairie Warbler)1
Setophaga ruticilla (American Redstart)1
Setophaga tigrina (Cape May Warbler)1
Spindalis portoricensis (Puerto Rican Spindalis)6
Spinus cucullatus (Red Siskin)1
Sturnira lilium (little yellow-shouldered bat)1
Tachyphonus rufus (White-lined Tanager)2
Tangara guttata (Speckled Tanager)1
Tangara gyrola (Bay-headed Tanager)3
Tangara mexicana (Turquoise Tanager)2
Tersina viridis (Swallow Tanager)1
Thraupis episcopus (Blue-grey Tanager)2
Thraupis palmarum (Palm Tanager)2
Tiaris olivaceus (Yellow-faced Grassquit)1
Turdus leucomelas (Pale-breasted Thrush)1
Turdus plumbeus (Red-legged Thrush)4
Turdus rufiventris (Rufous-bellied Thrush)1
Tyrannus caudifasciatus (Loggerhead Kingbird)1
Tyrannus dominicensis (Grey Kingbird)1
Uroderma bilobatum (tent-making bat)1
Vampyressa pusilla (little yellow-eared bat)1
Vampyriscus nymphaea (striped yellow-eared bat)1
Vireo latimeri (Puerto Rican Vireo)1
Vireo olivaceus (Red-eyed Vireo)1
Zenaida aurita (Zenaida Dove)1
Zonotrichia capensis (Rufous-collared Sparrow)1

Predators

Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawk)[5]
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)[5]
Buteo platypterus (Broad-winged Hawk)[5]

Range Map

Caribbean; North America;

Audio

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Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1FEEDING ECOLOGY OF THE BLACK-WHISKERED VIREO AND ASSOCIATED GLEANING BIRDS IN JAMAICA, ALEXANDER CRUZ, Wilson Bull., 92(1), 1980, pp. 40-52 2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 4Avian fruit preferences across a Puerto Rican forested landscape: pattern consistency and implications for seed removal, Tomás A. Carlo, Jaime A. Collazo and Martha J. Groom, Oecologia (2003) 134:119–131 5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 6"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2