Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Icteridae > Icterus > Icterus icterus
 

Icterus icterus (Venezuelan Troupial; Troupial)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Venezuelan troupial (Icterus icterus) is the national bird of Venezuela and one of about 25 or so species of New World orioles. It is found in Colombia, Venezuela, and the Caribbean islands of Aruba, Curaçao, Bonaire, and Puerto Rico. Previously forming a superspecies simply named Turpial, it was recently split together with the orange-backed troupial and Campo troupial.
View Wikipedia Record: Icterus icterus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
19
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.23338
EDGE Score: 1.65506

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  72 grams
Female Weight [1]  67 grams
Male Weight [1]  77 grams
Weight Dimorphism [1]  14.9 %
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Endothermic [2]  10 %
Diet - Fruit [2]  40 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  50 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  30 %
Forages - Understory [2]  50 %
Forages - Ground [2]  20 %
Clutch Size [3]  3

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Apure-Villavicencio dry forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Araya and Paria xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Catatumbo moist forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera La Costa montane forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
La Costa xeric shrublands Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Lara-Falcón dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Llanos Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Maracaibo dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Paraguana xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Santa Marta montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sinú Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bahuaja-Sonene National Park II 2716956 Madre de Dios (Puerto Maldonado), Peru  
Cinaruco-Capanaparo National Park II 1664173 Venezuela  
Cordillera Azul National Park 3367365 Huanuco, Peru  
Defensores del Chaco National Park II 1792493 Paraguay  
Estación Biológica El Frío 57221 Venezuela  
Estacion Biologica Beni Biosphere Reserve VI 335178 Bolivia  
Imataca Forest Reserve VI 13252422 Venezuela  
Madidi National Park II 3194501 Bolivia  
Manú National Park II 4213523 Cusco, Peru  
Morrocoy National Park 63672 Venezuela  
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Otishi National Park 760925 Peru  
Parque Nacional Henri Pittier National Park 218030 Venezuela  
Río Negro National Park II 73775 Paraguay  
Río Pilcomayo National Park II 123699 Formosa, Argentina
Reserva de la Biosfera de Yasuni Biosphere Reserve 4156313 Ecuador  
Sierra del Divisor Reserve Zone 3652986 Peru      
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (incl. Tayrona NP) National Park II 1031303 Colombia  
Tinfunqué National Park 607935 Paraguay  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No

Emblem of

Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic Of

Prey / Diet

Polybia ignobilis[4]
Polybia occidentalis[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Audubon Aquarium of the Americas
Barranquilla Zoo
Central Park Zoo
Dallas World Aquarium
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizontejamaicaii
Fundacion Zoologica de Cali
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
Miller Park Zoo
Reid Park Zoo
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
Santa Ana Zoo
Tracy Aviary
Woodland Park Zoological Gardens

Range Map

Caribbean;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Arendt, W.J.; Faaborg, J.; Wallace, G.E.; Garrido, O.H. 2004. Biometrics of birds throughout the Greater Caribbean basin. Proceedings of the Western Foundation of Vertebrate Zoology. 8(1): 1-33.
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4Raw, A. (1997). Avian predation on individual neotropical social wasps (Hymenoptera, Vespidae) outside their nests. Ornitologia neotropical, 8, 89-92.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access