Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Fringillidae > Coccothraustes > Coccothraustes coccothraustes
 

Coccothraustes coccothraustes (Hawfinch)

Wikipedia Abstract

The hawfinch (Coccothraustes coccothraustes) is a passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae. Its closest living relatives are the evening grosbeak (Hesperiphona vespertinus) from North America and the hooded grosbeak (Hesperiphona abeillei) from Central America especially Mexico. This bird breeds across Europe and temperate Asia. It is mainly resident in Europe, but many Asian birds migrate further south in the winter. It is a rare vagrant to the western islands of Alaska.
View Wikipedia Record: Coccothraustes coccothraustes

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
13
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
32
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 10.3522
EDGE Score: 2.42941

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  57 grams
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  10 %
Diet - Plants [2]  40 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  30 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  20 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  60 %
Forages - Understory [2]  20 %
Clutch Size [4]  5
Clutches / Year [3]  1
Incubation [3]  12 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  13 years
Wing Span [3]  12 inches (.31 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe Kazahkstan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Amur meadow steppe China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Bohai Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas  
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Central Afghan Mountains xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Daurian forest steppe China, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Elburz Range forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests    
Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Nenjiang River grassland China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Ordos Plateau steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Paropamisus xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Qilian Mountains conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qilian Mountains subalpine meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qionglai-Minshan conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Sichuan Basin evergreen broadleaf forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Suiphun-Khanka meadows and forest meadows China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tarim Basin deciduous forests and steppe China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tibetan Plateau alpine shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Yellow Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, DELTA LOUROU KAI ARACHTHOU (PETRA, MYTIKAS, EVRYTERI PERIOCHI) 71136 Greece  
ANTICHASIA ORI KAI METEORA 178032 Greece  
Aggtelek Biosphere Reserve National Park II 59233 Hungary
Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge Ib 2347132 Alaska, United States
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
Alsó-Tisza-völgy 88306 Hungary  
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Baikalskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 458883 Russia  
Barguzinskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 924970 Buryatia, Russia
Bayerischer Wald National Park II 59790 Germany
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU KAI EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PET 109185 Greece  
DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU, EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PETALA 87747 Greece  
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Dolomiti Feltrine e Bellunesi 77549 Italy  
ETHNIKOS DRYMOS PRESPON 65762 Greece  
Eastern Beskid National Park II 68484 Poland  
Felsõ-kiskunsági szikes puszták és turjánvidék 103542 Hungary  
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
HURDES 66675 Spain  
Harsovska Reka 87546 Bulgaria  
KARLA - MAVROVOUNI - KEFALOVRYSO VELESTINOU - NEOCHORI 107331 Greece  
KATO OLYMPOS, OROS GODAMANI KAI KOILADA RODIAS 60719 Greece  
KOILADA ACHELOOU KAI ORI VALTOU 115492 Greece  
KOILADA TIMIOU PRODROMOU-MENOIKION 73269 Greece  
KORYFES OROUS GRAMMOS 84898 Greece  
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Kiskunsági szikes tavak és az õrjegi turjánvidék 88335 Hungary  
Krivoklatsko Protected Landscape Area V 155267 Czech Republic  
Krkonose National Park V 95995 Czech Republic  
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
Kugitang Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 77308 Turkmenistan  
LA SERENA Y SIERRAS PERIFÉRICAS 379806 Spain  
LIMNES KAI LIMNOTHALASSES TIS THRAKIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI 72787 Greece  
LIMNES KORONEIAS - VOLVIS, STENA RENTINAS KAI EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 399400 Greece  
LIMNES VOLVI KAI LAGKADA - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 66589 Greece  
LIMNI KERKINI - KROUSIA - KORYFES OROUS BELES, ANGISTRO - CHAROPO 193493 Greece  
LOS ALCORNOCALES 414561 Spain  
La Gallinola - Monte Miletto - Monti del Matese 61781 Italy  
Lagorai 114140 Italy  
Lake Torne Area Biosphere Reserve 238457 Sweden  
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
MONFRAGÜE Y LAS DEHESAS DEL ENTORNO 287016 Spain  
Monti Nebrodi 173651 Italy  
Mordovsky Zapovednik Ia 79439 Mordovia, Russia
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
NOTIO DASIKO SYMPLEGMA EVROU 72341 Greece  
NOTIODYTIKI CHERSONISOS, APOLITHOMENO DASOS LESVOU 71214 Greece    
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
OREINOS EVROS - KOILADA DEREIOU 120853 Greece  
OROS CHOLOMONTAS 65270 Greece  
OROS MAVROVOUNI 91743 Greece  
OROS OSSA 59617 Greece  
OROS OTHRYS, VOUNA GKOURAS KAI FARANGI PALAIOKERASIAS 76799 Greece  
OROS PARNASSOS 84965 Greece  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
PARAPOTAMIO DASOS VOREIOU EVROU KAI ARDA 64079 Greece  
PERIOCHI THESSALIKOU KAMPOU 236223 Greece  
PUERTO PEÑA - LOS GOLONDRINOS 82543 Spain  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Parco Regionale Orobie Bergamasche 121015 Italy  
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Pflaelzerwald Nature Park V 438818 Germany
Prespa National Park II 62043 Greece  
Puszcza Kampinoska Biosphere Reserve 188373 Poland  
Reserva de Grazalema Nature Park V 126034 Spain  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve VI 955579 Queretaro, Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Nevada Biosphere Reserve 424147 Spain  
Reserve de la Biosphere de Charlevoix Biosphere Reserve 1383790 Canada  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
RÍO GUADALOPE - MAESTRAZGO 133800 Spain  
RÍO HUERVA Y LAS PLANAS 74804 Spain  
SIERRA DE LAS VILLUERCAS Y VALLE DEL GUADARRANQUE 188630 Spain  
SIERRA NEVADA 424554 Spain  
SIERRA NORTE 438558 Spain  
SIERRA SUBBETICA 79212 Spain  
SIERRAS DE CAZORLA, SEGURA Y LAS VILLAS 519222 Spain  
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
South Pennine Moors 160577 England, United Kingdom  
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Sumava Biosphere Reserve 412955 Czech Republic  
Syunt-Khasardagh Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 105306 Turkmenistan  
Teberdinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 210198 Karachay-Cherkessia, Russia
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
Tsentral'no-Sibirskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 2521510 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
VIÑAMALA 62053 Spain  
VOUNA EVROU 104705 Greece  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No

Prey / Diet

Alnus glutinosa (European alder)[5]
Betula pendula (European white birch)[5]
Betula pubescens (downy birch)[5]
Cornus sanguinea (bloodtwig dogwood)[6]
Corylus avellana (common filbert)[5]
Crataegus heterophylla (Common Hawthorn)[6]
Larix decidua (European larch)[5]
Phillyrea latifolia[7]
Picea abies (Norway spruce)[5]
Pistacia lentiscus (mastic tree)[7]
Prunus avium (Wild Cherry)[6]
Prunus spinosa (Blackthorn)[6]
Quercus robur (Pedunculate Oak)[5]
Sorbus aucuparia (Mountain Ash)[6]
Taxus baccata (Common yew)[6]
Yponomeuta evonymella (Full-spotted Ermel Moth)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acanthis flammea (Common Redpoll)5
Acronicta alni (Alder Moth)5
Acronicta leporina (miller)4
Acronicta psi (Grey Dagger Moth)4
Aethalura punctulata (Grey Birch)4
Agelastica alni (Alder Leaf Beetle)3
Amphipyra pyramidea4
Anoplus plantaris3
Apocheima hispidaria3
Apoderus coryli3
Argyresthia goedartella3
Attelabus nitens4
Bison bonasus (European bison)4
Biston betularia (peppered moth)4
Biston strataria (Oak Beauty)3
Blepharidopterus angulatus (Black-kneed Capsid)5
Byctiscus betulae (Hazel Leaf Roller)3
Cabera exanthemata (Common Wave Moth)3
Cabera pusaria (Common White Wave Moth)5
Calliteara pudibunda (Pale Tussock)3
Campaea margaritata (Light Emerald Moth)4
Capreolus capreolus (western roe deer)4
Chloroclysta miata4
Coleophora serratella (birch casebearer)4
Colocasia coryli (Nut-tree Tussock)5
Colotois pennaria (Feathered Thorn)4
Cosmia trapezina (Dun-bar)4
Cossus cossus (Goat Moth)4
Crocallis elinguaria (Scalloped Oak Moth)3
Cyanistes caeruleus (Blue Tit)5
Cyclophora albipunctata (Birch Mocha)3
Diurnea fagella3
Drepana curvatula (Dusky Hook-tip Moth)4
Drepana falcataria (Pebble Hook-tip)4
Ectropis crepuscularia (small engrailed)3
Electrophaes corylata (Broken-barred Carpet Moth)4
Ennomos autumnaria (Large Thorn)3
Erannis defoliaria (Mottled Umber Moth)4
Eriogaster lanestris (Small Eggar)4
Eupsilia transversa (Satellite)3
Fringilla coelebs (Common Chaffinch)3
Furcula bicuspis (Alder Kitten)3
Geometra papilionaria (Large Emerald)4
Glis glis (fat dormouse)3
Herminia grisealis (Small Fan-foot)4
Hydrelia sylvata (Waved Carpet)3
Incurvaria pectinea3
Jodis lactearia (Little Emerald)4
Kleidocerys resedae (Birch Catkin Bug)3
Lacanobia contigua (Beautiful Brocade)3
Lophophanes cristatus (European Crested Tit)4
Lycia hirtaria (Brindled Beauty Moth)4
Lygocoris pabulinus (Common Green Capsid)3
Lymantria monacha (Black Arches, Nun Moth)3
Melanchra persicariae (Dot Moth)3
Metriotes lutarea3
Mimas tiliae (Lime Hawk-moth)4
Notodonta dromedarius (Iron Prominent)3
Ochropacha duplaris (Common Lutestring Moth)5
Odontopera bidentata (Scalloped Hazel)6
Operophtera brumata (winter moth)3
Orgyia antiqua (Rusty Tussock Moth)3
Orthosia cruda (Small Quaker)3
Orthosia incerta (Clouded Drab)4
Parus major (Great Tit)4
Pechipogo strigilata4
Phalera bucephala (Buff-tip)5
Phigalia pilosaria (Pale Brindled Beauty)5
Phlogophora meticulosa (Angle Shades Moth)4
Plagodis dolabraria (Scorched Wing)3
Plagodis pulveraria (Barred Umber Moth)4
Poecilocampa populi (December Moth)4
Polia nebulosa (Grey Arches)3
Ptilodon capucina (Coxcomb Prominent)5
Saturnia pavonia (Emperor moth)4
Sciurus vulgaris (Eurasian red squirrel)3
Selenia tetralunaria (Purple Thorn)4
Sitta europaea (Eurasian Nuthatch)3
Spinus spinus (Eurasian Siskin)4
Stauropus fagi (Lobster Moth)4
Synanthedon spheciformis (White-barred Clearwing )3
Syndemis musculana3
Trichiura crataegi (Pale Eggar)4

Predators

Asio otus (Long-eared Owl)[5]
Falco columbarius (Merlin)[5]
Milvus migrans (Black Kite)[5]
Strix aluco (Tawny Owl)[5]

Providers

Shelter 
Fagus sylvatica (European beech)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anonchotaenia globata <Unverified Name>[8]
Brachylaima fuscatus[8]
Ceratophyllus fringillae[9]
Dasypsyllus gallinulae gallinulae[9]
Leucochloridium sime <Unverified Name>[8]
Ornithofilaria mavis <Unverified Name>[8]
Orthoskrjabinia bobica <Unverified Name>[8]
Orthoskrjabinia conica <Unverified Name>[8]
Tamerlania japonica <Unverified Name>[8]
Tamerlania zarudnyi <Unverified Name>[8]
Urogonimus cardis <Unverified Name>[8]
Urogonimus macrostomum <Unverified Name>[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Alpenzoo Innsbruck - Tirol
Kittenberger Zoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Moscow Zoological Park
Parc Merveilleux
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
Tallinn Zoo
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Wilhelma Zoo
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zoo Dortmund
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertal

Distribution

North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3British Trust for Ornithology
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Ecology of Commanster
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7Recruitment of a Mast-Fruiting, Bird-Dispersed Tree: Bridging Frugivore Activity and Seedling Establishment, Carlos M. Herrera, Pedro Jordano, Luis López-Soria, Juan A. Amat, Ecological Monographs, 64(3), 1994, pp. 315-344
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
9International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access