Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Fringillidae > Pyrrhula > Pyrrhula pyrrhula
 

Pyrrhula pyrrhula (Eurasian Bullfinch)

Wikipedia Abstract

The bullfinch, common bullfinch or Eurasian bullfinch (Pyrrhula pyrrhula) is a small passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae. In Anglophone Europe it is known simply as bullfinch, as it is the original bird to bear the name bullfinch.
View Wikipedia Record: Pyrrhula pyrrhula

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
5
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
20
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.66959
EDGE Score: 1.73512

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  24 grams
Birth Weight [2]  2.4 grams
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Clutch Size [4]  5
Incubation [3]  15 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  18 years
Speed [5]  29.97 MPH (13.4 m/s)
Wing Span [5]  11 inches (.27 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Amur meadow steppe China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Azores temperate mixed forests Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
East Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Gobi desert steppe China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Hokkaido deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Hokkaido montane conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Honshu alpine conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Kamchatka Mountain tundra and forest tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Kamchatka-Kurile meadows and sparse forests Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Kamchatka-Kurile taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains alpine meadow Mongolia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains conifer forests Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Nenjiang River grassland China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Nihonkai evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Nihonkai montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Sakhalin Island taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sayan Intermontane steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South Sakhalin-Kurile mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
South Siberian forest steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Suiphun-Khanka meadows and forest meadows China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Taiheiyo evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiheiyo montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Trans-Baikal Bald Mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Trans-Baikal conifer forests Russia, Mongolia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ural montane forests and tundra Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
West Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Western Siberian hemiboreal forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
ALTO CINCA 36250 Spain  
Aggtelek Biosphere Reserve National Park II 59233 Hungary
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
Alpi Carniche 48186 Italy  
Alpi Marittime 83205 Italy  
Alsó-Tisza-völgy 88306 Hungary  
Alte Valli Anzasca, Antrona e Bognanco 53311 Italy  
Alte Valli Pesio e Tanaro 27869 Italy  
Alte Valli Stura e Maira 103806 Italy  
Alto Garda Bresciano 53192 Italy  
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Baikalskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 458883 Russia  
Barguzinskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 924970 Buryatia, Russia
Bayerischer Wald National Park II 59790 Germany
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berchtesgaden Alps National Park II 51433 Germany
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Boschi del Ticino 50788 Italy  
Bükk-hegység és peremterületei 164079 Hungary  
COTIELLA - SIERRA FERRERA 62948 Spain  
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Dee Estuary/ Aber Dyfrdwy 39057 England/Wales, United Kingdom
EL TURBÓN Y SIERRA DE SÍS 60101 Spain  
Eastern Beskid National Park II 68484 Poland  
Elimyssalon alue 20492 Finland  
Felsõ-kiskunsági szikes puszták és turjánvidék 103542 Hungary  
Firth of Tay & Eden Estuary 38085 Scotland, United Kingdom
Fiume Po - tratto vercellese alessandrino 34859 Italy  
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Grigne 17695 Italy  
Gruppo del Monviso e Bosco dell'Alevè 17871 Italy  
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Joutsenaapa - Kaita-aapa 31592 Finland  
Karkonosze National Park II 45907 Poland
Katunsky Biosphere Reserve 393162 Altai, Russia
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Killarney National Park II 25482 Ireland
Kiskunsag Biosphere Reserve II 54598 Hungary  
Kiskunsági szikes tavak és az õrjegi turjánvidék 88335 Hungary  
Kivach Zapovednik IV 26885 Karelia, Russia
Krivoklatsko Protected Landscape Area V 155267 Czech Republic  
Krkonose National Park V 95995 Czech Republic  
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
LA SERENA Y SIERRAS PERIFÉRICAS 379806 Spain  
LOS VALLES 79029 Spain  
Lake Torne Area Biosphere Reserve 238457 Sweden  
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Luiron suot 31111 Finland  
MONFRAGÜE Y LAS DEHESAS DEL ENTORNO 287016 Spain  
Mont Ventoux Biosphere Reserve 198594 France  
Monte Carpegna e Sasso Simone e Simoncello 19185 Italy  
Monte Catria, Monte Acuto e Monte della Strega 21953 Italy  
Monte di Scerscen - Ghiacciai di Scerscen - Monte Motta 23885 Italy  
Mordovsky Zapovednik Ia 79439 Mordovia, Russia
Northern Karelian Biosphere Reserve 864869 Finland  
ORDESA Y MONTE PERDIDO 38568 Spain  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
POSETS - MALADETA 82205 Spain  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Parco Naturale Adamello 53676 Italy  
Parco Nazionale dello Stelvio National Park V 333737 Italy
Parco Regionale Orobie Bergamasche 121015 Italy  
Parco Regionale Orobie Valtellinesi 56377 Italy  
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Pflaelzerwald Nature Park V 438818 Germany
Polana Biosphere Reserve 50311 Slovakia  
Prespa National Park II 62043 Greece  
Puszcza Kampinoska Biosphere Reserve 188373 Poland  
Rahjan saaristo 20710 Finland    
Reserva de Ordesa-Vinamala Biosphere Reserve 127002 Spain  
Reserve Nationale de Camargue Biosphere Reserve 32232 France  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
SIERRA DE MONCAYO - LOS FAYOS - SIERRA DE ARMAS 44956 Spain  
SIERRAS DE SANTO DOMINGO Y CABALLERA Y RÍO ONSELLA 88167 Spain  
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Shiga Highland Biosphere Reserve 32124 Honshu, Japan  
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Stora Sjofallet National Park II 314943 Sweden
Sumava Biosphere Reserve 412955 Czech Republic  
Tatra Mountains Biosphere Reserve 44247 Poland  
Teberdinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 210198 Karachay-Cherkessia, Russia
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
Tsentral'no-Sibirskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 2521510 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
VIÑAMALA 62053 Spain  
Val Formazza 54914 Italy  
Val Troncea 25032 Italy  
Vessertal-Thuringian Forest Biosphere Reserve 42250 Germany  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    
Zempléni-hegység a Szerencsi-dombsággal és a Hernád-völggyel 284651 Hungary  

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Japan Japan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No

Prey / Diet

Crataegus monogyna (Common Hawthorn)[6]
Fagus sylvatica (European beech)[7]
Frangula alnus subsp. alnus (Glossy Buckthorn)[6]
Geranium robertianum (Robert geranium)[6]
Ligustrum vulgare (European privet)[6]
Malus sylvestris (Crab Apple)[7]
Mesembrina meridiana (Mid-day Fly)[7]
Picea abies[7]
Quercus robur (Pedunculate Oak)[7]
Rhamnus cathartica (Hart's thorn)[6]
Sambucus nigra (European black elderberry)[6]
Sorbus aucuparia (Mountain Ash)[6]
Viburnum opulus (European cranberrybush)[8]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acleris cristana (Rufous-margined Button Moth)2
Acleris literana (Sprinkled Rough-wing)3
Acronicta alni (Alder Moth)3
Acronicta psi (Grey Dagger Moth)2
Acronicta tridens (Dark Dagger)2
Alsophila aescularia (March Moth)2
Amphipyra pyramidea2
Ancylis mitterbacheriana2
Anomala dubia2
Apodemus flavicollis (Yellow-necked mouse)2
Apodemus sylvaticus (Old World wood and field mouse)3
Atolmis rubricollis (Red-necked Footman Moth)2
Bombycilla garrulus (Bohemian Waxwing)2
Cacoecimorpha pronubana (Carnation Tortrix)3
Calliteara pudibunda (Pale Tussock)2
Caloptilia alchimiella2
Campaea margaritata (Light Emerald Moth)2
Capreolus capreolus (western roe deer)2
Carcina quercana3
Certhia familiaris (Eurasian Treecreeper)2
Chloris chloris (European Greenfinch)2
Chloroclysta siterata (Red-green Carpet)2
Cleorodes lichenaria (Brussels Lace)2
Coccothraustes coccothraustes (Hawfinch)2
Colocasia coryli (Nut-tree Tussock)3
Colotois pennaria (Feathered Thorn)2
Columba oenas (Stock Dove)2
Columba palumbus (Common Wood Pigeon)3
Conistra rubiginea (Dotted Chestnut)2
Corvus corone (Carrion Crow)2
Cosmia pyralina (Lunar-spotted Pinion)2
Cosmia trapezina (Dun-bar)3
Crocallis elinguaria (Scalloped Oak Moth)3
Cyanistes caeruleus (Blue Tit)2
Deileptenia ribeata (Satin Beauty Moth)2
Diurnea fagella2
Drymonia dodonaea (Marbled Brown)2
Edwardsiana frustrator2
Eilema sororcula (Orange Footman)2
Ennomos autumnaria (Large Thorn)2
Ennomos quercinaria (August Thorn)2
Eriogaster lanestris (Small Eggar)2
Erithacus rubecula (European Robin)2
Eupithecia irriguata (Marbled Pug)2
Eupsilia transversa (Satellite)3
Fagocyba cruenta2
Ficedula hypoleuca (European Pied Flycatcher)2
Fringilla coelebs (Common Chaffinch)3
Garrulus glandarius (Eurasian Jay)2
Glis glis (fat dormouse)3
Lacanobia thalassina (Pale-shouldered Brocade)2
Laspeyria flexula (Beautiful Hook-tip)2
Lithophane hepatica2
Lophophanes cristatus (European Crested Tit)2
Lymantria monacha (Black Arches, Nun Moth)4
Meles meles (European Badger)2
Odontopera bidentata (Scalloped Hazel)2
Operophtera brumata (winter moth)3
Orthosia incerta (Clouded Drab)2
Pammene fasciana (Chestnut leafroller)2
Parus major (Great Tit)2
Periparus ater (Coal Tit)2
Phalera bucephala (Buff-tip)3
Phycita roborella2
Phyllonorycter messaniella (Oak leafminer)2
Pica pica (Eurasian Magpie)2
Plagodis dolabraria (Scorched Wing)2
Pleurotus dryinus (Veiled Oyster)2
Ptilodon capucina (Coxcomb Prominent)2
Sciurus vulgaris (Eurasian red squirrel)3
Scolytus intricatus (Oak Bark Beetle)2
Scolytus rugulosus (shothole borer)2
Sitta europaea (Eurasian Nuthatch)3
Smerinthus ocellata2
Stauropus fagi (Lobster Moth)3
Stenurella melanura3
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)2
Sus scrofa (wild boar)2
Synanthedon vespiformis (Yellow-legged Clearwing)2
Syndemis musculana2
Tettigella alba2
Tortrix viridana (Green tortrix)2
Trichiura crataegi (Pale Eggar)2
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)2
Turdus philomelos (Song Thrush)2
Turdus viscivorus (Mistle Thrush)2
Xanthia aurago (Barred Sallow)2
Xyleborus dispar2
Zeuzera pyrina (leopard moth)2

Predators

Asio otus (Long-eared Owl)[7]
Falco columbarius (Merlin)[7]
Milvus migrans (Black Kite)[7]
Strix aluco (Tawny Owl)[7]

Providers

Shelter 
Picea abies (Norway spruce)[7]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Ceratophyllus borealis[9]
Ceratophyllus gallinae (European chicken flea)[9]
Ceratophyllus sciurorum sciurorum <Unverified Name>[9]
Dasypsyllus gallinulae gallinulae[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Alpenzoo Innsbruck - Tirol
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Bird Park Marlow
Lotherton Bird Garden
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Moscow Zoological Park
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Tallinn Zoo
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Wilhelma Zoo
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaiaiberiae
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc

Distribution

North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 3British Trust for Ornithology 4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 5Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197 6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 7Ecology of Commanster 8Birds and guelder rose Viburnum opulus: selective consumption and dispersal via regurgitation of small-sized fruits and seeds, Ángel Hernández, Plant Ecol (2009) 203:111–122 9International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access