Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Calcariidae > Calcarius > Calcarius pictus
 

Calcarius pictus (Smith's Longspur)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The Smith's longspur (Calcarius pictus) is a small ground-feeding bird from the family Calcariidae, which also contains the longspurs.These birds have short cone-shaped bills, streaked backs, and dark tails with white outer retrices. In breeding state plumage (mostly formed by worn basic plumage), the male has a pumpkin-orange throat, nape, and underparts contrasting with an intricate black-and-white face pattern.
View Wikipedia Record: Calcarius pictus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
13
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
32
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 10.5333
EDGE Score: 2.44524

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  26 grams
Birth Weight [2]  3 grams
Female Weight [1]  25 grams
Male Weight [1]  28 grams
Weight Dimorphism [1]  12 %
Female Maturity [2]  1 year
Male Maturity [2]  1 year
Clutch Size [3]  4
Clutches / Year [2]  1
Incubation [2]  12 days
Maximum Longevity [2]  5 years
Migration [4]  Intracontinental

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alaska-St. Elias Range tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Arctic coastal tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra    
Arctic foothills tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Brooks-British Range tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Central Texas forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Flint Hills tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Interior Yukon-Alaska alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Low Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Ozark Mountain forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Piney Woods forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southern Hudson Bay taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Texas blackland prairies United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Arkansas Post National Memorial National Monument V 424 Arkansas, United States
Central Plains Biosphere Reserve 15345 United States  
Elk Island National Park II 47171 Alberta, Canada
Gates of the Arctic National Park Ib 184461 Alaska, United States
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Konza Prairie Biosphere Reserve 8617 Kansas, United States  
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Long Point Biosphere Reserve 100325 Ontario, Canada  
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Noatak Biosphere Reserve 7500143 Alaska, United States  
Point Reyes National Seashore II 27068 California, United States
Polar Bear Provincial Park 5502026 Ontario, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Ukkusiksalik National Park II   Nunavut, Canada
Vuntut National Park II 1076795 Yukon, Canada
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States

Prey / Diet

Echinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)[5]
Panicum capillare (panicgrass)[5]
Phleum pratense (common timothy)[5]
Puccinellia stricta[5]
Setaria helvola (cattail grass)[5]
Setaria viridis (green bristlegrass)[5]
Triticum aestivum (common wheat)[5]

Range Map

North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Briskie, J.V., 1993. Smith’s Longspur (Calcarius pictus). In A. Poole, P. Stettenheim and F. Gill, editors. The Birds of North America, No. 34. Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C., USA. 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 4Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access