Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Thraupidae > Paroaria > Paroaria capitata

Paroaria capitata (Yellow-billed Cardinal)

Wikipedia Abstract

The yellow-billed cardinal (Paroaria capitata) is a bird species in the tanager family (Thraupidae). It was formerly placed in the Emberizidae and is not very closely related to the cardinals proper (Cardinalidae). It occurs in Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia and northern Argentina and has been introduced on the island of Hawai'i. It breeds in moist shrubland. The yellow-billed cardinal could be easily confused with the red-crested cardinal. The yellow-billed cardinal does not have a crest.
View Wikipedia Record: Paroaria capitata


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.26617
EDGE Score: 1.45072


Forages - Mid-High [1]  20 %
Forages - Understory [1]  80 %


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Dry Chaco Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Espinal Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Humid Chaco Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Humid Pampas Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pantanal Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Paraná flooded savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Southern Andean Yungas Bolivia, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Cone Mesopotamian savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Cerro Corá National Park II 31326 Paraguay  
Defensores del Chaco National Park II 1792493 Paraguay  
El Palmar National Park II   Entre Rios, Argentina  
El Rey National Park II 110298 Salta, Argentina
Estancia el Trebol   Paraguay      
Estancia Fortín Patria   Paraguay      
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park   Hawaii, United States
Mburucuyá National Park II   Corrientes, Argentina  
Puukohola Heiau National Historic Site   Hawaii, United States  
Río Negro National Park II 73775 Paraguay  
Río Pilcomayo National Park II 123699 Formosa, Argentina
Reserva Natural Otamendi Strict Nature Reserve Ia   Buenos Aires, Argentina  
Tinfunqué National Park 607935 Paraguay  
Ypacaraí National Park II 38504 Paraguay  
Ypoa National Park 303997 Paraguay  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No

Prey / Diet

Combretum lanceolatum[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aratinga aurea (Peach-fronted Parakeet)1
Aratinga leucophthalma (White-eyed Parakeet)1
Brotogeris chiriri (Yellow-chevroned Parakeet)1
Diopsittaca nobilis (Red-shouldered Macaw)1
Icterus cayanensis (Epaulet Oriole)1
Patagioenas picazuro (Picazuro Pigeon)1
Pitangus sulphuratus (Great Kiskadee)1
Pseudoseisura cristata (Caatinga Cacholote)1
Ramphocelus carbo (Silver-beaked Tanager)1
Saltator coerulescens (Greyish Saltator)1
Thraupis sayaca (Sayaca Tanager)1
Turdus rufiventris (Rufous-bellied Thrush)1

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Binghamton Zoo at Ross Park
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Denver Zoological Gardens
Lee Richardson Zoo
National Aviary in Pittsburgh
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
Woodland Park Zoological Gardens
Zoo Parc de Beauval

Range Map




Attributes / relations provided by
1Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
2The sweet jelly of Combretum lanceolatum flowers (Combretaceae): a cornucopia resource for bird pollinators in the Pantanal, western Brazil, M. Sazima, S. Vogel, A. L. do Prado, D. M. de Oliveira, G. Franz, and I. Sazima, Plant Syst. Evol. 227: 195-208 (2001)
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access