Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Estrildidae > Lonchura > Lonchura oryzivora

Lonchura oryzivora (Java Sparrow)

Synonyms: Padda oryzivora

Wikipedia Abstract

The Java sparrow (Lonchura oryzivora), also known as Java finch, Java rice sparrow or Java rice bird, is a small passerine bird. This estrildid finch is a resident breeding bird in Java, Bali and Bawean in Indonesia. It is a popular cage bird, and has been introduced in a large number of other countries. Some taxonomists place this and the Timor sparrow in their own genus Padda.
View Wikipedia Record: Lonchura oryzivora

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.05129
EDGE Score: 3.18657


Adult Weight [1]  25 grams
Birth Weight [2]  1.8 grams
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Granivore
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  10 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  90 %
Forages - Understory [3]  50 %
Forages - Ground [3]  50 %
Clutch Size [2]  5
Clutches / Year [1]  3
Incubation [1]  14 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern Java-Bali montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Java-Bali rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Nihonkai evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sakhalin Island taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Sakhalin-Kurile mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Taiheiyo evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Java montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Java rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Bali Barat Indonesia A1, A4iv  
Baluran Indonesia A1, A2, A3
Cikepuh Indonesia A1, A2
Gunung Gede-Pangrango Indonesia A1, A2, A3
Gunung Halimun Indonesia A1, A2, A3
Meru Betiri Indonesia A1, A2, A3
Muara Gembong-Tanjung Sedari Indonesia A1, A4i, A4iii    
Rawa Danau Indonesia A1, A2
Ujung Kulon Indonesia A1, A2, A3  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand Yes

Prey / Diet

Lantana camara (lantana)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acridotheres cristatellus (Crested Myna)1
Francolinus pondicerianus (Grey Francolin)1
Ixos virescens (Sumatran bulbul)1
Pavo cristatus (Indian Peafowl)1
Zosterops chloris (Lemon-bellied White-eye)1


Parasitized by 
Chandlerella chitwoodae <Unverified Name>[5]
Eufilaria mcintoshi <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adelaide Zoo
Adventure Aquarium
Akron Zoological Park
Amazon World
Artis Zoo
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Auckland Zoological Park
Beale Park
Bird Park Marlow
Birdland Park & Gardens
Blackpool Zoo
Bristol Zoo Gardens
Brooklands Zoo
Cape May County Park Zoo
Cologne Zoo
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
Dierenpark Emmen
Dunedin Botanic Gardens Aviary
Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust
Dusit (Bangkok) Zoological Park
Ecodrome CV
Flamingo Park Wildlife Encounter
Giza Zoological Garden
Harewood Bird Garden at Leeds
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
Jesperhus Blomsterpark
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Kyiv Zoological Park
Lietuvos Zoologijos Sodas
Lotherton Bird Garden
Melbourne Zoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Mitchell Park Zoo
Moscow Zoological Park
National Zoo & Aquarium
North of England Zoological Society
Ocean Park Corporation
Ogrod Zoobotaniczny Torun
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique de Lille
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèn
Parque Zoologico Jaime Duque - Bogota
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
Riga Zoo
Rodbaston College
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
Rotterdam Zoo
Saint Louis Zoological Park
San Diego Zoo
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Silesian Zoological Garden
Taronga Zoo
The Living Rainforest
The Philadelphia Zoo
Thrigby Hall Wildlife Gardens
Tilgate Nature Centre
Tropical Butterfly House
Tropical World
Twycross Zoo
Virginia Aquarium&Marine Science Ctr
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wildlife World Zoo
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo Negara Malaysia
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoo Zürich
Zoologicka Zahrada Jihlava
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen


Caribbean; Oceania;



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access