Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Ploceidae > Euplectes > Euplectes orix

Euplectes orix (Southern Red Bishop; Red Bishop)

Wikipedia Abstract

The southern red bishop or red bishop (Euplectes orix) is a small passerine bird belonging to the bishop and widowbird genus Euplectes in the weaver family, the Ploceidae. It is common in wetlands and grassland in Africa south of the Equator. North of the Equator, it is replaced by the northern red bishop or orange bishop (E. franciscanus) which was formerly regarded as a subspecies of this species.
View Wikipedia Record: Euplectes orix


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 2.14575
EDGE Score: 1.14605


Adult Weight [1]  24 grams
Birth Weight [1]  1.7 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Granivore
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  50 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  50 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  80 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  20 %
Clutch Size [3]  3


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kalahari xeric savanna Botswana, Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Addo Elephant National Park II 348463 Eastern Cape, South Africa
Augrabies Falls National Park II 137301 Northern Cape, South Africa
Bamingui-Bangoran Conservation Area National Park II 2783298 Central African Republic  
Bayhead Natural Heritage Site   Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Bluff Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve IV 114 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Bontebok National Park II 8315 Western Cape, South Africa
Daan Viljoen Game Park II 9924 Namibia  
Etosha National Park II 5699141 Namibia  
Foret Classee de la Mare Aux Hippopotames Bird Reserve IV 37906 Burkina Faso  
Golden Gate Highlands National Park II 28689 Free State, South Africa
Gombe National Park II 8799 Tanzania
Hlane Royal National Park VI 30892 Swaziland  
Hwange National Park II 3651385 Zimbabwe  
Itala Game Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve II 72822 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Kalahari Gemsbok National Park II 2382284 Northern Cape, South Africa
Karoo National Park II 190300 Western Cape, South Africa
Katavi National Park II 1054210 Tanzania
Kenneth Stainbank Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve IV 554 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Krantzkloof Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve IV 1452 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Reserve   Mpumalanga, South Africa  
Lake Manyara National Park II 78767 Tanzania  
Lapalala Wilderness Nature Reserve 88958 Limpopo, South Africa
Liwonde National Park II 116740 Malawi  
Malolotja Nature Reserve IV 42044 Swaziland  
Marakele National Park II 163507 Limpopo, South Africa
Mariannwood Nature Reserve   South Africa      
Mlawula Nature Reserve IV 46444 Swaziland  
Mountain Zebra National Park II 60944 Eastern Cape, South Africa
New Germany Nature Reserve 272 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
North Park Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve IV 104 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa
Northern Works   South Africa      
Nylsvley Nature Reserve IV 7698 Limpopo, South Africa
Parc National du Niokolo-Koba National Park II 2046878 Senegal  
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Reserve de la Biosphere de la Pendjari Biosphere Reserve 217453 Benin  
Richtersveld National Park II 399195 Northern Cape, South Africa
Roosfontein Nature Reserve 519 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Rubondo National Park II 50330 Tanzania
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
Shongweni Resources Reserve 42008 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Silverglen Nature Reserve 566 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
South Luangwa National Park II 2220358 Zambia  
Table Mountain (Cape Peninsula) National Park II 70141 Western Cape, South Africa
The W Region National Park II 549843 Niger  
Treasure Beach Nature Reserve   Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Tsitsikamma National Park II 34343 Southern Cape, South Africa  
Umbogavango Nature Reserve 89 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Umgeni River Provincial Nature Reserve 2372 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Umhlanga Lagoon Provincial Nature Reserve 95 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Virginia Bush Nature Reserve 94 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Waterberg Biosphere Reserve 1024427 Limpopo, South Africa  
Weenen Nature Reserve   Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
West Caprivi Game Reserve Game Park VI 1448182 Namibia  
West Coast National Park II 59916 Western Cape, South Africa
Wilderness National Park II 5929 Western Cape, South Africa  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No

Prey / Diet

Guizotia abyssinica (ramtilla)[4]
Hypoxis obtusa[4]
Panicum maximum (Guinea Grass)[4]
Panicum miliaceum (hog millet)[4]
Sorghum bicolor (broom-corn)[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adelaide Zoo
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Audubon Zoo
Binder Park Zoo
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Park
Espace Zoolog de St-Martin-la-Plaine
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Houston Zoo, Inc.franciscanus
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Maryland Zoo in Baltimore
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsawfranciscanus
Montecasino Bird Gardens
National Aviary in Pittsburghfranciscanus
Oakland Zoo
Ogrod Zoobotaniczny Torun
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Oregon Zoo
Paradise Park Wildlife Sanctuaryfranciscanus
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Saint Louis Zoological Parkorix
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquarfranciscanus
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Seneca Park Zoo
Szeged Zoo
The Living Desert Zoo and Gardensnigrifrons
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Tierpark Dählhölzlifranciscanus
Tierwelt Herberstein
Toledo Zoological Gardens
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Umgeni River Bird Park
Valencia Bioparc, Rainforest S.A.
Wilhelma Zoofranciscanus
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zoo Boisefranciscanus
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternariofranciscanus
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoofranciscanus
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoological Society of Londonfranciscanus
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzenfranciscanus
Zoologischer Garten Leipzigfranciscanus


Cape Peninsula National Park;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access