Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Corvidae > Cyanocitta > Cyanocitta cristata
 

Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay)

Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata) is a passerine bird in the family Corvidae, native to North America. It is resident through most of eastern and central United States and southern Canada, although western populations may be migratory. It breeds in both deciduous and coniferous forests, and is common near and in residential areas. It is predominately blue with a white chest and underparts, and a blue crest. It has a black, U-shaped collar around its neck and a black border behind the crest.
View Wikipedia Record: Cyanocitta cristata

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
13
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
32
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 10.1938
EDGE Score: 2.41536

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  81 grams
Birth Weight [1]  6 grams
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Clutch Size [3]  5
Clutches / Year [1]  1
Diet [2]  Omnivore
Incubation [1]  17 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  26 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Alberta Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Allegheny Highlands forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Atlantic coastal pine barrens United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central British Columbia Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Central Texas forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Edwards Plateau savanna United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Everglades United States Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Flint Hills tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Florida sand pine scrub United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Gulf of St. Lawrence lowland forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mid-Continental Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Midwestern Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Nebraska Sand Hills mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
New England-Acadian forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Newfoundland Highland forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern tall grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Ozark Mountain forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Piney Woods forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
South Avalon-Burin oceanic barrens Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
South Florida rocklands United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Texas blackland prairies United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands  
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Apostle Islands National Lakeshore II 36006 Wisconsin, United States
Assateague Island National Seashore II 8621 Maryland, United States
Audubon National Wildlife Refuge IV 14642 North Dakota, United States
Badlands National Park II 178535 South Dakota, United States
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Big Bend Biosphere Reserve National Park II 815561 Texas, United States
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
Big Thicket Biosphere Reserve National Park II 616880 Texas, United States
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area V 36286 Montana, Wyoming, United States
Biscayne National Park II 11085 Florida, United States
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge VI 19192 Maryland, United States
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Buffalo National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 59947 Arkansas, United States
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Cape Cod National Seashore II 21724 Massachusetts, United States
Cape Hatteras National Seashore II 21476 North Carolina, United States
Cape Lookout National Seashore II 18379 North Carolina, United States
Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge IV 8964 South Carolina, United States
Carlsbad Caverns National Park II 15448 New Mexico, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Catoctin Mountain Park National Park II 5994 Maryland, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Central Plains Biosphere Reserve 15345 United States  
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area V 7622 Georgia, United States
Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 19586 Maryland, District of Columbia, United States
Chickasaw National Recreation Area V 7025 Oklahoma, United States
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Congaree Swamp National Park II 6095 South Carolina, United States
Cumberland Island National Seashore II 20629 Georgia, United States
Cuyahoga Valley National Park II 24907 Ohio, United States
De Soto National Wildlife Refuge IV 8007 Iowa, Nebraska, United States
Death Valley National Park II 762125 California, Nevada, United States
Elk Island National Park II 47171 Alberta, Canada
Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge VI 66133 Arkansas, United States
Fire Island National Seashore V 9433 New York, United States
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Glen Canyon National Recreation Area V 1087901 Arizona, Utah, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Greenwater Provincial Park II 11019 Ontario, Canada
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Guadalupe Mountains National Park II 46114 Texas, United States
Horicon National Wildlife Refuge IV 21369 Wisconsin, United States
Hot Springs National Park II 5740 Arkansas, United States
Hubbard Brook Biosphere Reserve 7809 New Hampshire, United States
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Jean Lafitte National Hist. Park & Preserve National Historical Park II 17686 Louisiana, United States
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Konza Prairie Biosphere Reserve 8617 Kansas, United States  
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge VI 28351 Louisiana, United States
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Long Point Biosphere Reserve 100325 Ontario, Canada  
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Manassas National Battlefield Park III 5132 Virginia, United States
Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve II 20461 Quebec, Canada
Mojave and Colorado Deserts Biosphere Reserve 5901 California, United States  
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park 20001 Tennessee, United States
Obed Wild and Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 5268 Tennessee, United States
Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge IV 38256 Florida, United States
Ozark National Scenic Riverways National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 54621 Missouri, United States
Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore II 67888 Michigan, United States
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Prince William Forest Park 19378 District of Columbia, United States
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve 277252 Saskatchewan, Canada
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
Reserve de la Biosphere de Charlevoix Biosphere Reserve 1383790 Canada  
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rocky Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 239938 Colorado, United States
Salt Plains National Wildlife Refuge VI 23844 Oklahoma, United States
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV 228335 New Mexico, United States
Shenandoah National Park II 108221 Virginia, United States
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore II 62563 Michigan, United States
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Southwest Nova Biosphere Reserve 3821173 Canada  
Terra Nova National Park IV 125894 Newfoundland, Canada
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Virginia Coast Biosphere Reserve 33386 Virginia, United States  
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States
Waterton Biosphere Reserve II 121459 Alberta, Canada
Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge IV 26618 Alabama, United States
Wind Cave National Park II 29471 South Dakota, United States
Woodland Caribou Provincial Wilderness Park Provincial Park II 1072124 Ontario, Canada
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States

Ecosystems

Emblem of

Prince Edward Island

Prey / Diet

Acrosternum hilare (Green stinkbug)[4]
Calopteryx maculata (Ebony jewelwing)[4]
Calosoma scrutator (Fiery searcher)[4]
Carya alba (mockernut hickory)[4]
Colias philodice (clouded sulphur)[4]
Diapheromera femorata (Common American Walkingstick)[4]
Dolichovespula maculata (baldfaced hornet)[4]
Dynastes tityus (Eastern hercules beetle)[4]
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)[4]
Fragaria virginiana (Virginia Strawberry)[4]
Gryllus pennsylvanicus (fall field cricket)[4]
Hemaris thysbe (common clear-wing)[4]
Lasiurus borealis (red bat)[5]
Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth)[4]
Malacosoma americana (Eastern tent caterpillar)[4]
Melanoplus differentialis (Differential Grasshopper)[4]
Pieris rapae (imported cabbageworm)[4]
Prunus serotina (Black Cherry)[4]
Pterophylla camellifolia (common true katydid)[4]
Pterostichus melanarius (Common black ground beetle)[4]
Quercus phellos (Willow Oak)[4]
Rubus laciniatus (Cutleaf Evergreen Blackberry)[4]
Sphecius speciosus (cicada killer)[4]
Tenodera aridifolia (Chinese mantid)[4]
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry)[4]
Quercus alba (White Oak)[4]
Quercus velutina (Black Oak)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acrosternum hilare (Green stinkbug)4
Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird)11
Agkistrodon contortrix (Southern Copperhead)2
Aix sponsa (Wood Duck)5
Ambystoma maculatum (Spotted Salamander)2
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)6
Anaxyrus americanus americanus (Eastern American Toad)10
Apis mellifera (honey bee)2
Baeolophus bicolor (Tufted Titmouse)9
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)4
Camponotus pennsylvanicus (black carpenter ant)3
Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)13
Carduelis tristis (American Goldfinch)2
Castor canadensis (american beaver)5
Charadrius vociferus (Killdeer)3
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)8
Corvus brachyrhynchos (American Crow)13
Cryptotis parva (North American Least Shrew)9
Diapheromera femorata (Common American Walkingstick)3
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)9
Dryocopus pileatus (Pileated Woodpecker)5
Eptesicus fuscus (big brown bat)10
Erynnis juvenalis (Juvenal's duskywing skipper)2
Geothlypis trichas (Common Yellowthroat)6
Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull)2
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)4
Lithobates sphenocephalus sphenocephalus (Florida Leopard Frog)5
Lithobates sylvaticus (Wood Frog)7
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)18
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)9
Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)4
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)9
Molothrus ater (Brown-headed Cowbird)7
Myiarchus crinitus (Great Crested Flycatcher)10
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)9
Papilio glaucus (Eastern tiger swallowtail)2
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)11
Picoides pubescens (Downy Woodpecker)6
Plestiodon fasciatus (Five-lined Skink)7
Poecile carolinensis (Carolina Chickadee)5
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)12
Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper)3
Quiscalus quiscula (Common Grackle)4
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)6
Reticulitermes flavipes (eastern subterranean termite)2
Scalopus aquaticus (Eastern Mole)3
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)12
Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)9
Sitta carolinensis (White-breasted Nuthatch)13
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)5
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)5
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)12
Terrapene carolina (Florida Box Turtle)7
Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake)6
Thryothorus ludovicianus (Carolina Wren)4
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)17
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)10
Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove)4
Zonotrichia albicollis (White-throated Sparrow)2

Predators

Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawk)[4]
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)[4]

Providers

Shelter 
Pinus strobus (Eastern white pine)[4]
Pinus taeda (Loblolly pine)[4]
Pinus virginiana (Virginia pine)[4]
Platanus mexicana (American sycamore)[4]
Ulmus americana (American elm)[4]
Quercus alba (White Oak)[4]
Quercus velutina (Black Oak)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Baruscapillaria corvorum <Unverified Name>[6]
Baruscapillaria resecta <Unverified Name>[6]
Brachylecithum nanum <Unverified Name>[6]
Capillaria contorta <Unverified Name>[6]
Diplotriaena tricuspis <Unverified Name>[6]
Dispharynx nasuta <Unverified Name>[6]
Hymenolepis farciminosa <Unverified Name>[6]
Lutztrema attenuatum <Unverified Name>[6]
Lutztrema microstomum <Unverified Name>[6]
Lyperosomum oswaldoi <Unverified Name>[6]
Mediorhynchus robustus[6]
Pseudaprocta samueli <Unverified Name>[6]
Viguiera pari <Unverified Name>[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Abilene Zoological Gardensbromia
Assiniboine Park Zoobromia
Audubon Aquarium of the Americas
Birmingham Zoo
Chessington World of Adventures, Ltd.
Dallas Zoo
National Aviary in Pittsburgh
North Carolina Zoological Park
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Paradise Wildlife Park
Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium
Virginia Aquarium&Marine Science Ctr

Range Map

Link to Map
North America; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

Audio

Play / PauseVolume
Provided by Birds Of A Feather on Myxer

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Banks R.C., 2013-11-04, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 4Study of Northern Virginia Ecology 5Lasiurus borealis, Karl A. Shump Jr. and Ann U. Shump, Mammalian Species No. 183, pp. 1-6 (1982) 6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Ridgely, R. S., T. F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D. K. McNicol, D. W. Mehlman, B. E. Young, and J. R. Zook. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2