Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Corvidae > Pica > Pica pica
 

Pica pica (Eurasian Magpie; Black-billed Magpie)

Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The Eurasian Magpie, European Magpie, or Common Magpie, (Pica pica), is a resident breeding bird throughout Europe, much of Asia and northwest Africa. It is one of several birds in the crow family named as magpies, and belongs to the Holarctic radiation of "monochrome" magpies. In Europe, "Magpie" is used by English speakers as a synonym for the European Magpie; it is the only magpie in Europe outside the Iberian Peninsula.
View Wikipedia Record: Pica pica

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
7
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
25
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.55236
EDGE Score: 2.02186

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  206 grams
Birth Weight [2]  9.9 grams
Female Weight [1]  191 grams
Male Weight [1]  221 grams
Weight Dimorphism [1]  15.7 %
Female Maturity [3]  2 years
Male Maturity [3]  2 years
Clutch Size [4]  5
Incubation [3]  21 days
Maximum Longevity [3]  22 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe Kazahkstan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai alpine meadow and tundra China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Altai montane forest and forest steppe China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai steppe and semi-desert Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Amur meadow steppe China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Appenine deciduous montane forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Badghyz and Karabil semi-desert Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Iran, Tajikistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Bohai Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas  
Caledon conifer forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
California coastal sage and chaparral Mexico, United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Central Afghan Mountains xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Persian desert basins Iran, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cyprus Mediterranean forests Cyprus Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Daurian forest steppe China, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Afghan montane conifer forests Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Gobi desert steppe China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Elburz Range forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests    
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hainan Island monsoon rain forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Helanshan montane conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Hengduan Mountains subalpine conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Iberian conifer forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Junggar Basin semi-desert China, Kazakstan, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Karakoram-West Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe Pakistan, China, Afghanistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kazakh upland Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains alpine meadow Mongolia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains conifer forests Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Kola Peninsula tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Kopet Dag semi-desert Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kopet Dag woodlands and forest steppe Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kuh Rud and Eastern Iran montane woodlands Iran Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Nenjiang River grassland China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Tibetan Plateau-Kunlun Mountains alpine desert China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests China, India, Bhutan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwest Russian-Novaya Zemlya tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows China, Pakistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Ordos Plateau steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Pamir alpine desert and tundra China, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Paropamisus xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qaidam Basin semi-desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Qilian Mountains conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qilian Mountains subalpine meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qionglai-Minshan conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests Norway Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sichuan Basin evergreen broadleaf forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
South Appenine mixed montane forests Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Taiwan monsoon rain forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southeastern Iberian shrubs and woodlands Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwestern Arabian montane woodlands Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Suiphun-Khanka meadows and forest meadows China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sulaiman Range alpine meadows Afghanistan, Pakistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Taiwan subtropical evergreen forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tarim Basin deciduous forests and steppe China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tibetan Plateau alpine shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Yarlung Tsangpo arid steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Yellow Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Aggtelek Biosphere Reserve National Park II 59233 Hungary
Ailaoshan Nature Reserve V 332544 Yunnan, China  
Amudarya Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 152861 Lebap, Turkmenistan  
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Bach Ma National Park II 54733 Viet Nam
Badghyz Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 215164 Turkmenistan  
Baikalskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 458883 Russia  
Baimaxueshan Nature Reserve V 462837 Yunnan, China  
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Barguzinskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 924970 Buryatia, Russia
Bayerischer Wald National Park II 59790 Germany
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berchtesgaden Alps National Park II 51433 Germany
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Borsodi-sík 91542 Hungary  
Boschi del Ticino 50788 Italy  
CABO DE GATA-NIJAR 122347 Spain  
Calanchi e praterie aride della media Valle del Foglia 26082 Italy  
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Chernye Zemli Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik IV 621951 Russia  
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Daweishan Nature Reserve V 122415 Yunnan, China  
Eastern Beskid National Park II 68484 Poland  
Elk Island National Park II 47171 Alberta, Canada
Fanjingshan Nature Reserve V 86145 Guizhou, China  
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Fujian Wuyishan Nature Reserve V 206754 Fujian, China  
Gaoligong Mountain National Nature Reserve V 1245925 Yunnan, China  
Grasslands National Park II 128635 Saskatchewan, Canada
HURDES 66675 Spain  
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
Isola Asinara 23893 Italy    
Itäisen Suomenlahden saaristo ja vedet 236302 Finland    
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Kaplankyr Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 1293994 Turkmenistan  
Karkonosze National Park II 45907 Poland
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Killarney National Park II 25482 Ireland
Kiskunsag Biosphere Reserve II 54598 Hungary  
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Kopetdagh Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 125705 Turkmenistan  
Krivoklatsko Protected Landscape Area V 155267 Czech Republic  
Krkonose National Park V 95995 Czech Republic  
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
Kugitang Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 77308 Turkmenistan  
LLANOS DE ALCANTARA Y BROZAS 126519 Spain  
LLANOS DE ZORITA Y EMBALSE DE SIERRA BRAVA 46422 Spain  
Lake Torne Area Biosphere Reserve 238457 Sweden  
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Long Point Biosphere Reserve 100325 Ontario, Canada  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
MONFRAGÜE Y LAS DEHESAS DEL ENTORNO 287016 Spain  
Mont Ventoux Biosphere Reserve 198594 France  
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Parc National de Djebel Bou-Hedma National Park II 41580 Tunisia  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Polana Biosphere Reserve 50311 Slovakia  
Prespa National Park II 62043 Greece  
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Puszcza Kampinoska Biosphere Reserve 188373 Poland  
RIBEROS DEL ALMONTE 20665 Spain  
RIO TAJO INTERNACIONAL Y RIBEROS 50091 Spain  
Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve 277252 Saskatchewan, Canada
Repetek Biosphere Reserve 102089 Turkmenistan  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Risaie della Lomellina 76457 Italy  
SIERRA DE GATA Y VALLE DE LAS PILAS 45770 Spain  
SIERRA MARIA - LOS VELEZ 55819 Spain  
SIERRA NEVADA 424554 Spain  
SIERRA SUBBETICA 79212 Spain  
SIERRAS CENTRALES Y EMBALSE DE ALANGE 40949 Spain  
SIERRAS DE CAZORLA, SEGURA Y LAS VILLAS 519222 Spain  
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Sumava Biosphere Reserve 412955 Czech Republic  
Syunt-Khasardagh Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 105306 Turkmenistan  
Tianmushan Biosphere Reserve 47993 China  
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
Tsentral'no-Sibirskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 2521510 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Vessertal-Thuringian Forest Biosphere Reserve 42250 Germany  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein Biosphere Reserve 724639 Germany
Waterton Biosphere Reserve II 121459 Alberta, Canada
Wolong Nature Reserve V 826140 Sichuan, China  
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Xishuangbanna Nature Reserve V 567531 Yunnan, China  
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Jabal Qaha Saudi Arabia B3
Raydah escarpment Saudi Arabia A1, A2, A3, B2, B3
Shallal ad-Dahna Saudi Arabia B2, B3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No

Prey / Diet

Abax pilleri[5]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[6]
Lumbricus rubellus <Unverified Name>[5]
Mesembrina meridiana (Mid-day Fly)[5]
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)[5]
Passer montanus (Eurasian Tree Sparrow)[5]
Phlogophora meticulosa (Angle Shades Moth)[5]
Quercus robur (Pedunculate Oak)[5]
Urocitellus richardsonii (Richardson's ground squirrel)[7]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Accipiter nisus (Eurasian Sparrowhawk)2
Acrocephalus palustris (Marsh Warbler)2
Anthus pratensis (Meadow Pipit)2
Anthus spinoletta (Water Pipit)2
Anthus trivialis (Tree Pipit)2
Asio otus (Long-eared Owl)2
Athene noctua (Little Owl)2
Coloeus monedula (Western Jackdaw)2
Corvus corone (Carrion Crow)2
Erinaceus europaeus (western European hedgehog)3
Fringilla coelebs (Common Chaffinch)3
Garrulus glandarius (Eurasian Jay)3
Lanius collurio (Red-backed Shrike)3
Locustella naevia (Common Grasshopper Warbler)2
Meles meles (European Badger)2
Motacilla flava (Western Yellow Wagtail)2
Nucifraga caryocatactes (Spotted Nutcracker)2
Oenanthe oenanthe (Northern Wheatear)2
Parus major (Great Tit)2
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)3
Passer montanus (Eurasian Tree Sparrow)3
Phoenicurus phoenicurus (Common Redstart)2
Pyrrhula pyrrhula (Eurasian Bullfinch)2
Strix aluco (Tawny Owl)2
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)3
Sus scrofa (wild boar)3
Sylvia atricapilla (Eurasian Blackcap)2
Sylvia borin (Garden Warbler)2
Sylvia curruca (Lesser Whitethroat)2
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)3
Turdus pilaris (Fieldfare)2
Turdus torquatus (Ring Ouzel)3
Turdus viscivorus (Mistle Thrush)2
Vanellus vanellus (Northern Lapwing)2
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)3

Predators

Aquila heliaca (Asian Imperial Eagle)[8]
Hieraaetus pennatus (Booted Eagle)[9]

Providers

Shelter 
Fagus sylvatica (European beech)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acuaria anthuris <Unverified Name>[10]
Acuaria skrjabini[10]
Amphipsylla rossica[11]
Amphipsylla schelkovnikovi[11]
Anomotaenia galbulae <Unverified Name>[10]
Apophallus muehlingi[10]
Baruscapillaria corvorum <Unverified Name>[10]
Baruscapillaria resecta <Unverified Name>[10]
Brachylaima arcuatus <Unverified Name>[10]
Brachylaima mesostoma <Unverified Name>[10]
Brachylaima ovatus <Unverified Name>[10]
Brachylaima vastus <Unverified Name>[10]
Brachylecithum lobatum <Unverified Name>[10]
Capillaria corvorum <Unverified Name>[10]
Centrorhynchus teres[10]
Ceratophyllus borealis[11]
Ceratophyllus enefdeae tjanschani[11]
Ceratophyllus fringillae[11]
Ceratophyllus garei[11]
Ceratophyllus niger (Western chicken flea)[11]
Ceratophyllus picatilis[11]
Ceratophyllus rossittensis rossittensis[11]
Ceratophyllus vagabundus insularis[11]
Ceratophyllus vagabundus vagabundus[11]
Choanotaenia constricta <Unverified Name>[10]
Choanotaenia musculosa <Unverified Name>[10]
Cotylurus cornutus <Unverified Name>[10]
Ctenophthalmus agyrtes peusianus[11]
Cyclocoelum mutabile[10]
Dilepis brachyarthra <Unverified Name>[10]
Dilepis turdi <Unverified Name>[10]
Dilepis undula[10]
Diplotriaena tricuspis <Unverified Name>[10]
Dispharynx nasuta <Unverified Name>[10]
Echinocoleus cyanopicae <Unverified Name>[10]
Echinostoma revolutum[10]
Eucoleus contortus <Unverified Name>[10]
Eucoleus dispar <Unverified Name>[10]
Gnathostoma spinigerum <Unverified Name>[10]
Gongylonema pacoi <Unverified Name>[10]
Hymenolepis coronulan <Unverified Name>[10]
Hymenolepis fringillarum <Unverified Name>[10]
Hymenolepis serpentulus <Unverified Name>[10]
Hymenolepis stylosa <Unverified Name>[10]
Laterotrema vexans <Unverified Name>[10]
Leucochloridium perturbatum[10]
Lyperosomum alagesi <Unverified Name>[10]
Lyperosomum petiolatum <Unverified Name>[10]
Mayhewia serpentulus <Unverified Name>[10]
Megabothris turbidus[11]
Mesocestoides litteratus <Unverified Name>[10]
Metorchis zakharovi <Unverified Name>[10]
Microparyphium corvi <Unverified Name>[10]
Microtetrameres corderoi <Unverified Name>[10]
Microtetrameres creplini <Unverified Name>[10]
Microtetrameres inermis <Unverified Name>[10]
Monopylidium galbulae <Unverified Name>[10]
Monopylidium passerum <Unverified Name>[10]
Monopylidium trigonocephalum <Unverified Name>[10]
Neodiplostomum corvinum <Unverified Name>[10]
Neodiplostomum krausei <Unverified Name>[10]
Neodiplostomum pseudattenuatum <Unverified Name>[10]
Oropsylla idahoensis[11]
Oxyspirura petrovi <Unverified Name>[10]
Oxyspirura pici <Unverified Name>[10]
Parornithofilaria stantschinskyi <Unverified Name>[10]
Passerilepis crenata[10]
Passerilepis passeris <Unverified Name>[10]
Passerilepis serpentulus <Unverified Name>[10]
Passerilepis stylosa <Unverified Name>[10]
Pharyngostomum cordatum <Unverified Name>[10]
Physaloptera malleus <Unverified Name>[10]
Physocephalus sexalatus[10]
Plagiorchis brauni <Unverified Name>[10]
Plagiorchis cirratus <Unverified Name>[10]
Plagiorchis elegans[10]
Plagiorchis maculosus <Unverified Name>[10]
Plagiorchis multiglandularis <Unverified Name>[10]
Porrocaecum streperae <Unverified Name>[10]
Prosthogonimus cuneatus[10]
Prosthogonimus ovatus[10]
Pseudanomotaenia constricta <Unverified Name>[10]
Pseudaprocta decorata <Unverified Name>[10]
Pseudlemdana corvicola <Unverified Name>[10]
Spasspasskya passerum <Unverified Name>[10]
Sphaerirostris picae[10]
Sphaerirostris pinguis[10]
Sphaerirostris teres <Unverified Name>[10]
Spiniglans constricta <Unverified Name>[10]
Splendidofilaria mavis <Unverified Name>[10]
Strigea sphaerula <Unverified Name>[10]
Syngamus trachea (gapeworm)[10]
Tamerlania zarudnyi <Unverified Name>[10]
Tetracotyle ardea <Unverified Name>[10]
Urogonimus macrostomum <Unverified Name>[10]
Variolepis crenata <Unverified Name>[10]
Variolepis farciminosa[10]
Shelter for 
Asio otus (Long-eared Owl)[5]
Falco tinnunculus (Eurasian Kestrel)[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Binghamton Zoo at Ross Park
 hudsonia
Bronx Children's Zoo
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Kaliningrad Zoo
Kansas City Zoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodzpica
Miskolc Zoo/Állatkert és Kultúrpark
Moscow Zoological Park
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFT
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
San Diego Wild Animal Park
San Diego Zoo
 hudsonia
Taipei Zoo
Tallinn Zoo
Tiergarten Bernburg
Tilgate Nature Centre
Toronto Zoo
Utah's Hogle Zoo
Woodland Park Zoological Gardens
ZooAmerica (No. American Wildlife Pk.)

Range Map

Link to Map
North America;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Peterson A.P., 2013-11-04, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Fry, CH, S. Keith, and EK Urban. 2000. The birds of Africa. Volume VI. Academic Press, New York, New York, USA 2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 5Ecology of Commanster 6"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572 7Spermophilus richardsonii, Gail R. Michener and James W. Koeppl, Mammalian Species No. 243, pp. 1-8, (1985) 8Relationship between demographics and diet specificity of Imperial Eagles Aquila heliaca in Kazakhstan, TODD E. KATZNER, EVGENY A. BRAGIN, STEVEN T. KNICK & ANDREW T. SMITH, Ibis (2005), 147, 576–586 9FOOD OF THE BOOTED EAGLE (HIERAAETUS PENNATUS) IN CENTRAL SPAIN, José P. Veiga, RAPTOR RESEARCH VOL. 20 (3/4): 120-123 10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 11International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Important Bird Areas provided by BirdLife International (2010) Important Bird Areas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2010
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by BirdLife International (2011) Bird species distribution maps of the world.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011