Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Muscicapidae > Monticola > Monticola solitarius
 

Monticola solitarius (Blue Rock Thrush; Blue Rock-Thrush)

Wikipedia Abstract

The blue rock thrush (Monticola solitarius) is a species of chat. This thrush-like Old World flycatcher was formerly placed in the family Turdidae. It breeds in southern Europe, northwest Africa, and from central Asia to northern China and Malaysia.
View Wikipedia Record: Monticola solitarius

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
6
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
22
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.27845
EDGE Score: 1.83712

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  47 grams
Birth Weight [1]  6 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Ectothermic [2]  20 %
Diet - Endothermic [2]  10 %
Diet - Fruit [2]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  40 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  10 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  20 %
Forages - Ground [2]  80 %
Clutch Size [3]  4

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Al Hajar montane woodlands Oman Afrotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe Kazahkstan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Andaman Islands rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Appenine deciduous montane forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic coastal desert Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Badghyz and Karabil semi-desert Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Iran, Tajikistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Banda Sea Islands moist deciduous forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Bohai Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas  
Borneo lowland rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo montane rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Buru rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cardamom Mountains rain forests Cambodia, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Afghan Mountains xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chao Phraya freshwater swamp forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya lowland moist deciduous forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chin Hills-Arakan Yoma montane forests Myanmar, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Corsican montane broadleaf and mixed forests France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Crete Mediterranean forests Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Cyprus Mediterranean forests Cyprus Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Afghan montane conifer forests Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
East Deccan dry-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
East Saharan montane xeric woodlands Chad, Sudan Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Elburz Range forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests    
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Ghorat-Hazarajat alpine meadow Afghanistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Goadavari-Krishna mangroves India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Greater Negros-Panay rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Hainan Island monsoon rain forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Halmahera rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hengduan Mountains subalpine conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Himalayan subtropical pine forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Hindu Kush alpine meadow Afghanistan, Pakistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Iberian conifer forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy freshwater swamp forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests Myanmar, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Kopet Dag semi-desert Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kopet Dag woodlands and forest steppe Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kuh Rud and Eastern Iran montane woodlands Iran Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luang Prabang montane rain forests Laos, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luzon montane rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luzon rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luzon tropical pine forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Malabar Coast moist forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean High Atlas juniper steppe Morocco Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Meghalaya subtropical forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mindanao montane rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mindanao-Eastern Visayas rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mindoro rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Myanmar, India, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Myanmar Coast mangroves India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Mangroves  
Myanmar coastal rain forests Myanmar, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nansei Islands subtropical evergreen forests Japan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Nenjiang River grassland China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Nicobar Islands rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
North Saharan steppe and woodlands Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeast India-Myanmar pine forests India, Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Northeastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests China, India, Bhutan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Annamites rain forests Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Khorat Plateau moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Thailand-Laos moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle subtropical forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle temperate forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern Vietnam lowland rain forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows China, Pakistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Orissa semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Palawan rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Paropamisus xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Peninsular Malaysian montane rain forests Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qilian Mountains conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qionglai-Minshan conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Rann of Kutch seasonal salt marsh India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Red River freshwater swamp forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sahara desert Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Algeria, Mauritania, Mali, Chad, Niger Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Seram rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sichuan Basin evergreen broadleaf forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Somali montane xeric woodlands Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Appenine mixed montane forests Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Saharan steppe and woodlands Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southeastern Iberian shrubs and woodlands Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Annamites montane rain forests Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Vietnam lowland dry forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwestern Arabian foothills savanna Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southwestern Arabian montane woodlands Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka lowland rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka montane rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sulaiman Range alpine meadows Afghanistan, Pakistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sulawesi lowland rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sulu Archipelago rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran lowland rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans mangroves Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tarim Basin deciduous forests and steppe China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tibesti-Jebel Uweinat montane xeric woodlands Chad, Libya Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
West Saharan montane xeric woodlands Algeria, Niger, Mali, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows India, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Western Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Yarlung Tsangpo arid steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Yellow Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
ARRIBES DEL DUERO 264506 Spain  
Ailaoshan Nature Reserve V 332544 Yunnan, China  
Ao Phang Nga National Park Marine National Park II 103730 Thailand
Baimaxueshan Nature Reserve V 462837 Yunnan, China  
Bandhavgarh National Park II 89210 Madhya Pradesh, India  
CABO DE GATA-NIJAR 122347 Spain  
CAMPO DE AZABA 90183 Spain  
Cat Tien National Park II 188942 Viet Nam
Chae Son National Park II 194441 Thailand
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
DESFILADEROS DEL RÍO MARTÍN 110851 Spain  
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Doi Inthanon National Park II 115326 Thailand  
Doi Luang National Park II 325736 Thailand  
Doi Pha Chang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 144177 Thailand  
Doi Pha Hom Pok Watershed Area National Park II 133848 Thailand  
Doi Pha Muang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 146468 Thailand  
Doi Phu Kha National Park II 472119 Thailand  
Emine 164580 Bulgaria  
Erawan National Park II 131204 Thailand
Fujian Wuyishan Nature Reserve V 206754 Fujian, China  
GORGES DU TARN ET DE LA JONTE 95590 France  
Great Gobi National Park Ia 13211440 Mongolia  
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
HOCES DEL ALTO EBRO Y RUDRÓN 127403 Spain  
Hat Nopharat Thara - Mu Ko Phi Phi National Park Marine National Park II 98578 Thailand
Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 699629 Thailand  
Iles Sanguinaires, golfe d'Ajaccio 117158 France  
Kaeng Krachan National Park II 753452 Thailand
Kanha Tiger Reserve National Park II 223971 Madhya Pradesh, India
Khao Pu - Khao Ya National Park II 176398 Thailand
Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary IV 182353 Thailand  
Khao Yai National Park II 542694 Thailand
Kopetdagh Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 125705 Turkmenistan  
LA SERENA Y SIERRAS PERIFÉRICAS 379806 Spain  
LLANOS DE ALCANTARA Y BROZAS 126519 Spain  
Las Sierras de Cazorla y Segura Biosphere Reserve 469500 Spain  
Les Cévennes 227446 France  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
MATARRAÑA - AIGUABARREIX 90747 Spain  
MONFRAGÜE Y LAS DEHESAS DEL ENTORNO 287016 Spain  
MONTES OBARENES 106406 Spain  
Mae Ping National Park II 259897 Thailand
Mae Tuen Wildlife Sanctuary IV 307947 Thailand  
Mae Wong National Park II 221459 Thailand
Mae Yom National Park II 123569 Thailand
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Marchesato e Fiume Neto 173480 Italy  
Murgia Alta 311059 Italy  
Nam Ha National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 539941 Laos  
Nam Nao National Park II 240993 Thailand
Nanda Devi National Park II 161583 Uttaranchal, India  
Om Koi Wildlife Sanctuary IV 299357 Thailand  
Palawan Biosphere Reserve 2843689 Philippines  
Pang Sida National Park II 211956 Thailand
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Phu Chong - Na Yoi National Park II 171322 Thailand
Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary IV 391278 Thailand  
Phu Luang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 227671 Thailand  
Phu Phan National Park II 176082 Thailand
Picentini 157557 Italy  
Pirin 99722 Bulgaria  
Prince Chumphon Park (North) Wildlife Sanctuary IV 152683 Thailand  
Promontorio del Gargano 173003 Italy    
Pu Mat National Park IV 239739 Viet Nam  
Rajaji National Park II 196637 Uttaranchal, India  
Reserva de Grazalema Nature Park V 126034 Spain  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Nevada Biosphere Reserve 424147 Spain  
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
RÍO GUADALOPE - MAESTRAZGO 133800 Spain  
SIERRA DE ALCUBIERRE 103846 Spain  
SIERRA DE AYLLON 225747 Spain  
SIERRA DE GRAZALEMA 131980 Spain  
SIERRA DE GUADARRAMA 170724 Spain  
SIERRA DE LA DEMANDA 125797 Spain  
SIERRA DE LAS VILLUERCAS Y VALLE DEL GUADARRANQUE 188630 Spain  
SIERRA NEVADA 424554 Spain  
SIERRA NORTE 438558 Spain  
SIERRA Y CAÑONES DE GUARA 201020 Spain  
SIERRAS DE CAZORLA, SEGURA Y LAS VILLAS 519222 Spain  
SIERRAS DE TEJEDA, ALMIJARA Y ALHAMA 100440 Spain  
Sai Yok National Park II 235556 Thailand
Salak Phra Wildlife Sanctuary IV 241622 Thailand  
Salawin National Park II 400497 Thailand
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Simlipal Tiger Reserve National Park II 103465 Orissa, India  
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  
Syunt-Khasardagh Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 105306 Turkmenistan  
Tarutao National Park Marine National Park II 312077 Thailand  
Thap Lan National Park II 550979 Thailand
Thung Salaeng Luang National Park II 315222 Thailand
Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary IV 918234 Thailand  
Trigrad-Mursalitsa 136717 Bulgaria  
Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 619152 Thailand  
VALLE DE SAN EMILIANO 137756 Spain  
VALLE DEL TIÉTAR 159079 Spain  
Wiang Kosai National Park II 108737 Thailand
Wolong Nature Reserve V 826140 Sichuan, China  
Xishuangbanna Nature Reserve V 567531 Yunnan, China  
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Akarnanika mountains Greece A3, B2, B3, C6
Anapo gorges Italy A3, B2, B3, C6
Arda Bridge Bulgaria A1, A3, B2, C1, C6
Ausoni and Aurunci mountains Italy B2, C6
Côa valley Portugal B2, C6
Chaîne des Alpilles France B2, B3, C6
Circeo National Park Italy A1, B2, C1, C2, C6
Coast between Marina di Camerota and Policastro Bussentino Italy B2, C6
Delimidi and Fteri mountains, Agrafa Greece B2, C6
East Lakonia mountains Greece B2, B3, C6
Gargano Promontory and Capitanata Wetlands Italy A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Iles Marseillaises: Maire, Jarron, Jarre, Riou, Calseraigne, Congloue et Pomègues France B2, C6
Khosrov Reserve Armenia A1, A3, B2
Kresna Gorge Bulgaria A3, B2, B3, C6
Marina mountain ranges Spain B2, C2, C6
Meghri Armenia A1, A2, A3, B2, B3
Montagne Sainte-Victoire France B2, B3, C6
Mount Ghiona, Reka ravine, Lazorema, and Vathia Lakka Greece A3, B2, B3, C6
Mount Iti Greece B2, B3, C6
Mount Pecoraro and Pizzo Cirina Italy B2, C7  
Mount Taigetos Greece A1, A3, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Mountains of Barcelona Spain B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Nebrodi Italy B2, C6
Ponziane islands Italy B2, C6
Portas de Ródão e Vale Mourão Portugal B2, C6
Préalpes de Grasse France B2, C6
Prelittoral mountain ranges of Granada Spain B2, C2, C6
Rdum Tal-Madonna Malta A4ii, B1ii, B2, B3
Rodopos peninsula Greece B2, C6  
Saria island and northern Karpathos Greece B2, C6  
Serra de Penha Garcia e Campina de Toulões Portugal A1, B2, C1, C6
Sierra Nevada mountain range Spain B2, C2, C6
South-west coast of Portugal Portugal B1iii, C2, C3, C6
Southern and eastern part of Mount Parnassos Greece A3, B2, B3, C6
Southern Mani, Mount Sanghias and Cape Tenaro Greece A3, B2, B3
Studen Kladenets Bulgaria A3, B2, C6
Ta'Cenc cliffs Malta B1ii, B2
Tuscan Archipelago Italy A1, A3, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Upper River Tejo Portugal A4i, B1i, B2, C6
Vallée du Régino France B2, B3, C2, C6  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Japan Japan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No
Philippines Philippines No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No
Wallacea East Timor, Indonesia No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Emblem of

Malta

Prey / Diet

Ficus benghalensis (Indian banyan)[4]
Ficus religiosa (peepul tree)[4]
Schistocerca gregaria (desert locust)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Accipiter nisus (Eurasian Sparrowhawk)1
Acridotheres cristatellus (Crested Myna)1
Acridotheres fuscus (Jungle Myna)1
Acridotheres ginginianus (Bank Myna)2
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)2
Agropsar philippensis (Chestnut-cheeked Starling)1
Alectoris barbara (Barbary Partridge)1
Ammoperdix heyi (Sand Partridge)1
Anthracoceros coronatus (Malabar Pied Hornbill)1
Anthus campestris (Tawny Pipit)1
Aquila nipalensis (Steppe Eagle)1
Ardea cinerea (Grey Heron)1
Athene noctua (Little Owl)1
Axis axis (chital)2
Boselaphus tragocamelus (nilgai)2
Bubo africanus (Spotted Eagle-Owl)1
Bubulcus ibis (Cattle Egret)1
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)1
Circus macrourus (Pallid Harrier)1
Circus pygargus (Montagu's Harrier)1
Coracina novaehollandiae (Black-faced Cuckooshrike)1
Corvus macrorhynchos (Large-billed Crow)2
Corvus rhipidurus (Fan-tailed Raven)1
Corvus ruficollis (Brown-necked Raven)1
Corvus splendens (House Crow)1
Cuculus varius (common hawk-cuckoo)1
Cynopterus brachyotis (lesser short-nosed fruit bat)1
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)2
Dendrocitta vagabunda (Rufous Treepie)2
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)1
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)2
Falco naumanni (Lesser Kestrel)1
Falco pelegrinoides (Barbary Falcon)1
Falco tinnunculus (Eurasian Kestrel)1
Galloperdix spadicea (Red Spurfowl)1
Gelochelidon nilotica (Gull-billed Tern)1
Geronticus eremita (Northern Bald Ibis)1
Gracupica contra (Pied Myna)1
Hydroprogne caspia (Caspian Tern)1
Hypocolius ampelinus (Hypocolius)1
Lanius excubitor (Northern Shrike)1
Macaca mulatta (rhesus monkey)2
Macaca radiata (bonnet macaque)1
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)2
Megalaima viridis (White-cheeked Barbet)1
Megalaima zeylanica (Brown-headed Barbet)2
Melursus ursinus (Sloth Bear)2
Merops nubicus (Northern Carmine Bee-eater)1
Merops orientalis (Green Bee-eater)1
Milvus migrans (Black Kite)1
Motacilla alba (White Wagtail)1
Ocyceros birostris (Indian Grey Hornbill)2
Ocyceros gingalensis (Sri Lankan Grey Hornbill)1
Ocyceros griseus (Malabar Grey Hornbill)1
Oenanthe deserti (Desert Wheatear)1
Oenanthe isabellina (Isabelline Wheatear)1
Oenanthe oenanthe (Northern Wheatear)1
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)2
Oriolus xanthornus (Black-hooded Oriole)1
Pastor roseus (Rosy Starling)2
Psittacula krameri (Rose-ringed Parakeet)1
Psittacula longicauda (Long-tailed Parakeet)1
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)2
Pycnonotus aurigaster (Sooty-headed Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus cafer (Red-vented Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus luteolus (White-browed Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus xantholaemus (Yellow-throated Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus xanthopygos (White-spectacled Bulbul)1
Pygathrix nemaeus (Douc langur)1
Rhinoceros unicornis (Indian rhinoceros)1
Rhyticeros narcondami (Narcondam Hornbill)1
Rousettus aegyptiacus (Egyptian rousette)1
Rousettus leschenaultii (Leschenault's rousette)2
Semnopithecus entellus (Hanuman langur)2
Sturnia malabarica (Chestnut-tailed Starling)1
Sturnia pagodarum (Brahminy Starling)1
Sus scrofa (wild boar)1
Tephrodornis pondicerianus (Common Woodshrike)1
Tockus nasutus (African Grey Hornbill)2
Trachypithecus pileatus (capped leaf monkey)1
Treron phoenicopterus (Yellow-footed Green Pigeon)2
Turdoides squamiceps (Arabian Babbler)1
Turdoides striata (Bengal jungle babbler)2
Upupa epops (Eurasian Hoopoe)1
Viverricula indica (Small Indian Civet)1
Vulpes bengalensis (Bengal Fox)1
Zosterops palpebrosus (Oriental White-eye)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Capillaria inflexa <Unverified Name>[6]
Frontopsylla frontalis alatau[7]
Microtetrameres spiculata <Unverified Name>[6]
Syngamus merulae <Unverified Name>[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen

Distribution

Oceania;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
5SYMENS, P. (1988). Effects of the mass migration of desert locusts Schistocerca gregaria on birds in the Taif area. Arabia.
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
7International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access