Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Soricomorpha > Soricidae > Cryptotis > Cryptotis parva
 

Cryptotis parva (North American Least Shrew; least shrew; bee shrew; small short-tailed shrew; little short-tailed shrew)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The North American least shrew (Cryptotis parva) is one of the smallest mammals, growing to be only up to 3 inches long. The North American least shrew has a long pointed snout and a tail never more than twice the length of its hind foot. It has a dense fur coat that is either grayish-brown or reddish-brown with a white belly. Its fur becomes lighter in the summer and darker in the winter.
View Wikipedia Record: Cryptotis parva

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
25
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.89
EDGE Score: 2.39

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  5 grams
Birth Weight [2]  .3 grams
Female Maturity [1]  40 days
Male Maturity [1]  43 days
Diet [3]  Carnivore
Gestation [1]  21 days
Litter Size [1]  5
Litters / Year [1]  3
Maximum Longevity [1]  4 years
Nocturnal [3]  Yes
Weaning [1]  19 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Allegheny Highlands forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Atlantic coastal pine barrens United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Bajío dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Balsas dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Belizean pine forests Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Central American Atlantic moist forests Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American dry forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central American montane forests Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American pine-oak forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Mexican matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chiapas Depression dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chiapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chimalapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Costa Rican seasonal moist forests Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East Central Texas forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Edwards Plateau savanna United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Everglades United States Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Flint Hills tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Florida sand pine scrub United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Jalisco dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Meseta Central matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mesoamerican Gulf-Caribbean mangroves Bahamas, United Kingdom Neotropic Mangroves
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Motagua Valley thornscrub Guatemala Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nebraska Sand Hills mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves Mexico Neotropic Mangroves    
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Oaxacan montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ozark Mountain forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Petén-Veracruz moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Piney Woods forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sierra de los Tuxtlas Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sierra Madre de Chiapas moist forest Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sierra Madre de Oaxaca pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre del Sur pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Occidental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sinaloan dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Florida rocklands United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Mangroves    
Southern Pacific dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Talamancan montane forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tamaulipan matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tamaulipan mezquital Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tehuacán Valley matorral Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Texas blackland prairies United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Veracruz dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz moist forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands  
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Antietam National Battlefield III 3263 Maryland, United States
Assateague Island National Seashore II 8621 Maryland, United States
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
Big Thicket Biosphere Reserve National Park II 616880 Texas, United States
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge VI 19192 Maryland, United States
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Buffalo National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 59947 Arkansas, United States
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Cape Hatteras National Seashore II 21476 North Carolina, United States
Cape Lookout National Seashore II 18379 North Carolina, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Catoctin Mountain Park National Park II 5994 Maryland, United States
Celaque National Park II 66197 Honduras  
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area V 7622 Georgia, United States
Chickasaw National Recreation Area V 7025 Oklahoma, United States
Chiquibul Forest Reserve VI 148670 Belize  
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Congaree Swamp National Park II 6095 South Carolina, United States
Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   North Carolina, United States
Edwin S. George Reserve 1297 Michigan, United States
Fort Larned National Historic Site III 706 Kansas, United States
George WA Carver National Monument V 210 Missouri, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park V 1926 Alabama, United States
Hot Springs National Park II 5740 Arkansas, United States
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
La Amistad International Park National Park II 541617 Panama, Costa Rica  
Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge VI 28351 Louisiana, United States
Lake Meredith National Recreation Area V   Texas, United States
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Little River National Wildlife Refuge   Oklahoma, United States
Little St. Simons Island   Georgia, United States
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Morristown National Historical Park VI 1677 New Jersey, United States
New Jersey Pinelands Biosphere Reserve   New Jersey, United States  
Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park 20001 Tennessee, United States
Ocmulgee National Monument V 693 Georgia, United States
Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge IV 38256 Florida, United States
Rara Avis Rainforest Reserve 3163 Costa Rica
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve VI 955579 Queretaro, Mexico  
San Antonio Missions National Historical Park VI 854 Texas, United States
Santee Coastal Reserve and Washo Reserve State Habitat Area IV 20850 South Carolina, United States  
Shiloh National Military Park III 4061 Tennessee, United States
Shortgrass Steppe LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Colorado, United States
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Tennessee River Gorge   Tennessee, United States
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Wilson's Creek National Battlefield V   Missouri, United States

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No

Prey / Diet

Antheraea polyphemus (polyphemus moth)[4]
Apis mellifera (honey bee)[4]
Argiope aurantia (black-and-yellow argiope)[4]
Armadillidium vulgare (pillbug)[4]
Betula nigra (river birch)[4]
Bombus fervidus (Golden northern bumble bee)[4]
Calosoma scrutator (Fiery searcher)[4]
Colias philodice (clouded sulphur)[4]
Gryllus pennsylvanicus (fall field cricket)[4]
Lithobius forficatus (Brown centipede)[4]
Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth)[4]
Malacosoma americana (Eastern tent caterpillar)[4]
Melanoplus differentialis (Differential Grasshopper)[4]
Micrathena gracilis (Spined micrathena)[4]
Narceus americanus (North american millipede)[4]
Plestiodon fasciatus (Five-lined Skink)[4]
Plethodon cinereus (Eastern Red-backed Salamander)[4]
Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper)[4]
Pterostichus melanarius (Common black ground beetle)[4]
Rabidosa rabida (Rabid wolf spider)[4]
Reticulitermes flavipes (eastern subterranean termite)[4]
Sphecius speciosus (cicada killer)[4]
Tenodera aridifolia (Chinese mantid)[4]
Triatoma sanguisuga (Eastern blood-sucking cone)[4]
Vespula maculifrons (eastern yellowjacket)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawk)1
Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird)9
Agkistrodon contortrix (Southern Copperhead)5
Alauda arvensis (Sky Lark)1
Ambystoma maculatum (Spotted Salamander)8
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)4
Anaxyrus americanus americanus (Eastern American Toad)17
Anthus trivialis (Tree Pipit)1
Apus apus (Common Swift)1
Archilochus colubris (Ruby-throated Hummingbird)4
Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)2
Baeolophus bicolor (Tufted Titmouse)5
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)7
Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)7
Castor canadensis (american beaver)1
Charadrius vociferus (Killdeer)4
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)2
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)9
Coluber constrictor (Eastern Racer)1
Corvus brachyrhynchos (American Crow)7
Corvus corone (Carrion Crow)1
Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay)9
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)4
Eptesicus fuscus (big brown bat)11
Eurycea guttolineata (Three-lined Salamander)4
Geothlypis trichas (Common Yellowthroat)5
Heterodon platirhinos (Eastern Hognose Snake)3
Lampropeltis calligaster (Prairie Kingsnake)1
Lampropeltis triangulum (Scarlet kingsnake)1
Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull)2
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)5
Lithobates sphenocephalus sphenocephalus (Florida Leopard Frog)11
Lithobates sylvaticus (Wood Frog)16
Megaceryle alcyon (Belted Kingfisher)2
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)15
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)12
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)2
Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)1
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)9
Molothrus ater (Brown-headed Cowbird)11
Myiarchus crinitus (Great Crested Flycatcher)12
Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake)1
Notophthalmus viridescens (Eastern Newt)2
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)1
Ondatra zibethicus (muskrat)1
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)5
Picoides pubescens (Downy Woodpecker)4
Plestiodon fasciatus (Five-lined Skink)12
Plethodon cinereus (Eastern Red-backed Salamander)4
Poecile carolinensis (Carolina Chickadee)9
Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Strawberry bass)1
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)6
Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper)6
Quiscalus quiscula (Common Grackle)3
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)4
Scalopus aquaticus (Eastern Mole)10
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)7
Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)7
Sitta carolinensis (White-breasted Nuthatch)8
Spinus tristis (American Goldfinch)2
Strix varia (Barred Owl)2
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)8
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)1
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)2
Terrapene carolina (Florida Box Turtle)6
Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake)7
Thryothorus ludovicianus (Carolina Wren)10
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)16
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)3
Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove)3
Zonotrichia albicollis (White-throated Sparrow)1

Predators

Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawk)[4]
Aedes albopictus (forest day mosquito)[4]
Agkistrodon contortrix (Southern Copperhead)[4]
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)[5]
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)[4]
Crotalus horridus (Timber rattlesnake (atricaudatus))[6]
Dermacentor variabilis (American dog tick)[4]
Heterodon platirhinos (Eastern Hognose Snake)[4]
Lampropeltis calligaster (Prairie Kingsnake)[7]
Lampropeltis triangulum (Scarlet kingsnake)[7]
Megascops asio (Eastern Screech-Owl)[5]
Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake)[4]
Strix varia (Barred Owl)[4]
Triatoma sanguisuga (Eastern blood-sucking cone)[4]
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[4]

Providers

Shelter 
Ampelocissus latifolia (American ivy)[4]
Chenopodium album (lambsquarters goosefoot)[4]
Diphasiastrum digitatum (fan clubmoss)[4]
Fragaria virginiana (Virginia Strawberry)[4]
Hamamelis virginiana (American witchhazel)[4]
Osmundastrum cinnamomeum (cinnamon fern)[4]
Pteridium aquilinum (northern bracken fern)[4]
Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)[4]
Rosa virginiana (Virginia Rose)[4]
Rubus laciniatus (Cutleaf Evergreen Blackberry)[4]
Smilax rotundifolia (Horse Brier)[4]
Symphyotrichum dumosum (Small White Aster)[4]
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)[4]
Trifolium pratense (Red Clover)[4]
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Androlaelaps fahrenholzi[2]
Corrodopsylla hamiltoni[8]
Ctenophthalmus pseudagyrtes[2]
Epitedia wenmanni[2]
Eulaelaps stabularis[2]
Hirstionyssus talpae[2]
Peromyscopsylla scotti[2]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Chicago Zoological Park
Jackson Zoological Park
Tama Zoological Park
The Philadelphia Zoo
Wildlife World Zoo

Range Map

Middle America; North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Cryptotis parva, John O. Whitaker, Jr., MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 43, pp. 1-8 (1974) 3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 4Study of Northern Virginia Ecology 5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 6Diet of the Timber Rattlesnake, Crotalus horridus, Rulon W. Clark, Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 36, No. 3, pp. 494-499, 2002 7Resources of a Snake Community in Prairie-Woodland Habitat of Northeastern Kansas, Henry S. Fitch, U.S Fish and Wildlife Service, Wildlife Research Report 13: 83-98 (1982) 8International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access