Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Lagomorpha > Ochotonidae > Ochotona > Ochotona princeps
 

Ochotona princeps (pika; American Pika)

Wikipedia Abstract

The American pika (Ochotona princeps), a diurnal species of pika, is found in the mountains of western North America, usually in boulder fields at or above the tree line. They are herbivorous, smaller relatives of rabbits and hares.
View Wikipedia Record: Ochotona princeps

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
25
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.93
EDGE Score: 2.39

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  100 grams
Birth Weight [1]  9 grams
Female Maturity [1]  11 months 17 days
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  30 days
Litter Size [1]  3
Litters / Year [1]  2
Maximum Longevity [1]  7 years
Weaning [1]  28 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alberta Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Blue Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Cascade Mountains leeward forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central British Columbia Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Fraser Plateau and Basin complex Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Klamath-Siskiyou forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mojave desert United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Puget lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sierra Nevada forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Willamette Valley forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wyoming Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Cedar Breaks National Monument III 6111 Utah, United States
Fraser Biosphere Reserve 23050 Colorado, United States  
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Grand Teton National Park II 231724 Wyoming, United States
H.J. Andrews Biosphere Reserve 15815 Oregon, United States
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
Lassen Volcanic National Park II 29388 California, United States
Lava Beds National Monument III 20002 California, United States
Mount Rainier National Park II 235186 Washington, United States
Mount Revelstoke National Park Ia 18 British Columbia, Canada
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Rocky Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 239938 Colorado, United States
Sequoia and Kings Canyon Biosphere Reserve II 172261 California, United States
Waterton Biosphere Reserve II 121459 Alberta, Canada
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada
Yosemite National Park II 95209 California, United States
Zion National Park II 135667 Utah, United States

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No

Prey / Diet

Artemisia scopulorum (alpine sagebrush)[3]
Bistorta bistortoides (American bistort)[3]
Deschampsia cespitosa (Tufted Hair-grass)[3]
Erigeron grandiflorus (largeflower fleabane)[3]
Geum rossii (Ross' avens)[3]
Silene acaulis (moss campion)[3]
Trifolium parryi (Parry's Clover)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Calidris mauri (Western Sandpiper)1
Cervus elaphus (wapiti or elk)1
Leptopterna ferrugata1
Marmota caligata (hoary marmot)1
Marmota olympus (Olympic marmot)1
Microtus oeconomus (tundra vole)1
Ovis dalli (Dall's sheep)1
Thomomys talpoides (northern pocket gopher)1
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)1

Predators

Martes americana (American Marten)[4]
Mustela erminea (Ermine)[4]
Mustela frenata (Long-tailed Weasel)[5]
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)[6]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Aetheca wagneri[7]
Amaradix bitterrootensis[7]
Amaradix bitterrootensis bitterrootensis[7]
Amphalius runatus necopinus[7]
Catallagia charlottensis[7]
Catallagia sculleni chamberlini[7]
Cephaluris alaskensis <Unverified Name>[8]
Cephaluris coloradensis <Unverified Name>[8]
Ceratophyllus ciliatus protinus[7]
Ceratophyllus vison[7]
Ctenophyllus armatus armatus[7]
Euchoplopsyllus glacialis lynx[7]
Eumolpianus eumolpi eumolpi[7]
Geusibia ashcrafti[7]
Graphidiella ochotonae <Unverified Name>[8]
Hystrichopsylla dippiei dippiei[7]
Labiostomum coloradensis <Unverified Name>[8]
Margopsylla tolli[7]
Megabothris abantis[7]
Megarthroglossus divisus[7]
Megarthroglossus procus[7]
Megarthroglossus spenceri[7]
Murielus harpespiculus <Unverified Name>[8]
Orchopeas nepos[7]
Orchopeas sexdentatus agilis[7]
Oropsylla idahoensis[7]
Phalacropsylla allos[7]
Phalacropsylla morlani[7]
Physaloptera bispiculata <Unverified Name>[8]
Rhadinopsylla fraterna[7]
Schizorchis caballeroi <Unverified Name>[8]
Schizorchis ochotonae <Unverified Name>[8]

Range Map

North America;

Audio

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Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Disparate determinants of summer and winter diet selection of a general herbivore, Ochotona princeps, M. Denise Dearing, Oecologia (1996) 108:467-478
4Responses of pikas (Ochotona princeps, Lagomorpha) to naturally occurring terrestrial predators, Barbara L. Ivins and Andrew T. Smith, Behav Ecol Sociobiol (1983) 13:277-285
5Mustela frenata, Steven R. Sheffield and Howard H. Thomas, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 570, pp. 1-9 (1997)
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7International Flea Database
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2