Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Lagomorpha > Leporidae > Lepus > Lepus americanus
 

Lepus americanus (Snowshoe Hare)

Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The snowshoe hare (Lepus americanus), also called the varying hare, or snowshoe rabbit, is a species of hare found in North America. It has the name "snowshoe" because of the large size of its hind feet and the marks its tail leaves. The animal's feet prevent it from sinking into the snow when it hops and walks. Its feet also have fur on the soles to protect it from freezing temperatures. For camouflage, its fur turns white during the winter and rusty brown during the summer.
View Wikipedia Record: Lepus americanus

Infraspecies

Invasive Species

Lepus americanus is a small mammal of the Lagomorpha order. It is widespread in the USA and Canada, where it is found in open areas, grasslands, swamps and woods. Usually solitary, they can sometimes live in very large groups. When populations reach very high densities, they can have a significant impact on forest regeneration.
View ISSG Record: Lepus americanus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
23
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.67
EDGE Score: 2.27

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  3.53 lbs (1.60 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  61 grams
Female Maturity [1]  10 months 8 days
Male Maturity [1]  1 year 1 month
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Gestation [1]  36 days
Litter Size [1]  3
Litters / Year [1]  3
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Weaning [1]  20 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Alaska Peninsula montane taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Alaska-St. Elias Range tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Alberta Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Allegheny Highlands forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Arctic foothills tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Atlantic coastal pine barrens United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Beringia lowland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Beringia upland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Blue Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Brooks-British Range tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
California Central Valley grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cascade Mountains leeward forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central British Columbia Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cook Inlet taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Copper Plateau taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Fraser Plateau and Basin complex Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of St. Lawrence lowland forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Canada, United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Interior Yukon-Alaska alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Klamath-Siskiyou forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mid-Continental Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Midwestern Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Muskwa-Slave Lake forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
New England-Acadian forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Newfoundland Highland forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Cordillera forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Pacific coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern tall grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern transitional alpine forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwest Territories taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ogilvie-MacKenzie alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Puget lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sierra Nevada forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Avalon-Burin oceanic barrens Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southern Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Hudson Bay taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Willamette Valley forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wyoming Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Yukon Interior dry forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Bruce Peninsula National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Bryce Canyon National Park II 36348 Utah, United States
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Cape Cod National Seashore II 21724 Massachusetts, United States
Cascade Head Biosphere Reserve 17423 Oregon, United States
Cedar Creek LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV   Minnesota, United States
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Chippewa Nature Center   Michigan, United States    
Craters of the Moon National Monument V 690996 Idaho, United States
Curecanti National Recreation Area V 31032 Colorado, United States
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Elk Island National Park II 47171 Alberta, Canada
Fathom Five National Marine Park II   Ontario, Canada
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Fraser Biosphere Reserve 23050 Colorado, United States  
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Gates of the Arctic National Park Ib 184461 Alaska, United States
Georgian Bay Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Grand Teton National Park II 231724 Wyoming, United States
Grasslands National Park II 128635 Saskatchewan, Canada
Greenwater Provincial Park II 11019 Ontario, Canada
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
H.J. Andrews Biosphere Reserve 15815 Oregon, United States
Hubbard Brook Biosphere Reserve 7809 New Hampshire, United States
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kejimkujik Seaside Adjunct National Park II 4970 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lake Chelan National Recreation Area II 606367 Washington, United States
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Lassen Volcanic National Park II 29388 California, United States
Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve II 20461 Quebec, Canada
Mount Rainier National Park II 235186 Washington, United States
Mount Revelstoke National Park Ia 18 British Columbia, Canada
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Noatak Biosphere Reserve 7500143 Alaska, United States  
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Oregon Caves National Monument V 456 Oregon, United States
Polar Bear Provincial Park 5502026 Ontario, Canada
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Prince Edward Island National Park II   Prince Edward Island, Canada  
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve 277252 Saskatchewan, Canada
Reserve de la Biosphere de Charlevoix Biosphere Reserve 1383790 Canada  
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rocky Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 239938 Colorado, United States
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Saratoga National Historical Park   New York, United States
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore II 62563 Michigan, United States
Southwest Nova Biosphere Reserve 3821173 Canada  
Terra Nova National Park IV 125894 Newfoundland, Canada
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States
Vuntut National Park II 1076795 Yukon, Canada
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Waterton Biosphere Reserve II 121459 Alberta, Canada
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Woodland Caribou Provincial Wilderness Park Provincial Park II 1072124 Ontario, Canada
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada
Yosemite National Park II 95209 California, United States

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No

Prey / Diet

Arctagrostis latifolia (wideleaf polargrass)[3]
Betula papyrifera (mountain paper birch)[3]
Epilobium angustifolium subsp. angustifolium (Rosebay Willowherb)[3]
Populus balsamifera (balsam poplar)[3]
Rhododendron groenlandicum (rusty labrador-tea)[3]
Rosa acicularis (prickly rose)[3]
Rubus idaeus (Raspberry)[3]
Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alces alces (moose)6
Apis mellifera (honey bee)1
Aplodontia rufa californica1
Bombus jonellus (Heath Humble-bee)1
Bombus lucorum (White-tailed bumblebee)1
Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse)4
Branta hutchinsii (Cackling Goose)1
Bromius obscurus (Western Grape Rootworm)1
Calcarius lapponicus (Lapland Longspur)1
Carduelis flammea (Common Redpoll)3
Castor canadensis (american beaver)1
Catharus ustulatus (Swainson's Thrush)2
Clethrionomys rutilus (northern red-backed vole)3
Lemmus sibiricus (brown lemming)1
Lygocoris pabulinus (Common Green Capsid)2
Lygus rugulipennis1
Marmota caligata (hoary marmot)1
Martes americana (American Marten)1
Neotoma cinerea (bushy-tailed woodrat)1
Ovibos moschatus (muskox)1
Ovis dalli (Dall's sheep)2
Pinicola enucleator (Pine Grosbeak)4
Rangifer tarandus (caribou)1
Tamias minimus (least chipmunk)1
Tamias townsendii (Townsend's chipmunk)1
Thomomys bottae (Botta's pocket gopher)1
Tympanuchus phasianellus (Sharp-tailed Grouse)1
Urocitellus parryii (Arctic ground squirrel)2
Ursus americanus (black bear)2
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)2
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)1
Zonotrichia leucophrys (White-crowned Sparrow)2

Predators

Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)[4]
Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)[5]
Canis latrans (Coyote)[5]
Canis lupus (Wolf)[5]
Falco rusticolus (Gyrfalcon)[5]
Lynx canadensis (lynx)[3]
Martes americana (American Marten)[6]
Mustela frenata (Long-tailed Weasel)[7]
Mustela nivalis (Least Weasel)[5]
Strix nebulosa (Great Grey Owl)[3]
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)[5]
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[3]
Cephenemyia trompe[3]

Providers

Shelter 
Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Aetheca wagneri[8]
Amalaraeus dissimilis[8]
Catallagia dacenkoi[8]
Cephenemyia trompe (Bot fly)[3]
Ceratophyllus ciliatus protinus[8]
Ceratophyllus garei[8]
Ceratophyllus vison[8]
Cercopithifilaria leporinus <Unverified Name>[9]
Cittotaenia pectinata <Unverified Name>[9]
Dicrocoelium dendriticum (Lancet liver fluke)[9]
Dirofilaria scapiceps <Unverified Name>[9]
Euchoplopsyllus glacialis affinis[8]
Euchoplopsyllus glacialis lynx[8]
Euparyphium melis <Unverified Name>[9]
Fasciola hepatica (common liver fluke)[9]
Hasstilesia tricolor[9]
Megabothris abantis[8]
Megabothris asio gregsoni[8]
Megabothris calcarifer[8]
Nematodirus triangularis <Unverified Name>[9]
Obeliscoides cuniculi <Unverified Name>[9]
Odontopsyllus dentatus[8]
Opisodasys vesperalis[8]
Orchopeas caedens caedens[8]
Orchopeas sexdentatus agilis[8]
Passalurus nonanulatus <Unverified Name>[9]
Peromyscopsylla ostsibirica[8]
Protostrongylus boughtoni <Unverified Name>[9]
Strongyloides papillosus[9]
Taenia macrocystis <Unverified Name>[9]
Taenia multiceps <Unverified Name>[9]
Taenia pisiformis[9]
Taenia serialis <Unverified Name>[9]
Taenia taeniaeformis <Unverified Name>[9]
Trichostrongylus retortaeformis[9]
Trichuris leporis <Unverified Name>[9]
Shelter for 
Cephenemyia trompe[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Valley Zoo & John Janzen Nature Center

Range Map

Link to Map
Middle America; North America;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Hoffman R.S., 2007-08-15, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Making The Forest And Tundra Wildlife Connection 4Prey Abundance, Space Use, Demography, and Foraging Habitat of Northern Goshawks in Western Washington, Thomas David Bloxton, Jr., University of Washington 2002 5Exploring the Denali Food Web, ParkWise, National Park Service 6Martes americana, Tim W. Clark, Elaine Anderson, Carman Douglas, and Marjorie Strickland, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 289, pp. 1-8 (1987) 7Mustela frenata, Steven R. Sheffield and Howard H. Thomas, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 570, pp. 1-9 (1997) 8International Flea Database 9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Invasive Status provided by Global Invasive Species Database Downloaded on 10 May 2011.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Patterson, B. D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M. F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B. E. Young. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy—Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International—CABS, World Wildlife Fund—US, and Environment Canada—WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011