Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Lagomorpha > Leporidae > Sylvilagus > Sylvilagus bachmani
 

Sylvilagus bachmani (Brush Rabbit)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The brush rabbit (Sylvilagus bachmani), or western brush rabbit, is a species of cottontail rabbit found in western coastal regions of North America, from the Columbia River in Oregon to the southern tip of the Baja California Peninsula. Its range extends as far east as the eastern sides of the Sierra Nevada and Cascade mountain ranges.
View Wikipedia Record: Sylvilagus bachmani

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
6
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
29
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 13.13
EDGE Score: 2.65

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  1.54 lbs (700 g)
Birth Weight [1]  28 grams
Female Maturity [1]  5 months 4 days
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  27 days
Litter Size [1]  4
Litters / Year [1]  3
Weaning [1]  19 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Baja California desert Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
California Central Valley grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
California coastal sage and chaparral Mexico, United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California montane chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Central and Southern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Eastern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Gulf of California xeric scrub Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Klamath-Siskiyou forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mojave desert United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Northern California coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves Mexico Neotropic Mangroves    
San Lucan xeric scrub Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sierra de la Laguna dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sierra de la Laguna pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Juarez and San Pedro Martir pine-oak forests Mexico Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sierra Nevada forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sonoran desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Willamette Valley forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bishop Pine Preserve   California, United States  
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Craters of the Moon National Monument V 690996 Idaho, United States
Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge Ia   Idaho, United States
Fairfield Osborn Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 190 California, United States
Golden Gate National Recreation Area V 26135 California, United States
Great Basin National Park II 77367 Nevada, United States
Hamilton Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 52 California, United States  
Heath and Marjorie Angelo Coast Range Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 7008 California, United States
Jackson Demonstration State Forest   California, United States
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
Landels-Hill Big Creek Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 45 California, United States
Lanphere-Christensen Dunes Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 471 California, United States  
McGinty Mountain Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 753 California, United States  
Mojave and Colorado Deserts Biosphere Reserve 5901 California, United States  
Mount Tamalpais State Park 6365 California, United States
Muir Woods National Monument V 492 California, United States
Nipomo Dunes Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 3725 California, United States
Oregon Caves National Monument V 456 Oregon, United States
Philip L. Boyd Deep Canyon Desert Research Center 6101 California, United States
Pinnacles National Monument V 2869 California, United States
Point Reyes National Seashore II 27068 California, United States
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
San Dimas Biosphere Reserve 17161 California, United States  
San Francisco Peninsular Watershed County Wildlife Refuge or Management Area 30320 California, United States  
Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area V 38440 California, United States
Sequoia and Kings Canyon Biosphere Reserve II 172261 California, United States
Valle de los Cirios Flora and Fauna Protection Area   Mexico      
Whiskey-Shasta-Trinity National Recreation Area V 197791 California, United States
Yosemite National Park II 95209 California, United States

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No

Prey / Diet

Baccharis douglasii (Salt Marsh Baccharis)[3]
Bromus hordeaceus (soft brome)[3]
Cirsium vulgare (Spear Thistle)[3]
Conium maculatum (cigue tachetee)[3]
Dysphania andicola (Mexican-tea)[3]
Eleocharis palustris (common spikerush)[3]
Eragrostis hypnoides (teal love grass)[3]
Hordeum murinum (mouse barley)[3]
Rosa californica (California wild rose)[3]
Rubus vitifolius (blackberry)[3]
Sonchus glaucescens (Prickly Sow-Thistle)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Apis mellifera (honey bee)1
Archilochus colubris (Ruby-throated Hummingbird)1
Bombus fervidus (Golden northern bumble bee)1
Bombus lucorum (White-tailed bumblebee)1
Callospermophilus lateralis (golden-mantled ground squirrel)1
Cassida rubiginosa (Thistle Tortoise Beetle)1
Dama dama (fallow deer)1
Forficula auricularia (European earwig)1
Lygocoris pabulinus (Common Green Capsid)1
Marmota flaviventris (yellow-bellied marmot)1
Mayetiola destructor (hessian fly)1
Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)1
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)1
Psylliodes chalcomerus1
Spinus tristis (American Goldfinch)1
Sylvilagus audubonii (Desert Cottontail)5
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)1
Tamias merriami (Merriam's chipmunk)1
Tamias ruficaudus (red-tailed chipmunk)1

Predators

Accipiter cooperii (Cooper's Hawk)[3]
Aphelocoma californica (Western Scrub-Jay)[3]
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)[3]
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)[3]
Canis latrans (Coyote)[3]
Crotalus atrox (Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake)[3]
Lynx rufus (Bobcat)[3]
Mustela frenata (Long-tailed Weasel)[3]
Pituophis catenifer (Gopher Snake)[4]
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)[3]
Urocyon cinereoargenteus (Gray Fox)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Cediopsylla inaequalis interrupta[5]
Euchoplopsyllus glacialis foxi[5]
Euchoplopsyllus glacialis lynx[5]
Hoplopsyllus anomalus (rodent flea)[5]
Odontopsyllus dentatus[5]
Oropsylla montana[5]
Taenia pisiformis[3]
Xenopsylla cheopis (oriental rat flea)[5]

Range Map

Middle America; North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Sylvilagus bachmani, Joseph A. Chapman, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 34, pp. 1-4 (1974)
4Feeding ecology of North American gopher snakes (Pituophis catenifer, Colubridae), JAVIER A. RODRÍGUEZ-ROBLES, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2002, 77, 165–183
5International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access