Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Lagomorpha > Leporidae > Sylvilagus > Sylvilagus floridanus
 

Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The eastern cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus) is a New World cottontail rabbit, a member of the family Leporidae. It is one of the most common rabbit species in North America.
View Wikipedia Record: Sylvilagus floridanus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
20
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.77
EDGE Score: 2.05

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  2.54 lbs (1.15 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  40 grams
Female Maturity [1]  4 months 3 days
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Gestation [1]  30 days
Litter Size [1]  5
Litters / Year [1]  4
Maximum Longevity [1]  10 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Speed [3]  20.00 MPH (8.94 m/s)
Weaning [1]  24 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Allegheny Highlands forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Amazon-Orinoco-Southern Caribbean mangroves Brazil, Columbia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela Neotropic Mangroves  
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Apure-Villavicencio dry forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Araya and Paria xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arizona Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Atlantic coastal pine barrens United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Bajío dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Balsas dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Catatumbo moist forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cauca Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Cauca Valley montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American Atlantic moist forests Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American dry forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central American montane forests Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American pine-oak forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Mexican matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chiapas Depression dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chiapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Chimalapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cordillera de Merida páramo Venezuela Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Cordillera La Costa montane forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera Oriental montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Costa Rican seasonal moist forests Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East Central Texas forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Edwards Plateau savanna United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Everglades United States Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Flint Hills tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Florida sand pine scrub United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Guianan Highlands moist forests Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan piedmont and lowland moist forests Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Jalisco dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
La Costa xeric shrublands Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Lara-Falcón dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Llanos Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Magdalena Valley montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena-Urabá moist forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maracaibo dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Meseta Central matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mesoamerican Gulf-Caribbean mangroves Bahamas, United Kingdom Neotropic Mangroves
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mojave desert United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Motagua Valley thornscrub Guatemala Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nebraska Sand Hills mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
New England-Acadian forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves Mexico Neotropic Mangroves    
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern tall grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Oaxacan montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco Delta swamp forests Venezuela, Guyana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco wetlands Venezuela Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Ozark Mountain forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pantanos de Centla Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pantepuis Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Paraguana xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Petén-Veracruz moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Piney Woods forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Santa Marta montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Santa Marta páramo Colombia Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sierra de los Tuxtlas Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sierra Madre de Chiapas moist forest Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sierra Madre de Oaxaca pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre del Sur pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Occidental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sinaloan dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sinú Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran-Sinaloan transition subtropical dry forest Mexico Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Florida rocklands United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Mangroves    
Southern Pacific dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Talamancan montane forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tamaulipan matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tamaulipan mezquital Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tehuacán Valley matorral Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Texas blackland prairies United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Venezuelan Andes montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz moist forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands  
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Willamette Valley forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Yucatán dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Agate Fossil Beds National Monument V 4731 Nebraska, United States
Antietam National Battlefield III 3263 Maryland, United States
Assateague Island National Seashore II 8621 Maryland, United States
Audubon National Wildlife Refuge IV 14642 North Dakota, United States
Badlands National Park II 178535 South Dakota, United States
Big Bend Biosphere Reserve National Park II 815561 Texas, United States
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area National Recreation Area V 120283 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Big Thicket Biosphere Reserve National Park II 616880 Texas, United States
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge VI 19192 Maryland, United States
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Buffalo National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 59947 Arkansas, United States
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve 90 Michigan, United States
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Cape Cod National Seashore II 21724 Massachusetts, United States
Cape Hatteras National Seashore II 21476 North Carolina, United States
Cape Lookout National Seashore II 18379 North Carolina, United States
Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge IV 8964 South Carolina, United States
Carl Sandburg Home National Hist. Site National Historic Site III 271 North Carolina, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Catoctin Mountain Park National Park II 5994 Maryland, United States
Celaque National Park II 66197 Honduras  
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Central Plains Biosphere Reserve 15345 United States  
Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area V 7622 Georgia, United States
Chickasaw National Recreation Area V 7025 Oklahoma, United States
Chippewa Nature Center   Michigan, United States    
Chiricahua National Monument V 1421 Arizona, United States
Congaree Swamp National Park II 6095 South Carolina, United States
Cumberland Gap National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 24282 Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, United States
Cuyahoga Valley National Park II 24907 Ohio, United States
De Soto National Wildlife Refuge IV 8007 Iowa, Nebraska, United States
Edwin S. George Reserve 1297 Michigan, United States
Effigy Mounds National Monument V 1296 Iowa, United States
El Malpais National Monument III 109980 New Mexico, United States
Fire Island National Seashore V 9433 New York, United States
Fort Caroline National Memorial III 137 Florida, United States
Friendship Hill National Historic Site III 697 Pennsylvania, United States
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
George WA Carver National Monument V 210 Missouri, United States
George Washington Birthplace National Monument V 435 Virginia, United States
George Washington Memorial Parkway V   Virginia, United States
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge VI 3161 New Jersey, United States
Guadalupe Mountains National Park II 46114 Texas, United States
Guilford Courthouse National Military Park V 216 North Carolina, United States
Herbert Hoover National Historic Site   Iowa, United States
Homestead National Monument of America V 850 Nebraska, United States
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park V 1926 Alabama, United States
Hot Springs National Park II 5740 Arkansas, United States
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Iztaccihuatl-Popocatepetl National Park II 224456 Mexico State, Mexico
Jardin Botánico Lancetilla Biological Reserve IV   Honduras  
Jeanette Kawas National Park 6379 Honduras    
Knife River Indian Villages National Hist. Site National Historic Site III 1756 North Dakota, United States
Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge VI 28351 Louisiana, United States
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial III 96 Indiana, United States
Long Point Biosphere Reserve 100325 Ontario, Canada  
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Moores Creek National Battlefield III 100 North Carolina, United States
Morristown National Historical Park VI 1677 New Jersey, United States
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
New Jersey Pinelands Biosphere Reserve   New Jersey, United States  
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park 20001 Tennessee, United States
Ocmulgee National Monument V 693 Georgia, United States
Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge IV 38256 Florida, United States
Ozark National Scenic Riverways National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 54621 Missouri, United States
Padre Island National Seashore II 42068 Texas, United States
Palo Verde National Park II 46190 Costa Rica  
Pipestone National Monument V 326 Minnesota, United States
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Reserva Especial de la Biosfera Ría Celestún Biosphere Reserve VI 202424 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Cielo Biosphere Reserve 353161 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve VI 955579 Queretaro, Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Reserva de la Michilia Biosphere Reserve VI 23405 Durango, Mexico  
Rondeau Provincial Park II 5035 Ontario, Canada
San Antonio Missions National Historical Park VI 854 Texas, United States
Santa Barbara Cloud Forest Site   Honduras      
Santee Coastal Reserve and Washo Reserve State Habitat Area IV 20850 South Carolina, United States  
Saratoga National Historical Park   New York, United States
Scotts Bluff National Monument V 3185 Nebraska, United States
Shenandoah National Park II 108221 Virginia, United States
Shiloh National Military Park III 4061 Tennessee, United States
Sierra de Agalta National Park II 128902 Honduras  
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore II 62563 Michigan, United States
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Stones River National Battlefield III 518 Tennessee, United States
Tennessee River Gorge   Tennessee, United States
Tonto National Monument V 1123 Arizona, United States
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Valley Forge National Historical Park VI 3509 Pennsylvania, United States
Western Michigan University's Asylum Lake Preserve 274 Michigan, United States
Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge IV 26618 Alabama, United States
Wind Cave National Park II 29471 South Dakota, United States

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Prey / Diet

Acer rubrum (red maple)[4]
Acer saccharinum (silver maple)[4]
Ampelocissus latifolia (American ivy)[4]
Betula nigra (river birch)[4]
Carpinus caroliniana (American hornbeam)[4]
Carya alba (mockernut hickory)[4]
Cichorium intybus (chicory)[4]
Cirsium vulgare (Spear Thistle)[4]
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood)[4]
Digitaria ischaemum (small crabgrass)[4]
Eupatorium maculatum (Spotted Joe-pye Weed)[4]
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)[4]
Fragaria virginiana (Virginia Strawberry)[4]
Ilex opaca (American holly)[4]
Liquidambar styraciflua (sweetgum)[4]
Opuntia humifusa (pricklypear)[5]
Panicum virgatum (old switch panic grass)[4]
Populus grandidentata (bigtooth aspen)[4]
Quercus geminata (sand live oak)[5]
Robinia pseudoacacia (Post locust)[4]
Rudbeckia hirta (Black-eyed Susan)[4]
Salix nigra (black willow)[4]
Smilax auriculata (Earleaf Greenbrier)[5]
Symphyotrichum dumosum (Small White Aster)[4]
Taraxacum campylodes (Dandelion)[4]
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)[4]
Trifolium pratense (Red Clover)[4]
Ulmus americana (American elm)[4]
Uniola paniculata (seaoats)[5]
Crataegus viridis (desert hawthorn)[4]
Hamamelis virginiana (American witchhazel)[4]
Juniperus virginiana (Eastern Red-cedar)[4]
Pinus strobus (Eastern white pine)[4]
Pinus virginiana (Virginia pine)[4]
Pteridium aquilinum (northern bracken fern)[4]
Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)[4]
Rosa virginiana (Virginia Rose)[4]
Rubus laciniatus (Cutleaf Evergreen Blackberry)[4]
Sambucus nigra (European black elderberry)[4]
Smilax rotundifolia (Horse Brier)[4]
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acrosternum hilare (Green stinkbug)12
Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird)2
Aix sponsa (Wood Duck)9
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)4
Apis mellifera (honey bee)15
Archilochus colubris (Ruby-throated Hummingbird)4
Baeolophus bicolor (Tufted Titmouse)8
Bombus fervidus (Golden northern bumble bee)11
Bombus lucorum (White-tailed bumblebee)3
Branta canadensis (Canada Goose)3
Camponotus pennsylvanicus (black carpenter ant)5
Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)13
Castor canadensis (american beaver)17
Colias philodice (clouded sulphur)7
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)15
Corvus brachyrhynchos (American Crow)8
Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay)5
Diapheromera femorata (Common American Walkingstick)3
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)5
Dryocopus pileatus (Pileated Woodpecker)7
Gryllus pennsylvanicus (fall field cricket)3
Heliothrips haemorrhoidalis (Greenhouse thrip)2
Incisalia niphon (Eastern Pine Elfin)3
Lygocoris pabulinus (Common Green Capsid)3
Marmota monax (woodchuck)7
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)23
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)8
Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)15
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)10
Molothrus ater (Brown-headed Cowbird)2
Myiarchus crinitus (Great Crested Flycatcher)4
Nymphalis antiopa (camberwell beauty)7
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)34
Ondatra zibethicus (muskrat)7
Papilio glaucus (Eastern tiger swallowtail)7
Papilio polyxenes (Eastern black swallowtail)3
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)19
Picoides pubescens (Downy Woodpecker)6
Pieris napi (Green-veined White Butterfly)2
Pieris rapae (imported cabbageworm)4
Poecile carolinensis (Carolina Chickadee)9
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)12
Quiscalus quiscula (Common Grackle)2
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)3
Reticulitermes flavipes (eastern subterranean termite)7
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)16
Sciurus griseus (western gray squirrel)2
Sciurus niger (eastern fox squirrel)2
Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)9
Sitta carolinensis (White-breasted Nuthatch)6
Spinus tristis (American Goldfinch)14
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)6
Tamias ruficaudus (red-tailed chipmunk)2
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)18
Terrapene carolina (Florida Box Turtle)2
Thryothorus ludovicianus (Carolina Wren)3
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)11
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)8
Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove)8
Zonotrichia albicollis (White-throated Sparrow)10

Predators

Accipiter cooperii (Cooper's Hawk)[5]
Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)[5]
Aedes albopictus (forest day mosquito)[4]
Agkistrodon contortrix (Southern Copperhead)[4]
Bubo scandiacus (Snowy Owl)[5]
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)[5]
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)[4]
Buteo jamaicensis harlani (Harlan's red-tailed hawk)[6]
Buteo lagopus (Rough-legged Hawk)[5]
Buteo lineatus (Red-shouldered Hawk)[5]
Buteo platypterus (Broad-winged Hawk)[5]
Buteo regalis (Ferruginous Hawk)[5]
Calliphora vomitoria (Blue bottle fly)[4]
Canis latrans (Coyote)[5]
Cathartes aura (Turkey Vulture)[5]
Chrysops atlanticus[5]
Circus cyaneus (Northern Harrier)[5]
Crotalus horridus (Timber rattlesnake (atricaudatus))[7]
Culex tarsalis[5]
Dermacentor variabilis (American dog tick)[4]
Falco peregrinus (Peregrine Falcon)[5]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[5]
Homo sapiens (man)[5]
Ictidomys tridecemlineatus (thirteen-lined ground squirrel)[8]
Leopardus pardalis (Ocelot)[9]
Megascops asio (Eastern Screech-Owl)[5]
Pituophis melanoleucus (Eastern Pine Snake)[7]
Puma concolor (Cougar)[10]
Strix varia (Barred Owl)[4]
Triatoma sanguisuga (Eastern blood-sucking cone)[4]
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[4]

Providers

Shelter 
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (Common Ragweed)[4]
Celastrus scandens (American bittersweet)[4]
Chenopodium album (lambsquarters goosefoot)[4]
Lindera benzoin (northern spicebush)[4]
Lonicera japonica (Chinese honeysuckle)[4]
Osmundastrum cinnamomeum (cinnamon fern)[4]
Phytolacca americana (common pokeweed)[4]
Pinus taeda (Loblolly pine)[4]
Crataegus viridis (desert hawthorn)[4]
Hamamelis virginiana (American witchhazel)[4]
Juniperus virginiana (Eastern Red-cedar)[4]
Pinus strobus (Eastern white pine)[4]
Pinus virginiana (Virginia pine)[4]
Pteridium aquilinum (northern bracken fern)[4]
Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)[4]
Rosa virginiana (Virginia Rose)[4]
Rubus laciniatus (Cutleaf Evergreen Blackberry)[4]
Sambucus nigra (European black elderberry)[4]
Smilax rotundifolia (Horse Brier)[4]
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Calliphora vomitoria[4]
Cediopsylla inaequalis interrupta[11]
Cediopsylla simplex[11]
Dermacentor variabilis[4]
Dermatoxys veligera <Unverified Name>[12]
Dirofilaria scapiceps <Unverified Name>[12]
Dirofilaria uniformis <Unverified Name>[12]
Echinococcus oligarthrus <Unverified Name>[12]
Epitedia wenmanni wenmanni[11]
Euchoplopsyllus glacialis affinis[11]
Fasciola hepatica (common liver fluke)[12]
Hasstilesia tricolor[12]
Loaina uniformis <Unverified Name>[12]
Longistriata noviberiae <Unverified Name>[12]
Mosgovoyia pectinata <Unverified Name>[12]
Obeliscoides cuniculi <Unverified Name>[12]
Odontopsyllus multispinosus[11]
Orchopeas howardi howardi[11]
Orchopeas leucopus (rodent flea)[11]
Oropsylla bruneri[11]
Passalurus nonanulatus <Unverified Name>[12]
Spilopsyllus cuniculi (European rabbit flea)[11]
Taenia pisiformis[12]
Tamiophila grandis (Chipmunk flea)[11]
Triatoma sanguisuga[4]
Trichostrongylus affinis <Unverified Name>[12]
Trichostrongylus calcaratus <Unverified Name>[12]
Trichuris leporis <Unverified Name>[12]
Wellcomia longejector[12]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Bay Beach Wildlife Sanctuary
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Tallahassee Museum of History and

Range Map

Amistad National Recreation Area; Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory LTER Site; Little River National Wildlife Refuge; Middle America; Mount Mitchell State Park; North America; Roosevelt Vanderbilt National Historic Site; South America; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Wikipedia licensed under a Creative Commons License 4Study of Northern Virginia Ecology 5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 6FOOD HABITS OF A HARLAN'S HAWK AND LONG-EARED OWLS IN KANSAS, Ted T. Cable and John S. Bond, Kansas Ornithological BULLETIN, Vol. 42, No. 2, June, 1991, p. 25-27 7Resources of a Snake Community in Prairie-Woodland Habitat of Northeastern Kansas, Henry S. Fitch, U.S Fish and Wildlife Service, Wildlife Research Report 13: 83-98 (1982) 8Spermophilus tridecemlineatus, Donald P. Streubel and James P. Fitzgerald, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 103, pp. 1-5 (1978) 9Leopardus pardalis, Julie L. Murray and Gregory L. Gardner, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 548, pp. 1-10 (1997) 10Food niche of Puma concolor in central Mexico, Octavio Monroy-Vilchis, Yuriana Gómez, Mariusz Janczur & Vicente Urios, Wildlife Biology 15: 97-105 (2009) 11International Flea Database 12Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve Chippewa Nature Center Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
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