Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Lagomorpha > Leporidae > Oryctolagus > Oryctolagus cuniculus
 

Oryctolagus cuniculus (European Rabbit)

Wikipedia Abstract

The European rabbit or common rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) is a species of rabbit native to southwestern Europe (Spain and Portugal) and northwest Africa (Morocco and Algeria). It has been widely introduced elsewhere, often with devastating effects on local biodiversity.
View Wikipedia Record: Oryctolagus cuniculus

Infraspecies

Invasive Species

Native to southern Europe and North Africa, the rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) has been introduced to all continents, except Antarctica and Asia. In many countries, rabbits cause serious erosion of soils by overgrazing and burrowing, impacting on native species that depend on undamaged ecosystems.
View ISSG Record: Oryctolagus cuniculus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
12
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
49
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 24.06
EDGE Score: 3.91

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  3.97 lbs (1.80 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  45 grams
Female Maturity [1]  2 years
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Gestation [1]  30 days
Litter Size [1]  5
Litters / Year [1]  4
Maximum Longevity [1]  9 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Weaning [1]  26 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Appenine deciduous montane forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Iberian conifer forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southeastern Iberian shrubs and woodlands Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Afonydd Cleddau/ Cleddau Rivers 1855 Wales, United Kingdom  
Barry Links 1951 Scotland, United Kingdom
Beinn Eighe National Nature Reserve   Scotland, United Kingdom
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Boschi del Ticino 50788 Italy  
Breckland 18652 England, United Kingdom
CUENCA DE GALLOCANTA 38287 Spain  
Cairngorms 142543 Scotland, United Kingdom
Cairnsmore of Fleet, Silver Flowe, and Merrick Kells Biosphere Reserve 8794 Scotland, United Kingdom
Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands 354692 Scotland, United Kingdom
Calamocarro-Benzú 1487 Spain  
Cap Enderrocat-cap Blanc 17495 Spain  
Cap de cala Figuera 1960 Spain  
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Cerne and Sydling Downs 912 England, United Kingdom
Coorong National Park II 121235 South Australia, Australia
Cotswold Beechwoods 1448 England, United Kingdom
Croajingolong National Park II 217067 Victoria, Australia
D'Addaia a s'Albufera 6941 Spain  
DESIERTO DE TABERNAS 28326 Spain  
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
Essex Estuaries 114016 England, United Kingdom
Firth of Tay & Eden Estuary 38085 Scotland, United Kingdom
Fitzgerald River National Park II 732417 Western Australia, Australia
Foret Domaniale du Circeo State Nature Reserve IV 4785 Italy  
Glen Tanar 10329 Scotland, United Kingdom
Grampians National Park II 416373 Victoria, Australia
Haleakala National Park II   Hawaii, United States
Hattah-Kulkyne NP and Murray-Kulkyne Park National Park II 122831 Victoria, Australia
Hawaiian Islands Biosphere Reserve 245981 Hawaii, United States  
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Illots de Ponent 6269 Spain  
Isolotti grossetani dell'Arcipelago Toscano 27 Italy  
Kiskunsag Biosphere Reserve II 54598 Hungary  
Krkonose National Park V 95995 Czech Republic  
La Palma Biosphere Reserve 199419 Canary Islands, Spain    
Laguna Blanca National Park II 19735 Neuquen, Argentina  
Lake District High Fells 66717 England, United Kingdom
Lanín National Park II 536819 Neuquen, Argentina
Limestone Coast of South West Wales/ Arfordir Calchfaen de Orllewin Cymru 3940 Wales, United Kingdom  
Loch Maree Complex 38882 Scotland, United Kingdom
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Macquarie Island Nature Reserve Ia 233540 Tasmania, Australia  
Minsmere to Walberswick Heaths and Marshes 3127 England, United Kingdom
Monadh Mor 622 Scotland, United Kingdom
Mondragó 1927 Spain  
Mont Ventoux Biosphere Reserve 198594 France  
Moor House – Upper Teesdale 95867 England, United Kingdom
Moor House-Upper Teesdale Biosphere Reserve 18254 England, United Kingdom
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Morecambe Bay Pavements 6449 England, United Kingdom
Mount Aspiring National Park II 473907 South Island, New Zealand
North Norfolk Coast 7926 England, United Kingdom  
North Norfolk Coast Biosphere Reserve   England, United Kingdom      
North Pembrokeshire Woodlands/ Coedydd Gogledd Sir Benfro 780 Wales, United Kingdom  
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
Oldshoremore and Sandwood 1096 Scotland, United Kingdom    
PUNTA ENTINAS-SABINAR 4806 Spain  
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Parc National des Iles Zembra et Zembretta National Park II 880 Tunisia    
Paul do Boquilobo Biosphere Reserve Nature Reserve IV 1352 Portugal  
Peak District Dales 5748 England, United Kingdom
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Polana Biosphere Reserve 50311 Slovakia  
Reserva de Grazalema Nature Park V 126034 Spain  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Doñana Biosphere Reserve II 123801 Spain
Reserve Nationale de Camargue Biosphere Reserve 32232 France  
Reserve de la Biosphere d'Iroise Biosphere Reserve IV 118 France  
Riverland Biosphere Reserve Ia 1490891 South Australia, Australia
Ruegen   Germany      
S'Albufera de Mallorca 5276 Spain    
S'Albufera des Grau 6293 Spain  
SIERRA NORTE 438558 Spain  
Sa Dragonera 3144 Spain    
Salisbury Plain 52975 England, United Kingdom
Sands of Forvie 1814 Scotland, United Kingdom
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Shoalwater and Corio Bays Area Ramsar Site   Queensland, Australia
Skipwith Common 729 England, United Kingdom  
South Pennine Moors 160577 England, United Kingdom  
South Taupo Wetland   North Island, New Zealand      
South Uist Machair 8482 Scotland, United Kingdom
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
St David`s / Ty Ddewi 2312 Wales, United Kingdom  
Subberthwaite, Blawith and Torver Low Commons 4609 England, United Kingdom
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Tierra Del Fuego National Park II 172861 Argentina
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Trotternish Ridge 7834 Scotland, United Kingdom
Uluru - Kata Tjuta National Park II 332429 Northern Territory, Australia
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Wimbledon Common 861 England, United Kingdom  
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  
Yathong Nature Reserve Ia 270264 New South Wales, Australia

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No

Prey / Diet

Chamaerops humilis (European fan palm)[3]
Corema album[4]
Elaphomyces granulatus (False Truffle)[5]
Metrosideros excelsa[5]
Veronica elliptica (Francisco hebe)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Cervus elaphus (wapiti or elk)1
Genetta genetta (Common Genet)1
Larus cachinnans (Yellow-legged Gull)1
Meles meles (European Badger)1
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)1

Predators

Accipiter cooperii (Cooper's Hawk)[5]
Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)[5]
Actinodendron verticillatum[5]
Aquila audax (Wedge-tailed Eagle)[6]
Aquila fasciata (Bonelli's Eagle)[7]
Athene cunicularia (Burrowing Owl)[5]
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)[8]
Buteo polyosoma (Variable Hawk)[8]
Canis lupus dingo (domestic dog)[9]
Caracara plancus (Southern Crested Caracara)[10]
Circus approximans (Swamp Harrier)[11]
Dusicyon culpaeus[8]
Dusicyon griseus[8]
Echidnophaga myrmecobii (Red flea)[12]
Falco novaeseelandiae (New Zealand Falcon)[5]
Galictis cuja (Lesser Grison)[13]
Geranoaetus melanoleucus (Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle)[8]
Gypaetus barbatus (Bearded Vulture)[14]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[5]
Hemorrhois hippocrepis (Horseshoe Snake)[15]
Hieraaetus morphnoides (Little Eagle)[16]
Hieraaetus pennatus (Booted Eagle)[17]
Larus marinus (Great Black-backed Gull)[18]
Larus michahellis (Yellow-legged Gull)[19]
Leopardus guigna (Kodkod)[20]
Lynx pardinus (Iberian Lynx)[21]
Morelia spilota spilota (Diamond python)[22]
Neophron percnopterus (Egyptian Vulture)[23]
Parabuteo unicinctus (Harris's Hawk)[8]
Philodryas chamissonis (Chilean Green Racer)[8]
Stercorarius antarcticus (Subantarctic Skua)[5]
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)[5]
Varanus varius (Lace Monitor)[24]
Zamenis scalaris (Ladder Snakes)[25]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Andrya cuniculi <Unverified Name>[26]
Anoplocephala pseudowimerosa <Unverified Name>[26]
Anoplocephaloides pseudowimerosa <Unverified Name>[26]
Apophallus donicus[26]
Ascarops strongylina <Unverified Name>[26]
Baylisascaris procyonis[26]
Caenopsylla laptevi ibera[27]
Caenopsylla laptevi relicta[27]
Capillaria hepatica[26]
Cediopsylla inaequalis inaequalis[27]
Ceratophyllus sciurorum sciurorum <Unverified Name>[27]
Cittotaenia ctenoides <Unverified Name>[26]
Cittotaenia denticulata <Unverified Name>[26]
Cittotaenia leuckarti <Unverified Name>[26]
Cittotaenia pectinata <Unverified Name>[26]
Coenurus serialis <Unverified Name>[26]
Ctenocephalides canis (Dog flea)[27]
Ctenocephalides felis (Cat flea)[5]
Ctenocephalides felis felis[27]
Ctenophthalmus orientalis[27]
Cysticercus pisiformis <Unverified Name>[26]
Dasypsyllus gallinulae gallinulae[27]
Dermatoxys hispaniensis <Unverified Name>[26]
Dermatoxys veligera <Unverified Name>[26]
Dicrocoelium dendriticum (Lancet liver fluke)[26]
Dicrocoelium lanceolatum <Unverified Name>[26]
Dirofilaria immitis (Heartworm)[26]
Dirofilaria scapiceps <Unverified Name>[26]
Dirofilaria uniformis <Unverified Name>[26]
Distomum lanceolatum <Unverified Name>[26]
Draschia megastoma[26]
Echidnophaga ambulans ambulans[27]
Echidnophaga gallinacea (sticktight flea)[27]
Echidnophaga iberica[27]
Echidnophaga myrmecobii[27]
Echidnophaga perilis (Rabbit stickfast flea)[27]
Echinococcus granulosus[12]
Echinococcus polymorphus <Unverified Name>[26]
Eimeria coecicola <Unverified Name>[12]
Eimeria exigua <Unverified Name>[12]
Eimeria flavescens <Unverified Name>[12]
Eimeria intestinalis <Unverified Name>[12]
Eimeria irresidua <Unverified Name>[12]
Eimeria magna <Unverified Name>[12]
Eimeria media <Unverified Name>[12]
Eimeria perforans <Unverified Name>[12]
Eimeria piriformis <Unverified Name>[12]
Eimeria stiedae <Unverified Name>[12]
Euchoplopsyllus glacialis affinis[27]
Eurytrema coelomaticum <Unverified Name>[26]
Fasciola hepatica (common liver fluke)[26]
Fascioloides magna (giant liver fluke)[26]
Gongylonema neoplasticum <Unverified Name>[26]
Graphidium strigosum[26]
Haemodipsus ventricosus (Rabbit louse)[12]
Himalaya pauriensis <Unverified Name>[26]
Leporidotaenia pseudowimerosa <Unverified Name>[26]
Leporidotaenia wimerosa <Unverified Name>[26]
Leptopsylla segnis (European mouse flea)[27]
Linguatula serrata (tongueworm)[12]
Micipsella numidica <Unverified Name>[26]
Mosgovoyia ctenoides <Unverified Name>[26]
Mosgovoyia leuckarti <Unverified Name>[26]
Mosgovoyia pectinata <Unverified Name>[26]
Multiceps longihamatus <Unverified Name>[26]
Multiceps multiceps[26]
Multiceps serialis[26]
Nematodirella zembrae <Unverified Name>[26]
Nematodiroides zembrae <Unverified Name>[26]
Nematodirus leporis <Unverified Name>[26]
Nematodirus spathiger[12]
Nematodirus zembrae <Unverified Name>[26]
Neoctenotaenia ctenoides <Unverified Name>[26]
Nosema cuniculi[12]
Nosopsyllus fasciatus (northern rat flea)[27]
Obeliscoides cuniculi <Unverified Name>[26]
Odilia mackerrasae <Unverified Name>[12]
Odontopsyllus quirosi episcopalis[27]
Odontopsyllus quirosi quirosi[27]
Paragonimus fukienensis <Unverified Name>[26]
Paragonimus westermani <Unverified Name>[26]
Paranoplocephala wimerosa <Unverified Name>[26]
Paraspidodera uncinata <Unverified Name>[26]
Passalurus ambiguus[26]
Passalurus nonanulatus <Unverified Name>[26]
Protostrongylus commutatus <Unverified Name>[26]
Protostrongylus cuniculorum <Unverified Name>[26]
Protostrongylus pulmonalis <Unverified Name>[26]
Pygiopsylla hoplia[27]
Sarcocystis cuniculi <Unverified Name>[12]
Schistosoma japonicum <Unverified Name>[26]
Sparganum cuniculi <Unverified Name>[26]
Spilopsyllus cuniculi (European rabbit flea)[27]
Spirocerca lupi[26]
Spirometra erinaceieuropaei <Unverified Name>[12]
Strongyloides papillosus[26]
Strongyloides ransomi <Unverified Name>[26]
Strongyloides westeri[26]
Taenia hydatigena <Unverified Name>[26]
Taenia pisiformis[26]
Taenia polyacantha[26]
Taenia serialis <Unverified Name>[26]
Taenia solium <Unverified Name>[26]
Thelazia callipaeda <Unverified Name>[26]
Toxoplasma gondii <Unverified Name>[12]
Trichostrongylus affinis <Unverified Name>[26]
Trichostrongylus calcaratus <Unverified Name>[26]
Trichostrongylus colubriformis[26]
Trichostrongylus retortaeformis[26]
Trichostrongylus vitrinus[12]
Trichuris leporis <Unverified Name>[26]
Xenopsylla cheopis (oriental rat flea)[27]
Xenopsylla cunicularis[27]
Xenopsylla ramesis[27]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aalborg Zoofrench_lopear
Abilene Zoological Gardens
Adelaide Zoodomestic
 minilop
 new_zealand
 rex
Africa Alive!lionhead
Akron Zoological Parkdomestic
 netherland_dwarf
Albuquerque Biological Park
America's Teaching Zoodomestic
Artis Zoodomestic
 french_lopear
 papillon_francais
 polish
Assiniboine Park Zoodomestic
Auckland Zoological Parkdomestic
 flemish_giant
 new_zealand
Audubon Zoodomestic
Banham Zoo Ltd.domestic
Bay Beach Wildlife Sanctuary
Beale Parkdomestic
Bergen County Zoological Parkdomestic
Binder Park Zoo
 flemish_giant
Binghamton Zoo at Ross Parknetherland_dwarf
Birmingham Nature Centrebritish_giant
Blaavand Zoo
Blank Park Zoo of Des Moines
 domestic
Boras Djurpark Zoodomestic
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Bowmanville Zoological Parkflemish_giant
Brandywine Zoo
 flemish_giant
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoodomestic
Brent Lodge Park Animal Centre
Bronx Children's Zoodomestic
 flemish_giant
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Gardendomestic
Bursa Zoo (Bursa Hayvanat Bahcesi)
 domestic
Buttonwood Park Zoo
 minilop
Caldwell Zoodomestic
Camperdown Wildlife Centrefrench_lopear
Cape May County Park Zoo
Central Florida Zoological Park
Central Park Zoodomestic
Chahinkapa Zoo
Charles Paddock Zoo
Chattanooga Zoo at Warner Parkdomestic
Chehaw Wild Animal Park
Chessington World of Adventures, Ltd.domestic
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Parkcalifornian
 polish
 rex
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Chicago Zoological Parkpolish
Children's Zoo at Celebration Square
 flemish_giant
Christianshede Zoodomestic
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Gardenrex
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Colchester Zoodomestic
Columbian Park Zoodomestic
 silver_martin
Columbus Zoo and Aquariumdomestic
 flemish_giant
 netherland_dwarf
Connecticut's Beardsley Zoodomestic
Cosley Zoodutch_belted
 flemish_giant
 french_lopear
 himalayan
Curraghs Wildlife Park
Dallas Zoo
 domestic
 flemish_giant
Dartmoor Zoological Parkdomestic
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
Dickerson Park Zoodomestic
 flemish_giant
Dierenpark Amersfoort
Dierenpark Emmendomestic
Disney's Animal Kingdomdomestic
 silver_martin
Drayton Manor Park Zoo
Drusillas Zoo Parkdomestic
 minilop
DSI Givskud Zoo
Dudley Zoological Gardensdomestic
Dusit (Bangkok) Zoological Park
El Paso Zoo
Ellen Trout Zoo
Erie Zoological Gardensamerican_dutch
 netherland_dwarf
 polish
Exmoor Zoological Park
Flamingo Land LTDbritish_giant
Florida Aquarium
Fort Wayne Children's Zoo
GaiaPark, Kerkrade Zooflemish_giant
Gladys Porter Zoodomestic
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granby
Great Plains Zoo
 flemish_giant
Greater Vancouver Zoo
 domestic
Greenville Zoo
Guadalajara Zoo
Guldborgsund Zoo & Botanical Garden
Hai Park Kiriat Motzkin
Happy Hollow Zoo
Helsinki Zoo
Henry Vilas Zoo
Henson Robinson Zoo
Houston Zoo, Inc.
 domestic
 flemish_giant
Hutchinson Zoo
 flemish_giant
Indianapolis Zooflemish_giant
 french_lopear
 harlequin
 polish
Isle of Wight Zoo
 flemish_giant
Jackson Zoological Parkdomestic
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardensdutch_belted
 havana
Jesperhus Blomsterpark
Johannesburg Zoological Gardensdomestic
John Ball Zoological Gardendomestic
Jyllands Park Zoobelgian_hare
 domestic
Knoxville Zoological Gardens
 domestic
 new_zealand
Kolmardens Djurpark AB
Kristiansand Dyrepark ASA
Lake Superior Zoological Gardensrex
Lehigh Valley Zoo
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens
Little Rock Zoological Gardens
 domestic
Longleat Safari Park
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Lotherton Bird Garden
Louisville Zoological Garden
 rex
Maryland Zoo in Baltimore
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunngerman_giant
Mesker Park Zoo
 polish
Micke Grove Zoocalifornian
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny, Plock
Miller Park Zoo
 himalayan
 netherland_dwarf
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardensflemish_giant
 rex
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Miskolc Zoo/Állatkert és Kultúrparkdomestic
Mokopane Biodiversity Conservation Centredomestic
Moonridge Animal Park
 domestic
Moulton Collegebritish_lopear
 domestic
 dutch_belted
 french_angora
 netherland_dwarf
 rex
Museum of Science - Live Animal Centerdomestic
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
 flemish_giant
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africadomestic
Natural Science Center of Greensboro
 domestic
Neunkircher Zoologischer Garten GmbHdomestic
NEW Zooflemish_giant
Newquay Zoo (Cornwall Animal World)
 dutch_belted
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Noah's Ark Zoo Farmdomestic
Oakland Zoo
Odense Zoologiske Have
Odsherreds Zoo Dyrepark A/Sdomestic
Oglebay's Good Children's Zoo
Oklahoma City Zoological Parkdomestic
Olmense Zoo
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoodomestic
Orana Wildlife Park
Orange County Zoodomestic
Oregon Zoo
Out of Africa Wildlife Park
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Papiliorama Swiss Tropical Gardens
Paradise Wildlife Park
Parc Animalier de Sainte Croix
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique Fort Mardyck
 domestic
Parque Zoologico Huachipa
Peoria Zoo in Glen Oak Parkbritish_angora
 minilop
Phoenix Zoodomestic
 flemish_giant
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium
Potawatomi Zoo
Potter Park Zoological Gardens
Project Wildlifedomestic
Prospect Park Zoodomestic
Pueblo Zoopolish
 rex
Queens Zoodomestic
 flemish_giant
Randers Regnskovdanish
Reaseheath College Animal Centre
Red River Zoodomestic
Reid Park Zoodomestic
Riga Zoodomestic
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
 domestic
Rodbaston Collegedomestic
 netherland_dwarf
 rex
Roger Williams Park Zoodomestic
Rolling Hills Wildlife Adventuredomestic
Roosevelt Park Zoo
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Saint Louis Zoological Park
 domestic
 lionhead
Salisbury Zoological Park
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunndomestic
San Diego Zoo
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Santa Ana Zoo
Santa Barbara Zoological Gardens
 domestic
Scovill Zooamerican_dutch
 jersey_wooly
Sedgwick County Zooblanc_de_hotot
 satin
Seneca Park Zoodomestic
Sequoia Park Zoodomestic
 netherland_dwarf
Shepreth Wildlife Parkdomestic
 french_lopear
 papillon_francais
 rex
Singapore Zoological Gardens
 american_sable
 domestic
 flemish_giant
 rex
Skansen Foundation, Zool. Dept.domestic
Smithsonian National Zoological Parksilver_fox
St. Augustine Alligator Farmdomestic
St. Paul's Como Zoo
Staten Island Zoo
Sunset Zoorex
Szeged Zoodomestic
Tama Zoological Park
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoodomestic
Taronga Zoodomestic
Tautphaus Park Zoodomestic
Tennessee Aquariumdomestic
Texas Zoodomestic
The Philadelphia Zoo
 domestic
 lionhead
 netherland_dwarf
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Tiergarten Bernburgdomestic
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbHdutch_belted
 flemish_giant
 lionhead
Tilgate Nature Centredomestic
Topeka Zoological Parkdomestic
Toronto Zoo
Trevor Zoo at Millbrook Schooldomestic
Tropical Butterfly Housedomestic
 flemish_giant
 lionhead
Trotter's World of Animalsdomestic
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museumdomestic
 flemish_giant
 netherland_dwarf
Turtle Back Zoonetherland_dwarf
Twycross Zoodomestic
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Utah's Hogle Zoodomestic
Utica Zooflemish_giant
Valley Zoo & John Janzen Nature Centerdomestic
 rex
Virginia Aquarium&Marine Science Ctr
Virginia Living Museum
Virginia Zoological Parkdomestic
Walford & North Shropshire College
Washington Park Zoological Gardensdomestic
 havana
Welsh Mountain Zoo
 british_giant
West Midland Safari & Leisure Park Ltd
Western North Carolina Nature Center
Whipsnade Wild Animal Parkdomestic
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wildlife Safari Inc
Wingham Wildlife Park
Woodland Park Zoological Gardensdomestic
Xantus János Állatkert Kht.
Zivalski vrt Ljubljana
 domestic
Zoo am Meer Bremerhaven GmbHdomestic
Zoo Atlanta
 minilop
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternariodomestic
Zoo Decin - Pastyrska Stena
Zoo Dresden GmbHdomestic
Zoo Hannover GmbHgerman_giant
Zoo Negara Malaysia
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoodomestic
Zoo of Antwerp
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoo Sauvage de St-Félicien
ZooAmerica (No. American Wildlife Pk.)
Zoological Garden of Polish Faunadomestic
Zoological Society of Ireland-Dublindomestic
 new_zealand
Zoological Society of Londonrex
Zoological Society of Trinidad &Tobago
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislavadomestic
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbHrex
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburgdomestic
ZooMontana

Range Map

Africa; Australia; Bideford Bay Biosphere Reserve; Croajingolong; Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); North America; Oceania; South America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Dangerous liaisons disperse the Mediterranean dwarf palm: fleshy-pulp defensive role against seed predators, José M. Fedriani and Miguel Delibes, Ecology, 92(2), 2011, pp. 304–315 4Spatial patterns of seed dispersal and seedling recruitment in Corema album (Empetraceae): the importance of unspecialized dispersers for regeneration, MARÍA CALVIÑO-CANCELA, Journal of Ecology 2002: 90, 775–784 5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 6Breeding Biology and Diet of the Wedge-tailed Eagle Aquila audax in the New England Region of New South Wales, S.J.S. DEBUS, T.S. HATFIELD, A.J. LEY and A.B. ROSE, AUSTRALIAN FIELD ORNITHOLOGY 2007, 24, 93–120 7Moleon, Marcos, et al. "Predator-prey relationships in a Mediterranean vertebrate system: Bonelli's eagles, rabbits and partridges." Oecologia 168.3 (2012): 679+. Academic OneFile. Web. 15 July 2014. 8Predation upon small mammals in shrublands and grasslands of southern South America: ecological correlates and presumable consequences, Fabian M. Jaksic, Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 59: 209-221 (1986) 99.1 Dingo, Canis lupus dingo, L.K. Corbett, Sillero-Zubiri, C., Hoffmann, M. and Macdonald, D.W. (eds). 2004. Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. x + 430 pp. 10Food habits of the Crested Caracara (Caracara plancus) in the Andean Patagonia: the role of breeding constraints, A. Travaini, J. A. Donázar, O. Ceballos & F. Hiraldo, Journal of Arid Environments (2001) 48: 211–219 11THE DIET OF THE AUSTRALASIAN HARRIER (Circus approximans) IN THE MANAWATU-RANGITIKEI SAND COUNTRY, NEW ZEALAND, D. J. BAKER-GABB, Notornis 28: 241-254 (1981) 12Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19 13Galictis cuja, Eric Yensen and Teresa Tarifa, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 728, pp. 1–8 (2003) 14Assessing the diet of nestling Bearded Vultures: a comparison between direct observation methods, Antoni Margalida, Joan Bertran, and Jennifer Boudet, J. Field Ornithol. 76(1):40–45, 2005 15Body size, diet and reproductive ecology of Coluber hippocrepis in the Rif (Northern Morocco), Juan M. Pleguezuelos, Soumia Fahd, Amphibia-Reptilia 25: 287-302 (2004) 16Olsen, J., Judge, D., Fuentes, E., Rose, AB and Debus, S. (2010). Diets of Wedge-tailed Eagles (Aquila audax) and Little Eagles (Hieraaetus morphnoides) breeding near Canberra, Australia Journal of Raptor Research 44: 50–61 17FOOD OF THE BOOTED EAGLE (HIERAAETUS PENNATUS) IN CENTRAL SPAIN, José P. Veiga, RAPTOR RESEARCH VOL. 20 (3/4): 120-123 18Changes in the diet of Great Black-backed Gulls Larus marinus on Skomer Island 1958- 1992, Jim Poole, SEABIRD 17; 50-55 19POPULATION STATUS AND DIET OF THE YELLOW-LEGGED GULL IN THE AZORES, VERÓNICA C. NEVES, NADIA MURDOCH & ROBERT W. FURNESS, ARQUIPÉLAGO. Ciências Biológicas e Marinhas Nº 23A (2006): 59-73 20DIET AND ACTIVITY PATTERNS OF LEOPARDUS GUIGNA IN RELATION TO PREY AVAILABILITY IN FOREST FRAGMENTS OF THE CHILEAN TEMPERATE RAINFOREST, Stephania Eugenia Galuppo Gaete, UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA, Masters thesis, September 2014 21Feeding Ecology of the Spanish Lynx in the Coto Doñana, Miguel Delibes, ACTA THERIOLOGICA Vol. 25, 24: 309-324, 1980 22Feeding Habits of the Diamond Python, Morelia s. spilota: Ambush Predation by a Boid Snake, David J. Slip and Richard Shine, Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 323-330, 1988 23Conservation status and limiting factors in the endangered population of Egyptian vulture (Neophron percnopterus) in the Canary Islands, José A. Donázar, César J. Palacios, Laura Gangoso, Olga Ceballos, María J. González and Fernando Hiraldo, Biological Conservation 107 (2002) 89–97 24Diet of the Lace Monitor Lizard (Varanus varius) in south-eastern Australia, Brian W. Weavers, Australian Zoologist, Vol. 25(3) 83-85 25Correlates between morphology, diet and foraging mode in the Ladder Snake Rhinechis scalaris (Schinz, 1822), Juan M. Pleguezuelos , Juan R. Fernández-Cardenete , Santiago Honrubia , Mónica Feriche , Carmen Villafranca, Contributions to Zoology, 76 (3) – 2007 26Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 27International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access