Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Lagomorpha > Leporidae > Oryctolagus > Oryctolagus cuniculus

Oryctolagus cuniculus (European Rabbit)

Wikipedia Abstract

The European rabbit or common rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) is a species of rabbit native to southwestern Europe (Spain and Portugal) and northwest Africa (Morocco and Algeria). It has been widely introduced elsewhere, often with devastating effects on local biodiversity. However, its decline in its native range (caused by the diseases myxomatosis and rabbit calicivirus, as well as overhunting and habitat loss), has caused the decline of its highly dependent predators, the Iberian lynx and the Spanish imperial eagle. It is known as an invasive species because it has been introduced to countries on all continents with the exception of Antarctica and sub-Saharan Africa, and caused many problems within the environment and ecosystems. Australia has the most problems with European rabbits, due
View Wikipedia Record: Oryctolagus cuniculus


Invasive Species

Native to southern Europe and North Africa, the rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) has been introduced to all continents, except Antarctica and Asia. In many countries, rabbits cause serious erosion of soils by overgrazing and burrowing, impacting on native species that depend on undamaged ecosystems.
View ISSG Record: Oryctolagus cuniculus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 24.06
EDGE Score: 3.91


Adult Weight [1]  3.97 lbs (1.80 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  45 grams
Female Maturity [1]  2 years
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  30 days
Litter Size [1]  5
Litters / Year [1]  4
Maximum Longevity [1]  9 years
Nocturnal [3]  Yes
Weaning [1]  26 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Appenine deciduous montane forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Iberian conifer forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southeastern Iberian shrubs and woodlands Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Afonydd Cleddau/ Cleddau Rivers 1855 Wales, United Kingdom  
Barry Links 1951 Scotland, United Kingdom
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Bideford Bay Biosphere Reserve   England, United Kingdom
Boschi del Ticino 50788 Italy  
Breckland 18652 England, United Kingdom
Cairngorms 142543 Scotland, United Kingdom
Cairnsmore of Fleet, Silver Flowe, and Merrick Kells Biosphere Reserve 8794 Scotland, United Kingdom
Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands 354692 Scotland, United Kingdom
Calamocarro-Benzú 1487 Spain  
Cap Enderrocat-cap Blanc 17495 Spain  
Cap de cala Figuera 1960 Spain  
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Cerne and Sydling Downs 912 England, United Kingdom
Coorong National Park II 121235 South Australia, Australia
Cotswold Beechwoods 1448 England, United Kingdom
Croajingolong National Park II 217067 Victoria, Australia
D'Addaia a s'Albufera 6941 Spain  
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
Dyfi National Nature Reserve   Wales, United Kingdom
Essex Estuaries 114016 England, United Kingdom
Firth of Tay & Eden Estuary 38085 Scotland, United Kingdom
Fitzgerald River National Park II 732417 Western Australia, Australia
Foret Domaniale du Circeo State Nature Reserve IV 4785 Italy  
Glen Tanar 10329 Scotland, United Kingdom
Grampians National Park II 416373 Victoria, Australia
Hattah-Kulkyne NP and Murray-Kulkyne Park National Park II 122831 Victoria, Australia
Hawaiian Islands Biosphere Reserve 245981 Hawaii, United States  
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Illots de Ponent 6269 Spain  
Isolotti grossetani dell'Arcipelago Toscano 27 Italy  
Kiskunsag Biosphere Reserve II 54598 Hungary  
Krkonose National Park V 95995 Czech Republic  
La Palma Biosphere Reserve 199419 Canary Islands, Spain    
Laguna Blanca National Park II 19735 Neuquen, Argentina  
Lake District High Fells 66717 England, United Kingdom
Lanín National Park II 536819 Neuquen, Argentina
Limestone Coast of South West Wales/ Arfordir Calchfaen de Orllewin Cymru 3940 Wales, United Kingdom  
Loch Maree Complex 38882 Scotland, United Kingdom
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Macquarie Island Nature Reserve Ia 233540 Tasmania, Australia  
Minsmere to Walberswick Heaths and Marshes 3127 England, United Kingdom
Monadh Mor 622 Scotland, United Kingdom
Mondragó 1927 Spain  
Mont Ventoux Biosphere Reserve 198594 France  
Moor House – Upper Teesdale 95867 England, United Kingdom
Moor House-Upper Teesdale Biosphere Reserve 18254 England, United Kingdom
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Morecambe Bay Pavements 6449 England, United Kingdom
Mount Aspiring National Park II 473907 South Island, New Zealand
North Norfolk Coast 7926 England, United Kingdom  
North Norfolk Coast Biosphere Reserve   England, United Kingdom      
North Pembrokeshire Woodlands/ Coedydd Gogledd Sir Benfro 780 Wales, United Kingdom  
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
Oldshoremore and Sandwood 1096 Scotland, United Kingdom    
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Parc National des Iles Zembra et Zembretta National Park II 880 Tunisia    
Paul do Boquilobo Biosphere Reserve Nature Reserve IV 1352 Portugal  
Peak District Dales 5748 England, United Kingdom
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Polana Biosphere Reserve 50311 Slovakia  
Reserva de Grazalema Nature Park V 126034 Spain  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Doñana Biosphere Reserve II 123801 Spain
Reserve Nationale de Camargue Biosphere Reserve 32232 France  
Reserve de la Biosphere d'Iroise Biosphere Reserve IV 118 France  
Riverland Biosphere Reserve Ia 1490891 South Australia, Australia
Ruegen   Germany      
S'Albufera de Mallorca 5276 Spain    
S'Albufera des Grau 6293 Spain  
SIERRA NORTE 438558 Spain  
Sa Dragonera 3144 Spain    
Salisbury Plain 52975 England, United Kingdom
Sands of Forvie 1814 Scotland, United Kingdom
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Shoalwater and Corio Bays Area Ramsar Site   Queensland, Australia
Skipwith Common 729 England, United Kingdom  
South Pennine Moors 160577 England, United Kingdom  
South Uist Machair 8482 Scotland, United Kingdom
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
St David`s / Ty Ddewi 2312 Wales, United Kingdom  
Subberthwaite, Blawith and Torver Low Commons 4609 England, United Kingdom
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Tierra Del Fuego National Park II 172861 Argentina
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Trotternish Ridge 7834 Scotland, United Kingdom
Uluru - Kata Tjuta National Park II 332429 Northern Territory, Australia
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Wimbledon Common 861 England, United Kingdom  
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  
Yathong Nature Reserve Ia 270264 New South Wales, Australia

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No

Prey / Diet

Chamaerops humilis (European fan palm)[4]
Corema album[5]
Elaphomyces granulatus (False Truffle)[6]
Metrosideros excelsa[6]
Veronica elliptica (Francisco hebe)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Cervus elaphus (wapiti or elk)1
Genetta genetta (Common Genet)1
Larus cachinnans (Yellow-legged Gull)1
Meles meles (European Badger)1
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)1


Accipiter cooperii (Cooper's Hawk)[6]
Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)[6]
Accipiter novaehollandiae (Grey Goshawk)[7]
Actinodendron verticillatum[6]
Aquila adalberti (Spanish Imperial Eagle)[7]
Aquila audax (Wedge-tailed Eagle)[8]
Aquila fasciata (Bonelli's Eagle)[9]
Athene cunicularia (Burrowing Owl)[6]
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)[10]
Buteo polyosoma (Variable Hawk)[10]
Canis lupus dingo (domestic dog)[11]
Caracara plancus (Southern Crested Caracara)[12]
Circus approximans (Swamp Harrier)[13]
Dusicyon culpaeus[10]
Dusicyon griseus[10]
Echidnophaga myrmecobii (Red flea)[14]
Falco novaeseelandiae (New Zealand Falcon)[6]
Galictis cuja (Lesser Grison)[15]
Geranoaetus melanoleucus (Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle)[10]
Gypaetus barbatus (Bearded Vulture)[16]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[6]
Hemorrhois hippocrepis (Horseshoe Snake)[17]
Hieraaetus morphnoides (Little Eagle)[18]
Hieraaetus pennatus (Booted Eagle)[19]
Larus marinus (Great Black-backed Gull)[20]
Larus michahellis (Yellow-legged Gull)[21]
Leopardus guigna (Kodkod)[22]
Lynx pardinus (Iberian Lynx)[23]
Morelia spilota spilota (Diamond python)[24]
Neophron percnopterus (Egyptian Vulture)[25]
Parabuteo unicinctus (Harris's Hawk)[10]
Philodryas chamissonis (Chilean Green Racer)[10]
Stercorarius antarcticus (Subantarctic Skua)[6]
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)[6]
Varanus varius (Lace Monitor)[26]
Zamenis scalaris (Ladder Snakes)[27]


Parasitized by 
Andrya cuniculi <Unverified Name>[28]
Anoplocephala pseudowimerosa <Unverified Name>[28]
Anoplocephaloides pseudowimerosa <Unverified Name>[28]
Apophallus donicus[28]
Ascarops strongylina <Unverified Name>[28]
Baylisascaris procyonis[28]
Caenopsylla laptevi ibera[29]
Caenopsylla laptevi relicta[29]
Capillaria hepatica[28]
Cediopsylla inaequalis inaequalis[29]
Ceratophyllus sciurorum sciurorum <Unverified Name>[29]
Cittotaenia ctenoides <Unverified Name>[28]
Cittotaenia denticulata <Unverified Name>[28]
Cittotaenia leuckarti <Unverified Name>[28]
Cittotaenia pectinata <Unverified Name>[28]
Coenurus serialis <Unverified Name>[28]
Ctenocephalides canis (Dog flea)[29]
Ctenocephalides felis (Cat flea)[6]
Ctenocephalides felis felis[29]
Ctenophthalmus orientalis[29]
Cysticercus pisiformis <Unverified Name>[28]
Dasypsyllus gallinulae gallinulae[29]
Dermatoxys hispaniensis <Unverified Name>[28]
Dermatoxys veligera <Unverified Name>[28]
Dicrocoelium lanceolatum <Unverified Name>[28]
Dirofilaria immitis (Heartworm)[28]
Dirofilaria scapiceps <Unverified Name>[28]
Dirofilaria uniformis <Unverified Name>[28]
Distomum lanceolatum <Unverified Name>[28]
Draschia megastoma[28]
Echidnophaga ambulans ambulans[29]
Echidnophaga gallinacea (sticktight flea)[29]
Echidnophaga iberica[29]
Echidnophaga myrmecobii[29]
Echidnophaga perilis (Rabbit stickfast flea)[29]
Echinococcus granulosus[14]
Echinococcus polymorphus <Unverified Name>[28]
Eimeria coecicola <Unverified Name>[14]
Eimeria exigua <Unverified Name>[14]
Eimeria flavescens <Unverified Name>[14]
Eimeria intestinalis <Unverified Name>[14]
Eimeria irresidua <Unverified Name>[14]
Eimeria magna <Unverified Name>[14]
Eimeria media <Unverified Name>[14]
Eimeria perforans <Unverified Name>[14]
Eimeria piriformis <Unverified Name>[14]
Eimeria stiedae <Unverified Name>[14]
Euchoplopsyllus glacialis affinis[29]
Eurytrema coelomaticum <Unverified Name>[28]
Fasciola hepatica (common liver fluke)[28]
Gongylonema neoplasticum <Unverified Name>[28]
Graphidium strigosum[28]
Haemodipsus ventricosus (Rabbit louse)[14]
Himalaya pauriensis <Unverified Name>[28]
Leporidotaenia pseudowimerosa <Unverified Name>[28]
Leporidotaenia wimerosa <Unverified Name>[28]
Leptopsylla segnis (European mouse flea)[29]
Linguatula serrata (tongueworm)[14]
Micipsella numidica <Unverified Name>[28]
Mosgovoyia ctenoides <Unverified Name>[28]
Mosgovoyia leuckarti <Unverified Name>[28]
Mosgovoyia pectinata <Unverified Name>[28]
Multiceps longihamatus <Unverified Name>[28]
Nematodirella zembrae <Unverified Name>[28]
Nematodiroides zembrae <Unverified Name>[28]
Nematodirus leporis <Unverified Name>[28]
Nematodirus spathiger[14]
Nematodirus zembrae <Unverified Name>[28]
Neoctenotaenia ctenoides <Unverified Name>[28]
Nosema cuniculi[14]
Nosopsyllus fasciatus (northern rat flea)[29]
Obeliscoides cuniculi <Unverified Name>[28]
Odilia mackerrasae <Unverified Name>[14]
Odontopsyllus quirosi episcopalis[29]
Odontopsyllus quirosi quirosi[29]
Paragonimus fukienensis <Unverified Name>[28]
Paragonimus westermani <Unverified Name>[28]
Paranoplocephala wimerosa <Unverified Name>[28]
Paraspidodera uncinata <Unverified Name>[28]
Passalurus ambiguus[28]
Passalurus nonanulatus <Unverified Name>[28]
Protostrongylus commutatus <Unverified Name>[28]
Protostrongylus cuniculorum <Unverified Name>[28]
Protostrongylus pulmonalis <Unverified Name>[28]
Pygiopsylla hoplia[29]
Sarcocystis cuniculi <Unverified Name>[14]
Schistosoma japonicum <Unverified Name>[28]
Sparganum cuniculi <Unverified Name>[28]
Spilopsyllus cuniculi (European rabbit flea)[29]
Spirocerca lupi[28]
Spirometra erinaceieuropaei[14]
Strongyloides papillosus[28]
Strongyloides ransomi <Unverified Name>[28]
Strongyloides westeri[28]
Taenia hydatigena <Unverified Name>[28]
Taenia pisiformis[28]
Taenia polyacantha[28]
Taenia serialis <Unverified Name>[28]
Taenia solium <Unverified Name>[28]
Thelazia callipaeda <Unverified Name>[28]
Toxoplasma gondii <Unverified Name>[14]
Trichostrongylus affinis <Unverified Name>[28]
Trichostrongylus calcaratus <Unverified Name>[28]
Trichostrongylus colubriformis[28]
Trichostrongylus retortaeformis[28]
Trichostrongylus vitrinus[14]
Trichuris leporis <Unverified Name>[28]
Xenopsylla cheopis (oriental rat flea)[29]
Xenopsylla cunicularis[29]
Xenopsylla ramesis[29]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aalborg Zoofrench_lopear
Abilene Zoological Gardens
Adelaide Zoodomestic
Africa Alive!lionhead
Akron Zoological Parkdomestic
Albuquerque Biological Park
America's Teaching Zoodomestic
Artis Zoodomestic
Assiniboine Park Zoodomestic
Auckland Zoological Parkdomestic
Audubon Zoodomestic
Banham Zoo Ltd.domestic
Bay Beach Wildlife Sanctuary
Beale Parkdomestic
Bergen County Zoological Parkdomestic
Binder Park Zoo
Binghamton Zoo at Ross Parknetherland_dwarf
Birmingham Nature Centrebritish_giant
Blaavand Zoo
Blank Park Zoo of Des Moines
Boras Djurpark Zoodomestic
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Bowmanville Zoological Parkflemish_giant
Brandywine Zoo
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoodomestic
Brent Lodge Park Animal Centre
Bronx Children's Zoodomestic
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Gardendomestic
Bursa Zoo (Bursa Hayvanat Bahcesi)
Buttonwood Park Zoo
Caldwell Zoodomestic
Camperdown Wildlife Centrefrench_lopear
Cape May County Park Zoo
Central Florida Zoological Park
Central Park Zoodomestic
Chahinkapa Zoo
Charles Paddock Zoo
Chattanooga Zoo at Warner Parkdomestic
Chehaw Wild Animal Park
Chessington World of Adventures, Ltd.domestic
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Parkcalifornian
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Chicago Zoological Parkpolish
Children's Zoo at Celebration Square
Christianshede Zoodomestic
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Gardenrex
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Colchester Zoodomestic
Columbian Park Zoodomestic
Columbus Zoo and Aquariumdomestic
Connecticut's Beardsley Zoodomestic
Cosley Zoodutch_belted
Curraghs Wildlife Park
Dallas Zoo
Dartmoor Zoological Parkdomestic
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
Dickerson Park Zoodomestic
Dierenpark Amersfoort
Dierenpark Emmendomestic
Disney's Animal Kingdomdomestic
Drayton Manor Park Zoo
Drusillas Zoo Parkdomestic
DSI Givskud Zoo
Dudley Zoological Gardensdomestic
Dusit (Bangkok) Zoological Park
El Paso Zoo
Ellen Trout Zoo
Erie Zoological Gardensamerican_dutch
Exmoor Zoological Park
Flamingo Land LTDbritish_giant
Florida Aquarium
Fort Wayne Children's Zoo
GaiaPark, Kerkrade Zooflemish_giant
Gladys Porter Zoodomestic
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granby
Great Plains Zoo
Greater Vancouver Zoo
Greenville Zoo
Guadalajara Zoo
Guldborgsund Zoo & Botanical Garden
Hai Park Kiriat Motzkin
Happy Hollow Zoo
Helsinki Zoo
Henry Vilas Zoo
Henson Robinson Zoo
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Hutchinson Zoo
Indianapolis Zooflemish_giant
Isle of Wight Zoo
Jackson Zoological Parkdomestic
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardensdutch_belted
Jesperhus Blomsterpark
Johannesburg Zoological Gardensdomestic
John Ball Zoological Gardendomestic
Jyllands Park Zoobelgian_hare
Knoxville Zoological Gardens
Kolmardens Djurpark AB
Kristiansand Dyrepark ASA
Lake Superior Zoological Gardensrex
Lehigh Valley Zoo
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens
Little Rock Zoological Gardens
Longleat Safari Park
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Lotherton Bird Garden
Louisville Zoological Garden
Maryland Zoo in Baltimore
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunngerman_giant
Mesker Park Zoo
Micke Grove Zoocalifornian
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny, Plock
Miller Park Zoo
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardensflemish_giant
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Miskolc Zoo/Állatkert és Kultúrparkdomestic
Mokopane Biodiversity Conservation Centredomestic
Moonridge Animal Park
Moulton Collegebritish_lopear
Museum of Science - Live Animal Centerdomestic
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africadomestic
Natural Science Center of Greensboro
Neunkircher Zoologischer Garten GmbHdomestic
NEW Zooflemish_giant
Newquay Zoo (Cornwall Animal World)
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Noah's Ark Zoo Farmdomestic
Oakland Zoo
Odense Zoologiske Have
Odsherreds Zoo Dyrepark A/Sdomestic
Oglebay's Good Children's Zoo
Oklahoma City Zoological Parkdomestic
Olmense Zoo
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoodomestic
Orana Wildlife Park
Orange County Zoodomestic
Oregon Zoo
Out of Africa Wildlife Park
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Papiliorama Swiss Tropical Gardens
Paradise Wildlife Park
Parc Animalier de Sainte Croix
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique Fort Mardyck
Parque Zoologico Huachipa
Peoria Zoo in Glen Oak Parkbritish_angora
Phoenix Zoodomestic
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium
Potawatomi Zoo
Potter Park Zoological Gardens
Project Wildlifedomestic
Prospect Park Zoodomestic
Pueblo Zoopolish
Queens Zoodomestic
Randers Regnskovdanish
Reaseheath College Animal Centre
Red River Zoodomestic
Reid Park Zoodomestic
Riga Zoodomestic
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Rodbaston Collegedomestic
Roger Williams Park Zoodomestic
Rolling Hills Wildlife Adventuredomestic
Roosevelt Park Zoo
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Salisbury Zoological Park
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunndomestic
San Diego Zoo
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Santa Ana Zoo
Santa Barbara Zoological Gardens
Scovill Zooamerican_dutch
Sedgwick County Zooblanc_de_hotot
Seneca Park Zoodomestic
Sequoia Park Zoodomestic
Shepreth Wildlife Parkdomestic
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Skansen Foundation, Zool. Dept.domestic
Smithsonian National Zoological Parksilver_fox
St. Augustine Alligator Farmdomestic
St. Paul's Como Zoo
Staten Island Zoo
Sunset Zoorex
Szeged Zoodomestic
Tama Zoological Park
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoodomestic
Taronga Zoodomestic
Tautphaus Park Zoodomestic
Tennessee Aquariumdomestic
Texas Zoodomestic
The Philadelphia Zoo
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Tiergarten Bernburgdomestic
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbHdutch_belted
Tilgate Nature Centredomestic
Topeka Zoological Parkdomestic
Toronto Zoo
Trevor Zoo at Millbrook Schooldomestic
Tropical Butterfly Housedomestic
Trotter's World of Animalsdomestic
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museumdomestic
Turtle Back Zoonetherland_dwarf
Twycross Zoodomestic
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Utah's Hogle Zoodomestic
Utica Zooflemish_giant
Valley Zoo & John Janzen Nature Centerdomestic
Virginia Aquarium&Marine Science Ctr
Virginia Living Museum
Virginia Zoological Parkdomestic
Walford & North Shropshire College
Washington Park Zoological Gardensdomestic
Welsh Mountain Zoo
West Midland Safari & Leisure Park Ltd
Western North Carolina Nature Center
Whipsnade Wild Animal Parkdomestic
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wildlife Safari Inc
Wingham Wildlife Park
Woodland Park Zoological Gardensdomestic
Xantus János Állatkert Kht.
Zivalski vrt Ljubljana
Zoo am Meer Bremerhaven GmbHdomestic
Zoo Atlanta
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternariodomestic
Zoo Decin - Pastyrska Stena
Zoo Dresden GmbHdomestic
Zoo Hannover GmbHgerman_giant
Zoo Negara Malaysia
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoodomestic
Zoo of Antwerp
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoo Sauvage de St-Félicien
ZooAmerica (No. American Wildlife Pk.)
Zoological Garden of Polish Faunadomestic
Zoological Society of Ireland-Dublindomestic
Zoological Society of Londonrex
Zoological Society of Trinidad &Tobago
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislavadomestic
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbHrex
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburgdomestic

Range Map

Africa; Australia; Beinn Eighe National Nature Reserve; Croajingolong; Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); North America; Oceania; South America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
4Dangerous liaisons disperse the Mediterranean dwarf palm: fleshy-pulp defensive role against seed predators, José M. Fedriani and Miguel Delibes, Ecology, 92(2), 2011, pp. 304–315
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