Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Sciuridae > Marmota > Marmota caligata
 

Marmota caligata (hoary marmot)

Synonyms: Arctomys caligata; Marmotta caligata

Wikipedia Abstract

The hoary marmot (Marmota caligata) is a species of marmot that inhabits the mountains of northwest North America. Hoary marmots live near the tree line on slopes with grasses and forbs to eat and rocky areas for cover.It is the largest North American ground squirrel and is often nicknamed "the whistler" for its high-pitched warning issued to alert other members of the colony to possible danger. The animals are sometimes called "whistle pigs".
View Wikipedia Record: Marmota caligata

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
0
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
6
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 2.2
EDGE Score: 1.16

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  13.98 lbs (6.34 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  2 years 5 months
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Gestation [1]  29 days
Hibernates [2]  Yes
Litter Size [1]  4
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  12 years
Weaning [1]  28 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alaska Peninsula montane taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Alaska-St. Elias Range tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Alberta Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Arctic coastal tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra    
Arctic foothills tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Beringia lowland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Beringia upland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Brooks-British Range tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Cascade Mountains leeward forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central British Columbia Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cook Inlet taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Copper Plateau taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Fraser Plateau and Basin complex Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Canada, United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Interior Yukon-Alaska alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Muskwa-Slave Lake forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Cordillera forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Pacific coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Northern transitional alpine forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwest Territories taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ogilvie-MacKenzie alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Puget lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Yukon Interior dry forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Mount Rainier National Park II 235186 Washington, United States
Mount Revelstoke National Park Ia 18 British Columbia, Canada
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Waterton Biosphere Reserve II 121459 Alberta, Canada
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Epilobium angustifolium subsp. angustifolium (Rosebay Willowherb)[3]
Equisetum arvense (scouring rush)[3]
Erythronium grandiflorum (yellow avalanche-lily)[4]
Festuca altaica (rough fescue)[4]
Geum rossii (Ross' avens)[4]
Pedicularis bracteosa (bracted lousewort)[4]
Pulsatilla occidentalis (white pasqueflower)[4]
Ranunculus acris (meadow buttercup)[4]
Vaccinium scoparium (grouse whortleberry)[4]
Valeriana sitchensis (Sitka valerian)[4]
Veratrum viride (Indian Poke)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acanthis flammea (Common Redpoll)2
Alces alces (moose)2
Bombus jonellus (Heath Humble-bee)1
Bombus lucorum (White-tailed bumblebee)1
Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse)1
Bromius obscurus (Western Grape Rootworm)1
Carduelis carduelis (European Goldfinch)1
Fringilla coelebs (Common Chaffinch)1
Lepus americanus (Snowshoe Hare)1
Lygocoris pabulinus (Common Green Capsid)1
Marmota vancouverensis (Vancouver marmot)3
Microtus richardsoni (water vole)1
Microtus townsendii (Townsend's vole)1
Myodes rutilus (northern red-backed vole)2
Ochotona princeps (pika)1
Oreamnos americanus (mountain goat)1
Ovis dalli (Dall's sheep)2
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)1
Streptopelia turtur (European Turtle-Dove)1
Tamias ruficaudus (red-tailed chipmunk)1
Tamias townsendii (Townsend's chipmunk)1
Thomomys talpoides (northern pocket gopher)1
Urocitellus parryii (Arctic ground squirrel)2
Ursus americanus (black bear)3
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)3
Zonotrichia leucophrys (White-crowned Sparrow)1

Predators

Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)[3]
Canis latrans (Coyote)[4]
Canis lupus (Wolf)[4]
Falco sparverius (American Kestrel)[4]
Gulo gulo (Wolverine)[3]
Lynx canadensis (lynx)[4]
Puma concolor (Cougar)[4]
Ursus americanus (black bear)[4]
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)[3]
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[4]

Providers

Parasite of 
Linognathoides marmotae[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Ascaris laevis <Unverified Name>[6]
Ceratophyllus ciliatus protinus[7]
Dasypsyllus stejnegeri[7]
Oropsylla arctomys[7]
Oropsylla silantiewi[7]
Thrassis acamantis pristinus[7]
Thrassis spenceri alpinus[7]
Thrassis spenceri spenceri[7]

Range Map

North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Exploring the Denali Food Web, ParkWise, National Park Service 4Marmota caligata (Rodentia: Sciuridae), JANET K. BRAUN, T. SCOTT EATON, JR., AND MICHAEL A. MARES, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 43(884):155–171 (2011) 5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 7International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access