Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Sciuridae > Marmota > Marmota flaviventris
 

Marmota flaviventris (yellow-bellied marmot; rock chuck)

Wikipedia Abstract

The yellow-bellied marmot (Marmota flaviventris), also known as the rock chuck, is a ground squirrel in the marmot genus.
View Wikipedia Record: Marmota flaviventris

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
0
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
10
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.08
EDGE Score: 1.4

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  7.39 lbs (3.35 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  34 grams
Female Weight [1]  6.17 lbs (2.80 kg)
Male Weight [1]  8.60 lbs (3.90 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  39.3 %
Female Maturity [2]  2 years
Male Maturity [2]  2 years
Diet [3]  Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  30 %
Diet - Plants [3]  40 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  30 %
Forages - Ground [3]  100 %
Gestation [2]  30 days
Litter Size [2]  4
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  21 years
Weaning [2]  33 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Blue Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cascade Mountains leeward forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mojave desert United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Wyoming Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area V 36286 Montana, Wyoming, United States
Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park II 12551 Colorado, United States
Bryce Canyon National Park II 36348 Utah, United States
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Capital Reef National Park II 243722 Utah, United States
Cedar Breaks National Monument III 6111 Utah, United States
Craters of the Moon National Monument V 690996 Idaho, United States
Devil's Postpile National Monument V 807 California, United States
Devils Tower National Monument V 1361 Wyoming, United States
Dinosaur National Monument III 203307 Colorado, Utah, United States
Fraser Biosphere Reserve 23050 Colorado, United States  
Grand Teton National Park II 231724 Wyoming, United States
Great Basin National Park II 77367 Nevada, United States
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
Lassen Volcanic National Park II 29388 California, United States
Lava Beds National Monument III 20002 California, United States
Nez Perce National Historical Park V 2076 Idaho, United States
Rocky Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 239938 Colorado, United States
Sequoia and Kings Canyon Biosphere Reserve II 172261 California, United States
Waterton Biosphere Reserve II 121459 Alberta, Canada
Wind Cave National Park II 29471 South Dakota, United States
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yosemite National Park II 95209 California, United States
Zion National Park II 135667 Utah, United States

Prey / Diet

Elymus repens (quackgrass)[4]
Lactuca serriola (Wild Lettuce)[4]
Lepidium draba (Whitetop)[4]
Linaria dalmatica (Dalmatian toadflax)[4]
Malva parviflora (cheeseweed mallow)[4]
Medicago sativa (yellow alfalfa)[4]
Phleum pratense (common timothy)[4]
Plantago cornuti (rippleseed plantain)[4]
Plantago lanceolata (narrowleaf plantain)[4]
Poa pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass)[4]
Ranunculus repens (creeping buttercup)[4]
Rhaponticum repens (Russian Knapweed)[4]
Sonchus glaucescens (Prickly Sow-Thistle)[4]
Taraxacum campylodes (Dandelion)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acanthis flammea (Common Redpoll)2
Adelphocoris lineolatus (alfalfa plant bug)1
Amblytylus nasutus1
Ammodramus bairdii (Baird's Sparrow)1
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)1
Andrena barbilabris1
Andrena clarkella (Clark's Mining Bee)1
Anthophora abrupta (miner bee)1
Anthophora plumipes (Spring Flower Bee)1
Apis mellifera (honey bee)1
Armadillidium vulgare (pillbug)1
Bombus fervidus (Golden northern bumble bee)1
Bombus lucorum (White-tailed bumblebee)1
Branta canadensis (Canada Goose)1
Capsus ater2
Carduelis carduelis (European Goldfinch)3
Cathartes aura (Turkey Vulture)1
Cervus elaphus (wapiti or elk)1
Chlamydatus pullus1
Chrysolina staphylaea3
Closterotomus norvegicus (strawberry bug)1
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)2
Contarinia geniculati1
Dama dama (fallow deer)1
Emberiza schoeniclus (Reed Bunting)1
Fringilla coelebs (Common Chaffinch)3
Grus grus (Common Crane)1
Haplothrips leucanthemi1
Lemmiscus curtatus (sagebrush vole)1
Leptopterna dolabrata (meadow plant bug)2
Leptopterna ferrugata1
Lepus europaeus (European Hare)1
Lepus townsendii (White-tailed Jackrabbit)2
Longitarsus pratensis1
Lygocoris pabulinus (Common Green Capsid)1
Lygus rugulipennis1
Mayetiola destructor (hessian fly)2
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)2
Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)1
Microtus pinetorum (woodland vole)1
Microtus townsendii (Townsend's vole)1
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)2
Oulema melanopus (Cereal leaf beetle)1
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)2
Passer montanus (Eurasian Tree Sparrow)2
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)1
Phanacis taraxaci (dandelion gall wasp)1
Phytocoris varipes1
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)2
Spinus spinus (Eurasian Siskin)1
Spinus tristis (American Goldfinch)1
Stenotus binotatus (Two-spotted Grass Bug)1
Streptopelia decaocto (Eurasian Collared-Dove)1
Streptopelia turtur (European Turtle-Dove)2
Sylvilagus audubonii (Desert Cottontail)2
Sylvilagus bachmani (Brush Rabbit)1
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)1
Tamias minimus (least chipmunk)1
Tamias ruficaudus (red-tailed chipmunk)1
Thomomys talpoides (northern pocket gopher)1
Thrips discolor1
Thrips nigropilosus1
Urocitellus armatus (Uinta ground squirrel)1
Urocitellus brunneus (Idaho ground squirrel)1
Urocitellus columbianus (Columbian ground squirrel)4
Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove)1
Zonotrichia albicollis (White-throated Sparrow)2

Predators

Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)[5]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[5]
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Catallagia decipiens[6]
Eumolpianus eumolpi eumolpi[6]
Hoplopsyllus anomalus (rodent flea)[6]
Hystrichopsylla dippiei dippiei[6]
Linognathoides marmotae[5]
Megabothris abantis[6]
Megarthroglossus divisus[6]
Neopsylla inopina[6]
Opisodasys robustus robustus[6]
Orchopeas nepos[6]
Oropsylla arctomys[6]
Oropsylla hirsuta[6]
Oropsylla idahoensis[6]
Oropsylla labis[6]
Oropsylla montana[6]
Oropsylla rupestris[6]
Oropsylla tuberculata cynomuris[6]
Oropsylla tuberculata tuberculata[6]
Thrassis acamantis acamantis[6]
Thrassis acamantis howelli[6]
Thrassis acamantis media[6]
Thrassis acamantis utahensis[6]
Thrassis francisi barnesi[6]
Thrassis pandorae pandorae[6]
Thrassis petiolatus[6]
Thrassis stanfordi[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Riverside Zoo

Range Map

North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Marmota flaviventris, Barbara A. Frase and Robert S. Hoffmann, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 135, pp. –8 (1980)
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Predicting seasonal diet in the yellow-bellied marmot: success and failure for the linear programming model, G.P. Edwards, Oecologia (1997) 112:320-330
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access