Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Sciuridae > Ictidomys > Ictidomys tridecemlineatus
 

Ictidomys tridecemlineatus (thirteen-lined ground squirrel)

Synonyms: Spermophilus tridecemlineatus

Wikipedia Abstract

The thirteen-lined ground squirrel (Ictidomys tridecemlineatus), also known as the striped gopher, leopard ground squirrel, squinney, and as the leopard-spermophile in Audubon’s day, is a ground squirrel. It is widely distributed over grasslands and prairies of North America.
View Wikipedia Record: Ictidomys tridecemlineatus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
1
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
12
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.58
EDGE Score: 1.52

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  173 grams
Birth Weight [1]  3 grams
Female Maturity [1]  11 months 24 days
Male Maturity [1]  7 months 15 days
Diet [2]  Omnivore
Gestation [1]  28 days
Hibernates [3]  Yes
Litter Size [1]  7
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  8 years
Weaning [1]  33 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Arizona Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
East Central Texas forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Edwards Plateau savanna United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Flint Hills tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mid-Continental Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Nebraska Sand Hills mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern tall grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southern Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Texas blackland prairies United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands  
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Wyoming Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Agate Fossil Beds National Monument V 4731 Nebraska, United States
Audubon National Wildlife Refuge IV 14642 North Dakota, United States
Badlands National Park II 178535 South Dakota, United States
Cedar Creek LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV   Minnesota, United States
Central Plains Biosphere Reserve 15345 United States  
Chickasaw National Recreation Area V 7025 Oklahoma, United States
Chippewa Nature Center   Michigan, United States    
De Soto National Wildlife Refuge IV 8007 Iowa, Nebraska, United States
Devils Tower National Monument V 1361 Wyoming, United States
Dinosaur National Monument III 203307 Colorado, Utah, United States
Edwin S. George Reserve 1297 Michigan, United States
El Morro National Monument V 960 New Mexico, United States
Grasslands National Park II 128635 Saskatchewan, Canada
Herbert Hoover National Historic Site   Iowa, United States
Horicon National Wildlife Refuge IV 21369 Wisconsin, United States
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Knife River Indian Villages National Hist. Site National Historic Site III 1756 North Dakota, United States
Konza Prairie Biosphere Reserve 8617 Kansas, United States  
Lake Meredith National Recreation Area V   Texas, United States
Pipestone National Monument V 326 Minnesota, United States
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve 277252 Saskatchewan, Canada
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Shortgrass Steppe LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Colorado, United States
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Waterton Biosphere Reserve II 121459 Alberta, Canada

Prey / Diet

Ammodramus bairdii (Baird's Sparrow)[4]
Aspidoscelis sexlineata (Six-lined Racerunner)[3]
Charadrius montanus (Mountain Plover)[5]
Coluber constrictor (Eastern Racer)[3]
Distichlis spicata (marsh spikegrass)[3]
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)[3]
Storeria occipitomaculata (Redbelly Snake)[6]
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)[3]
Vulpia octoflora (pullout grass)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Agkistrodon contortrix (Southern Copperhead)1
Asio otus (Long-eared Owl)1
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)1
Buteo swainsoni (Swainson's Hawk)1
Canis latrans (Coyote)1
Circus cyaneus (Northern Harrier)1
Crotalus horridus (Timber rattlesnake (atricaudatus))2
Falco columbarius (Merlin)1
Falco mexicanus (Prairie Falcon)1
Glaucidium gnoma (Northern Pygmy-Owl)1
Lanius ludovicianus (Loggerhead Shrike)1
Leopardus pardalis (Ocelot)1
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)1
Microtus montanus (montane vole)1
Pica pica (Eurasian Magpie)1
Pituophis melanoleucus (Eastern Pine Snake)1
Puma concolor (Cougar)1
Strix varia (Barred Owl)1
Thomomys townsendii (Townsend's pocket gopher)1
Urocitellus richardsonii (Richardson's ground squirrel)1
Vulpes macrotis (Kit Fox)1
Vulpes velox (Swift Fox)1
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)1
Xerospermophilus spilosoma (spotted ground squirrel)1

Predators

Accipiter cooperii (Cooper's Hawk)[6]
Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)[6]
Buteo regalis (Ferruginous Hawk)[6]
Buteo swainsoni (Swainson's Hawk)[6]
Falco mexicanus (Prairie Falcon)[6]
Pituophis catenifer (Gopher Snake)[7]
Taxidea taxus (American Badger)[6]

Providers

Parasite of 
Linognathoides laeviusculus[6]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Citellinema bifurcatum[8]
Cladotaenia circi <Unverified Name>[8]
Fasciola hepatica (common liver fluke)[3]
Hymenolepis citelli[8]
Meringis parkeri[9]
Moniliformis clarki[8]
Nippostrongylus brasiliensis[3]
Oropsylla bruneri[9]
Oropsylla idahoensis[9]
Oropsylla tuberculata cynomuris[9]
Oropsylla tuberculata tuberculata[9]
Physaloptera spinicauda[8]
Rictularia citelli <Unverified Name>[8]
Spirura infundibuliformis <Unverified Name>[8]
Strongyloides robustus <Unverified Name>[8]
Taenia mustelae[8]
Thrassis bacchi bacchi[9]
Thrassis fotas[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen

Range Map

North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Spermophilus tridecemlineatus, Donald P. Streubel and James P. Fitzgerald, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 103, pp. 1-5 (1978) 4SPECIES ASSESSMENT FOR BAIRD’S SPARROW (AMMODRAMUS BAIRDII) IN WYOMING, ROBERT LUCE AND DOUG KEINATH, United States Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, December 2003 5SPECIES ASSESSMENT FOR MOUNTAIN PLOVER (CHARADRIUS MONTANUS) IN WYOMING, HAMILTON SMITH AND DOUGLAS A. KEINATH, United States Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, November 2004 6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 7Feeding ecology of North American gopher snakes (Pituophis catenifer, Colubridae), JAVIER A. RODRÍGUEZ-ROBLES, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2002, 77, 165–183 8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 9International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Chippewa Nature Center Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access