Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Sciuridae > Otospermophilus > Otospermophilus variegatus
 

Otospermophilus variegatus (rock squirrel)

Synonyms: Spermophilus buccatus; Spermophilus macrourus; Spermophilus variegatus
Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The rock squirrel (Otospermophilus variegatus) is a species of rodent in the family Sciuridae and is native to Mexico and the southwestern United States.
View Wikipedia Record: Otospermophilus variegatus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
19
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.59
EDGE Score: 2.03

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  1.46 lbs (663 g)
Birth Weight [1]  8 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  20 %
Diet - Plants [2]  40 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  40 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  30 days
Hibernates [3]  Yes
Litter Size [1]  4
Litters / Year [1]  2
Maximum Longevity [1]  10 years
Weaning [1]  53 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Arizona Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Bajío dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Balsas dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Mexican matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Edwards Plateau savanna United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Great Basin montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Jalisco dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Meseta Central matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mojave desert United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Northern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves Mexico Neotropic Mangroves    
Sierra Madre de Oaxaca pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Occidental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sinaloan dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sonoran desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran-Sinaloan transition subtropical dry forest Mexico Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Tamaulipan matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tamaulipan mezquital Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tehuacán Valley matorral Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Veracruz moist forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Alto Golfo de California y Delta del Rio Colorado Biosphere Reserve VI 2320468 Sonora, Mexico  
Amistad National Recreation Area   Texas, United States
Arches National Park II 76539 Utah, United States
Aztec Ruins National Monument V 321 New Mexico, United States
Bandelier National Monument V 8107 New Mexico, United States
Beaver Creek Biosphere Reserve 275028 Arizona, United States  
Big Bend Biosphere Reserve National Park II 815561 Texas, United States
Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park II 12551 Colorado, United States
Bryce Canyon National Park II 36348 Utah, United States
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Carlsbad Caverns National Park II 15448 New Mexico, United States
Chiricahua National Monument V 1421 Arizona, United States
Colorado National Monument III 20420 Colorado, United States
Dinosaur National Monument III 203307 Colorado, Utah, United States
El Malpais National Monument III 109980 New Mexico, United States
El Morro National Monument V 960 New Mexico, United States
Fort Davis National Historic Site   Texas, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Great Basin National Park II 77367 Nevada, United States
Guadalupe Mountains National Park II 46114 Texas, United States
Hovenweep National Monument V 770 Colorado, Utah, United States
Iztaccihuatl-Popocatepetl National Park II 224456 Mexico State, Mexico
Jornada Biosphere Reserve Ib 30913 New Mexico, United States
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Montezuma Castle National Monument V 872 Arizona, United States
Natural Bridges National Monument III 7412 Utah, United States
Navajo National Monument V 604 Arizona, United States
Organ Pipe Cactus Biosphere Reserve 327376 Arizona, United States  
Pecos National Historical Park V 6539 New Mexico, United States
Petrified Forest National Park II 44522 Arizona, United States
Pipe Spring National Monument V 41 Arizona, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera El Cielo Biosphere Reserve 353161 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve VI 955579 Queretaro, Mexico  
Reserva de la Michilia Biosphere Reserve VI 23405 Durango, Mexico  
Reserva de Mapimi Biosphere Reserve VI 849819 Chihuahua, Mexico  
Saguaro National Park II 11686 Arizona, United States
Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument V 1081 New Mexico, United States
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV 228335 New Mexico, United States
Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument V 3049 Arizona, United States
Tonto National Monument V 1123 Arizona, United States
Walnut Canyon National Monument V 3386 Arizona, United States
Wupatki National Monument III 36098 Arizona, United States
Zion National Park II 135667 Utah, United States

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No

Prey / Diet

Ephedra nevadensis (Nevada jointfir)[4]
Fallugia paradoxa (Apache plume)[4]
Juniperus pachyphloea (cherrystone juniper)[4]
Pinus edulis (Colorado pinyon)[4]
Quercus grisea (gray oak)[4]
Quercus turbinella (Sonoran scrub oak)[4]
Rhus aromatica (fragrant sumac)[4]
Ribes cereum (wax currant)[4]
Sophora secundiflora (mescalbean)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Ammospermophilus interpres (Texas antelope squirrel)1
Anisota oslari (Oslar’s oakworm moth)1
Aphelocoma californica (Western Scrub-Jay)1
Aphelocoma ultramarina (Mexican Jay)1
Cyanocitta stelleri (Steller's Jay)1
Ernobius montanus1
Erynnis brizo (Sleepy Dusky Wing)1
Frankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)1
Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus (Pinyon Jay)1
Neotoma albigula (white-throated woodrat)1
Neotoma cinerea (bushy-tailed woodrat)1
Neotoma lepida (desert woodrat)2
Nucifraga columbiana (Clark's Nutcracker)1
Peromyscus boylii (brush mouse)2
Peromyscus truei (pinyon mouse)2
Reithrodontomys megalotis (western harvest mouse)1
Sciurus aberti (Abert's squirrel)1
Stellula calliope (Calliope Hummingbird)1
Tamias cinereicollis (gray-collared chipmunk)1
Tamias panamintinus (panamint chipmunk)1
Tamias rufus (Hopi chipmunk)1

Predators

Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)[4]
Bassariscus astutus (Ringtail)[4]
Buteo albonotatus (Zone-tailed Hawk)[5]
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)[5]
Buteogallus anthracinus (Common Black-Hawk)[5]
Canis latrans (Coyote)[4]
Crotalus cerberus (viridis)[4]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[5]
Lynx rufus (Bobcat)[4]
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)[4]
Taxidea taxus (American Badger)[4]
Urocyon cinereoargenteus (Gray Fox)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Aetheca wagneri[6]
Catallagia decipiens[6]
Echidnophaga gallinacea (sticktight flea)[6]
Eumolpianus eumolpi eumolpi[6]
Foxella ignota ignota[6]
Hoplopsyllus anomalus (rodent flea)[6]
Hymenolepis citelli[7]
Linognathoides laeviusculus[5]
Nosopsyllus fasciatus (northern rat flea)[6]
Orchopeas sexdentatus sexdentatus[6]
Oropsylla idahoensis[6]
Oropsylla montana[6]
Oropsylla tuberculata cynomuris[6]
Oropsylla tuberculata tuberculata[6]
Pulex irritans (human flea)[6]
Pulex simulans[6]
Scaphiostomum microti <Unverified Name>[7]
Taenia taxidiensis <Unverified Name>[7]
Thrassis acamantis utahensis[6]
Thrassis arizonensis[6]
Thrassis bacchi caducus[6]
Thrassis bacchi consimilis[6]
Thrassis bacchi gladiolis[6]
Thrassis bacchi setosis[6]
Thrassis francisi francisi[6]
Thrassis pandorae pandorae[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Burger's Zoo
Menagerie du Jardin des Plantes
Rotterdam Zoo

Range Map

North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
4Spermophilus variegatus, Emily C. Oaks, Paul J. Young, Gordon L. Kirkland, Jr., and David F. Schmidt, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 272, pp. 1-8 (1987)
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6International Flea Database
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access