Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Sciuridae > Tamiasciurus > Tamiasciurus hudsonicus
 

Tamiasciurus hudsonicus (red squirrel)

Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The American red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus) is one of three species of tree squirrel currently classified in the genus Tamiasciurus known as pine squirrels (the others are the Douglas squirrel T. douglasii and Mearns's squirrel T. mearnsi). American red squirrels are also referred to as pine squirrels, North American red squirrels, and chickarees. They are medium-sized (200–250 g) diurnal mammals that defend a year-round exclusive territory.
View Wikipedia Record: Tamiasciurus hudsonicus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
18
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.77
EDGE Score: 1.91

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  200 grams
Birth Weight [2]  7 grams
Female Maturity [2]  11 months 12 days
Arboreal [1]  Yes
Diet [1]  Omnivore
Gestation [2]  37 days
Litter Size [2]  4
Litters / Year [2]  2
Maximum Longevity [2]  10 years
Weaning [2]  63 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Alaska Peninsula montane taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Alaska-St. Elias Range tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Alberta Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Allegheny Highlands forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Arizona Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Atlantic coastal pine barrens United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Beringia lowland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Beringia upland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Blue Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Brooks-British Range tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cascade Mountains leeward forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central British Columbia Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cook Inlet taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Copper Plateau taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Fraser Plateau and Basin complex Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of St. Lawrence lowland forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Canada, United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Interior Yukon-Alaska alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Mid-Continental Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Midwestern Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Muskwa-Slave Lake forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
New England-Acadian forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Cordillera forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Pacific coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern tall grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern transitional alpine forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwest Territories taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ogilvie-MacKenzie alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Hudson Bay taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Wyoming Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Yukon Interior dry forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Antietam National Battlefield III 3263 Maryland, United States
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Bandelier National Monument V 8107 New Mexico, United States
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Beaver Creek Biosphere Reserve 275028 Arizona, United States  
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area V 36286 Montana, Wyoming, United States
Bruce Peninsula National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Bryce Canyon National Park II 36348 Utah, United States
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve 90 Michigan, United States
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Cape Cod National Seashore II 21724 Massachusetts, United States
Catoctin Mountain Park National Park II 5994 Maryland, United States
Cedar Breaks National Monument III 6111 Utah, United States
Cedar Creek LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV   Minnesota, United States
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Coram Biosphere Reserve 7460 Montana, United States
Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   North Carolina, United States
Craters of the Moon National Monument V 690996 Idaho, United States
Cuyahoga Valley National Park II 24907 Ohio, United States
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Devils Tower National Monument V 1361 Wyoming, United States
Dinosaur National Monument III 203307 Colorado, Utah, United States
Edwin S. George Reserve 1297 Michigan, United States
Effigy Mounds National Monument V 1296 Iowa, United States
El Malpais National Monument III 109980 New Mexico, United States
El Morro National Monument V 960 New Mexico, United States
Elk Island National Park II 47171 Alberta, Canada
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Fort Necessity National Battlefield III 1019 Pennsylvania, United States
Friendship Hill National Historic Site III 697 Pennsylvania, United States
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Georgian Bay Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Grand Teton National Park II 231724 Wyoming, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge VI 3161 New Jersey, United States
Greenwater Provincial Park II 11019 Ontario, Canada
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Guadalupe Mountains National Park II 46114 Texas, United States
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site III 861 Pennsylvania, United States
Hubbard Brook Biosphere Reserve 7809 New Hampshire, United States
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kejimkujik Seaside Adjunct National Park II 4970 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial III 96 Indiana, United States
Long Point Biosphere Reserve 100325 Ontario, Canada  
Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve II 20461 Quebec, Canada
Morristown National Historical Park VI 1677 New Jersey, United States
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Mount Mitchell State Park   North Carolina, United States
Mount Revelstoke National Park Ia 18 British Columbia, Canada
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Pecos National Historical Park V 6539 New Mexico, United States
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Polar Bear Provincial Park 5502026 Ontario, Canada
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Prince Edward Island National Park II   Prince Edward Island, Canada  
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve 277252 Saskatchewan, Canada
Reserve de la Biosphere de Charlevoix Biosphere Reserve 1383790 Canada  
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rocky Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 239938 Colorado, United States
Rondeau Provincial Park II 5035 Ontario, Canada
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site III 139 New Hampshire, United States
Shenandoah National Park II 108221 Virginia, United States
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore II 62563 Michigan, United States
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Southwest Nova Biosphere Reserve 3821173 Canada  
Terra Nova National Park IV 125894 Newfoundland, Canada
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Valley Forge National Historical Park VI 3509 Pennsylvania, United States
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States
Vuntut National Park II 1076795 Yukon, Canada
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Waterton Biosphere Reserve II 121459 Alberta, Canada
Western Michigan University's Asylum Lake Preserve 274 Michigan, United States
Wind Cave National Park II 29471 South Dakota, United States
Winisk River Provincial Park II 434735 Ontario, Canada
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Woodland Caribou Provincial Wilderness Park Provincial Park II 1072124 Ontario, Canada
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada
Zion National Park II 135667 Utah, United States

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Panaeolus cinctulus (Banded Mottlegill)[3]
Picea glauca (Canadian spruce)[3]
Picea mariana[4]
Pinus resinosa (Norway pine)[5]
Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine)[5]
Picea mariana (Black spruce)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Camptozygum aequale1
Clethrionomys rutilus (northern red-backed vole)1
Dendroctonus rufipennis (spruce beetle)3
Dichrooscytus rufipennis1
Erethizon dorsatum (common porcupine)3
Ernobius bicolor2
Ernobius mollis (Pine bark anobiid)1
Glaucomys sabrinus (northern flying squirrel)1
Hylotrupes bajulus (old-house borer)1
Incisalia niphon (Eastern Pine Elfin)3
Lemmus sibiricus (brown lemming)1
Loxia leucoptera (White-winged Crossbill)1
Oxythrips ajugae1
Silvanoprus fagi1
Streptopelia turtur (European Turtle-Dove)1
Urocitellus parryii (Arctic ground squirrel)1

Predators

Crotalus horridus (Timber rattlesnake (atricaudatus))[6]
Martes americana (American Marten)[3]

Providers

Shelter 
Picea mariana (Black spruce)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Aetheca wagneri[7]
Amalaraeus dissimilis[7]
Amaradix euphorbi[7]
Amphipsylla marikovskii ewingi[7]
Andrya primordialis <Unverified Name>[8]
Atyphloceras multidentatus multidentatus[7]
Callistopsyllus terinus terinus[7]
Capillaria hepatica[8]
Catallagia charlottensis[7]
Catallagia dacenkoi[7]
Catallagia decipiens[7]
Ceratophyllus ciliatus kincaidi[7]
Ceratophyllus ciliatus protinus[7]
Ceratophyllus gallinae (European chicken flea)[7]
Ceratophyllus lunatus tundrensis[7]
Ceratophyllus niger (Western chicken flea)[7]
Ceratophyllus petrochelidoni[7]
Ceratophyllus styx riparius[7]
Ceratophyllus vison[7]
Citellinema bifurcatum[8]
Citellinema quadrivittati <Unverified Name>[8]
Conorhinopsylla stanfordi[7]
Ctenophthalmus pseudagyrtes pseudagyrtes[7]
Epitedia faceta[7]
Epitedia wenmanni wenmanni[7]
Eumolpianus eumolpi eumolpi[7]
Fibricola cratera <Unverified Name>[8]
Hymenolepis horrida[8]
Hystrichopsylla dippiei dippiei[7]
Hystrichopsylla dippiei truncata[7]
Megabothris abantis[7]
Megabothris acerbus[7]
Megabothris asio megacolpus[7]
Megabothris calcarifer[7]
Megabothris quirini[7]
Megarthroglossus divisus[7]
Nearctopsylla genalis genalis[7]
Opisodasys pseudarctomys[7]
Orchopeas caedens caedens[7]
Orchopeas caedens durus[7]
Orchopeas howardi howardi[7]
Orchopeas leucopus (rodent flea)[7]
Orchopeas sexdentatus agilis[7]
Paruterina candelabraria <Unverified Name>[8]
Peromyscopsylla catatina[7]
Peromyscopsylla ostsibirica[7]
Peromyscopsylla selenis[7]
Plagiorchis proximus[8]
Rhadinopsylla arborea[7]
Rhadinopsylla fraterna[7]
Rhadinopsylla sectilis sectilis[7]
Strongyloides robustus <Unverified Name>[8]
Syphabulea maseri <Unverified Name>[8]
Syphacia thompsoni <Unverified Name>[8]
Taenia rileyi <Unverified Name>[8]
Tamiophila grandis (Chipmunk flea)[7]
Tarsopsylla octodecimdentata coloradensis[7]
Thrassis acamantis acamantis[7]
Thrassis pandorae pandorae[7]
Trichinella spiralis (pork worm)[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
Thuringer Zoopark Erfurt
Tropiquaria Wildlife Park
Virginia Living Museum
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo Sauvage de St-Félicien

Range Map

Link to Map
Bonanza Creek LTER Site; New Jersey Pinelands Biosphere Reserve; North America; Saratoga National Historical Park; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Gardner A.L, 2013-11-26, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Making The Forest And Tundra Wildlife Connection 4Exploring the Denali Food Web, ParkWise, National Park Service 5Geographic variation in walnut seed size correlates with hoarding behaviour of two rodent species, N. Tamura and F. Hayashi, Ecol Res (2008) 23: 607–614 6Diet of the Timber Rattlesnake, Crotalus horridus, Rulon W. Clark, Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 36, No. 3, pp. 494-499, 2002 7International Flea Database 8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Patterson, B. D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M. F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B. E. Young. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy—Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International—CABS, World Wildlife Fund—US, and Environment Canada—WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011