Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Sciuridae > Cynomys > Cynomys ludovicianus

Cynomys ludovicianus (black-tailed prairie dog; Arizona black-tailed prairie dog)

Synonyms: Cynomys pyrrotrichus
Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The black-tailed prairie dog (Cynomys ludovicianus), is a rodent of the family Sciuridae found in the Great Plains of North America from about the United States-Canada border to the USA-Mexico border. Unlike some other prairie dogs, these animals do not truly hibernate. The black-tailed prairie dog can be seen above ground in midwinter. A black-tailed prairie dog town in Texas was reported to cover 25,000 sq mi (64,000 km2) and included 400,000,000 individuals. Prior to habitat destruction, this species may have been the most abundant prairie dog in central North America. This species was one of two described by the Lewis and Clark Expedition in the journals and diaries of their expedition.
View Wikipedia Record: Cynomys ludovicianus


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.46
EDGE Score: 1.5


Adult Weight [1]  2.48 lbs (1.13 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  16 grams
Female Maturity [1]  2 years
Male Maturity [1]  2 years
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  30 days
Litter Size [1]  4
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  11 years
Weaning [1]  63 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Arizona Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Edwards Plateau savanna United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Flint Hills tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Nebraska Sand Hills mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sierra Madre Occidental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Wyoming Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Agate Fossil Beds National Monument V 4731 Nebraska, United States
Amistad National Recreation Area   Texas, United States
Badlands National Park II 178535 South Dakota, United States
Carlsbad Caverns National Park II 15448 New Mexico, United States
Central Plains Biosphere Reserve 15345 United States  
Coronado National Monument National Memorial III 4360 Arizona, United States
Devils Tower National Monument V 1361 Wyoming, United States
Fort Davis National Historic Site   Texas, United States
Fort Larned National Historic Site III 706 Kansas, United States
Grasslands National Park II 128635 Saskatchewan, Canada
Guadalupe Mountains National Park II 46114 Texas, United States
Lake Meredith National Recreation Area V   Texas, United States
Pecos National Historical Park V 6539 New Mexico, United States
Scotts Bluff National Monument V 3185 Nebraska, United States
Shortgrass Steppe LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Colorado, United States
White Sands National Monument III 139922 New Mexico, United States
Wind Cave National Park II 29471 South Dakota, United States

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No

Prey / Diet

Agropyron desertorum (clustered wheat grass)[3]
Bouteloua dactyloides (buffalograss)[3]
Bromus japonicus (Japanese bromegrass)[3]
Carex duriuscula subsp. duriuscula (needleleaf sedge)[3]
Elymus smithii (Western Wheatgrass)[3]
Muhlenbergia paniculata (tumble grass)[3]
Muhlenbergia torreyi (ring muhly)[3]
Nassella viridula (green needlegrass)[3]
Sphaeralcea coccinea (scarlet globemallow)[3]
Sporobolus cryptandrus (sand dropseed)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Antilocapra americana (pronghorn)1
Brachylagus idahoensis (Pygmy Rabbit)1
Centrocercus urophasianus (Sage Grouse)1
Dipodomys spectabilis (banner-tailed kangaroo rat)1
Gnathamitermes tubiformans1
Lemmiscus curtatus (sagebrush vole)1
Leprus intermedius (Saussure's Blue-Winged Grasshopper)1
Lepus californicus (Black-tailed Jackrabbit)1
Lepus callotis (White-sided Jackrabbit)2
Lepus townsendii (White-tailed Jackrabbit)1
Microtus ochrogaster (prairie vole)1
Neotoma lepida (desert woodrat)1
Onychomys leucogaster (northern grasshopper mouse)1
Pogonomyrmex occidentalis (western harvester ant)1
Pyrgus scriptura (small checkered-skipper)1
Thomomys talpoides (northern pocket gopher)2


Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)[4]
Buteo regalis (Ferruginous Hawk)[5]
Canis latrans (Coyote)[4]
Falco mexicanus (Prairie Falcon)[4]
Lynx rufus (Bobcat)[4]
Mustela nigripes (Black-footed Ferret)[4]
Taxidea taxus (American Badger)[4]
Vulpes velox (Swift Fox)[6]


Parasitized by 
Linognathoides cynomyis[5]
Neopsylla inopina[7]
Oropsylla hirsuta[7]
Oropsylla labis[7]
Oropsylla rupestris[7]
Oropsylla tuberculata cynomuris[7]
Oropsylla tuberculata tuberculata[7]
Pulex irritans (human flea)[7]
Rhadinopsylla fraterna[7]
Thrassis acamantis acamantis[7]
Thrassis bacchi bacchi[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
AB Furuviksparken
Abilene Zoological Gardens
Amazon World
Ardastra Gardens & Conserv. Centre
Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum
Artis Zoo
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Banham Zoo Ltd.
Beale Park
Bergen County Zoological Park
Binder Park Zoo
Bioparc Valencia
Bird Park Marlow
Blank Park Zoo of Des Moines
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Bristol Zoo Gardens
Bronx Children's Zoo
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Park
Central Florida Zoological Park
Chattanooga Zoo at Warner Park
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Park
Children's Zoo at Celebration Square
Cologne Zoo
Columbian Park Zoo
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Connecticut's Beardsley Zoo
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
Denver Zoological Gardens
Detroit Zoological Society
Dierenpark Emmen
Drusillas Zoo Park
El Paso Zoo
Exmoor Zoological Park
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Folly Farm Leisure Ltd
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Fresno Chaffee Zoo
Hai Park Kiriat Motzkin
Henry Vilas Zoo
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Hutchinson Zoo
Jackson Zoological Park
Jyllands Park Zoo
Kittenberger Zoo
Knoxville Zoological Gardens
Kolmardens Djurpark AB
Lake Superior Zoological Gardens
Lehigh Valley Zoo
Lietuvos Zoologijos Sodas
Lincoln Childrens Zoo (former Folsom)
Little Rock Zoological Gardens
Longleat Safari Park
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
Maryland Zoo in Baltimore
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Mesker Park Zoo
Mill Mountain Zoo
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Munkholm Zoo (former Dyrenes Gard)
Museum of Science - Live Animal Center
Odense Zoologiske Have
Odsherreds Zoo Dyrepark A/S
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Olmense Zoo
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Out of Africa Wildlife Park
Ouwehand Zoo
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique de Champrépus
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèn
Parque Zoologico Benito Juarez
Phoenix Zoo
Pine Grove Zoo
Planete Sauvage
Potawatomi Zoo
Prospect Park Zoo
Pueblo Zoo
Red River Zoo
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safari
Rodbaston College
Rotterdam Zoo
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Saitama Children's Zoo
Salisbury Zoological Park
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunn
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Diego Wild Animal Park
San Diego Zoo
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Scovill Zoo
Sedgwick County Zoo
Six Flags Discovery Kingdom
Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute in Front Royal
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
Sofia Zoological Gardens
South Lakes Wild Animal Park
Staten Island Zoo
Sunset Zoo
Taipei Zoo
Texas Zoo
The Philadelphia Zoo
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbH
Tierwelt Herberstein
Toronto Zoo
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
Turtle Back Zoo
Twycross Zoo
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Usti nad Labem Zoo
Utah's Hogle Zoo
Virginia Zoological Park
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
Wildlife World Zoo
Xantus János Állatkert Kht.
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zoo and Aqua-Terrarium Ltd. Pécs
Zoo Atlanta
Zoo Boise
Zoo d'Asson
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo Decin - Pastyrska Stena
Zoo Duisburg AG
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo Negara Malaysia
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoo
Zoo New England, Stone Zoo
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoo Parc Overloon
Zoo Safari Swierkocin
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoo Sauvage de St-Félicien
Zoo Zürich
ZooAmerica (No. American Wildlife Pk.)
Zoological Society of London
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
Zoologicka Zahrada Jihlava
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brna
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburg
ZooWorld Zoological Botanical Conserv.

Range Map

North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Black-tailed Prairie Dog Food Habits and Forage Relationships in Western South Dakota, DANIEL W. URESK, Journal of Range Management Vol. 37, No. 4, July 1984, p. 325-329
4Cynomys ludovicianus, John L. Hoogland, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 535, pp. 1-10 (1996)
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6SPECIES ASSESSMENT FOR SWIFT FOX (VULPES VELOX) IN WYOMING, DARBY N. DARK-SMILEY AND DOUGLAS A. KEINATH, prepared for United States Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management, December 2003
7International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access