Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Sciuridae > Tamias > Tamias minimus
 

Tamias minimus (least chipmunk)

Synonyms: Eutamias minimus
Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The least chipmunk (Tamias minimus) is the smallest species of chipmunk, and the most widespread in North America.
View Wikipedia Record: Tamias minimus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
20
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.11
EDGE Score: 2.09

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  44 grams
Birth Weight [2]  2 grams
Female Maturity [2]  1 year
Arboreal [1]  Yes
Diet [1]  Herbivore
Gestation [2]  30 days
Hibernates [1]  Yes
Litter Size [2]  5
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  10 years
Speed [3]  10.51 MPH (4.7 m/s)
Weaning [2]  44 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Arizona Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Blue Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central and Southern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central British Columbia Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Great Basin montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Interior Yukon-Alaska alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Mid-Continental Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Midwestern Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Mojave desert United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Muskwa-Slave Lake forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Cordillera forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern tall grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northwest Territories taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ogilvie-MacKenzie alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sierra Nevada forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southern Hudson Bay taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Wyoming Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Yukon Interior dry forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Apostle Islands National Lakeshore II 36006 Wisconsin, United States
Aztec Ruins National Monument V 321 New Mexico, United States
Bandelier National Monument V 8107 New Mexico, United States
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Beaver Creek Biosphere Reserve 275028 Arizona, United States  
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area V 36286 Montana, Wyoming, United States
Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park II 12551 Colorado, United States
Bryce Canyon National Park II 36348 Utah, United States
Craters of the Moon National Monument V 690996 Idaho, United States
Dinosaur National Monument III 203307 Colorado, Utah, United States
Elk Island National Park II 47171 Alberta, Canada
Fraser Biosphere Reserve 23050 Colorado, United States  
Georgian Bay Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Grand Teton National Park II 231724 Wyoming, United States
Great Basin National Park II 77367 Nevada, United States
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Lassen Volcanic National Park II 29388 California, United States
Lava Beds National Monument III 20002 California, United States
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Natural Bridges National Monument III 7412 Utah, United States
Pecos National Historical Park V 6539 New Mexico, United States
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve 277252 Saskatchewan, Canada
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rocky Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 239938 Colorado, United States
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Waterton Biosphere Reserve II 121459 Alberta, Canada
Wind Cave National Park II 29471 South Dakota, United States
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada
Zion National Park II 135667 Utah, United States

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No

Prey / Diet

Acer saccharum (sugar maple)[4]
Alnus incana (gray alder)[4]
Gaultheria hispidula (creeping snowberry)[4]
Micranthes virginiensis (early saxifrage)[4]
Rubus idaeus (Raspberry)[4]
Symphoricarpos oreophilus (mountain snowberry)[4]
Taraxacum campylodes (Dandelion)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acanthis flammea (Common Redpoll)1
Agelastica alni (Alder Leaf Beetle)1
Alces alces (moose)1
Andrena barbilabris1
Andrena clarkella (Clark's Mining Bee)1
Anthophora abrupta (miner bee)2
Anthophora plumipes (Spring Flower Bee)1
Apis mellifera (honey bee)2
Bombus fervidus (Golden northern bumble bee)1
Bombus lucorum (White-tailed bumblebee)1
Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse)1
Carduelis carduelis (European Goldfinch)1
Catharus ustulatus (Swainson's Thrush)1
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)1
Fringilla coelebs (Common Chaffinch)1
Lepus americanus (Snowshoe Hare)1
Lepus townsendii (White-tailed Jackrabbit)1
Lygocoris pabulinus (Common Green Capsid)2
Lygus rugulipennis1
Marmota flaviventris (yellow-bellied marmot)1
Martes americana (American Marten)1
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)1
Myodes rutilus (northern red-backed vole)1
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)1
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)1
Phanacis taraxaci (dandelion gall wasp)1
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)1
Spinus spinus (Eurasian Siskin)1
Spinus tristis (American Goldfinch)1
Streptopelia turtur (European Turtle-Dove)1
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)1
Tamias ruficaudus (red-tailed chipmunk)1
Thomomys talpoides (northern pocket gopher)1
Urocitellus columbianus (Columbian ground squirrel)1
Ursus americanus (black bear)1
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)1
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)1
Zonotrichia albicollis (White-throated Sparrow)1
Zonotrichia leucophrys (White-crowned Sparrow)1

Predators

Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)[5]
Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawk)[5]
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)[5]
Buteo lagopus (Rough-legged Hawk)[5]
Buteo platypterus (Broad-winged Hawk)[5]
Strix nebulosa (Great Grey Owl)[5]
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Aetheca wagneri[6]
Amalaraeus dissimilis[6]
Amaradix bitterrootensis vonfintelis[6]
Androlaelaps fahrenholzi[4]
Catallagia decipiens[6]
Ceratophyllus ciliatus kincaidi[6]
Citellinema bifurcatum[7]
Ctenophthalmus pseudagyrtes[4]
Ctenophthalmus pseudagyrtes pseudagyrtes[6]
Dermacentor andersoni (Rocky Mountain wood tick)[4]
Epitedia scapani[6]
Eumolpianus cyrturus[4]
Eumolpianus eumolpi eumolpi[6]
Eumolpianus wallowensis[6]
Heteroxynema cucullatum <Unverified Name>[7]
Hoplopleura arboricola[4]
Hoplopsyllus anomalus (rodent flea)[6]
Ixodes angustus[4]
Ixodes eastoni[4]
Margopsylla tolli[6]
Megabothris acerbus[6]
Megabothris asio[4]
Megabothris clantoni[4]
Megabothris quirini[6]
Megarthroglossus wilsoni[6]
Meringis dipodomys[6]
Meringis hubbardi[6]
Meringis shannoni[6]
Neohaematopinus pacificus[4]
Opisodasys keeni[6]
Orchopeas caedens[4]
Orchopeas sexdentatus agilis[6]
Oropsylla bruneri[6]
Oropsylla montana[6]
Pleochaetis exilis[6]
Taenia mustelae[7]
Thrassis acamantis utahensis[6]
Thrassis pandorae pandorae[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Trotter's World of Animals

Range Map

North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3MAXIMAL RUNNING SPEEDS OF BIPEDAL AND QUADRUPEDAL RODENTS, MINOU DJAWDAN and THEODORE GARLAND, JR., J. Mamm., 69(4):765-772, 1988 4Tamias minimus, B. J. Verts and Leslie N. Carraway, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 653, pp. 1–10 (2001) 5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 6International Flea Database 7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access