Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Sciuridae > Tamias > Tamias striatus
 

Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)

Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The eastern chipmunk (Tamias striatus) is a chipmunk species found in eastern North America. It is the sole living member of the chipmunk subgenus Tamias, sometimes recognised as a separate genus. Its name comes from the Odawa (Ottawa) word ajidamoonh or the Ojibwe word ajidamoo, which translates literally as "one who descends trees headlong."
View Wikipedia Record: Tamias striatus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
8
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
33
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 17.43
EDGE Score: 2.91

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  96 grams
Birth Weight [1]  3 grams
Female Maturity [1]  6 months 7 days
Male Maturity [1]  7 months 18 days
Diet [2]  Omnivore
Gestation [1]  31 days
Litter Size [1]  5
Litters / Year [1]  2
Maximum Longevity [1]  10 years
Weaning [1]  36 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Allegheny Highlands forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Atlantic coastal pine barrens United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Flint Hills tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gulf of St. Lawrence lowland forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
New England-Acadian forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern tall grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Ozark Mountain forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Piney Woods forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Hudson Bay taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Antietam National Battlefield III 3263 Maryland, United States
Apostle Islands National Lakeshore II 36006 Wisconsin, United States
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Bruce Peninsula National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Buffalo National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 59947 Arkansas, United States
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve 90 Michigan, United States
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Cape Cod National Seashore II 21724 Massachusetts, United States
Carl Sandburg Home National Hist. Site National Historic Site III 271 North Carolina, United States
Catoctin Mountain Park National Park II 5994 Maryland, United States
Cedar Creek LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV   Minnesota, United States
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Chippewa Nature Center   Michigan, United States    
Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   North Carolina, United States
Cumberland Gap National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 24282 Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, United States
Cuyahoga Valley National Park II 24907 Ohio, United States
Edwin S. George Reserve 1297 Michigan, United States
Effigy Mounds National Monument V 1296 Iowa, United States
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Fathom Five National Marine Park II   Ontario, Canada
Fire Island National Seashore V 9433 New York, United States
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Fort Necessity National Battlefield III 1019 Pennsylvania, United States
Friendship Hill National Historic Site III 697 Pennsylvania, United States
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
George Washington Memorial Parkway V   Virginia, United States
Georgian Bay Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge VI 3161 New Jersey, United States
Greenwater Provincial Park II 11019 Ontario, Canada
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park VI 715 West Virginia, United States
Hope College Biology Nature Preserve 55 Michigan, United States
Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site III 861 Pennsylvania, United States
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park V 1926 Alabama, United States
Hot Springs National Park II 5740 Arkansas, United States
Hubbard Brook Biosphere Reserve 7809 New Hampshire, United States
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kejimkujik Seaside Adjunct National Park II 4970 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial III 96 Indiana, United States
Long Point Biosphere Reserve 100325 Ontario, Canada  
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Morristown National Historical Park VI 1677 New Jersey, United States
Mount Mitchell State Park   North Carolina, United States
New Jersey Pinelands Biosphere Reserve   New Jersey, United States  
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park 20001 Tennessee, United States
Ozark National Scenic Riverways National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 54621 Missouri, United States
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Prince Edward Island National Park II   Prince Edward Island, Canada  
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rondeau Provincial Park II 5035 Ontario, Canada
Roosevelt Vanderbilt National Historic Site   New York, United States      
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Saratoga National Historical Park   New York, United States
Shenandoah National Park II 108221 Virginia, United States
Shiloh National Military Park III 4061 Tennessee, United States
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore II 62563 Michigan, United States
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Southwest Nova Biosphere Reserve 3821173 Canada  
Tennessee River Gorge   Tennessee, United States
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States
Western Michigan University's Asylum Lake Preserve 274 Michigan, United States
Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge IV 26618 Alabama, United States

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Acer rubrum (red maple)[3]
Acer saccharinum (silver maple)[3]
Ambystoma maculatum (Spotted Salamander)[3]
Aristolochia jackii (Virginia dutchmanspipe)[3]
Armillaria mellea (Honey Fungus)[3]
Carex stricta (upright sedge)[3]
Carpinus caroliniana (American hornbeam)[3]
Carya alba (mockernut hickory)[3]
Chenopodium album (lambsquarters goosefoot)[3]
Colias philodice (clouded sulphur)[3]
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood)[3]
Diapheromera femorata (Common American Walkingstick)[3]
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)[3]
Fragaria virginiana (Virginia Strawberry)[3]
Ilex opaca (American holly)[3]
Liquidambar styraciflua (sweetgum)[3]
Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth)[3]
Panicum virgatum (old switch panic grass)[3]
Pinus strobus (Eastern white pine)[3]
Pinus taeda (Loblolly pine)[3]
Pinus virginiana (Virginia pine)[3]
Prunus serotina (Black Cherry)[3]
Quercus alba (White Oak)[3]
Quercus phellos (Willow Oak)[3]
Quercus velutina (Black Oak)[3]
Symphyotrichum dumosum (Small White Aster)[3]
Ampelocissus latifolia (American ivy)[3]
Hamamelis virginiana (American witchhazel)[3]
Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)[3]
Rubus laciniatus (Cutleaf Evergreen Blackberry)[3]
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acrosternum hilare (Green stinkbug)9
Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird)3
Aix sponsa (Wood Duck)10
Alauda arvensis (Sky Lark)1
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)8
Anaxyrus americanus americanus (Eastern American Toad)1
Apis mellifera (honey bee)6
Archilochus colubris (Ruby-throated Hummingbird)1
Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)1
Armadillidium vulgare (pillbug)1
Baeolophus bicolor (Tufted Titmouse)11
Battus philenor (pipevine swallowtail)1
Bombus fervidus (Golden northern bumble bee)4
Branta canadensis (Canada Goose)2
Camponotus pennsylvanicus (black carpenter ant)3
Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)12
Carduelis carduelis (European Goldfinch)1
Carduelis flammea (Common Redpoll)1
Carduelis tristis (American Goldfinch)9
Cassida nebulosa1
Castor canadensis (american beaver)14
Cathartes aura (Turkey Vulture)1
Chaetocnema concinna1
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)1
Colias philodice (clouded sulphur)2
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)13
Corvus brachyrhynchos (American Crow)11
Cryptotis parva (North American Least Shrew)2
Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay)12
Diapheromera femorata (Common American Walkingstick)3
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)7
Dryocopus pileatus (Pileated Woodpecker)7
Dumetella carolinensis (Grey Catbird)1
Eptesicus fuscus (big brown bat)2
Ernobius mollis (Pine bark anobiid)1
Erynnis juvenalis (Juvenal's duskywing skipper)2
Gryllus pennsylvanicus (fall field cricket)2
Heliothrips haemorrhoidalis (Greenhouse thrip)2
Incisalia henrici (Henry's Elfin)2
Incisalia niphon (Eastern Pine Elfin)3
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)1
Lithobates sphenocephalus sphenocephalus (Florida Leopard Frog)1
Lithobates sylvaticus (Wood Frog)1
Lygocoris pabulinus (Common Green Capsid)1
Lygus rugulipennis1
Marmota monax (woodchuck)4
Megaceryle alcyon (Belted Kingfisher)1
Melanerpes carolinus (Red-bellied Woodpecker)1
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)22
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)9
Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)12
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)7
Molothrus ater (Brown-headed Cowbird)2
Myiarchus crinitus (Great Crested Flycatcher)6
Neotoma floridana (eastern woodrat)1
Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake)1
Nymphalis antiopa (camberwell beauty)1
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)24
Ondatra zibethicus (muskrat)4
Orthotylus flavosparsus1
Papilio glaucus (Eastern tiger swallowtail)3
Papilio troilus (spicebush swallowtail)1
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)1
Passer montanus (Eurasian Tree Sparrow)1
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)20
Pholisora catullus (Common sootywing skipper)1
Picoides pubescens (Downy Woodpecker)7
Pieris rapae (imported cabbageworm)1
Piranga rubra (Summer Tanager)1
Plestiodon fasciatus (Five-lined Skink)2
Poanes massasoit (Mulberry Wing)1
Poecile carolinensis (Carolina Chickadee)7
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)12
Pyrgus communis (Checkered skipper)1
Quiscalus quiscula (Common Grackle)3
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)3
Reticulitermes flavipes (eastern subterranean termite)5
Satyrium calanus (Banded hairstreak)1
Scalopus aquaticus (Eastern Mole)1
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)24
Sciurus griseus (western gray squirrel)1
Sciurus niger (eastern fox squirrel)2
Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)9
Sitta carolinensis (White-breasted Nuthatch)11
Streptopelia decaocto (Eurasian Collared-Dove)1
Streptopelia turtur (European Turtle-Dove)1
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)4
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)18
Tamias townsendii (Townsend's chipmunk)1
Terrapene carolina (Florida Box Turtle)4
Thryothorus ludovicianus (Carolina Wren)2
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)9
Tyrannus tyrannus (Eastern Kingbird)1
Vireo olivaceus (Red-eyed Vireo)1
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)10
Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove)7
Zonotrichia albicollis (White-throated Sparrow)7

Predators

Aedes albopictus (forest day mosquito)[3]
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)[3]
Crotalus horridus (Timber rattlesnake (atricaudatus))[4]
Dermacentor variabilis (American dog tick)[3]
Heterodon platirhinos (Eastern Hognose Snake)[3]
Strix varia (Barred Owl)[3]
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[3]

Providers

Shelter 
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (Common Ragweed)[3]
Celastrus scandens (American bittersweet)[3]
Crataegus viridis (desert hawthorn)[3]
Lindera benzoin (northern spicebush)[3]
Lonicera japonica (Chinese honeysuckle)[3]
Osmundastrum cinnamomeum (cinnamon fern)[3]
Phytolacca americana (common pokeweed)[3]
Pteridium aquilinum (northern bracken fern)[3]
Sambucus nigra (European black elderberry)[3]
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)[3]
Ampelocissus latifolia (American ivy)[3]
Hamamelis virginiana (American witchhazel)[3]
Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)[3]
Rubus laciniatus (Cutleaf Evergreen Blackberry)[3]
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Ceratophyllus gallinae (European chicken flea)[5]
Ctenophthalmus pseudagyrtes pseudagyrtes[5]
Epitedia wenmanni wenmanni[5]
Eumolpianus eumolpi eumolpi[5]
Megabothris acerbus[5]
Megabothris asio megacolpus[5]
Megabothris quirini[5]
Orchopeas howardi howardi[5]
Orchopeas leucopus (rodent flea)[5]
Oropsylla bruneri[5]
Postharmostomum helicis <Unverified Name>[6]
Postharmostomum noveboracensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Rictularia halli <Unverified Name>[6]
Scaphiostomum pancreaticum[6]
Strongyloides robustus <Unverified Name>[6]
Taenia crassiceps[6]
Taenia mustelae[6]
Tamiophila grandis (Chipmunk flea)[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Museum of Science - Live Animal Centerlysteri
Noah's Ark Zoo Farm
Tropical Butterfly House
Virginia Living Museumstriatus
Wingham Wildlife Park
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertal

Range Map

North America; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

Audio

Play / PauseVolume
Provided by eNature via Myxer Author: Lang Elliot

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Gardner A.L, 2013-11-26, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Study of Northern Virginia Ecology 4Diet of the Timber Rattlesnake, Crotalus horridus, Rulon W. Clark, Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 36, No. 3, pp. 494-499, 2002 5International Flea Database 6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Patterson, B. D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M. F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B. E. Young. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy—Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International—CABS, World Wildlife Fund—US, and Environment Canada—WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2