Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Castoridae > Castor > Castor canadensis
 

Castor canadensis (american beaver; beaver; castor)

Synonyms: Castor caecator; Castor canadensis acadicus; Castor canadensis baileyi; Castor canadensis belugae; Castor canadensis caecator; Castor canadensis canadensis; Castor canadensis carolinensis; Castor canadensis concisor; Castor canadensis duchesnei; Castor canadensis frondator; Castor canadensis idoneus; Castor canadensis labradorensis; Castor canadensis leucodontus; Castor canadensis mexicanus; Castor canadensis michiganensis; Castor canadensis missouriensis; Castor canadensis pallidus; Castor canadensis phaeus; Castor canadensis repentinus; Castor canadensis rostralis; Castor canadensis sagittatus; Castor canadensis taylori; Castor canadensis texensis; Castor subauratus shastensis; Castor subauratus subauratus
Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The North American beaver (Castor canadensis) is one of two extant beaver species. It is native to North America and introduced to Patagonia in South America and some European Countries (e.g., Norway). In the United States and Canada, the species is often referred to simply as "beaver", though this causes some confusion because another distantly related rodent, Aplodontia rufa, is often called the "mountain beaver".
View Wikipedia Record: Castor canadensis

Invasive Species

Castor canadensis (beaver) is native to North America, and has been introduced to Tierra del Fuego in southern South America, Finland, France, Poland and Russia in recent times. In its introduced range, the damming activity of the beaver can cause flooding which can damage forests. They also have the ability to quickly cut down large numbers of trees. In Finland, they compete with native beaver populations. In their native range, they cause flooding on major highways by plugging highway culverts.
View ISSG Record: Castor canadensis

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
20
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
46
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 40.64
EDGE Score: 3.73

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  44.64 lbs (20.25 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  430 grams
Female Maturity [2]  1 year 9 months
Male Maturity [2]  1 year 9 months
Diet [1]  Herbivore
Gestation [2]  4 months 8 days
Litter Size [2]  4
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  23 years
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams
Weaning [2]  60 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alaska Peninsula montane taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Alaska-St. Elias Range tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Alberta Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Allegheny Highlands forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Arctic coastal tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra    
Arctic foothills tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Arizona Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Atlantic coastal pine barrens United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Beringia lowland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Beringia upland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Blue Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Brooks-British Range tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
California Central Valley grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cascade Mountains leeward forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central British Columbia Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Central tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cook Inlet taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Copper Plateau taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
East Central Texas forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Edwards Plateau savanna United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Flint Hills tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Fraser Plateau and Basin complex Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of St. Lawrence lowland forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Canada, United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Interior Yukon-Alaska alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Klamath-Siskiyou forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mid-Continental Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Midwestern Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mojave desert United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Muskwa-Slave Lake forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Nebraska Sand Hills mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
New England-Acadian forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern California coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Cordillera forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Pacific coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern tall grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern transitional alpine forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwest Territories taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ogilvie-MacKenzie alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Ozark Mountain forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Piney Woods forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Puget lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Nevada forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Hudson Bay taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Tamaulipan matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tamaulipan mezquital Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Texas blackland prairies United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Torngat Mountain tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands  
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Willamette Valley forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wyoming Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Yukon Interior dry forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Arches National Park II 76539 Utah, United States
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Audubon National Wildlife Refuge IV 14642 North Dakota, United States
Badlands National Park II 178535 South Dakota, United States
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Big Bend Biosphere Reserve National Park II 815561 Texas, United States
Big Thicket Biosphere Reserve National Park II 616880 Texas, United States
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area V 36286 Montana, Wyoming, United States
Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park II 12551 Colorado, United States
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Buffalo National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 59947 Arkansas, United States
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Capital Reef National Park II 243722 Utah, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Cascade Head Biosphere Reserve 17423 Oregon, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Cumberland Island National Seashore II 20629 Georgia, United States
Cuyahoga Valley National Park II 24907 Ohio, United States
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Dinosaur National Monument III 203307 Colorado, Utah, United States
Elk Island National Park II 47171 Alberta, Canada
Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge VI 66133 Arkansas, United States
Fraser Biosphere Reserve 23050 Colorado, United States  
Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania Nat'l Military Park National Military Park V 10384 Virginia, United States
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Grand Teton National Park II 231724 Wyoming, United States
Grasslands National Park II 128635 Saskatchewan, Canada
Great Basin National Park II 77367 Nevada, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Greenwater Provincial Park II 11019 Ontario, Canada
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
H.J. Andrews Biosphere Reserve 15815 Oregon, United States
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Jean Lafitte National Hist. Park & Preserve National Historical Park II 17686 Louisiana, United States
Katmai National Park and Preserve Ib 421782 Alaska, United States
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kivach Zapovednik IV 26885 Karelia, Russia
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lake Chelan National Recreation Area II 606367 Washington, United States
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Lassen Volcanic National Park II 29388 California, United States
Long Point Biosphere Reserve 100325 Ontario, Canada  
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve II 20461 Quebec, Canada
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Mount Rainier National Park II 235186 Washington, United States
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park 20001 Tennessee, United States
Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge IV 38256 Florida, United States
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Ozark National Scenic Riverways National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 54621 Missouri, United States
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Polar Bear Provincial Park 5502026 Ontario, Canada
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve 277252 Saskatchewan, Canada
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
Reserve de la Biosphere de Charlevoix Biosphere Reserve 1383790 Canada  
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rocky Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 239938 Colorado, United States
Sequoia and Kings Canyon Biosphere Reserve II 172261 California, United States
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV 228335 New Mexico, United States
Shenandoah National Park II 108221 Virginia, United States
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore II 62563 Michigan, United States
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Southwest Nova Biosphere Reserve 3821173 Canada  
Terra Nova National Park IV 125894 Newfoundland, Canada
Tierra Del Fuego National Park II 172861 Argentina
University of MI Biosphere Reserve 10003 Michigan, United States  
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States
Vuntut National Park II 1076795 Yukon, Canada
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Waterton Biosphere Reserve II 121459 Alberta, Canada
Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge IV 26618 Alabama, United States
Whiskey-Shasta-Trinity National Recreation Area V 197791 California, United States
Winisk River Provincial Park II 434735 Ontario, Canada
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Woodland Caribou Provincial Wilderness Park Provincial Park II 1072124 Ontario, Canada
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada
Zion National Park II 135667 Utah, United States

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No

Emblem of

New York
Oregon

Prey / Diet

Acer saccharinum (silver maple)[3]
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (Common Ragweed)[3]
Betula nigra (river birch)[3]
Carpinus caroliniana (American hornbeam)[3]
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood)[3]
Crataegus viridis (desert hawthorn)[3]
Pinus strobus (Eastern white pine)[3]
Pinus virginiana (Virginia pine)[3]
Platanus mexicana (American sycamore)[3]
Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)[4]
Potamogeton alpinus subsp. tenuifolius (alpine pondweed)[5]
Quercus alba (White Oak)[3]
Quercus phellos (Willow Oak)[3]
Rosa virginiana (Virginia Rose)[3]
Rubus laciniatus (Cutleaf Evergreen Blackberry)[3]
Salix alaxensis (feltleaf willow)[4]
Salix bebbiana (Bebb willow)[6]
Salix boothii (Booth's willow)[6]
Salix exigua (Sandbar Willow)[6]
Salix geyeriana (Geyer willow)[6]
Salix lucida subsp. lasiandra (Shining Willow)[6]
Smilax rotundifolia (Horse Brier)[3]
Ulmus americana (American elm)[3]
Acer rubrum (red maple)[3]
Carex stricta (upright sedge)[3]
Carya alba (mockernut hickory)[3]
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)[3]
Hamamelis virginiana (American witchhazel)[3]
Lemna minor (common duckweed)[3]
Liquidambar styraciflua (sweetgum)[3]
Osmundastrum cinnamomeum (cinnamon fern)[3]
Potamogeton lucens (long-leaf pondweed)[3]
Salix nigra (black willow)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acanthis flammea (Common Redpoll)1
Acrosternum hilare (Green stinkbug)7
Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird)1
Aix sponsa (Wood Duck)14
Alces alces (moose)3
Ammotragus lervia (aoudad)1
Anas acuta (Northern Pintail)1
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)8
Apis mellifera (honey bee)6
Aplodontia rufa californica1
Archilochus colubris (Ruby-throated Hummingbird)2
Baeolophus bicolor (Tufted Titmouse)8
Bombus fervidus (Golden northern bumble bee)4
Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse)1
Branta canadensis (Canada Goose)3
Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)5
Cervus elaphus (wapiti or elk)6
Chelydra serpentina (Common Snapping Turtle)1
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)11
Corvus brachyrhynchos (American Crow)4
Cryptotis parva (North American Least Shrew)1
Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay)5
Cyprinus carpio (Common carp)2
Dendroctonus frontalis (southern pine beetle)1
Diapheromera femorata (Common American Walkingstick)3
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)4
Dryocopus pileatus (Pileated Woodpecker)4
Erethizon dorsatus (common porcupine)1
Erynnis persius (Persius Dusky Wing)1
Heliothrips haemorrhoidalis (Greenhouse thrip)1
Histrionicus histrionicus (Harlequin Duck)1
Ictalurus punctatus (Channel catfish)2
Lagopus lagopus (Willow Ptarmigan)1
Lagopus leucura (White-tailed Ptarmigan)1
Lemmus sibiricus (brown lemming)1
Lepus americanus (Snowshoe Hare)1
Lepus othus (Alaskan Hare)1
Lymnaea stagnalis (swamp lymnaea)2
Marmota monax (woodchuck)2
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)11
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)3
Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)11
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)3
Molothrus ater (Brown-headed Cowbird)1
Myiarchus crinitus (Great Crested Flycatcher)2
Neotoma cinerea (bushy-tailed woodrat)1
Neotoma floridana (eastern woodrat)1
Nymphalis antiopa (camberwell beauty)5
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)19
Ondatra zibethicus (muskrat)8
Ovibos moschatus (muskox)1
Ovis dalli (Dall's sheep)1
Papilio glaucus (Eastern tiger swallowtail)4
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)11
Picoides pubescens (Downy Woodpecker)4
Pinicola enucleator (Pine Grosbeak)2
Poecile carolinensis (Carolina Chickadee)8
Polygonia interrogationis (Questionmark anglewing)2
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)10
Pseudemys nelsoni (Florida Redbelly Turtle)1
Quiscalus quiscula (Common Grackle)3
Rangifer tarandus (caribou)1
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)2
Reticulitermes flavipes (eastern subterranean termite)8
Scalopus aquaticus (Eastern Mole)1
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)15
Sciurus griseus (western gray squirrel)2
Sciurus niger (eastern fox squirrel)2
Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)3
Sitta carolinensis (White-breasted Nuthatch)6
Spinus tristis (American Goldfinch)8
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)1
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)17
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)14
Thomomys bottae (Botta's pocket gopher)1
Thryothorus ludovicianus (Carolina Wren)1
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)5
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)4
Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove)3
Zonotrichia albicollis (White-throated Sparrow)6

Predators

Aedes albopictus (forest day mosquito)[3]
Canis lupus (Wolf)[4]
Lynx canadensis (lynx)[4]
Macrobdella decora (Freshwater leech)[3]
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)[4]
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[3]

Providers

Shelter 
Celastrus scandens (American bittersweet)[3]
Cephalanthus tetrandra (Buttonbush)[3]
Impatiens capensis (jewelweed)[3]
Peltandra virginica (green arrow arum)[3]
Phragmites australis (common reed)[3]
Pontederia cordata (Pickerel Weed)[3]
Populus grandidentata (bigtooth aspen)[3]
Pteridium aquilinum (northern bracken fern)[3]
Saururus cernuus (lizard's tail)[3]
Scirpus cyperinus (Woolly Grass Bulrush)[3]
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)[3]
Zizania aquatica (annual wildrice)[3]
Acer rubrum (red maple)[3]
Carex stricta (upright sedge)[3]
Carya alba (mockernut hickory)[3]
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)[3]
Hamamelis virginiana (American witchhazel)[3]
Lemna minor (common duckweed)[3]
Liquidambar styraciflua (sweetgum)[3]
Osmundastrum cinnamomeum (cinnamon fern)[3]
Potamogeton lucens (long-leaf pondweed)[3]
Salix nigra (black willow)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Amalaraeus dissimilis[7]
Castorstrongylus castoris <Unverified Name>[8]
Dipetalonema sprenti <Unverified Name>[8]
Dirofilaria immitis (Heartworm)[8]
Echinostoma revolutum[8]
Euchoplopsyllus glacialis lynx[7]
Fasciola hepatica (common liver fluke)[8]
Heterobilharzia americana[8]
Polymorphus paradoxus[8]
Stephanoproraoides lawi[8]
Stichorchis subtriquetrus[8]
Travassosius americanus <Unverified Name>[8]
Trichostrongylus retortaeformis[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Alexandria Zoological Park
Alpenzoo Innsbruck - Tirol
America's Teaching Zoo
Aqua Zoo Friesland
Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum
Biodome de Montreal
Birmingham Nature Centre
Birmingham Zoo
Bronx Children's Zoo
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Buttonwood Park Zoo
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Park
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Dierenrijk Europa
Drusillas Zoo Park
GaiaPark, Kerkrade Zoo
Hutchinson Zoo
INTERZOO
Jackson Zoological Park
Knoxville Zoological Gardens
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Moonridge Animal Park
Northwest Trek Wildlife Park
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Orange County Zoo
Oregon Zoo
Parc Merveilleux
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium
Ranua Wildlife Park
Rolling Hills Wildlife Adventure
Salisbury Zoological Park
Skaerup Mini Zoo
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
Taipei Zoo
Toronto Zoo
Utica Zoo
Virginia Living Museum
Wilhelma Zoo
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brna
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
ZooMontana

Range Map

North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Study of Northern Virginia Ecology 4Making The Forest And Tundra Wildlife Connection 5Exploring the Denali Food Web, ParkWise, National Park Service 6National Geographic Magazine - May 2016 - Yellowstone - The Carnivore Comeback 7International Flea Database 8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access