Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Muroidea > Cricetidae > Peromyscus > Peromyscus truei
 

Peromyscus truei (pinyon mouse; piñon mouse)

Synonyms: Hesperomys megalotis; Peromyscus comanche; Peromyscus dyselius; Peromyscus hemionotis; Peromyscus lasius; Peromyscus montipinoris; Peromyscus truei chlorus; Peromyscus truei comanche; Peromyscus truei lagunae; Peromyscus truei nevadensis; Peromyscus truei preblei; Peromyscus truei sequoiensis; Sitomys gilberti; Sitomys martirensis
Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The pinyon mouse (Peromyscus truei) is native to the southwestern United States and Baja California in Mexico. These medium-sized mice are often distinguished by their relatively large ears. The range of this species extends from southern Oregon and Wyoming in the north, and extends south to roughly the U.S.-Mexico border, with a disjunct population designated as Peromyscus true comanche that occupies an area in the vicinity of Palo Duro Canyon in the Texas panhandle.
View Wikipedia Record: Peromyscus truei

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
1
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
12
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.56
EDGE Score: 1.52

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  25 grams
Birth Weight [1]  2 grams
Female Maturity [1]  50 days
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  50 %
Diet - Scavenger [2]  10 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  20 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  26 days
Litter Size [1]  3
Litters / Year [1]  5
Maximum Longevity [1]  5 years
Nocturnal [3]  Yes
Speed [4]  8.95 MPH (4 m/s)
Weaning [1]  30 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Arizona Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Baja California desert Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Bajío dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Balsas dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Blue Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
California Central Valley grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
California coastal sage and chaparral Mexico, United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California montane chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Central and Southern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Mexican matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Klamath-Siskiyou forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Meseta Central matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mojave desert United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Northern California coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Oaxacan montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Petén-Veracruz moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sierra Juarez and San Pedro Martir pine-oak forests Mexico Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre de Oaxaca pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Occidental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Nevada forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tehuacán Valley matorral Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Veracruz dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz moist forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Wyoming Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, CA III 184543 California, United States
Arches National Park II 76539 Utah, United States
Bandelier National Monument V 8107 New Mexico, United States
Beaver Creek Biosphere Reserve 275028 Arizona, United States  
Bishop Pine Preserve   California, United States  
Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park II 12551 Colorado, United States
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Carlsbad Caverns National Park II 15448 New Mexico, United States
Carrizo Plain Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 7550 California, United States  
Cedar Breaks National Monument III 6111 Utah, United States
Chiricahua National Monument V 1421 Arizona, United States
Colorado National Monument III 20420 Colorado, United States
Death Valley National Park II 762125 California, Nevada, United States
Dinosaur National Monument III 203307 Colorado, Utah, United States
Dye Creek Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 38152 California, United States  
El Malpais National Monument III 109980 New Mexico, United States
El Morro National Monument V 960 New Mexico, United States
Fairfield Osborn Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 190 California, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Great Basin National Park II 77367 Nevada, United States
Guadalupe Mountains National Park II 46114 Texas, United States
Hamilton Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 52 California, United States  
Heath and Marjorie Angelo Coast Range Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 7008 California, United States
Hovenweep National Monument V 770 Colorado, Utah, United States
Iztaccihuatl-Popocatepetl National Park II 224456 Mexico State, Mexico
Joshua Tree National Park II 305076 California, United States
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Lake Meredith National Recreation Area V   Texas, United States
Landels-Hill Big Creek Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 45 California, United States
Lava Beds National Monument III 20002 California, United States
McCloud River Preserve Conservation Easement 1693 California, United States
Mojave and Colorado Deserts Biosphere Reserve 5901 California, United States  
Montezuma Castle National Monument V 872 Arizona, United States
Natural Bridges National Monument III 7412 Utah, United States
Navajo National Monument V 604 Arizona, United States
Pecos National Historical Park V 6539 New Mexico, United States
Petrified Forest National Park II 44522 Arizona, United States
Philip L. Boyd Deep Canyon Desert Research Center 6101 California, United States
Pinnacles National Monument V 2869 California, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve VI 955579 Queretaro, Mexico  
Reserva de la Michilia Biosphere Reserve VI 23405 Durango, Mexico  
Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument V 1081 New Mexico, United States
San Joaquin Biosphere Reserve 4527 California, United States  
Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area V 38440 California, United States
Sequoia and Kings Canyon Biosphere Reserve II 172261 California, United States
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV 228335 New Mexico, United States
Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument V 3049 Arizona, United States
Walnut Canyon National Monument V 3386 Arizona, United States
Whiskey-Shasta-Trinity National Recreation Area V 197791 California, United States
Wupatki National Monument III 36098 Arizona, United States
Yosemite National Park II 95209 California, United States
Zion National Park II 135667 Utah, United States

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No

Prey / Diet

Eriocoma hymenoides (Indian ricegrass)[5]
Hymenopappus filifolius (Columbia cutleaf)[5]
Juniperus monosperma (Cherrystone Juniper)[5]
Lupinus kingii (King's Lupine)[5]
Physaria fendleri (Fendler bladderpod)[5]
Pinus edulis (Colorado pinyon)[5]
Quercus turbinella (Sonoran scrub oak)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Anisota oslari (Oslar’s oakworm moth)1
Antilocapra americana (pronghorn)1
Aphelocoma californica (Western Scrub-Jay)1
Aphelocoma ultramarina (Ultramarine Jay)1
Brachylagus idahoensis (Pygmy Rabbit)1
Cyanocitta stelleri (Steller's Jay)1
Dipodomys merriami (Merriam's kangaroo rat)2
Dipodomys ordii (Ord's kangaroo rat)2
Ernobius montanus1
Erynnis brizo (Sleepy Dusky Wing)1
Frankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)1
Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus (Pinyon Jay)1
Myadestes townsendi (Townsend's Solitaire)1
Neotoma albigula (white-throated woodrat)2
Neotoma cinerea (bushy-tailed woodrat)1
Neotoma lepida (desert woodrat)1
Neotoma stephensi (Stephens's woodrat)1
Nucifraga columbiana (Clark's Nutcracker)1
Onychomys arenicola (Mearns's grasshopper mouse)1
Onychomys leucogaster (northern grasshopper mouse)2
Otospermophilus variegatus (rock squirrel)2
Perognathus flavescens (plains pocket mouse)2
Peromyscus boylii (brush mouse)3
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)2
Reithrodontomys megalotis (western harvest mouse)1
Sciurus aberti (Abert's squirrel)1
Tamias cinereicollis (gray-collared chipmunk)1
Tamias panamintinus (panamint chipmunk)1
Tamias rufus (Hopi chipmunk)3
Trimerotropis pallidipennis (pallid-winged grasshopper)1
Urocitellus washingtoni (Washington ground squirrel)1
Xerospermophilus spilosoma (spotted ground squirrel)1

Predators

Strix occidentalis occidentalis (California spotted owl)[6]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Aetheca wagneri[7]
Amaradix bitterrootensis bitterrootensis[7]
Amaradix euphorbi[7]
Anomiopsyllus amphibolus[7]
Anomiopsyllus falsicalifornicus congruens[7]
Anomiopsyllus novomexicanensis[7]
Atyphloceras multidentatus multidentatus[7]
Callistopsyllus terinus terinus[7]
Carteretta carteri[7]
Carteretta clavata[7]
Catallagia mathesoni[7]
Epitedia stanfordi[7]
Epitedia wenmanni wenmanni[7]
Foxella ignota ignota[7]
Hoplopleura hesperomydis[8]
Hoplopsyllus anomalus (rodent flea)[7]
Jellisonia hayesi breviloba[7]
Jellisonia wisemani[7]
Malaraeus sinomus[7]
Malaraeus telchinus[7]
Megarthroglossus divisus[7]
Meringis hubbardi[7]
Meringis parkeri[7]
Meringis shannoni[7]
Opisodasys keeni[7]
Opisodasys nesiotus[7]
Orchopeas caedens caedens[7]
Orchopeas leucopus (rodent flea)[7]
Oropsylla montana[7]
Peromyscopsylla draco[7]
Peromyscopsylla hesperomys adelpha[7]
Peromyscopsylla selenis[7]
Plusaetis aztecus[7]
Plusaetis parus[7]
Plusaetis sibynus jordani[7]
Polyplax auricularis[8]
Stenistomera alpina[7]
Strepsylla mina[7]
Strepsylla taluna[7]

Range Map

Middle America; North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
4MAXIMAL RUNNING SPEEDS OF BIPEDAL AND QUADRUPEDAL RODENTS, MINOU DJAWDAN and THEODORE GARLAND, JR., J. Mamm., 69(4):765-772, 1988
5Food Habits of Rodents Inhabiting Arid and Semi-arid Ecosystems of Central New Mexico, ANDREW G. HOPE AND ROBERT R. PARMENTER, Special Publication of the Museum of Southwestern Biology, NUMBER 9, pp. 1–75 (2007)
6General Biology of Major Prey Species of the California Spotted Owl, Daniel F. Williams, Jared Verner, Howard F. Sakai, and Jeffrey R. Waters, USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-133. 1992. Chapter 10, pp. 207-221
7International Flea Database
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access